Good Friday Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Good Friday College Essay Examples

Title: Buddhism

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1257
  • Bibliography:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Instruction: please read all the reading material for all 6 lecture below and then answer all 25 questions. Total of 5 pages, not inclue bibliography.

Thank you

For purposes of this investigation, our own experiences and the experience of others are the richest source of wisdom.     
?LECTURE IV:  Ehipassiko and Psychedelics ?  
• Psychedelics and Religious Experience, by Alan Watts ?
?• Spiritual & Ritual Use of Psychoactives, from Erowid ? ?
• Are Psychedelics Useful in the Practice of Buddhism? ?by Myron J, Stolaroff- Journal of Humanistic Psychology ? ?• Leaning Into Rawness,  by Trudy Walter ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 125-128)
Lecture 4 is available to view at:

Stories from the Road: Buddha Goes to the Amazon  ?  
LECTURE V: A Truly Individual Philosophical Quest   ?  
• The Ayahuasca Experience, by Jeremy Narby ?excerpted from The Psychotropic Mind: The World according to Ayahuasca, Iboga, and Shamanism ?
?• Yagé and the Yanas, by Allan Badiner ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 135-142) ?
• Alex Grey on his Ayahuasca Journey ?
Lecture 5: Buddha Goes to the Amazon: A Truly Individual Quest is now available at

Birth of a Buddhist-influenced Psychedelic Culture. What do the cultural messages advise?    ? 
LECTURE VI: Making Choices: Drugs and Dharma   
?• Psychedelic Theophanies and the Religious Life, ?by Huston Smith, Ph.D. ?
?• The Agony and Ecstasy of God's Path, Nicholas Saunders ? ?
• Confessions of a Counterculture, by Tony V. ? ?
• In the Beginning: The Birth of a Psychedelic Culture, ?by John Perry Barlow ?
?• A High History of Buddhism, by Rick Fields ?from Zig Zag Zen ?
?• The Paisley Gate: The Tantra of Psychedelics, by Erik Davis ?from Zig Zag Zen ?
?• A Buddhist-Psychedelic History of Esalen Institute ??" Interview with Michael Murphy and George Leonard, from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 77-83)
?• Buddhism and the Psychedelic Society - An Interview with Terence McKenna ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 189-192)
Lecture 6 is available to view at:

Buddhism fails where intolerance reigns. Respectfully critiquing the enthusiasts and the constructionists.     
LECTURE VII:  To Drop or Not to Drop    
• A Mostly negative review of Zig Zag Zen by Geoffrey Redmond, ?
?• The Case Against the Spirit World Model of Psychedelic Action, ?by James Kent ? ?
• Is Ayahuasca Healing a Self-Delusion? by Robert Tindall ?
?• Are We Misunderstanding the Fifth Precept? ? ?
• Meditation and Psychedelics, by Vanja Palmers ? ?
• Psychedelic Experience and Spiritual Practice: A Buddhist Perspective ??" Interview with Jack Kornfield, by Robert Forte ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 51-60)
?• On the Front Lines - Interview with Michele McDonald-Smith ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 195-199) ?
• A Roundtable with Ram Dass, Robert Aitken Roshi, Richard Baker Roshi, and Joan Halifax ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 211-225) ?


What are the most current Buddhist perspectives on psychedelic use? Students survey the teachers.   ? 
LECTURE VIII: Doing What Your Teachers Did, Not What They Say 
?READING:       ?
• The Cracking Tower, by Jim DeKorne ? ?
• Buddhism, Shamanism and the Use of Entheogens, ?by Sean Robsville ?
?• The Dharma Drug: Buddhism as a Psychoactive Agent, ?by Renee Reeser Zelnick ? ?
• Tripping on the Peace Wheel: Buddhist Principles in Defence of a Psychedelic Culture of Peace, by Damabupuk ?
?• Psychedelics and Zen Buddhism, The Search for a Path, ?Podcast by Dale Pendell ? ?
• Middle Way Musings on Zig Zag Zen ?
?• An Integrally Informed Approach To Psychedelics, by Ken Wilber ?Audio clip ?
Please post your discussion about the readings for this week here. 
In the meantime, I'd like to ask all of you to consider having a conversation with your Buddhist teacher, or someone you consider a Buddhist teacher to you, about when or if the use of psychedelics can be compatible with your practice.  Please report the results of the conversation in this space as well. 
Thanks!  ***

