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Title: Global Perspectives on Cross-cultural Leadership

Total Pages: 4 Words: 1259 Sources: 0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: Global Perspectives on Leadership ??" DUE WED JULY 30TH (4 pages total)

Section 1

Read chapters eight and nine of the book Moran Robert T, 8th Edition (2011): Managing Cultural Differences

Write a 300 word response to the following question. Pick from one of the three cultures (Latin American, Middle Eastern, or Asian).

What are some key considerations leader should contemplate when working with others from the selected culture?
Section 2

Age as a factor in leadership
Age is a unique aspect of diversity, having attributes that differentiate it from things such as race, sex, and ethnicity. First, at some point, those who are young cease to be young and become old and those who are now old were once young. This change in status contrasts with the permanence and stability of race and ethnicity and (in most cases) gender. 4 Although cosmetics, hair coloring, or cosmetic surgery may be of some help in avoiding the appearance of aging, people's general age range remains fairly apparent to observers and the process of aging remains certain for everyone who lives. The inevitability of this change in status also makes age discrimination seem particularly strange in comparison with other forms of discrimination.
Those who hold prejudices and discriminate against other groups will generally not become a member of the devalued groups; there is no risk of suffering their fate. Whites will not become Black, chromosomal men will not become chromosomal women, and Native Americans will not become Asians.With aging, however, unless people die young (which most would not choose), everyone will become a member of the devalued group. Although this fact would appear to provide a rationale against age discrimination, age discrimination is common.
Second, when compared to race, ethnicity, and sex, the concepts of "older" and "younger" are more complex than perceptions of other attributes. When does one become an older worker? At what age does one become older and thus less likely to be hired, trained, or promoted? At what age do employees become old enough such that negative perceptions (e.g., irresponsible, lazy) about them as younger workers end? At what age do positive perceptions (e.g., trainable, energetic) about younger workers cease and perceptions shift to the negative (e.g., too old to learn, set in their ways)? Clearly, there are no definitive answers to these questions. Perceptions of young, old, younger, and older vary by perceiver, employee/applicant, organization, industry, and position.
When are younger workers preferred and older workers disadvantaged? Consider the following apparent contradictions. Consistent with general perceptions, in many situations, younger workers are viewed as more desirable than older workers.
On the other hand, the great majority of managers, executives, and higher-status workers are older, rather than younger, workers. Even so, young man- agers and executives are often actively pursued and viewed as being on the "fast track." The youngest workers, aged 14 to 17, experience sexual harassment at higher rates than older workers, which may be due to perceptions that they lack knowledge and are vulnerable. These apparent contradictions may be explained in part by the idea that there is a "prime age." Prime age refers to the age range of the most preferred employees--those who are between 25 and 35--which suggests that this group is favored over those who are both younger and older.
The world's population is aging, and older people are working longer than ever before. Because these older workers often have more corporate memory and experience than others, organizations that fail to recognize the value in providing opportunities for older workers will be disadvantaged. In addition, there are fewer younger workers entering the workforce than in the past, and younger workers are more diverse in race and ethnicity than ever before (Bell, 2012).
Global Leadership ??" Born Leaders or Developed Leaders?
Margaret Thatcher and Lyndon Johnson are two of the many world-class leaders whose efforts to reach the top began with initiatives displayed in childhood and continued unabated through adolescence into adulthood. As adults, such leaders obtain their reputation as successful leaders in one situation and then transfer that reputation for successful leadership to other similar situations (Bass, 1990). Some gain sufficient esteem and experience in these early efforts to succeed as leaders. Yet, Khurana (2002) found that the conditions and circumstances that helped to make a leader successful in one environment do not necessarily exist in the next environment. And as a result ,the probability of having the same degree of success is low.
Although tasks and goals can be different from situation to situation some amount of interpersonal competence is required from any leader. There is likely to be some amount of generalizability about who emerges as leader in different situations. In the same way, personal characteristics, such as energy, intelligence, assertiveness, task orientation, need for power, and other personal traits will promote the persistence of the same persons to emerge as leaders in a variety of times and places. Thus, since considerable consistency is found in intelligence and various personality traits from childhood to adulthood, consistency will also be found in the trait-associated tendencies ofchildren to become leaders as adults.
Bass, B. M. (1990).Handbookof Leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. (3rded.). New York: Free Press.
Bell, M. P. (2012). Diversity in Organizations. (2nded.). Mason, OH: CengageLearning.
Khurana, R. (2002).Searchingfor a Corporate Savior: The irrational quest for charismatic CEOs.Princeton,NJ: Princeton University Press.

