Juvenile Court Philosophy
“The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) provides national leadership, coordination, and resources to prevent and respond to juvenile delinquency and victimization. OJJDP supports states and communities in their efforts to develop and implement effective and coordinated prevention and intervention programs and to improve the juvenile justice system so that it protects public safety, holds offenders accountable, and provides treatment and rehabilitative services tailored to the needs of juveniles and their families.”
The above mission statement reflects both the Parens Patriae doctrine as well as the mandates of the Get Tough Movement. Scan the publications under the “Court” topic archived at the OJJDP website: http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/search/SearchResults.asp?ti=3&si=&kw=&p=topic&strItem=&strSingleItem=Publications&PreviousPage=searchResults
Select two publications: one of which reflects the parens patriae, or rehabilitative ideal, and the other of which reflects the goals of retribution and accountability (Get Tough Movement).
In a 3-page, 1500 word essay, summarize the two articles and compare and contrast their philosophical differences. Use examples from the two articles to make your point. Provide appropriately formatted references, including the URL, for each article selected. Submit papers in a 12 standard font (Times New Roman, Arial or similar) double-spaced with 1” margins on all sides of the paper.
Cusack, C. (2007, November 20).
Swift, J. (1997, February). Project Gutenberg e-book: Gulliver
. Transcription of 1892 George Bell and Sons edition. Retrieved July 4, 2006 from: http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext97/gltrv10.txt
Points Possible: 100
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Redding, R.E. (2008). Juvenile transfer laws: An effective deterrent to delinquency? Retrieved 11 May 2010 from the NCJRS.gov Web site: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/220595.pdf.
Sheppard, D. & Kelly, P. (2002). Juvenile gun courts: Promoting accountability and providing treatment. Retrieved 11 May 2010 from the NCJRS.gov Web site: http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/jaibg_2002_5_1/contents.html.