WEEK 9 (July 27-August 2). HELP OR HINDRANCE?
Einstein said Buddhism is the religion of the future because it will best cope with scientific needs. Will it deal equally well with advanced psychopharmacology?    ? 
LECTURE IX: Dharma meets Advanced Neuroscience.    
• Mixing Buddhism and Neuroscience to Understand Human Consciousness, by HHDL ?    ? 
• The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) ? ?
• Hallucinogens Have Doctors Tuning In Again, by John Tierney ?New York Times ?
?• DMT Dharma, by Rick Strassman ?from Zig Zag Zen ? ?
• Psychedelics on the Path: Help or Hindrance? by Charles T. Tart ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 167-173) ?• Do We Still Need Psychedelics? by Myron Stolaroff ?from Zig Zag Zen (pp. 201-209)

25 questions

1. According to James Ure, what is the reason the precepts are recommendations and not rules?

2. While it is rare to find Buddhist teachers who take an open stand regarding the use of drugs or alcohol, what are some examples of those who do?

3. What should be considered the primary purpose of the 5th precept?

4. What was the one example of an intoxicant given in the 5th precept?

5. Which Buddhist teacher advocates including certain T.V. programs, magazines, books, films and conversations among the intoxicants to be avoided?

6. Huston Smith pointed out that while psychedelic use is all about altered states, Buddhism is all about what?

7. Why did Albert Einstein say that Buddhism is the religion of the future?

8. Why does the Dalai Lama feel that science and Buddhism are similar?

9. When asked by a neuroscientist what would happen if science came up with information that conflicted with Buddhist philosophy, how did the Dalai Lama answer?

10. What is neuroplasticity?

11. Why is there confidence that the beneficial changes in the brain among meditators are a result of training the mind?

12. What are the three stages of practice that illustrate the story of Buddha’s life?

13. Why would there be a likelihood that Siddhartha used psychoactive plants?

14. What was the Good Friday Experiment?

15. What was the follow up study that was recently reported in the New York Times as a follow up to the Good Friday Experiment?

16. Huston Smith describes the psychedelic movement as antinomian. What does this mean?

17. Who were the three most celebrated members of the Harvard Psilocybin Project?

18. Who said that the most important event in the cultural history of America since the 1860s was the introduction of LSD?

19. Who coined the phrase, “Turn on. Tune in. Drop out” ?

20. What happened after Lama Govinda met Timothy Leary?

21. What was Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche's primary objection to marijuana?

22. Why is there reason to believe that Nagarjuna may have taken the amanita mushroom?

23. According to the late Terence McKenna, what is the real difference between Buddhism and psychedelic shamanism?

24. According to Sean Robsville, while psychedelics played a useful role in the past, on what six grounds does he suggest they should be avoided now?

25. Why does Ram Dass still use marijuana?

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Works cited:

1. Badiner, Alan Hunt & Grey, Alex, "Zig zag zen: Buddhism and psychedelics," Chronicle Books, 2002.

2. Dass, Ram & Metzner, Ralph, "Birth of a Psychedelic Culture:

Conversations about Leary, the Harvard Experiments, Millbrook and the Sixties."

3. Kent, James L. "Psychedelic Information Theory: Shamanism in the Age of Reason." PIT Press, Seattle, 2010.

4. Kounen, Jan & Narby, Jeremy & Ravalec, Vincent, "The Psychotropic Mind: The World according to Ayahuasca, Iboga, and Shamanism," Park Street Press, 2009.

5. Palmers, Vanja, "Meditation and Psychedelics," Retrieved August 18, 2010 from the maps Web site:

6. Robsville, Sean,"Buddhism, Shamanism and the use of enthogens," Retrieved August 18, 2010, from the Sean Robsville blog:

7. Saunders, Nicholas, "The Agony and Ecstasy of God's path," The Guardian, 29/7/95.

8. Smith, Huston, "Psychedelic Theophanies and the Religious Life," Journal of Psychedelic Drugs (Vol 3. No. 1).

9. Tierney, John, "Hallucinogens Have Doctors Tuning In Again," April 11, 2010, Retrieved August 18, 2010, from the New York Times Web site:

10. Tindall, Robert, "Is Ayahuasca Healing a Self-Delusion? ," retrieved August 18, 2010, from the Reality Sandwich Web site:

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Title: IRA in Northern Ireland

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3029
  • Sources:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: It can be on anything about the political history of northern ireland ex. IRA, Shin Fein, Good Friday agreement, easter rising, home rule, the troubles. These are some suggestions I gave but you are free to write about any political issue on northern Ireland from the ones suggested. anything but not too broad has to be a SPECIFIC ISSUE. I like the IRA because it theres a lot of info on it. IT has to be 10 pages and 3 SOURCES MUST BE BOOKS AND THE OTHER 3 SCHLARLY JOURNALS OR ARTICLES.

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Bew, Paul, and Gordon Gillespie. Northern Ireland: A Chronology of the Troubles:

1968-1999. Landham, MD: Scarecrow Press. 1999.

