Goran Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Goran College Essay Examples

Title: African Studies

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 1946
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Assignment Book review: Choose a book from the listed provided at the bottom of the page. As you read try to determine….
a) What the author is trying to do by writing the book. What contributions to our knowledge of Africa is the author offering? Why is it important or not important?
b) What other authors are saying about the topic. In what ways is this approach new or not new? Again how might we assess the importance or the book?
c) If the author is successful. Where does the argument succeed or fail to convince you? What would you like to see more or less of? Has the author successfully defended their thesis?

When you write make sure that……
a) You have a strong thesis that you will defend in your paper
b) You use Chicago style footnotes that are properly and thoroughly formatted
c) You do not introduce new ideas in your conclusion
d) You have a bibliography
e) You have re-read and edited your work

Book reviews are a critical review of a selected book. Other reviews on the book should only be marginally employed (and cited when used). DO NOT summarize the book but write a critical review of what the book attempts to do and if it succeeds. Consider the contribution the book has made to both scholarly and practical understanding of contemporary Africa. The paper should be clear and incisive writing that is grammatically and syntactically sound, and that has correct spelling. Moreover, the critical analysis must cite every source upon which you rely for quotations, or specific factual material. Please provide a bibliography or list of works consulted. I have not provided a number of sources for the writer to use. This is up to the writer if he or she feels that using outside sources will further progress the book review.

If the writer has any questions feel free to contact me via email.
Thank you

Book Titles:

1) Africa's media, democracy, and the politics of belonging / Francis B. Nyamnjoh
2) The Black man's burden : Africa and the curse of the nation-state / Basil Davidson
3) Closing the circle : democratization and development in Africa / Richard Sandbrook.
4) The darker nations : a people's history of the third world / Vijay Prashad.
5) Democracy and development in Africa / Claude Ake
6) Disciplining democracy : development discourse and good governance in Africa / Rita Abrahmsen
7) Local governance in Africa : the challenges of democratic decentralization / Dele Olowu, James S. Wunsch ; with conributions by Joseph Ayee ... [et al.
8) No shortcuts to progress : African development management in perspective / Goran Hyden
9) On the postcolony / Achille Mbembe
10) The politics of modernization [by] David E. Apter
11) Warlord politics and African states / William Reno
12) What is Africa's problem? / Yoweri K. Museveni ; edited by Elizabeth Kanyogonya ; foreword by Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere
13) When victims become killers : colonialism, nativism, and the genocide in Rwanda / Mahmood Mamdani

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Bibliography

Devas N. The Challenges of Decentralization. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from; https://bvc.cgu.gov.br/bitstream/123456789/2037/1/nickdevas-2.pdf

Olowu D, Wunsch JS. 2004. Local governance in Africa: the challenges of democratic decentralization. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colo.

Peck R. African Today (Book Reviews) Olowu, Dele, and James S. Wunsch. 2004. Local Governance in Africa: The Challenges of Democratic Decentralization. 51.3 (2005) 138-140

Olowu D, Wunsch JS. 2004. Local governance in Africa: the challenges of democratic decentralization. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colo.

Olowu D, Wunsch JS. 2004. Local governance in Africa: the challenges of democratic decentralization. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colo.

Olowu D, Wunsch JS. 2004. Local governance in Africa: the challenges of democratic decentralization. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colo.

Peck R. African Today (Book Reviews) Olowu, Dele, and James S. Wunsch. 2004. Local Governance in Africa: The Challenges of Democratic Decentralization. 51.3 (2005) 138-140

Devas N. The Challenges of Decentralization. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from; https://bvc.cgu.gov.br/bitstream/123456789/2037/1/nickdevas-2.pdf

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Title: Conflict and Security

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1413
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: A) First of all, I think its important to tell you the kind of course this is for, here is an excerpt from the syllabus:

This course will examine historical and spatial patterns of global conflict and security from Realist, Idealist, Critical, and Marxian schools of thought. We will then use these approaches to explore (1) the meaning of `conflict? and `security? in different historical periods and (2) issues surrounding these concepts in global politics as it has evolved over time.

B) Second, here are the proposal guidelines:

Length: 2-3 pages, double-spaced + annotated bibliography (single-spaced). Must be typed in Times New Roman 12 point font, on white paper, with adequate (1.25 inch) margins on each side of the page.

