Human Skeleton Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Human Skeleton College Essay Examples

Title: Forensic Anthropology

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1934
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The Topic:
Forensic anthropologists are often expected to contribute an opinion regarding the cause of death of skeletonised human remains- this requires considerale knowledge of the characteristics of trauma on human bone.

you are to write a review that covers the basics of how a forensic anthropologist performs a trauma assessment. In this review you should consider how the major categories of trauma are manefested in the human skeleton (must include blunt force, sharp weapon and projectile). you should also cnsider the distinction between antemortem, perimortem and postmortem trauma and why this is an important issue in a forensic investigation.

Word Limit: 1500 Max with 1.5 spacing

referencing style: Vancouver citation style (is this clear enough with referencing? or you can look into

Where do i email some articles that i have already had?

i can be contacted via phone or if more information needed.
There are faxes for this order.

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Works Cited

Lenore T. Barbian,1 Ph.D. And Paul S. Sledzik, March 2008. Healing Following Cranial Trauma, Journal of Forensic Science, 53 (2) 263-268.

Bartelink, E.J. Wiersema, J.M. & Demaree, R.S. November 2001. Quantitative analysis of sharp-force trauma: an application of scanning electron microscopy in forensic anthropology. Journal of Forensic Sciences 46 (6) 1-6.

Croft, A.M. & Ferllini, R. November 2007. Macroscopic Characteristics of Screwdriver Trauma, Journal of Forensic Science, 52 (6) 1243-1251.

Evans, C. 2004. Murder Two: The Second Casebook of Forensic Detection. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Kimmerle E.H. & Baraybar, J.P. 2008. Skeletal Trauma. Boca Raton Fl. CRC Press.

Langley, N.R. May 2007. An Anthropological Analysis of Gunshot Wounds

to the Chest, Journal of Forensic Science, 52 (3) 532-537.

Lewis, J.E. January 2008. Identifying sword marks on bone: criteria for distinguishing between cut marks made by different classes of bladed weapons. Journal of Archeological Science 35 (2008) 2001-2008.

Lovell, N.C. 1997, Trauma Analysis in Paleopathology Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 40, 139-170.

Ortner, D.J. 2008, Chapter 10 "Differential Diagnosis of Skeletal Lesions in Infectious Disease" in Advances in Human Paleopathology. Pinhasi, R. Hays, S. eds. 191-214.

Pickering, R.B. & Bachman, D.C. 1996. The Use of Forensic Anthropology. Boca Raton FL, CRC Press.

Quatrehomme, G. & Iscan, M.Y. 1998 Analysis of beveling in gunshot entrance wounds, Forensic Science International 93 (1998) 45-60.

Rhine, Stanley. 1998. Bone Voyage: A Journey in Forensic Anthropology. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Ryan, Alan S., ed. 2002. A Guide to Careers in Physical Anthropology. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.

Sachs, Jessica Snyder. 2001. Corpse: Nature, Forensics, and the Struggle to Pinpoint

Time of Death. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.

Skeleton Sleuths Work against Effects of Heat, Humidity Rats. 2002. The Washington Times, May 23, A13.

Schmitt, A. Cunha, E. & Pinheiro, J. 2006. Forensic Anthropology and Medicine, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

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Title: Form follows function in Forensics biology

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 938
  • Works Cited:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a writing assignment for a Biology course.

Expectations- To prepare a 3 page (double spaced) review paper on a topic related to the concept of Form Follows Function. Below the topic will be given. Of the suggested topic, it involves determining the function of fossil organisms, their form is the primary source of information we have to observe extinct organisms.

Text related to course - Foundations of Biology 8th edition Campbell (ISBN 0321543254 )

How can we tell if a human skeleton is male or female without the pelvis?

Class notes (related to general topic):

Form Follows Function
- Form (anatomy) can help indicate the function (purpose) of a particular builing
ex. Fossil in limestone
- a lot of characteristic of reptile, but had feather-like impressions

ex. Archaeopteryx- Ancient Bird
- many reptilian characteristics Ex. teeth, long tailbone
- bird-like characteristucs ex. feathers

Could it fly?
- had asymmetrical feathers (correlation related to function)

2 basic feather types
- found on the leading edge of a wing of a flying bird
- vein will be going into the wind giving it a stiffer structure

References and Citation
The following bibliography format.

Journal Article Refernce
Thompson, W.R. 1957. Influence of Prenatal maternal anxiety on emotionality in younf rats. Science: 698-699.

Book Reference:
Thorpe, W.H. 1956. Learning and Instinct in Animals. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Book Chapter reference:
Thompson,K. 1998. Self assessment in juvenile play. In Animal Play (M. Bekoff and J.A. Bryers, eds.). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Website referernce:
Include the title of the website and http address. Give the day the website was examined.

Citation in text:
Cite referneces in the text by author's name and year of publication. Such as Wilson (1971) or (Wilson, 1971). If you have a direct quote, use quotation marks and cite the page. MORE OFTEN, THE RELEVANT PASSAGE IS SUMMARIZED WITHOUT A DIRECT QUOTE OR QUOTATION MARKS, but with a citation (usually at the end of a sentence).

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Works Cited:


Baum, NH and CA. Crespi. "Testosterone replacement in elderly men." Geriatrics 62.9 (2007): 15-18.

Kim, T, et al. "Sex Difference between Body Composition and Weight-Bearing Bone Mineral Density in Korean Adult Twins: Healthy Twin Study." Calcified Tissue International 88.6 (2011): 495-502.

Liu, D, et al. "Skeletal muscle gene expression in response to resistance exercise: sex specific regulation." BMC Genomics (2011): PMCID: PMC3091777 .

Silva, RF, et al. "Human identification based on cranial computed tomography scan: a case report." Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology (2011): 257-261.

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