Indentured Servants Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Indentured Servants College Essay Examples

Title: White Servotide in Pennsylvania

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3424
  • Bibliography:6
  • Citation Style: Chicago
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: I am in need of a 10 page research paper on white (specifically Irish) servitude or indentured servants in Pennsylvania. The paper needs to be over the colonial time period. I have to use and cite three primary sources and three secondary sources. I am also to use Chicago style.
Possibly the paper will compare the Irish indentured servants to the German indentured servants.

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Emancipation in Pennsylvania. Slavery in the North. Website retrieved August 4, 2007.

Geiser, K. (1901) Redemptioners and Indentured Servants in the Colony and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Harrower, J. "Diary" (of Indentured Servant) in Amer. Hist. Rev., VI, 77.

Illick, J.E. (1976). Colonial Pennsylvania: A History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Jernegan, M.W. (1931). Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America, 1607- 1783: Studies of the Economic, Educational, and Social Significance of Slaves, Servants, Apprentices and Poor Folk. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jones, Hugh. (1724) Present State of Virginia London,

Mittelberger, G. (1960) Journey to Pennsylvania. Ed. And trans. Oscar Handlin and John Clive. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Webster Dictionary (2007). Online version. Website retrieved August 2, 2007.

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Title: Indenture Servants and Company Towns

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 598
  • Sources:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I am an African American woman and I would like to have some references about the woman's perspective in the research portion of this paper, but not the entire paper.

I have listed the Professors instructions for this paper below.

INDENTURED SERVANTS AND COMPANY TOWNS (at least 4 pages not including the title or the ref. page)
This paper should be in either MLA or APA style.
Write a paper describing "indentured servants" and "company towns" in America. Then compare and contrast the two. (Although you can discuss modern day equivalents, I want most of your discussion to be about the original indentured servants and company towns.) Did you know that either of these existed in this country? What do you think was the underlying reason for these practices? (This second half is asking for your own personal opinions.)
(If you use outside sources, which I expect you to do for the first half of this paper but not for the second half, be sure to cite your sources in the body of the paper and provide a reference page. If you quote something directly, use quotation marks. It is okay to quote something directly as long as you put it inside quotation marks, but if you don't do this you are plagiarizing. If you do not know how to write a research paper, find that information on the eLibrary button Site.
(If you do not follow the instructions on avoiding plagiarism you could receive a zero on this assignment.)
The research paper asks you to discuss indentured servants and company towns and then compare them for similarities and differences. You will need to research them separately. Also, I am looking for the original indentured servants and company towns, not modern day look-alikes. Please do not use Wikipedia to find out information on these topics - for the most part their information is limited at best and incorrect at worst.
DO NOT PLAGIARIZE. I run every paper that I suspect might be plagiarized through a program that tells me if and from where the information was copied. Cite your sources correctly. Review "How To Write a Research Paper" if you are unfamiliar with the process. Remember that I do not expect you have know anything at all about this topic, so everything that you put into your paper has to come from somewhere. The comparisons must be your own. Those of you who have already read, or started to read, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair might want to relate some aspects of the book to what you learn for this paper.

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When compared to life as an indentured servant, although still repressed and underprivileged, the life of a company town woman carried a larger amount of freedom. Although often bound to the company town because of marriage to a worker or due to financial reasons, woman did not risk legal penalties if they were to leave. In addition, especially with the coming of World War II, women saw their first opportunities to negotiate their working conditions with their employers, something that was unheard of for indentured servants.

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Title: Advertisements for runaway slaves and indentured servants

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1234
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is direct word from professor.--->
These newspaper ads can be used both for slaves and indentured servants

The Geography of Slavery project contains more than 4000 advertisements for runaway slaves and indentured servants, drawn from newspapers in Virginia and Maryland, covering the years from 1736 through 1803.
The ads can be accessed in three different ways. First, you can search the ads based on values such as date of publication, place names mentioned, and ad type. Second, you can browse through the ads by date of publication or by place names mentioned. Third, you can perform a full text search of the ads.

Questions we can ask of the source:

Clothes, age, physical description, treatment under slavery, outcome of running away (a few cases only that have related documents).
Speculation based on known conditions of women in slavery: Safety in numbers? Concern for children?