Proposal makeup:

1. The topic of your paper (chosen from the course syllabus) Here is a list of "general" topics we can choose from:

1)Let?s do some thinking: Global conflict and security? Sources and forms of conflict? Security of what? Where? In whose interests?
2)Why do we need theory? What kind of theory?
Understanding the causes of conflict I: Realist approaches to global conflict and security
3)Understanding the causes of conflict II: Liberal approaches to global conflict and security
4)Understanding the causes of conflict III: Marxian approaches to global conflict and security
5)Understanding the causes of conflict IV: Critical approaches to global conflict and security
6)The political economy of war & conflict I: From World War I & II to the Cold-War to the ? War on Terror?.
7)The political economy of war and conflict II: From war of national liberation to class conflict to civil war to revolution
8)Conflict and security in the Middle East: from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to war of resources to American empire
9)Broadening the security agenda I: The "Third World" Security predicament: from the Cold War era to the era of globalization
10)Broadening the Security Agenda II: From national security to environment to societal to human security

2. Your research question.

3. Your thesis (answer to your research question). A thesis is one sentence that captures the central/core/key argument of your paper. Your thesis should explicitly express a stand/position that you are taking. Thesis statements are usually framed as sentences starting with ?I will argue/show/demonstrate/suggest/??. By reading your thesis, the reader should be able to determine the general direction of your writing.

Example of a bad thesis statement: ?In this paper, I will demonstrate how liberal and realist accounts of international relations and security are related to the ways in which they perceive human nature?.

This is a bad thesis statement (in fact, it is not a thesis statement at all), for it merely states the topic chosen and an intention to write about it. A good thesis statement in this case should answer the question ?how liberal and realist accounts of international relations and security are related to the ways in which they perceive human nature??, that is, what is the relation between their assumptions about human nature and their accounts of international relations? It addition, it should include a claim/stand/position on this question.

Here is an example of a good thesis statement: ?In this paper, I will argue that the assumption of human nature which informs both realist and liberal approaches to international relations and security serves to mystify and naturalize the current world order by presenting a static view of social relations and thus makes both approaches complicit with the maintenance of the current unequal and oppressive world order.?

4. An explanation of the logic of your argument. In other words, I want you to explain how you intend to demonstrate the validity of your thesis. What are the arguments that you are going to bring forward in support of your thesis? How do these arguments support your thesis? How are they related to one another?

5. An annotated bibliography (single-spaced; 14 sources). Your annotated bibliography should include the two outside sources that you intend to use for your paper AND your 12 sources from the course material.

Your annotations must explicitly note how your topic is addressed in the sources (what is the main argument of each sources), and how you intend to use each of these sources (i.e. how the arguments put forth in the sources relate to your own argument, do the arguments complement your own, do they challenge your own, etc.).

Keep your annotations short: between 3-4 lines for each one.

C) Twelve of the below sources need to be used in the formation of the essay, each of them varies (somewhat) in their theoretical perspective (realist, liberal, marxist or critical theorist (feminist, etc.) I've categorized the readings based on the topic, I hope this is somewhat helpful.

1)Let?s do some thinking: Global conflict and security? Sources and forms of conflict? Security of what? Where? In whose interests?

Recommended Readings:
-K.J. Holsti, Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648-1989 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, chapters 1, 12.
-K.J. Holsti, The State, War, and the State of War, pp. 19-40.
-Robert Jervis, "Models and Cases in the Study of International Conflict," Journal of International Affairs, 44 (Spring/Summer 1990), pp. 81-101.
-Thomas Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict, pp. 3-20. -Mary Kaldor, New and Old Wars: Organised Violence in a Global Era , Stanford, Cal: Stanford University Press, 2001, pp. 13-30, 69-89.
September 16 ? Why do we need theory? What kind of theory?
* Robert Cox, ?Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory,? Millennium 10:2 (1981), 126-155.
Hollis, Martin and Steve Smith. ?The Growth of a Discipline.? Explaining and Understanding International Relations. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, pp.16-44.
Jim George, Discourses of Global politics. Boulder: Rienner, 1994, pp. 1-33.
David Campbell, Writing Security, revised edition. Manchester University Press, 1998, pp. 1-15.
Recommended Readings:
-Kenneth Walyz, ?laws and Theories,? Keohane (ed.) Neorealism and Its Critics . New York: Columbia UP, 1986, pp. 27-46.

2)Understanding the causes of conflict I: Realist approaches to global conflict and security

Hans Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985, pp. 3-17.
Jack Levy, ?The Causes of War: A Review of Theories and Evidence.? In Tetlock et al., Behaviour, Society, and Nuclear War. Oxford University Press, 1989, pp.223-258.
* Bradley A. Thayer, ?Bringing in Darwin: Evolutionary Theory, Realism, and International Politics,? International Security, 25:2 (Fall 2000).

