Gender Stratification Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Gender Stratification College Essay Examples

Title: You choose article a credible source No org net a major syndicate CNN gov work a peer reviewed journal The article's content related Gender Stratification Sociology Here list questions article address

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1135
  • Works Cited:1
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: You will choose one article from a credible source. No .com or .org or .net unless it is a major syndicate like CNN.com. .edu and .gov usually work and of course you can use a peer-reviewed journal. The article's content should be related to "Gender Stratification" in Sociology. Here is the list of questions that the article may address. (You just choose one of them)


How does physical beauty help you and hinder you in the workforce?
Are men naturally better managers than women? Explain.
What is a glass wall and how has this trend changed over the past 20 years?
How have differing views on the roles of women and men affected parent's ability to raise kids?
What other limitations, besides having children, are placed on women if they aspire to climb the corporate or political ladder?
How has men's behavior changed in regard to viewing women over the past 20 or so years?
Are men treated the same in female-dominated work environments as women are in male-dominated work environments? Explain.
How has the prevalence of divorce in our society affected womens role? Who is more likely to initiate divorce men or women? Why?
Who is more likely to initiate an abortion men or women and what does this say about women and men's role in our society?


The analysis of the article will have 4 pages. Here is an outline for what your analysis should look like:
(1 pg ) A very brief summary of the article.
(1pg) How would the Structural Functional approach address the content in this article? How would you critique that specific perspective?
(1pg) How would the Social Conflict approach address the content in this article? How would you critique that specific perspective?
(1pg) How would the Symbolic Interaction approach address the content in this article? How would you critique that specific perspective?

End with a few (no more than 3-5) sentences highlighting the major points you have addressed in the paper.
REMEMBER to include YOUR SOURCE in the paper at the end or in the text.

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Works Cited

Simpson, Ruth. "Masculinity at Work: The Experiences of Men in Female Dominated Occupations." Work, Employment, and Society 18.2 (2004): 349-368. Print.

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Title: country report Russia

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1020
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Essay 3: Analyzing Health and Disease in Your Assigned Country

Using information from the World Health Organization (WHO), UN Development Programme, and other reliable sources (scholarly journals), provide a profile of health and illness of your country. Make connections between health/disease and the standard of living, stratification, location in the world system, and culture.

[In a Google search, you can find the UN Human Development Report 2003 (author is UN Development Programme). This document has tables with information by country, many of which are relevant to health. In addition, the World Health Organization has an abundance of health information by country. You can find this through a Google serarch, and the WHO is also linked to this course's homepage via "World Websites."]

The extent of social inequality, stratification by ethnicity, class and gender:

A good place to start is Table 5 of the World Bank's World Development Report 2000/2001. Use the Gini Index and the % distributions of income or consumption across the population; these are in Table 5. Next you might use Table 4 to see if it has additional detail for your country. Table 2 is also helpful, as it has "prevalence of child malnutrition," the "under 5 mortality rate," and the percent of the population with "access to sanitation in urban areas." These are all important clues regarding inequality and the extent of poverty. Unfortunately, these tables do not include data for every country.
Information on stratification and inequality may also be found in scholarly journals and books (library and electronic research), and in reliable periodicals (The Economist, The Christian Science Monitor, The New York Times). If you can locate a "Country Survey" in The Economist for your assigned country, you will find a lot of information in one place that may be incorporated into your report. Gender stratification is another area to comment on: Are their changes occuring? Can you analyze them in terms of the theory offered in the course? Control over resources, sexuality and fertility are key, inaddition to access to public life.

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References

Lokshin, Michael M. And Ruslan Yemtsov. (26 February, 2001). "Household Strategies for Coping with Poverty and Social Exclusion in Post-Crisis Russia." The World Bank

Group. (accessed 28 February 2005). http://econ.worldbank.org/working_papers/1417/).

UN Development Programme. (accessed 28 February 2005). http://hdr.undp.org/statistics/data/cty/cty_f_RUS.html).

WHO. (accessed 28 February 2005). http://www.who.int/countries/rus/en/).

Zuger, Abigail. (05 December, 2000). "Infectious Diseases Rising Again in Russia." The New

York Times. (accessed 28 February 2005). http://www.nytimes.com/2000/12/05/science/05INFE.html?ex=1109739600&en=2a56df9be6a07c13&ei=5070).

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Title: Language and Religion

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 705
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Written Assignments - Introduction to the Congregation.
Describe your experience gaining access to the congregation, provide us with some general background information, and consider the features of formal and ritual language. Some sort of religious congregation of your choosing or Any religious event that occurs on a weekly basis(going to church) will be considered appropriate.

