Howl Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Howl College Essay Examples

Title: American literature

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 709
  • Works Cited:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Journal Entry Ten: Look at Ginsberg's "Howl." How would you characterize the world that Ginsberg describes? Is he being accurate or is he using hyperbole (exaggeration)? How does he demonstrate the postmodern beliefs of combining fiction and nonfiction, multiculturalism, and the experimentation of new forms? MINIMUM OF 200 WORDS

Journal Entry Eleven: In "Cathedral", what is the narrator's problem with connecting? Is he connected with his wife. Do they understand each other? What is the significance of the blind man's lack of vision? Does this represent anything? How are liquor and marijuana used in this story--what to the help do or prevent from happening? Finally, what is Carver trying to say in the ending when the two men draw the cathedral together? MINIMUM OF 200 WORDS

Journal Entry Twelve: Using a story/or poem from this weeks readings, please identify two major themes and discuss. Can any of these themes be found in your life? Why? Why Not?

******** These entries should discuss your reactions to the readings. They may be reflections on the ways readings remind you of real life situations. They may express your joys or frustrations with the literature. They may discuss occasions when you shared your thoughts about your American Literature readings with your friends, co-workers, or children.

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Works Cited:


Carver, R. (2008). Cathedral. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from the North Dakota State University Web site:

Ginsberg, a. (2008). Howl. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from a Personal Web site:

O'Connor, F. (2008). Good country people. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from the Louisiana Tech University Web site:

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Title: Literary Criticism Cultural Poetics approach aka New Historicism of Allen Ginsberg his book Howl and the Beat Literature Era

  • Total Pages: 16
  • Words: 4846
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Literary Criticism using "Cultural Poetics" (or New Historicism) approach, exploring the life and times of Allen Ginsberg, AND his book "Howl" AND the "Beat" era.

It is very important to include a bio on Ginsberg, a "Cultural Poetics" Criticism on his life and work and the era of Beat Literature.

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Hyde, Lewis, Ed. On the Poetry of Allen Ginsberg. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1984.

Merrill, Thomas F. Allen Ginsberg. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1978.

On Howl." Modern American Poetry. Internet. Accessed October 18, 2005.

Portuges, Paul. The Visionary Poetics of Allen Ginsberg. New York: Ross-Erickson, 1978.

Sanders, Edward. The Poetry and Life of Allen Ginsberg. UK: Scribner's, 1975.

Schumacher, M. Dharma Lion: A Critical Biography of Allen Ginsberg. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

Tytell, John. Naked Angels: Kerouac, Ginsberg and Burroughs. New York: Grove Press, 1965.

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Title: American Literature Myth in the Poetry of Allen Ginsberg A Jungian Analysis

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3556
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This paper is for American Literature in the 20th Century. I need in addition to the 8 pages, at least 8 source in a modified annotated bibliography format - I only need quotes derived from the source in the annotation, no analysis of the source is necessary. MLA Format is required

some ideas for the content: the examination of moloch in howl, oedipus, Jung's archetypes, the writings of Joseph Campbell

I have some research done that I will email later

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Bibliography. 1st. New York: HarperPerennial, 1995.

Jung, C.G.. Psychology of the Unconscious: A Study of the Transformations and Symbolisms of the Libido. 1st. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Hume, Lynne. "Accessing the Eternal: Dreaming 'The Dreaming' and Ceremonial Performance." Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science 39(2004): 237-258.

Johnston, Allan. "Consumption, Addiction, Vision, Energy: Political Economies and Utopian Visions in the Writings of the Beat Generation." College Literature 32(2005): 103-126.

Raskin, Jonah. American Scream: Allen Ginsberg's Howl and the Making of the Beat Generation. 1st. Berkely: University of California Press, 2004.

Jung, Carl G., M.-L. von Franz, Joseph L. Henderson, Jolande Jacobi, and Aniela Jaffe. Man and His Symbols. 5th Ed. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1971.

There are some Indians in South America who will assure you that they are Red Arara parrots, though they are well aware that they lack feathers, wings, and beaks.

For in the primitive's world things do not have the same sharp boundaries they do in our 'rational' societies.

What psychologists call psychic identity, or 'mystical participation' has been stripped off our world of things. But it is exactly this halo of unconscious associations that gives a colorful and fantastic aspect to the primitive's world."

People shocked by visions. "the terrors that stem from our elaborate civilization may be far more threatening than those that primitive people attribute to demons. The attitude of modern civilized man sometimes reminds me of a psychotic patient in my clinic who was himself a doctor. " p. 45

One cannot afford to be naive in dealing with dreams. They originate in a spirit that is not quite human, but is rather a breath of nature -- a spirit of the beautiful and generous as well as of the cruel goddess. If we want to characterize this spirit, we shall certainly get closer to it in the sphere of ancient mythologies, or the fables of the primeval forest, than in the consciousness of modern man."

In this civilizing process, we have increasingly divided our consciousness from the deeper instinctive strata of the human psyche." (52) p. 56 archetypes as 'primordial images' - archetypes are the manifestation of instinctual urges in the form of symbolic fantasy or imagination

The fact is that in former times men did not reflect upon their symbols; they lived them and were unconsciously animated by their meaning" (81)

These inner motives spring from a deep source that is not made by consciousness and is not under its control. In the mythology of earlier times, these forces were called mana, or spirits, demons, and gods....It is true, however, that in recent times civilized man has acquired a certain amount of will power, which he can apply where he pleases...He can carry out what he proposes to do, and he can apparently translate his ideas into action without a hitch, whereas the primitive seems to be hampered at each step by fears, superstitions, and other unseen obstacles to action. The motto 'Where there's a will, there's a way' is the superstition of modern man.