3)Understanding the causes of conflict II: Liberal approaches to global conflict and security

Mark W. Zacher and Richard A Matthew, ?Liberal International Theory: Common Threads, Divergent Strands,? in Kegley (ed.) Controversies in International Relations Theory: Realism and the Neoliberal Challenge, pp. 107-140.
Francis Fukiyama, ?the End of History?? National Interest, 16 Summer 1989, pp. 3-18.
** Thomas S. Szayna, Et al, ?C. The Democratic Peace Idea? in The Emergence of Peer Competitors: A Framework for Analysis , 2001. (http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1346/)
* John M. Owen, ?How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace,? International Security, 19:2 (Fall 1994).
Recommended Readings:
-Stathis Kalyvas, "The Ontology of 'Political Violence': Action and Identity in Civil Wars," Perspectives on Politics, 1:3 (September 2003), pp. 475-494.

4)Understanding the causes of conflict III: Marxian approaches to global conflict and security

Cox, Robert W. ?Production and Security.? Building a New Global Order: Emerging Trends in International Security. Eds. Dewitt, Haglund and Kirton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Cox, Robert. "Gramsci, Hegemony and International Relations: An Essay in Method." Gramsci, Historical Materialism and International Relations. Ed. Stephen Gill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993: 49-66.
McNally, David. ?The Marines Have Landed: War and Imperialism in the Age of Globalization.? Another World is Possible: Globalization and anti-Capitalism. Manitoba: Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2002.
Aijaz Ahmad, ?Imperialism of our Time? Socialist Register, 2004.
Anthony Brewer, Marxist Theories of imperialism: A Critical Survey, pp 108-117.

-R.N. Berki, ?On Marxian Thought and the Problem of International Relations,? World Politics, 24:1 (October 1971).
-Samir Amin, ?1942? Monthly Review, 44:3 (July-August 1992).
-Daugherty and Pfaltzgraff, ?Economic Theories of Imperialism and War,? Contending Theories of International Relations: A Comprehensive Survey
-Behind the War on Iraq, by the Research Unit for Political Economy,? Monthly Review. http://www.monthlyreview.org/0503rupe.htm

5)Understanding the causes of conflict IV: Critical approaches to global conflict and security

** Goran Therborn, ?Dialectics of Modernity: On Critical Theory and the Legacy of Twentieth-Century Marxism,? NLR I/215, January-February 1996, pp. 59?81.
** Joshua Goldstein, War and Gender, 1-58. ?A Puzzle: The Cross-Cultural Consistency of Gender Roles in War,? http://www.warandgender.com/wgch1.htm
** Jim George, ?Patterns of Dissent and Celebration: Critical Social Theory and International Relations.?
Recommended Readings:
-Christoph Treiblmayr, "Militarism Revisited: Masculinity and Conscription in Germany," Journal of Contemporary History, 39:4 (2004), pp. 649-656.
-Mies and Shiva, Ecofeminism, London: Zed Books, 1993.
-Mies and Shiva's "Ecofeminism": ?A New Testament? Ecofeminism?
Review author[s]: Maxine Molyneux; Deborah Lynn Steinberg
Feminist Review, No. 49, Feminist Politics: Colonial/Postcolonial Worlds. (Spring, 1995), pp. 86-107.

6)The political economy of war & conflict I: From World War I & II to the Cold-War to the ? War on Terror?.

William H. McNeill, ?The Business of war in Europe: 1000-1600?
Huntington, Samuel. "The Clash of Civilizations?" Global Politics in a Changing World. Eds. Richard Mansbach and Edward Rhodes. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2003, 409-21.
** Posen, Barry. "Command of the Commons: The Military Foundation of U.S. Hegemony." International Security, 28.1 (Summer 2003): 5-46.
** Samir Amin, ? The Political Economy of the Twentieth Century? Monthly Review, (June 2000). http://www.monthlyreview.org/600amin.htm
** The Editors, ?After the Attack ? The War on Terrorism,? Monthly Review, 53.6, November 2001.
Recommended Readings:
-Rahul Mahajan, ?New Crusade: The U.S. War on Terrorism,? Monthly Review, 53.9, November 2002.
-Magdoff, Hary. ?Imperialism: A historical Survey.? Sociology of ?Developing Societies.? Eds. Alavi & Shnin. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1982
-Perry Anderson, ?Force and Consent,? NLR 17 (September-October 2002), pp. 5?30.
-Samuel Huntington, ?Clash of Civilizations,? Foreign Affairs, 72:3 Summer 1993, pp. 22-49. http://www.alamut.com/subj/economics/misc/clash.html

