Bandy, S. (2010). Behavioral Activation Techniques for Depression in a variety of settings: Groups, Peer-to-Peer and Non-Clinical Settings. Powerpoint presentation. Chestnut Health Systems, IL, USA.
Brodsky, G. (1999). The Hidden Method. Retrieved 02-19, 2011, from multiplefamilygrouptherapy.com: http://www.multiplefamilygrouptherapy.com/The%20Hidden%20Method.htm
Corey, S., & Corey, G. (1997). Groups: Process and Practice. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks Cole.
Sonstegard, M., & al, e. (2004). Adlerian Group Counseling and Therapy: Step-By-Step. New York: Brunner-Routledge.
University of Illinois at Urbana Psychology Dept. (2010). Group Therapy Lecture/Powerpoint Presentation. Urbana, IL, USA.
American Group Psychotherapy Association. (February, 2002). AGPA and NRCGP Guidelines for Ethics. Accessed March 15, 2006, http://www.agpa.org/group/ethicalguide.html.
American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychological Association. (2003). Multicultural guidelines: Education, research and practice. American Psychologist, 58, 377-402.
Beauchamp, T.L., & Childress, J.F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics (5th ed.). New York: Oxford.
Behnke, S. (2004). APA's new Ethics Code, its values and excellence in psychological services. Monitor on Psychology, 35 (7), 88-89.
Bersoff, D. (1996). The virtue of principle ethics. The Counseling Psychologist, 24, 86-91.
Betan, E.J., & Stanton, A.L. (1999). Fostering ethical willingness: Integrating emotional and contextual awareness with rational analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30, 295-301.
Bricklin, P. (2001). Being ethical: More than obeying the law and avoiding harm. Journal for Personality Assessment, 77, 195-202.
D'Andrea, M. (2004). The impact of racial-cultural identity of group leaders and members: Theory and recommendations. In J.L. DeLucia-Waack, D.A. Gerrity, C.R. Kalodner, & M.T. Riva (Eds.), Handbook of group counseling and psychotherapy (pp. 265-282). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Fallon, A. (2006). Informed consent in the practice of group psychotherapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 56, 431-451.
Haas, L.J., & Malouf, J.L. (2002). Keeping up the good work: A practitioner's guide to mental health ethics. (3rd ed.). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resources Press.
Hansen, N.D., & Goldberg, S.G. (1999). Navigating the nuances: A matrix of considerations for ethical-legal dilemmas. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 495-503.
Humphreys, K., Winzelberg, A., & Klaw, E. (2000). Psychologists' ethical responsibilities in Internet-based groups: Issues, strategies, and a call for dialogue. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31, 493-496.
Jordan, A.E., & Meara, N.M. (1990). Ethics and the professional practice of psychologists: The role of virtues and principles. Professional Psychology Research and Practice 21(2), 107-114.
Kitchener, K.S. (2000). Foundations of ethical practice, research, and teaching in psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Knauss, L.K. (2006) Ethical issues in recordkeeping in group psychotherapy, International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 56, 415-430.
Kohlberg, L. (1984). The psychology of moral development: The nature and validity of moral stages. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
Lasky, G.B. & Riva, M.T. (2006). Confidentiality and privileged communication in Group Psychotherapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 56, 455-476.
Mangione, L., Forti, R., & Iacuzzi, C.M. (in press). Ethics and endings in group psychotherapy: Saying good-bye and saying it well. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy.
McCullough, L.B., & Ashton, C.M. (1994). A methodology for teaching ethics in the clinical setting: A clinical handbook for medical ethics. Theoretical Medicine, 15, 39-52.
Meara, N.M., Schmidt, L.D., & Day, J.D. (1996). Principles and virtues: A foundation for ethical decisions, policies, and character. The Counseling Psychologist, 24, 4-77.
National Association of Social Workers. (1999). Code of ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
Pepper, R. (in press). Too close for comfort. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy.
Rapin, L.S. (2004). Guidelines for ethical and legal practice in counseling and psychotherapy groups. In J.L. DeLucia-Waack, D.A. Gerrity, C.R. Kalodner, & M.T. Riva (Eds.), Handbook of group counseling and psychotherapy (pp. 151-165). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Shapiro, E.L. & Ginzberg, R. (2006). Buried treasure: Money, ethics and countertransference in group therapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 56, 477-494.
Butler, LD et al. (2008). Meditation with yoga, group therapy with hypnosis, and psychoeducation for long-term depressed mood: a randomized pilot trial. Journal of clinical psychology, ISSN 0021-9762, 07/2008, Volume 64, Issue 7, pp. 806 -- 820
Constantino, M. J et al. (2008). Interpersonal Styles of Chronically Depressed Outpatients:
Profiles and Therapeutic Change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training,
ISSN 0033-3204, 12/2008, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp. 491 -- 506
Franck, E. et al. (2007). Implicit and explicit self-esteem in currently depressed individuals with and without suicidal ideation. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry,
ISSN 0005-7916, 03/2007, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp. 75 -- 85
Jeanne-Marie, S. (2008). Focus Groups: Examining a Community-Based Group Intervention for Depressed Puerto Rican Women. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840,
07/2008, Volume 29, Issue 7, p. 679
Schwartz, K. (2004). Concurrent group and individual psychotherapy in a psychiatric day hospital for depressed elderly. International journal of group psychotherapy, ISSN 0020-
7284, 04/2004, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp. 177 -- 201
Trowell, J, et al. (2007). Childhood depression: a place for psychotherapy. An outcome study comparing individual psychodynamic psychotherapy and family therapy. European child & adolescent psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, 04/2007, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp. 157 -- 167
Technique- Bion's group require a task and an outline of moving from point A to point B. within the therapeutic process. This is a dual set of treatments -- one for each individual within the group, the other for the group as a whole organism itself. His view is that it is not the task of group therapy to deal with the individual's own psychological difficulties, but rather to transcend those difficulties so that the group dynamic will act as a healing element for the individual. To do this, Bion's technique focuses on the leader setting up a series of interventions and then stepping back to allow the group to work through these sets of dynamics in their own way; constantly guiding at appropriate times so that the group does not take the easy or passive way out of delving into difficult or painful discoveries (Lipgar and Pines, 2003. 29-36).
Yalom takes a number of environmental factors into consideration, which allows his technique to be more adaptive to the type of group and the place/time/setting of the therapeutic situation. Yalom's fluid technique is to help with the initial engagement and affiliation of the group; then work through the isues of power, status and compteition until the group experience begins to appear. Members are encouraged to describe their individual experiences to form common bonds with the rest of the group (you are unique but you are not alone). Yalom's technique then moves towards guiding the group towards exploration, but far less leader centered. He correlates the movement from leader centered to leader guide and exploration with positive achievement and movement towards change (Yalom and Leszcz, 309-10).
Curative Factors -- As previously noted, Yalom