Write a 150-300 word response to the following question. Pick from one of the three age groups (Millennials 21- 30; Generation X 31 - 49; or Baby Boomers 50 - 67)

What are some key considerations aleader should contemplate when working with others from different cultures within these age groups?
Section 3

Read chapters 13 & 14 in Managing Cultural Differences.
Write a 300 word response to the following question. Pick from one of the three cultures (African, Australian, European cultures).

What are some key considerations leader should contemplate when working with others from the selected culture?

Section 4

Read chapters 5 & 15 in Managing Cultural Differences.
Write a 300 word response to the following question.

Based on the various leadership challenges discussed in this class, which issue would you find most difficult to resolve as a leader?

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Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Discussions Part II

Total Pages: 10 Words: 4161 References: 30 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper

Essay Instructions: Discussions Theoretical Foundations second half paper
Instructions to Writer: [Please see attached Source material(s)]
Answer Topics 1 and 2 for each Unit in the form of a paper. Use at least 300 words or more to answer each topic and corresponding sub-topics. Must also include a minimum of three peer-reviewed citations per topic. Citations must include outside sources and no more than one citation from assigned course readings may be used.
Topic 1: Grand Nursing Theory
Select one of the grand nursing theorists listed within the Unit 6 overview which is of interest to you and evaluate the information available about the model and the theorist to address the following questions:
1. What in the background of the theorist as a nursing scholar might have prompted her to develop the theory?
2. What are the central values and beliefs set forth by the theorist?
3. Which of the four metaparadigm concepts are included in the model?
4. Discuss the adequacy of the model. Did you think it was useful and in what area would you be more apt to use this model or theory in? Administration, education or practice?
Topic 2: The Future of Nursing
1. In response to the IOM report (The Future of Nursing Campaign for Action (2011). IOM Recommendations. Retrieved from explain how nursing theory can support the recommendations for the future of nursing.

Topic 1: Middle Range Theories
Select one of the Middle Range Nursing theories from Unit 7 overview and create a model case scenario, in which you will apply all or one of the following from the theory: concept, metaparadigm, and/or usefulness. Provide the background of the theorist and any concepts that developed from applying the theory to the model case scenario. Explain how you could apply this same theory into your advanced nursing role? After examining your model case scenario, what do you consider to be the strong or weak points to this theory?
Topic 2: Research and Practice
Explain why we need to continue to examine and promote the use of middle range theories in research and practice.

Topic 1: Ethical Dilemma
Think about an ethical dilemma you recently faced in your practice. Select a nursing theory that could have guided you in making a decision about the care of this patient. Explain whether the theory emphasizes the patient?s rights, goals and autonomy. Does it provide clear guidance for ethical decision-making in nursing? Does the theory emphasize ethical codes for practice? (Present your information according to HIPPA requirements)
Topic 2: Global Perspective
Select a nursing theory you consider relevant today. Explain from a global perspective how you would change this theory to better support the ethical and social issues [Examples such as bioterrorism, genocide?] nurses face in healthcare.
Topic 1: Theory Integration
Select a theory or model that might be valuable in your advanced nursing role or that interests you. Explain your response to the following questions:
1. What are your personal values and beliefs about nursing, health, environment, and patient care delivery?
2. What are the underlying assumptions, values, and beliefs of the particular theory or model that you have chosen?
3. Is this theory or model congruent with your own values and beliefs about nursing, nursing care, nursing environment, and health.
Topic 2: Global View
Select a global view [paternalistic, feminist, modernism, postmodernism] and explain how this identifies to your overall outlook of life.

Topic 1: Reflection
Review the course outcomes at the beginning of the course (also listed in the course Syllabus) and assess how you have met each outcome. Include in your Discussion how assignments and readings have contributed to your development as a nurse in an advanced role. Remember to share some of your thoughts related to specific websites you found of value in your discussion.
Topic 2: Assimilation
Currently, global communities of nursing scholars are sharing nursing theoretical works and contributing to the development of nursing knowledge. Evaluate the impact upon theory development for nursing now and in the future. How would you address staying current to healthcare issues in order to address future changes?

