Great Lakes Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Great Lakes College Essay Examples


  • Total Pages: 16
  • Words: 5103
  • Bibliography:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Topic: The history and the development of the steel industry from 1875 - 1920 in the Great Lakes region.

For the past 200 years, steel has been the most essential element of an industrial society which greatly shaped the economic power of the world. Since the early 20th century, USA has become the world's strongest economic power in the world and the resources and geographical features of the Great Lake regions played a remarkable role. The steel industry of the USA is so crucial that it can be strongly associated with the globalization of a superpower. I would like to know more about the environment and the geographical features of the Great Lakes region and its influence on the history and the development of the steel industry from 1850 - 1920. It truly would be a great opportunity to delve deeper into a region that is so "close" to us and how an environment can change the world.

The term paper should include the following sections: introduction, main section(s), conclusion, bibliography, appendix
-Introduction: tell me what your main interest is (clearly defined research question), why I should care, how you will approach your topic and the limitations of your approach.
- Main section(s): either analytical or descriptive. Discuss main issue(s) and different perspectives on it. Material is well-focused (i.e., answers the research question). Your conclusion derives logically from your argumentation.

Please include the following references:
1) Beeton, Alfred M., and R. Stephen Schneider. "A Century of Great Lakes Research at the University of Michigan." Journal of Great Lakes Research 24.3 (1998): 495-517. Web. 27 Jan. 2014
2)BELL, LOWTHIAN. "THE IRON AND STEEL TRADE." Fortnightly review, May 1865-June 1934 41.241 (1887): 88-104. ProQuest. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.
3) Diamond, Jared . Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. W.W. Norton & Company , 2005. Web. .

Please try to include the following concept:
1) Environmental Determinism

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Works cited

Beeton, Alfred M. And R. Stephen Schneider. "A century of Great Lakes research at the University of Michigan." Journal of Great Lakes Research, 24. 3 (1998): 495 -- 517. Print.

Bowlus, W. Bruce. Iron ore transport on the Great Lakes. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2010. Print.

Cooper, Donald R. And Pamela S. Schindler. Business research methods. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill, 1998. Print.

Diamond, Jared M. Guns, germs, and steel. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1998. Print.

Macdonagh-Dumler, J, V Pebbles and J. Gannon. Great Lakes (North American) Experience and Lessons Learned Brief. Michigan: Great Lakes Commision, 2006. 1-14, E-book.

Morreale, D.A Survey of Current Great Lakes Research. New York: University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, 2002. 2-35, E-book.

Saunders, Mark, Philip Lewis and Adrian Thornhill. Research methods for business students. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.

Staff of Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America. Iron and Steel. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America, 2011. 1-3, E-book.

Staff of Michigan Sea Grant College Program. Vital to Our Nation's Economy: GREAT LAKES JOBS 2011 REPORT. Ann Arbor: Michigan Sea Grant College Program, 2012. 2-6, E-book.

Staff of Sector Policies and Programs Division Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available and Emerging Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Iron and Steel Industry. Washington, D.C.: Sector Policies and Programs Division Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2014. 10-25, E-book.

Staff of the Great Lakes Regional Collaboration. Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy. The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration, 2014. 1-47, E-book.

Zikmund, William G. Business research methods. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western, 2003. Print.

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Title: I a Narrative Essay 500 750 words long accompanied a formal outline The topic day U.S. Navy's Recruit Training Command RTC Great Lakes It 6 7 hours Chicago Honolulu Hawaii i Me a couple arrived hours earlier rest graduating class arrived night

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 660
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I would like a Narrative Essay that is 500-750 words long accompanied with a formal outline.

The topic is about the first day in the U.S. Navy's Recruit Training Command (RTC) in Great Lakes.

It took 6-7 hours to get Chicago from Honolulu Hawaii, were i am from. Me and a couple of others arrived several hours earlier then the rest of the graduating class, who would arrived later that night. It was the first time i had gone to another state, and also being so far away from my family really made me nervous. The 2 others that came may have came from the same state as me, but they were total strangers which didn't help lower my nervousness. to this day i can't even remember their names or even their faces.