Indentured servants: Clothes, age, physical description, treatment under servitude, outcome of running away (a few cases only that have related documents).
Speculation based on known conditions of women in servitude (such as convicted felons transported from Britain)

Assignment (2-3 pages, typed):

1. List the number of cases.
Based on cases you reviewed

2. Write a summary that describes

Physical description
Treatment under slavery/servitude
Outcome of running away (a few cases only that have related documents)

3. Assess of the lives of slaves and/or servants in the 18th century

Do NOT create a spreadsheet. Construct a narrative based on the
primary source information

Suggestions on how to organize your runaway advertisement essay: First of all, this should be in essay form ??" not a list. After you have looked at the ads, made notes, and analyzed the information, you will write a synthesis of what you found. In other words, you are going to take raw data and present what seem to you to be the general ideas,
tone, and information contained in the ads. As the questions on the assignment sheet indicate, you should look for clothing descriptions,body descriptions, and any evidence that points to the circumstances under which these women lived or particulars about their running away.
(By tone I mean what can you tell about the attitude of the owners towards their slave/servant from the language used in the ads). In other words, assemble a composite picture of life for slaves and servants based on these ads. Give examples. And if there are interesting, unique instances (of ill-treatment, items taken with them, etc), mention these.

--->So, I researched several newspaper advertisements looking for runaway slaves and chose 10 cases. (I will send them) You can choose 5 cases out of 10 cases and write about them based on the explanation above.
The professor said we need at least 5 cases so please choose 5 cases and explain it.

The ideal format of essay would be 4-5 short paragraphs for each case. so for example,
Case #1: Virginia Gazette (Parks) Williamsburg, From Friday, Oct. 8, to Friday Oct. 15, 1736
(When you write the essay, just write the title of the case like this, do not put whole report please.)
Paragraph 1: Explain about clothing and age
Paragraph 2: Physical description
Paragraph 3: Treatment under slavery/servitude
Paragraph 4: Outcome of running away (a few cases only that have related documents)
Paragraph 5: What you learn or feel about the case

and case 2, case 3, case 4, case 5 in the same format.

So I will send 10 cases and you can choose 5 of them...
Just in case, I will also send the professor's assignment sheet which is same as above explanation.
But one thing...there is a site that has bunch of old news ads (more than 900) and you can follow the prof. instruction and find the case that you like if you don't like my 10 cases..

If you have any questions, please ask me.
Thank you very much!!

There are faxes for this order.

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Case #5 Virginia Gazette (Purdie) Williamsburg, August 21, 1778

Of the many reasons a slave may wish to run away, being split apart from family and loved ones was one of the most heart-wrenching reasons. Children were sold away from their parents, husbands from their wives, and it is reasonable to conclude that this caused a great deal of resentment among the victims. One such case in 1778 seems to be an example of just such cruelty and involved a 35-year-old runaway black slave woman named Nanny. She was described as middle-sized and well-shaped, and was last seen wearing a blue plains waistcoat and petticoat. On the first of July 1778, after being sold to a Mr. William Finnie, and in the act of being transported to her new owner, she jumped from the wagon and ran away.

The ad told that Nanny had a husband at Dixon and Hunter's printing office, and it appeared as if she went there after fleeing from her new owner. It is obvious that being split apart from her husband was what forced Nanny to take such dramatic steps, as there was no mention of any previous escape attempts. And since the ad stated that she was seen there in the time after her escape, she must have not wanted to be separated from her husband. Unfortunately her need to stay close to her husband probably doomed her effort to escape as there were many professional runaway slave catchers and in order to remain free, a runaway had to keep one step ahead of these men. Although there were no records of her fate, if she was staying in one place continually, especially if the place was known as where her husband worked, then in most likelihood she would have been recaptured.

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Title: Both indentured servants African slaves sources labor Americas Compare contrast lives colonies Also explain colonies moved increasingly indentured servants slaves

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 564
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Both indentured servants and African slaves were used as sources of labor in the Americas. Compare and contrast the lives of each in the colonies. Also, explain why the colonies moved increasingly from indentured servants to slaves.

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Works Cited:


Hill, J. (2008) Case Studies in Indentured Servitude in Colonial America. Constructing the Past, 9(1), 55 -- 62.

National Humanities Center Resource Toolbox. (2010) Slaves for life, and Servants for a time. Becoming American: The British Atlantic Colonies, 1690 -- 1763, Available from: 2012 July 21.

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