Yet in order to sustain his creed, contemporary man pays the price in a remarkable lack of introspection. He is blind to the fact that, with all his rationality and efficiency, he is possessed by 'powers' that are beyond his control. His gods and demons have not disappeared at all' they have merely got new names. They keep him on the run with restlessness, vague apprehensions, psychological complications, an insatiable need for pills, alcohol, tobacco, food -- and, above all, a large array of neuroses."

As scientific understanding has grown, so our world has become dehumanized. Man feels himself isolated in the cosmos, because he is no longer involved in nature and has lost his emotional 'unconscious identity' with natural phenomena. These have slowly lost their symbolic implications. Thunder is no longer the voice of an angry god, nor is lightning his avenging missle. No river contains a spirit, no tree is the life principle of a man, no snake the embodiment of wisdom, no mountain cave the home of a great demon. No voices now speak to man from stones, plants, and animals, nor does he speak to them believing they can hear. His contact with nature has gone, and with it has gone the profound emotional energy that his symbolic connection supplied

Our present lives are dominated by the goddess Reason, who is our greatest and most tragic illusion. By the aid of reason, so we assure ourselves, we have 'conquered nature.'"

Joseph L. Henderson on the 4 Hero Cycles of the Winnebago Indians - First cycle is Trickster "Trickster cycle corresponds to the earliest and least developed period of life. Trickster is a figure whose physical appetites dominate his behavior; he has the mentality of an infant. Lacking any purpose beyond the gratification of his primary needs, he is cruel, cynical, and unfeeling." (p.112) - Neil Cassady as Ginsberg's Trickster hero?

In the developing consciousness of the individual the hero figure is the symbolic means by which the emerging ego overcomes the inertia of the unconscious mind, and liberates the mature man from a regressive longing to return to the blissful state of infancy in a world dominated by his mother." (p. 120)

Berman, Morris. Coming to Our Senses: Body and Spirit in the Hidden History of the West. 1st Ed. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

Chasseguet-Smirgel, Janine, and Bela Grunberger. Freud or Reich?: Psychoanalysis and Illusion. 1st Ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Noble, David F.. America by Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism. 1st Ed. New York: Alfred a. Knopf, Inc., 1977.

Muers, Rachel. "Idolatry and Future Generations: the Persistence of Molech.." Modern Theology 19(2003): 547-602.

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Title: Poetry analysis of a beat poem illustrating a new vision for america

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1582
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Assignment #1, which will be due on February 1st, will be a short poetry analysis, worth 15% of your course mark.

In the interests of balancing our prose readings with a look at the seminal poetry of the Beat Generation, our first assignment asks you to locate and analyze an American poem first published between 1944 and 1966 by one of the recognized figures of the Beat Generation, Black Mountain Poets, or San Francisco Renaissance movements. Consider the poem as an aspect of a new vision for America: the search for identity, a manifesto for shaping something new out of the country and society, a voice broadening and complicating what it meant to be American. How are the concerns of the movement (civil rights, feminism, popular culture, the shadow of war, spirituality, Eastern religions, rejection of capitalism and conformity) informing the poem? Choose one poem, and begin your assignment.

Allen Ginsberg?s Howl (1956), Kaddish (1961) , Lawrence Ferlinghetti?s A Coney Island of the Mind (1958), Jack Kerouac?s Mexico City Blues (1959), William Burroughs, Gregory Corso, Gary Snyder, John Wieners, Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Lew Welch, Philip Whalen, or Michael McClure would be suitable. Though the best-known poets of the movement are all male, there are notable female poets, among them Diane di Prima, Denise Levertov, Joanne Kyger, Anne Waldman, Elise Cowan, Lenore Kandel, and Ruth Weiss. Since several of the female Beats did not begin publishing until later, the 1966 cut-off need not apply to their work. Black Mountain poets include Larry Eigner, Robert Duncan, Ed Dorn, Paul Blackburn, Hilda Morley, John Wieners, Joel Oppenheimer, Denise Levertov, Jonathan Williams and Robert Creeley. San Francisco Renaissance Poets include Allen Ginsberg, Brother Antoninus (William Everson), Robin Blaser, Jack Spicer, James Broughton, Madeline Gleason, Helen Adam, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Bruce Boyd, Kirby Doyle, Richard Duerden, Philip Lamantia, Ebbe Borregaard, and Lew Welch. Many of these poems and related works have been made available on-line, and should be easy to find. For instance, the texts of John Cage?s Indeterminacy pieces (1959) can be found here:

Evaluation criteria
? The information must be relevant, accurate, ethical, and complete for the circumstances.
? Scholarly sources may be used for your evidence, but are not required for this assignment. Borrowed information must be correctly documented in MLA style. Sources must not be in footnotes. Papers without a Works Cited page will not be graded: even if you have no secondary sources, you should include your primary texts on this page.
? The organization and layout should follow the research essay conventions, with formal language throughout. Avoid slang, contractions, and personal anecdotes. This does not apply to the fiction option.
? The paper must be 1200-1500 words in length. Please provide a word count at the end. Papers under 1000 words or over 1800 will not be graded.
? Good sequencing makes your essay easy to read. Consider your argument?s outline.
? The language use in the essay or story is your own. Borrowed wording has been summarized or paraphrased and has been documented as in-text citations.
? Sentence structure, grammar, punctuation, spelling, and vocabulary are correct.
? A professional or original style adds to the interest, value and credibility of your essay.

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Works Cited

Carter, David. Allen Ginsberg: Spontaneous Mind. New York: HarperCollins, 2001.

Ginsberg, Allen. Howl . 1956.

McChesney, John. "After 50 Years, Ginsberg's 'Howl' Still Resonates. 10 November 2009. 28 January 2012 .

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