So we were issued all the items that we needed, except for the union forms, and were instructed to help with issuing the items once the rest of the recruits arrived. It consisted in underwear briefs, plain white t-shits, 2 shirts which we fondly nicked named "bulls-eyes" because of the round navy symbol on the front, green physical training (PT) shorts, black and white socks, a pair of new balance running shoes, a loofah, liquid soap (we never got shampoo because we were going be bald), matching blue hoody and sweat pants that we call smurfs, a seabag to hold all of them in, and our ball caps with the word Recruit embroidered on it.

We got to go eat lunch once we got everything we need. we had to much with a division to the galley that had arrived a week ago. When we returned to the main building, we got to rest for a bit in a class room while we waited for the rest of the group. i just had my head down on a desk and took a little nap. we got woken up once the the rest of the recruits arrived. it took a few hours trying to get everyone what they needed. in the confusion i had lost my ball cap and was screamed at for being irresponsible later on.

Once everyone was situated i was inserted into division 346, which had a brother division 345, and we were then sent running towards our living quarters to finally get some sleep.

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Title: Techonology

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 746
  • References:1
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: During the summer of 2008, Ben Heuer, president and chief operating officer of Great Lakes Carriers (GLC), and E Kate Weber, vice president of business development, visited with the port directors of every major port on the Great Lakes. Their objective was to seek additional business for GLC’s bulk cargo division with a related objective of exploring potential demand for a container ship operation on the Great lakes.
GLC was founded in 1940 by Ben’s grandfather with one ship hauling coal and iron ore from the mines along the Great Lakes to the steel mills in Indiana, Ohio and surrounding areas. Today the company has a fleet of 12 bulk ore vessels that haul iron ore from Duluth to various Ohio ports as well as grain from the upper great lakes are to Chicago, Buffalo, and Erie. The demand for the movement of both commodities has decreased ruing the past decade-iron ore movements decreased because of increased foreign steel production, and railroads have increased their share of the grain movement with new larger hopper cars.
Kate suggested to Ben that there was a limited amount of container ship service on the great lakes that that this might be an opportunity for GLC to diversity. Container traffic between the United States the EU can move via railroad to the port of Montreal, where it is trans-loaded to an oceangoing container ship. Substantial NAFTA container traffic (USA-Canada), moves via either railroad or truck to major cities adjacent to the Great lakes. Lastly, the area surrounding the Great Lakes is a major manufacturing region with large volumes of traffic moving among the major port cities. New RFID technology could provide GLC with a competitive advantage for higher value container traffic where visibility could help improve supply chain efficiency and effectiveness. Kate also believe that they could charge higher rates with RFID tags and explore the possibility of diversifying even further into logistics related services.
Ben and Kate discussed the type of vessel that would be needed to move containers and concluded that current GLC vessels could not be retrofitted for container operations. Furthermore, the new ship would have a maximum carrying capacity of about 1,000 containers because of the size limitations imposed by the locks on the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The typical oceangoing container ship has a minimum carrying capacity of 2,500 containers.
The proposed operation would consist of weekly sailing schedules beginning in Duluth and stopping at Chicago, Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland, Buffalo, and Montreal. Containers would be picked up and delivered at each port along the route. The transit time from Duluth to Montreal was estimated to be five to seven days, compared to four to five days by rail and two days by truck. For intermediate origin-destination pairs, such as Chicago to Cleveland, the transit time was estimated to be three days, which compared favorably with railroad service; however, the truck transit time was one day. The rate for the container service was estimated to be 40 percent of the current truck rate and 75 percent of the current rail rate, but the RFID program may allow higher rates because it would be a premium service and differentiate GLC from the rail and motor carriers.
The meetings with the port directors confirmed that the volume of grain and iron ore being handled by Great Lakes carriers was on the decline and the predictions for the next five years were for a continued decline. The lack of container ship service on the Great Lakes was also confirmed and the port directors, in general, were enthusiastic about the possibility of GLC initiating such service. They were also interested in the advantages of the RFID technology even though it would require some additional investment for them.
As the 2009 Great Lakes shipping season came to a close, Ben and Kate began the planning and analysis of container ship business with a goal of having a decision made by the start of the next shipping season.
Case Questions:
1. What marketing data would you want to have available to make the decision?
2. What cost data would you need to make a rational decision?
3. What are some of the logistics supply chain issues that GLC should consider?
4. What is your recommendation regarding the RFID technology? Why?
5. Based on what you know, what recommendation would you make to the GLC Board of Directors regarding a container ship operation?

