World War I Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 1 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.1A: Impressions of War
When I was your age, I had little first hand experience with war. My only exposure to war was the first Gulf War, which lasted only a few months. It saddens me to think how the world has changed since I was your age. You have seen versions of war that were unimaginable to my generation: the war on terror is being fought on American soil, as well as in countries throughout the world.
• What is your most vivid image of war?
• Recall impressions you've observed from film, photographs, news, literary works, words of veterans, or maybe even your own experience. Remember that, in addition to war's being horrific, there are also positive associations with war, for example the heroism that is part of victory.
• Close your eyes. Think "War," and then record in words what you see in your mind. Remember these images as you are reading the poetry in this topic.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 2 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.1B: Responding to Literature
1. Section V of "The Hollow Men" describes a state of being called "The Shadow". I'd like you to speculate about what "The Shadow" is. In this section of the poem, Eliot juxtaposes or compares two different ideas. Make a list of what he compares with each statement.
Part 2: After you've completed your lists, try to determine what all of the
nouns in each list have in common. Is one list full of abstract nouns? After looking at the list, I'd like you to hypothesize what you think Eliot is implying "The Shadow" is and explain your reasoning. Your explanation should be a few sentences long.
2. Briefly answer the following questions in your journal:
o What are the hollow men like socially, religiously, and
o What are their values?
o How are they similar to or different from people you know?
Use your notes to answer the following question: Do you think that Eliot effectively demonstrates his argument that contemporary history is an "immense panorama of futility and anarchy" with this poem?
Your response to this question should be two to three paragraphs long and should include a discussion of the character of the hollow men. Include any other elements of the poem that support your answer to this question.
3. "Dulce et Decorum Est" and "The Rear Guard" both address issues of war in different ways. Write a brief essay comparing and contrasting the subjects and tones of each poem. In your essay, I'd like you to include a discussion of the imagery and figures of speech used by both poets to make their points. Your essay should be three paragraphs long and include specific, detailed references to the text.
World War II Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 3 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.2A: Rites of Passage Activity
You may be getting ready to leave home for college or work in the next couple of years. For this activity, I'd like you to talk to your parents, grandparents, other relatives, or friends and ask them what special items they took with them when they left home to go out on their own. Ask if these items hold any special significance for them now.
• Report your findings in the journal AND describe any special item that you would like to take with you when you leave home.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 4 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.2B: Responding to Literature
1. In the final two paragraphs of "Blood, Sweat, and Tears," Churchill uses a variety of rhetorical devices to inspire emotional reactions. Identify five examples of techniques used by Churchill (such as repetition, emphasis, word choice, personal references, and calls to action); explain the purpose(s) for each of these techniques; and explain whether you think they are persuasive or not. Be sure to
support your answer.
2. How are these three pieces related to each other thematically? Write a paragraph describing how these pieces are related to each other and what you learned about World War II from reading these passages.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 5 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.2C: Writing a Persuasive Essay
Directions: Your task is to write a persuasive essay using logical and emotional appeals to convince your audience that they must take action on a particular issue affecting your local, national, or world community. Identify a problem or issue that you feel strongly about. Make a list of 7-10 reasons others should change their actions or beliefs to agree with yours. Write a five-paragraph essay using the writing process, which includes prewriting, drafting, and revising.
• Your essay should be well organized with a strong thesis statement and sound supporting evidence. To make your argument convincing, use at lest one ethical appeal to show that you are competent, sincere, trustworthy, fair, and knowledgeable. Make sure to use logical and emotional appeals as well.
• For more information on formulating a persuasive argument, read pages 1120 of Elements of Literature: Sixth Course. Although the text discusses persuasive techniques in terms of preparing speeches, the information is applicable for written arguments as well.
The Holocaust Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 6 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.3A: Your Reflections on the Holocaust
The horrors of the Holocaust have been recorded in many books, movies, and television programs. Make some notes about what you most clearly remember about depictions of the Holocaust.
• How did you feel when you saw or read those images? Why do you think it is important to remember the Holocaust?
• Answer these questions in one or two paragraphs.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 7 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.3B: Responding to Literature
1. Each of the selections you've read about the Holocaust portrays a subjective view of the Holocaust. Subjective means that it tells about actual events from an individual's point of view. What is similar about the portrayals of the Holocaust? List three things that are similar to all three pieces, then list at least two differences. After you've looked at the three subjective pieces of writing, compare each of the portrayals with the objective portrayal in the Connection on page 846. How do these pieces compare to an objective portrayal? If you are interested in learning more, from an objective point of view, visit: the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Website.