Cairns, Ed, et al. "Intergroup Contact, Forgiveness and Experience of the Troubles in Northern Ireland." Journal of Social Issues 62, no. 1 (2006): 99-120.

Fay, Marie-Therese, Michael Morrissey and Marie Smyth. Northern Ireland's Troubles:

The Human Costs. Sterling, VA: Pluto Press, 1999.

Hennessey, Thomas. The Northern Ireland Peace Process: Ending the Troubles. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001.

Muldoon, Orla T. Children of the Troubles: The Impact of Political Violence in Northern

Ireland." Journal of Social Issues 60, no.3 (2004): 453-468.

O'Reilly, D. "Mental Health in Northern Ireland: Have the Troubles Made it Worse?."

Journal of Epidemiological Community Health no 57. (2003): 488-492.

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Title: Exxon Valdez Case Analysis

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3133
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Case Study requirements:

10 pages
Word format
APA style, 1 inch margins
Use at least 4 references to supplement the information in the case or support your recommendations.

The format for the case analysis report is:

Case Details:
Describe in detail the illegal/unethical behavior you will be analyzing in your case analysis.

Identify the key stakeholders in the case and the impact of operational/ethical issues on the stakeholders.

Legal analysis:
Depending on the situation in the case, summarize the key legal issues related to federal employment or federal consumer protection law and in what way the company is non-compliant with the law. What factors do you think have contributed to the company be non-compliant.

Ethical analysis:
Summarize the key ethical issues in the situation. Apply at least three of the ethical perspectives (theories of ethical thought see below) and for each perspective, give your opinion as to what aspects of the situation (actions by any stakeholder) demonstrate ethically sound behavior and which illustrate unethical behavior.

Contributing factors: corporate culture and corporate governance/guidelines.
Analyze how the company’s corporate culture that may have either helped to minimize the unethical behavior or actually contributed to/caused the unethical behavior. Analyze how the company’s corporate governance (overall guidelines, strategic decisions/actions) may have helped to minimize the unethical behavior or actually contributed to/caused the unethical behavior.

Ethical decision factors to consider:
Based on the ethical perspectives (theories of ethical thought, see below), what are the key factors that should be addressed or considered in resolving the legal/ethical issues identified in this case (as outlined above). List each ethical issue and then for each issue, the factors to be addressed or considered based on the ethical perspectives used above.

Recommended corrective action:
Recommend corrective actions for each of the legal/ethical issues outlined above. Provide supporting rationale for each recommendations or industry examples of the use of your recommendations as “best practices”.

Recommend approaches or policies that the company can take to help prevent these issues in the future. Provide supporting rationale for each recommendations or industry examples of the use of your recommendations as “best practices”.

Reference List: minimum of 4 references. References can be used for the following:
•to show “best practices” from organizations for preventive or corrective actions related to ethical issues
•examples of similar incidents in the same/other industries, to illustrate factors contributing to the unethical behavior
•examples of common concerns expressed by the stakeholders you identified in the cases

* reference material (law, research articles, government data) to explain why the actions in the case are not in compliance, or what the compliance requirements are

Theories of Ethical Thought

1. Consequential Theories - Acts are judged good or bad based on whether the acts have achieved their desired results. Acts of the business community or any other social unit i.e. government, school, (fraternity, and sorority). Act and rule utilitarianisms are two sub-schools.

2. Deontological Theories - Actions can be judged good or bad based on rules and principles that are applied universally.

3. Humanist Theories - Action are evaluated as good or bad depending on whether they contribute to improving inherent human capacities such as intelligence, wisdom and self-restraint.