Your submission must be in the form of APA formatted manuscript (title page, reference page, citations within the body of the paper to support your discussion, 12 size font, and 1” margins). APA requires that you write in the third person and you should be directing this to the company not to individuals in that company, it is not a report about the company it is narrative report TO the company. Such documents are written in the third person and must remain objective, unemotional, and impersonal. That means there should be no reference to you in any way shape or form and that there is no need to name any individual in the company, or for that matter, the company itself. It is inappropriate to repeat or summarize the case information. You should start by providing an analysis of, not repetition of, the case information and what you determine are the salient or critical corporate/strategic issues. Be careful to avoid gratuitous openings and closings. For these case studies an abstract is not required and abstracts never count towards a minimum word requirement. If you are comfortable writing an abstract make sure it addresses your proposals in the paper and does repeat or summarize the case itself.

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Visich, J., Li, S. & Khumawala, B. (2007). Enhancing product recovery value in closed-loop supply chains with RFID. Journal of Managerial Issues. 19(3), 436-445.

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Title: extinct mammals of the Michigan area and how they interacted with their environment

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3084
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This research paper is for an upper-level college geology class. The focus is on the ancient Michigan basin area. Several times during earth history, the Michigan area was covered by ice (the Ice Age). The glacier movement affected the landscape and the formation of the Great Lakes. The land of Michigan, in turn, affected various mammals that lived off it. Please write a scientific research paper that investigates how the various mammals (extinct and surviving) adapted to their environment as the environment changed over thousands of years. Place the emphasis on geology. First, give a brief geological history of the Michigan area. Be specific with the names of the mammals (like Saber-tooth cats, mastodons, wolverine, etc.), and the geological time period. Also discuss some theories on how and why the well-known extinct mammals like the mammoth, the sabre-tooth cat, and the giant moose went extinct. Please include at least one quotation per paragraph.

This is a serious scientific research paper worthy of a graduate student. I will assume that all the information on the paper will be accurate and objective, based on evidence from reliable sources such as scientific journals, books, periodicals, and electronic information.

Thank you.

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Works Cited:


Michigan Dept. Of Environmental Quality, Geological Survey Division. General Geology of Michigan. 1998.

Oard, Michael J. "A Post-Flood Model." 1990.

Eschberger, Beverly. "Prehistoric Michigan." 1998-2000

Extinct in the Wild.

Michigan's Geological Landscape." Dept. Of Natural Resources.

Bentley, C.R. 1965. The Land Beneath the Ice. Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, New York.

Imbrie, J and K. 1979. Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery. Enslow Publishers, Short Hills, New Jersey.

John, B. 1979. Ice Ages: A Search for Reasons. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Endangered Species."

Saber-tooth Cats."

Paterson, W.S.B. 1981. The Physics of Glaciers. 2nd ed. Pergamon, New York.

Extinct in the Wild."

General Geology of Michigan." Michigan Dept. Of Environmental Quality, Geological Survey Division. 1998.

Prehistoric Michigan.

The Permian Extinction Event." Beverly Eschberger. 2001.

Extinct in the Wild.

Michigan's Fossil Whales. E. Cox. 1997

Post-Flood Model." Michael J. Oard. 1990.

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