What was it like to ask for permission?
How were you received? Where is the congregation located?
What does the meeting space look like?
About how many members are there?
Does language use seem to conform to the features Irvine and DuBois describe?
How does your info about religion impact on this project?
Any general observations are also welcome

*This is ethnographic report not an article riview, citation should not be exceeding more than quater of whole paper and you should make an argument. Do not just write anything that you saw or hear at the site.


assignment should be 500-1000 words, and should connect theoretical issues from relevant readings and class discussion to observations made in your congregations. Please cite specific concepts from the readings and compare and contrast with your own site. Your fieldnotes should be exhaustive, but your assignments should not; instead, you should make an argument and structure them accordingly.
? conduct ethnographic research
? write ethnographic reports
? craft an argument and write a paper that integrates their ethnographic data
? think critically and non-ethnocentrically about both particular religious traditions and
religion as a category


you need to connect theoretical issues from class discussion with your observation and
these are examples of theoretial issues that we discussed in the class.

Religion and Language
1. Not about belief but about practices
2. Religious language as self-conscious and highly manipulated
3. Need to look at non-referential functions of language
-> Performativity : language changes the world
-> what does performativity explain about ritual?

Ritual and authority
1. Ritual is coercive
2. Ritual language is formal
3. Ritual as genre
-Genres share features that help us interpret
-Genre features are context-independent

Indexicality
1. Indexicals

Participation, Agency, Text
1. How do we deal with participants who can?t make their presence known in the normal ways?
2. How do we deal with reported speech from ancestors, books, etc?
3. In ?normal talk? We assume:
- Author, animator, and principal coincide unless explicitly marked : all 3 assumed to bodily present
- Gaze, posture, gesture and speech reinforce each other
- Bodily present others are assumed to be the audience
- Participants share common frames of reference


Formality
-Keane (431) : ?most extreme and self-conscious manipulations of language?
-Formality and herarchy
-conrolling language to control behavior
-Language governs intensity of behavior
-Language, religion and world view

As property of :
-Communicative code
-social setting
-analyst?s description

Cross-cultural aspects of formality
1. Increased code structuring
2. Code consistency
-multiple second pronounce, being former and keep this consistency is important. Maybe in the
people all dress in black suite. Reporters have very consistent tone.

3. Invoking positional identities
- Ranks in military, we have all kinds of ways reading this kind of identities.
4. Central situational focus
- Everyone is in some kind of same conversation such as wedding everyone is dancing talking to each other. When someone toast , everyone is looking at him.
Which ones did(n?t) we see in Monday?s video?
Girl?s were in the dress code.
Positional identities, gender stratification
Everythings seem to have less structure.
?.in religious activities familiar to you?

Relationship to social theory
- Is formality always conservative?
- In what ways are these aspects interdependent?
- What do aspects share?
How can we study this?
If we are new comer in some kind of religious event, what kind of structure we are paying attention to?
It could be setting of special organization of the place, hierarchy does exist.

Ritual and authority
?Prescribed formal behavior for occasions not given over to technological routine, having reference to beliefs in mystical beings or powers?
(Turner)
There is very strong repetition.
Features of ritual speech
1. Ritual register
-we only hear something in ritual situation, Archaic or archaistic elements.
-Borrowed elements
-Euphemism and metaphor

2. Meaning opaqueness
3. Semantic and grammatical parallelism
4. Marked voice quality
More features of ritual speech
1. Fluidity
2. Intonational restriction- the peach rise and fall of voice
3. Gestalt Knowledge- if we learned lord prayer we only remember from the middle of the song.
4. Personal volition disclaimer
5. Shifter avoidance- I, and you these are not necessary in some particular context.
6. Ancestral model-We are suppose to speak like what ancestor says
7. Mediated speech

Formal principles
1. Complementarity
-has indexical function, we are not in normal context, by indexically pointing out we are having different set of rules.
2. Constraint
-by controlling them we could have personal features of speaker, by controlling all of these feature.
3. Parallelism
-it makes language seem more saparetable from text
4. Mediation
-all of these citation, use of ancestral speech, two divine entities

Point of all of these features is to divide personal conversation from ritual

Evidence and Authority
?No utterance is accepted without authority.?
1. Self-evidence]
2. What evidence might be relevant? ?

Speaker distance
1. Prime speaker (author and principal)
-?originally responsible for framing proposition? (Dubois, 323)

2. Proximate speaker (animator)
- ?actually utters the sentence? (Dubois, 323)
Harding ?repugnant cultural other?
Why?
- Historical background Scorpes Trial (1925
- ?Modern? and ?fundamentalist?
- Christian counter narrative (387) not taken up
- Modern view : superiority of truth
- Fundamentalists also take up this view

How to study religious groups?
- Recognize marginalization
- Afford same respect and concern as for others
- What?s taken for granted means there is no expression such as female doctor. Its always regarded as man doctor

Howell : responding
- Harding doesn?t go for enough
- Need for a Christian anthropology
- Not belief but

Commitment
?the lived experience? in which ?belief? is expanded beyond the genitive or intellectual sphere into the public realm in a way that validates and ?

Positionality and Research
- How does commitment affect research?
=Do you need to use an idea to understand it?
- What does it mean to be an insider/?native??
- Objectivity as problematic
- Need to be explicit about our positions
- Avoid essentializing and generalizing
- How are you understood locally?
- What can discomfort teach you?
- What kind of assumption had they made about you?

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