List of Citations That May be used as Source Materials respectively:
McFarland, M. M., & Eipperle, M. K. (2008). Culture care theory: A proposed practice theory guide for nurse practitioners in primary care settings. Contemporary Nurse, 28, 48-63.
Nelson, J. W. (2011). Measuring caring ? The next frontier In understanding workforce performance and patient outcomes. Nursing Economic$, 29(4), 215-219.
Nicely, B., & DeLario, G. T. (2011).Virginia Henderson?s principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death. Progress in Transplantation, 21(1), 72-77.
Society of Rogerian Scholars Retrieved from
Martha Rogers: Retrieved from
Roy Adaptation Model: Sister Callista Roy: Pearson Prentice Hall. Retrieved from,2535,88691-,00.html
The Roy Adaptation Model: Boston College: William F. Connell School of Nursing. Retrieved from
Andershed, B., & Olsson, K. (2009). Review of research related to Kristen Swanson's middle-range theory of caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23, 598-610.
Bettle, A. M. E., & Latimer, M. A. (2009). A case study examination of chronic sorrow in caring for an adolescent with a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 31(4), 15-21.
Guadalupe, K. (2010). Understanding a meningioma diagnosis using Mishel's theory of uncertainty in illness. British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 6(2), 77-82.
McCarthy, V. L. (2011). A new look at successful aging: Exploring a mid-range nursing theory among older adults in a low-income retirement community. The Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 15(1), 17-23.
Mefford, L. C., & Alligood, M. R. (2011).Testing a theory of health promotion for preterm infants based on Levine's Conservation Model of nursing. The Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 15(2), 41-47.
Jean Watson. Retrieved from
Madeline M. Leininger, Foundress TCNS Retrieved from
Health as Expanding Consciousness: Margaret A. Newman Retrieved from
Fairchild, R. M. (2010). Practical ethical theory for nurses responding to complexity in care. Nursing Ethics, 17(3), 353-362.
Klaver, K., & Baart, A. (2011). Attentiveness in care: Towards a theoretical framework. Nursing Ethics,18(5) 686-693
Lundqvist, A., & Nilstun, T. (2009). Noddings?s caring ethics theory applied in a pediatric setting. Nursing Philosophy, 10, 113-123.
Noel, D. L. (2010).Occupational health nursing practice through the human caring lens. AAOHN Journal, 58(1), 17-26.
Paganini, M. S., & Egry, E. Y. (2011). The ethical component of professional competence in nursing: An analysis. Nursing Ethics, 18(4) 571-582.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). Chapters 8. (6th ed.).Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Noureddine, S. (2001). Development of the ethical dimension in nursing theory. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 7, 2-7.
Aranda, K., & Jones, A. (2010). Dignity in health-care: A critical exploration using feminism and theories of recognition. Nursing Inquiry, 17(3): 248-256.
Pitre, N. Y., & Myrick, F. (2007). A view of nursing epistemology through reciprocal interdependence: Towards a reflexive way of knowing. Nursing Philosophy, 8(2), 73-84.
Ramey, H. L., & Grubb, S. (2010). Modernism, postmodernism and (Evidence-Based) practice. Contemporary Family Therapy, 31, 75-86.
"Former UCSF Nursing Dean Margretta Styles Dies:? University of California San Francisco. Retrieved from
Fawcett, J. (2003). Theory and practice: A discussion by William K. Cody. Nursing Science Quarterly, 16(3), 225-231. (Course Reserve in the Kaplan library)
Fawcett, J., & Russell, G. (2001). A conceptual model of nursing and health policy. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 2(2), 108-116. (Course Reserve in the Kaplan library)
Andrews, M. M. (2008).Global leadership in transcultural practice, education and research. Contemporary Nurse, 28,13?16.
Mcsherry, R., & Douglas, M. (2011). Innovation in nursing practice: A means to tackling the global challenges facing nurses, midwives and nurse leaders and managers in the future. Journal of Nursing Management, 19(2), 165-169.
Ruddy, M. (2007). Models and theories of nursing. Retrieved from
Vandenberg, H. E. (2010). Culture theorizing past and present: Trends and challenges. Nursing Philosophy, 11, 238-249.

Excerpt From Essay:

Title: External Market Analysis

Total Pages: 5 Words: 1243 Works Cited: 5 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: External Market Analysis
For this component:

-Select an organization for your capstone project. This organization may be a current or past employer or an organization you can access information about via the Internet.

-Analyze HRM data trends and issues to identify appropriate strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of your selected organization from a global perspective.

-Summarize relevant data trends and issues, using research findings among different cultural and organizational perspectives, for both global and domestic applications for your organization.
You will use this external market analysis as the basis for the rest of your strategic workforce improvement plan.
There are faxes for this order.

Excerpt From Essay:

Essay Instructions: Write a review of a journal, newspaper, or magazine article that you have recently read concerning a disease trend. Some examples are Tuberculosis, AIDS, the Bird Flu, the Swine Flu, Anthrax, or Chickenpox. In a 700- to 1,050-word paper, contain the following sections:

? Introduction. What is the article about?
? Does the article make any claims about treatment of the disease?
? Does the article provide a national or global perspective about the disease?
? Conclusion
? References

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Excerpt From Essay:

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