7)The political economy of war and conflict II: From war of national liberation to class conflict to civil war to revolution

** Giovanni Arrighi, ?The Social and Political Economy of Global Turbulence?, NLR 20 (March-April 2003), pp. 5?71.
The Communist Manifesto, Part 1. http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html
** John Foran, ?Theories of Revolution Revisited: Toward a Fourth Generation?? Sociological Theory, 11.1 (Mar., 1993), pp. 1-20.
* V.P. Gagnon, "Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia," International Security, 19:3 (Winter 1994-95), 130-166.
Recommended Readings:
John Ruedy, Modern Algeria, pp. 80-93; 98-106;115-119;121-139;144-147;156-180
November 11 - The political economy of war and conflict

8)Conflict and security in the Middle East: from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to war of resources to American empire

Panitch and Gindin. ?Global Capitalism and American Empire.? Socialist Register 2004.
** Michael Klare, ?The New Geopolitics?, Monthly Review, 55.3 (July-August 2003).
* Mohammed H. Malek, ?Kurdistan in the Middle East Conflict?, NLR 175, May/June 1989, pp. 79?94.
Stephen Shalom, ?The United States and the Iran-Iraq War,? http://www.zmag.org/zmag/articles/ShalomIranIraq.html
** Ian Smart, ?Oil, the Super-Powers and the Middle East,? International Affairs, 53.1 (Jan. 1977), pp. 17-35.
Recommended Readings:
-Stephen Zunes, ?Israeli-Palestinian Conflict,? Tinderbox, 2002.
-Bulloch, John and Adel Darwish. Water Wars: Coming Conflicts in the Middle East. London: Victor Gollancz, 1993.
-Harvey, David. ?Consent to Coercion.? The New Imperialism. Oxford:Oxfor University Press, 2003: 183-213.
-Donald Neff , The U.S., Iraq, Israel, and Iran: Backdrop to War Journal of Palestine Studies, 20.4 (Summer, 1991), pp. 23-41.
-Simon Bromley , ?Oil and the Middle East: The End of US Hegemony?,? Middle East Report, No. 208, US Foreign Policy in the Middle East: Critical Assessments. (Autumn, 1998), pp. 19-22.
-Thomas L. McNaugher, ?Ballistic Missiles and Chemical Weapons: The Legacy of the Iran-Iraq War,? International Security,15.2. (Autumn, 1990), pp. 5-34.

9)Broadening the security agenda I: The "Third World" Security predicament: from the Cold War era to the era of globalization

Green & Luehrmann. ?Globalization: Cause or Cure for Underdevelopment?? Comparative Politics of the Third World. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2003.107-127.
Alexander Wendt and Michael Barnett, ?Dependent State Formation and Third World Militarization,? Review of International studies, 19:4 (October 1993), pp. 321-348.
Edward Azar and Chung-in Moon, ?Third World National security: Toward a New Conceptual Framework,? International Interactions, 11:2 (1984), pp. 103-135.
** Charles Tilly, "War Making and State Making as Organized Crime", in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Theda Skocpol, eds., Bringing the State Back In, 169-191.
Recommended Readings:
-Raju G.C. Thomas , What is Third World Security?? Annual Review of Political Science, Vol 6. (June 2003), pp. 205-232.
-M. Ayoob, ?Security in the Third World: The Worm about to Turn?? in International Affairs 60:1 (Winter 1983-4), pp. 41-52.
-Fred Magdoff , A Precarious Existence: The Fate of Billions? Monthly Review, 55.9 (February 2004).

10)Broadening the Security Agenda II: From national security to environment to societal to human security

Tom Keating, ?Redefining Security in the Post-Cold War Era.?
UNDP (1998), ?The State of Human Development, Human Development Report, New York: Oxford University Press.
Astri Suhrke, "Human Security and the Interests of States," Security Dialogue, 30:3 (1999), pp. 265-276.
** Thomas Homer-Dixon, "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases," International Security, 19:1 (Summer 1994), pp. 5-40
Recommended Readings:
-Keith Kraus, ?Rationality and Deterrence in Theory and Practice,? In Craig Snyder (ed.) Contemporary Secuirty Strategy, pp. 120-149
-Lipschutz, Ronnie D. "On Security." On Security. Ed. Ronnie D. Lipschutz. New York:
Columbia University Press, 1995. pp. 1-23.
-Ole Waver, Barry Buzan, Morten Kelstrup and Pierre Lemaitre, eds., Identity, Migration and the New Security Agenda in Europe, pp. 17-92, 148-166.
-Edwar C. Luck and Toby Tister Gati, ?Whose Collective Security?? The Washington Quarterly, Spring 1992, pp. 43-56.
-David Baldwin, "Security Studies and the End of the Cold War," World Politics, 48:1 (October 1995), pp. 117-141.
-Karen Litfin, "Constructing Environmental Security and Ecological Interdependence," Global Governance, 5 (1999), pp. 359-377. -Simon Dalby, "Ecology and Security Studies," Environmental Security, pp.143-162.
-J.R. McNeill. "Diamond in the Rough: Is There a Genuine Environmental Threat to Security? A Review Essay." International Security 30, No. 1 (Summer 2005), pp. 178-195.