Exxon Valdez

On Good Friday, March 24, 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez was run aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. On March 24, 1989, Joseph Hazelwood was in command of the Exxon Valdez. Defen¬dant Exxon Shipping [Company] owned the Exxon Valdez. Exxon employed Captain Hazelwood, and kept him employed knowing that he had an alcohol problem. The captain had supposedly been rehabilitated, but Exxon knew better before March 24, 1989. Hazelwood had sought treatment for alcohol abuse in 1985 but had "fallen off the wagon" by the spring of 1986. Yet, Exxon continued to allow Hazelwood to command a supertanker carrying a hazardous cargo. Because Exxon did nothing despite its knowledge that Hazelwood was once again drinking, Cap¬tain Hazelwood was the person in charge of a vessel as long as three football fields and carrying 53 million gallons of crude oil. The best available estimate of the crude oil lost from the Exxon Valdez into Prince William Sound is about 11 million gallons. Commercial fisheries throughout this area were totally disrupted, with entire fisheries being closed for the 1989 season. Subsistence fishing by resi¬dents of Prince William Sound and Lower Cook Inlet villages was also disrupted. Shore-based businesses depen¬dent upon the fishing industry were also disrupted as were the resources of cities such as Cordova. Exxon undertook a massive cleanup effort. Approximately $2.1 billion was ultimately spent in efforts to remove the spilled crude oil from the waters and beaches of Prince William Sound, Lower Cook Inlet, and Kodiak Island. Also, Exxon under¬took a voluntary claims program, ultimately paying out $303 million, principally to fishermen whose livelihood was disrupted. [Lawsuits] (Involving thousands of plain¬tiffs) were ultimately consolidated into this case. The jury awarded a breathtaking $5 billion in punitive damages against Exxon. Exxon appealed the amount of punitive damages [to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit]. [T]he Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in this case reiterated the guideposts for use in determining whether punitive damages are grossly excessive [include] the reprehensibility of the defendant's conduct. The court of appeals remanded the case [and] unequivocally told this court that "[t]he $5 billion punitive damages award is too high" and" [i] t must be reduced."

Justice Holland
[T]he reprehensibility of the defendant's conduct is the most important indicium [indication] of the reasonable¬ness of a punitive damages award. In determining whether a defendant's conduct is reprehensible, the court consid¬ers whether "The harm caused was physical as opposed to economic; the tortious conduct evinced an indifference to or a reckless disregard of the health or safety of others; the target of the conduct had financial vulnerability; the con¬duct involved repeated actions or was an isolated incident; and the harm was the result of intentional malice, trickery, or deceit, or mere accident."
The reprehensibility of a party's conduct, like truth and beauty, is subjective. One's view of the quality of an actor's conduct is the result of complex value judgments. The evaluation of a victim will vary considerably from that of a person not affected by an incident. Courts employ disinter¬ested, unaffected lay jurors in the first instance to appraise the reprehensibility of a defendant's conduct. Here, the jury heard about what Exxon knew, and what its officers did and what they failed to do. Knowing what Exxon knew and did through its officers, the jury concluded that Exxon's conduct was highly reprehensible.
Punitive damages should reflect the enormity of the defendant's offense. Exxon's conduct did not simply cause economic harm to the plaintiffs. Exxon's decision to leave Captain Hazelwood in command of the Exxon Valdez demonstrated reckless disregard for a broad range of legiti¬mate Alaska concerns: the livelihood, health, and safety of the residents of Prince William Sound, the crew of the Exxon Valdez, and others. Exxon's conduct targeted some financially vulnerable individuals, namely subsistence fisher¬men. Plaintiffs' harm was not the result of an isolated inci¬dent but was the result of Exxon's repeated decisions, over a period of approximately three years, to allow Captain Hazelwood to remain in command despite Exxon's knowl¬edge that he was drinking and driving again. Exxon's bad conduct as to Captain Hazelwood and his operating of the Exxon Valdez was intentionally malicious. [Emphasis added.]
Exxon's conduct was many degrees of magnitude more egregious [flagrant] [than defendant's conduct in other cases]. For approximately three years, Exxon management, with knowledge that Captain Hazelwood had fallen off the wagon, willfully permitted him to operate a fully loaded crude oil tanker in and out of Prince William Sound-a body of water which Exxon knew to be highly valuable for its fisheries resources. Exxon's argument that its conduct in permitting a relapsed alcoholic to operate an oil tanker should be characterized as less reprehensible than [in other cases] suggests that Exxon, even today, has not come to grips with the opprobrium [disgracefulness] which society rightly attaches to drunk driving. Based on the foregoing, the court finds Exxon's conduct highly reprehensible.
[T]he court reduces the punitive damages award to $4.5 billion as the means of resolving the conflict between its conclusion and the directions of the court of appeals. [T]here is no just reason to delay entry of a final judgment in this case. The Court's judgment as to the $4.5 billion puni¬tive damages award is deemed final.

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Feinman, J.M. (2000). Law 101: Everything You Need to Know about the American Legal System. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Exxon Valdez Damages Reduced," June 2008, Business Law Prof Blog Retrieved November 18, 2008.

Greely, J. (1989, May 29). Alaska over the Barrels: The Spills and Spoils of Big Oil. The Nation, 248, 721.

Jasanoff, S. (2006) "Transparency in Public Science: Purposes, Reasons, Limits." Law and Contemporary Problems 69.3, 21.

Nixon, D.W. (1994). Marine and Coastal Law: Cases and Materials. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Recine, J.S. (2002). Examination of the White Collar Crime Penalty Enhancements in the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. American Criminal Law Review, 39(4), 1535.

Exxon Valdez Case Analysis

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