Horizontal Integration Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Horizontal Integration College Essay Examples

Title: Strategy Development Please responds Differentiate strategies directional adaptive market entry competitive Provide support response Provide a specific added service demonstrate fundamental manner service question correspond market entry competitive strategy

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 684
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: "Strategy Development" Please responds to the following:

?Differentiate between each of the following strategies: directional, adaptive, market entry, competitive. Provide one example of each to support your response.

?Provide one example of a specific value-added service, and demonstrate the fundamental manner in which the service in question would correspond to market entry or competitive strategy.

"Strategic Alternatives" Please respond to the following:

?Analyze the concept of a cost leadership strategy. Determine two specific challenges of using a cost leadership strategy successfully in healthcare. Suggest two actions that management could take in order to mitigate these challenges.

?Distinguish between vertical and horizontal integration. Provide one example of the successful implementation of each within a healthcare organization.

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References

QuickMBA. (2010). Foreign market entry modes. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/global/marketentry/

QuickMBA. (2010). Porter's generic strategies. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml

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Title: Emergency Management

  • Total Pages: 1
  • Words: 312
  • Bibliography:1
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I will fax text book pages


The Stehr article (p.419) focuses on how inter and intracommunity linkages affect disaster recovery efforts as well as the stratgies that community leaders adopt to manage the complex interdependencies that occur in the aftermath of a natural disaster. In particular, researchers have identified three key variables related to community problem-solving capacity. These include: horizontal integration, vertical integration, and network centralization. Please analyze and describe the characteristics of two communities that you are familiar with in terms of the above three variables.

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Bibliography

Stehr, Steven D. (2002): "Community Recover and Reconstruction Following Disasters," Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.

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Title: The Economics of the Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3522
  • Sources:15
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Length and Format: The paper should be 10-15 pages in length, double-spaced, and follow generally accepted APA guidelines for college papers. It should contain an abstract, bibliography, and references should be properly noted. Please deliver file as a Word document

Evaluation: The paper is evaluated on whether your economic analysis and/or conclusions have been thought out, logically developed, clearly presented, and supported with your own analysis and/or that of others. In other words, apply textbook theory to a true managerial situation, real or theoretical.

Topics to be discussed should include, but are not limited to: supply/demand, pricing and competition, market structure (market concentration, vertical/horizontal integration, monopoly/oligopoly/monopolistic competition, etc.) and government regulation. Charts and or graphs are to be used in explaining concepts and wherever appropriate.

The paper topic and general outline are as follows (outline is flexible as long as it uses concepts from micro/managerial economics to discuss the topic).:

The Economics of the Pharmaceutical Industry


The pharmaceutical industry is one of the most volatile global industries. The industry is steeped in research, generating new products and formulations to improve the lives of people around the world. As these companies seek to increase their profit margins, they also struggle with controlling costs associated with bringing new drugs to market. Pharmaceutical companies often engage in a variety of financial endeavors in an effort to maximize their profit margins and improve their economic stance, including mergers and acquisitions. These restructures can result in market monopolies of different therapeutic areas. They also contend with pricing issues and the competitiveness of lower priced generic substitutes. However, pharmaceutical companies are not the only players; government regulation, insurance reimbursement, and health care providers have a significant role in the economic success or failure of this industry.


Research Paper Outline


I. Overview of the Pharmaceutical Industry
II. Industry Structure
a. Market Concentration
b. Vertical Integration
III. Impact of Government Regulation
IV. Role of Patents
V. Pricing
a. Branded Drugs
b. Generic Intrusion
c. Health Insurance Plans
VI. Conclusion

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References

Aruru, M. & Salmon, J. (2008). Medical and Pharmaceutical Outsourcing to India. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 43-65.

Bhatti, T., Einarson, T. & Austin, Z. et al. (2008). The Impact of Financial Incentives on Pharmacist Dispensing Habits: Evidence from the British Columbia Product Incentive

Plan. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics & Policy. 16 (4): 35-56.

Capri, S. & Levaggi, R. (2008). International Price Regulations in the Pharmaceutical Sector: A

Common Model to Sharing Cost and Benefits. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance,

Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 21-40.

Costea, D. (2008). Essays on the Economics of Drug Pricing and Advertising. Dissertation.

Lehigh University. UMI# 3341180.

Coulson, D. & Kleiner, B. (2008). Managing for Excellence in the Pharmaceutical Industry:

Outsourcing to Contract Research Organization. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance,

Economics & Policy. 16 (4): 105-112.

Friedman, M. & Gould, J. (2008). Attitudes and Opinions of Pharmacists Toward Direct-to-

Consumer Prescription Drug Marketing. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance,

Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 85-97.

Garis, R. & Farmer, K. (2002). The Incremental Cost of Chronic Illnesses: A Medicaid Database

Analysis. Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Economics,

Hayford, T. (2009). Essays in Health Economics. Dissertation. University of Maryland. UMI #

3372969.

Hermans, R. & Linnosmaa, I. (2008). Intellectual Capital Inputs and Performance of the Pharmaceutical Industry Under Different Regulation Schemes. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 3-20.

Hunt, J., Siemiencuk, J. & Koch, C. (2008). Physicians Perspectives on Physician Drug

Dispensing Using a Qualitative Focus Group Methodology. . Journal Of Pharmaceutical

Finance, Economics & Policy. 16 (4): 57-66.

Kelton, C., Rebelein, R., & Dusting, M. et al. (2008). Analysis of Pharmaceutical Products with Large Price Changes in a Regional Hospital System . Journal of Pharmaceutical

Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 61-86.

Lal, L., Mathur, S., & Arbuckle, B. (2008). Evaluating Medicaid Reimbursement Rates for CNS

Drugs by U.S. Geographic Regions . Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 125-139.

Mukherjee, K. (2008). Economic Tradeoff Between Purchase of Medical Care and Other

Commodities in the U.S.A. Dissertation. University of Florida. UMI # 3334491.

Scherer, F. (2000). Handbook of Health Economics. Volume 1. Elsevier Science.

Seoane-Vazquez, E., Schondelmeyer, S. & Szeinbach, S. (2008). Drug Patent Live and Generic

Competition: Analysis of New Molecular Entities Approved by the FDA between 1980

and 1999. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 67-85.

Yankus, W. (2008). Counterfeit Drugs: Coming to a Pharmacy Near You. Journal of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics, & Policy. 16 (4): 3-42.

Ziqiang, W. & Sadda, S. (2008). Large Variations in the Cost of Eye Medications for Uninsured

Patients in the United States. Journal Of Pharmaceutical Finance, Economics & Policy.

16 (4): 3-14.

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Title: Determine supply demand hedging strategies commodities futures vertical horizontal integration meet customer requirements based countrys specific factors The country JAPAN

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 627
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Determine which supply and demand hedging strategies

(commodities futures, vertical/horizontal integration, etc.) would be

the most appropriate to meet your customer requirements, based on

the country?s specific factors.

The country is JAPAN!!

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Works Cited:

Investopedia. (2012). Vertical integration. Investopedia. Retrieved December 12, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/v/verticalintegration.asp#axzz2Es1cxPsJ

McBeath, B. (2010). Managing supply risk part three -- Hedging strategies. ChainLink Research. Retrieved December 12, 2012 from http://www.clresearch.com/research/detail.cfm?guid=4C1D5335-3048-79ED-99C6-88C4294EE21C

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