11)Security in the post 9/11 era: The political use of violence terror

Gill, S. Power and Resistance in the New World Order. London and New York: Macmillan-Palgrave, 2003: 181-210.
Paul R. Pillar, ?The Dimensions of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism.?
** Gary C. Gambill, ?The Balance of Terror: War by Other Means in the Contemporary Middle East? Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1. (Autumn, 1998), pp. 51-66.
David Apter, "Political Violence in Analytical Perspective," in David Apter, ed., The Legitimization of Violence, 1-32.
** Leo, Panitch, ?Whose Violence? Imperial State Security and the Global Justice Movement.?
Recommended Readings:
-Cindy C. Combs, Terrorism in the 21st Century, 3rd ed. 2002.
-Elizabeth Picard, "The Lebanese Shi'a and Political Violence in Lebanon," in David Apter, ed., The Legitimization of Violence, 189-233. -Adrian Guelke, The Age of Terrorism, pp. 1-17, 143-161. -Malcolm Deas, "Violent Exchanges: Reflections on Political Violence in Colombia," in David Apter, ed., The Legitimization of Violence, 350-404. -Bruce Hoffmann, "The Logic of Suicide Terrorism," The Atlantic Monthly, June 2003. Mary Anne Weaver, "The Real bin Laden," The New Yorker, 24 January 2000.

In addition to these twelve sources, I need references to

1 scholarly book published after 2001 (collected works are not acceptable)

1 recent peer-evaluated article from a scholarly journal

Suffice to say, its expected that we keep the page limit to below 3 pages, however, I've alloted an extra 2 pages since the requirements ask for a single-spaced annotated bibliography, plus if you want to make the content of the proposal longer (if the annotated bibliography doesnt need the extra room) go ahead!

However, if you deem it necessary to include a works cited/bibliography page, please use MLA.

Thank You!

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This text on neorealism provides an excellent reference about the theory and its priorities. In the chapter by Waltz, Waltz explains the structural conditions of international anarchy when allowed to prevail. I will construct an argument to Waltz as to why international anarchy will not be a result of a soft power approach.

Weaver, Mary Anne, "The Real bin Laden," The New Yorker, 24 January 2000

Weaver's article introduces the reader to Osama bin Laden's history and influences, and also deals with some of the United States' response to his terrorist actions. Again, this article will support the theory that new ideas, such as soft power, are needed in international relations to better fight these new threats.

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Title: Text mining Text information extraction from a huge database How to extract a specific phrase from a text related methodology related algorithms

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 2900
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The topic:
Text mining: Text information extraction from a huge database. How to extract a specific phrase from a text. related methodology, related algorithms.

Please use the following References:
1. Prof. C.J. van Rijsbergen
http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/people/personal/keith/
2. Dr Goran Nenadic
http://www.manchester.ac.uk/research/g.nenadic/personaldetails
3. Professor Peter Flach
http://dbms.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/engineering/people/person/peter-a-flach/overview.html

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Using categorization procedures will allow the customer service centers to segment the database according the content and topic of the database, hence the customers will find it convenient to browse through the relevant topics. Text categorization aims to divide a document according to different elements of topics it comprises of. It also compares documents for content relevance with one another (Gupta and Lehal, 2009).

One method to learn the algorithms of categorization is to understand the procedures from available classified documents. Furthermore, use of these algorithms for categorization of unclassified documents can be useful. For instance, let there be two sets D. And C. containing n and p elements respectively, where'd is a set of categorized documents that belong to set of C, which represent the classes. The objective of learning categorization process is to ascertain which element of set D. corresponds to element of C. Hence, n documents corresponding to different classes are classified into p types. Hence, data collected is run through feature selection process for preparation (Shantanu and Shourya, 2008).

Data collected consists of text that comprises of

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