2. How are the pieces related to each other thematically and in their overarching purpose. Do you think the author's shared the same objectives in writing each piece. Use your notes to write a brief analysis discussing the beliefs or assumptions about human nature or human rights these pieces share. Your response should be one or two paragraphs long.
Defending Human Rights Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 8 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.4A: Freedom
Take a few minutes and make a list of rights and freedoms you enjoy that you may not think about too often. Think both about things you have the right to do and things you have the right not to do. You many want to make two lists:
Freedom from. . . and Freedom to. . .
After you've made your list of rights you enjoy, add to your list rights that you think everyone in the world should have.
• Can you think of any places in the world where people do not enjoy the same freedoms you do?
• Do a quick search for "human rights violations" on the Internet and count the number of different countries listed on the first two pages of your search. My search results listed over twenty different countries on four continents. How many did you find?
• List some of the countries in your journal.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 9 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.4B: Responding to Literature
Review the selections, taking note of the writers' fundamental beliefs about human rights or the violation of human rights. How clear is each argument?
• Summarize each argument in one or two sentences, either in your own words or as quotes from the text.
• Write a paragraph explaining which writers, in your view, present the clearest and most persuasive arguments.
• Use at least three examples from the text to support your argument.
Modern British Poetry Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 10 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.5A: Responding to Literature
1. The first two lines of "The Second Coming" present an image of a falconer who is unable to limit the flight of his hawk as it spirals out of control. How does this image help portray the theme of the poem? Consider the timeframe in which the poem was written in your response.
2. An elegy is a poem that mourns the death of a person or laments something that has been lost, such as the beauty of times past. In what sense might "The Swans" be considered an elegy? How do "The Swans" and "Do Not go Gentle into That Good Night" (another elegy on page 1057) relate to each other in terms of theme, tone, and imagery? Write a two-paragraph response explaining how the poems relate.
3. Identify at least three metaphors for death or dying in "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night." How do these metaphors compare with your own view of death or dying? Do you agree with Thomas' characterization? Write a 2-4 sentence answer explaining the metaphors and discussing your personal feelings.
4. Reread lines 14-21 of "Musée des Beaux Arts" referring to the painting "The Fall of Icarus". Do you think Auden has correctly interpreted Bruegel's painting? Write a paragraph using examples from the text to support your answer.
The Modern Short Story
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 11 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.6A: What Makes a Good Story
As a conclusion to this course, we are going to be reading three modern short stories
. Before you read these stories
I'd like you to consider the following questions:
• What makes short story
• What kinds of stories
are your favorites to read?
• What element of a short story
(plot, characters, setting, etc.) is most important to a good story
Make a list of what makes a good short story
in your journal. Later in the course you will be asked to review the short stories
you've read AND write your own, so you will be referring back to this list.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 12 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.6B: Effective Transitions and Revising Passive Voice
• Read page 997 of your text about revising your writing to reflect
transitions carefully, and complete that practice activity in your journal. Then, complete the "Apply to Your Writing" section. Cut and paste a paragraph that you have written into your journal, and then revise it appropriately. Be sure to include the original paragraph and your revision in your journal entry.
• Complete the Practice Activity on page 1044 of Elements of Literature: Sixth Course. Choose one of the paragraphs you wrote for any of the earlier "Responding to Literature" journals from Lesson 6 and paste it into this entry. Highlight or underline all of the verb phrases and replace any passive voice verb phrases with the active voice.
Lesson 6 Journal Entry # 13 of 13
Journal Exercise 6.6C: Responding to Literature
1. At the end of "Araby" the narrator sees himself as "driven and derided by vanity." One meaning of "vanity" is "the state of being empty, idle, valueless." Another meaning is "exaggerated self-love." Still another is "hunger for praise or admiration." Explain, with specific examples from the text, how each of these definitions of vanity could apply to the narrator.
2. a. What details in the lover's last meeting in "The Demon Lover" foreshadow a sinister or threatening reunion? What details do we learn about Mrs. Dover's fiancé that explain why she is terrified of him?
b. Some readers think that Mrs. Drover's experience is an hallucination-her powers of imagination combined with the stress of wartime life combine to transform an ordinary experience into a nightmare. Other readers consider the story
to be a true ghost story
. Which interpretation do you favor, or do you have another? Support your answer with evidence from the text.
3. Choose one of the short stories
you've read during this topic and explain how it meets or does not the requirements of a good short story
that you wrote about in 6.6A. Include in your entry a discussion of the criteria you used to evaluate the story
, as well as whether or not the story
meets the criteria. Include in your response whether or not you would recommend the story
to other readers, and explain what you enjoyed about it and what you did not enjoy. Use your answers to Journal 6.6A as a guide.
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