Gardening Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Gardening College Essay Examples

Title: Green Side of IPE

  • Total Pages: 11
  • Words: 2945
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: i want lauralindsey to write my research paper.she once wrote a research proposal for me (#38346)about this research paper that i am ordering now.
i want my research paper based on the research proposal that luaralindsey wrote for me. my specific topic is "organic gardening."
Thank you very much!!
Ps. while you writing my papers, please divide the papers into several sections. Thank you again.

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Bibliography:

10 Reasons to Buy Local Food (2004) [Online] available at: http://www.mariquita.com/articles/10reasons.local.htm

Whole Food Market Investor Relations [Online] located at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/investor/fiscal04highlights.html

United States Department of Agriculture (2004) (USDA) News Release No. 0423.04[Online] available at: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/p/s.70a/7010B?contentidonly=true& contentid=

Whole Foods Market: Our History [Online] available at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/company/history.html

A Blueprint to End Hunger (2003) National Anti-Hunger Association 2003 June 3

http://www.cityharvest.org/about/pdf/Blueprint_End_Hunger.pdf

[Online] available at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/issues/org.principles.html

Ibid.

Whole Food Market Investor Relations [Online] located at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/investor/fiscal04highlights.html

United States Department of Agriculture (2004) (USDA) News Release No. 0423.04[Online] available at: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/p/s.70a/7010B?contentidonly=true& contentid=

Whole Foods Market: Our History [Online] available at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/company/history.html

10 Reasons to Buy Local Food (2004) [Online] available at: http://www.mariquita.com/articles/10reasons.local.htm

Hopfensperger, A. (2004) Organic Foods Continue to Grow in Popularity according to Whole Foods Market Survey"

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Title: Literacy Gardens

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1314
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is what I have so far:

Literacy Garden-Concept Paper

About Us:

Holy Cross School (l'Ecole Sainte Croix) was founded in September 1927 to serve the needs of French speaking immigrants living in Holy Cross Parish. With an original enrollment of 219 students, the elementary school grew quickly in size; in 1931, the pupils numbered 375.

From the beginning, Holy Cross School has been staffed by Religious of the Presentation of Mary. These sisters were founded by Blessed Anne-Marie Rivier in 1796 in Thueyts, France and have left an indelible mark on the school. Religious and cultural traditions are at the heart of our school. We are blessed by the presence of our Sisters of the Presentation of Mary, who still work actively to promote Catholic education here at Holy Cross School.

In 1934, the French government, through the intermediary of the Sainte John Baptist Society, donated a gift of $50.00 to the school in recognition of efforts to preserve the French language and traditions.

Today, Holy Cross School is the only elementary school in Lewiston to provide French language courses for all grades, beginning in Kindergarten.

The school continues to be associated with the parish that bears the same name but serves students from around the region. Students come from other parishes and nearly 30 students belong to other faith traditions.
Project:
Our project goal is to create a Literacy Garden at Holy Cross School. Gardens can be many things -- a source of food, a way to relieve stress, a hobby, and a quiet refuge -- but there's also a program in some cities that use gardens as a learning tool. The Literacy Garden Program idea has been around for several years and has many active participants all around the United States. It's a diversity garden that can be used by our community, our church and most of all our students. It is my vision that all of the above would be combined together at some point in the project.
Plants not only will provide students with a learning experience in addition to the science curriculum already in place but this project will also incorporate flowers to attract birds and butterflies. Students will be able to study types of habitat that each could possibly make in our garden. This would give students a hands on science lab. It will be the student?s responsibility with their teacher to do the research on what plants will offer us what we are looking for and best fro our soil type and sun shade factor. Students can then begin to graph out the garden with help from local landscapers on the computer. This will increase student?s ability to graph on the computer and follow through with a design scheme.
This would also provide a place for spring summer and fall reading for students who are having a difficult time it may relieve them of stress from the classroom setting. It will also bring in members of the community to share their expertise in the gardening field. By doing this part of the project it would allow students to see exactly how many parts it takes to make a community whole. It would also give students the opportunity to see public leaders as readers and environmentalists who care about the community schools.
In my vision I would like to also include local artists to help with the design and construction of the garden, and also involve our own very talented students by having each class make a stepping-stone to be placed in our garden a tradition that can be carried on for years.
The garden could also be used for meditation and local schools could schedule field trips and talk with students about the habitat currently in the garden and how they made it happen.
I would estimate a high involvement in church and community. That which would keep our budget lower then usual. If you use resources at the local library and local master gardeners we should be able to do the research without a lot of cost. The students would write letters to members in the community asking for help which in return would help with there writing skill development. They would also be encouraged to speak at local non-profit organizations and church services to request money which will build on students communication skills.
As the person requesting this grant I will also look at other sources that are interested in funding literacy garden programs. I would estimate that this would be a one time request to get the project off the ground of 5,000 dollars and the project would be able to self sustain itself through the church and community in the following years.

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Dodds School Literacy Garden." (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2005 at http://www.springfield.k12.il.us/schools/dodds/literacygarden/stones.html

DeAraujo, C. (1998, Sept 9). "Garden helps to put down roots." Providence Journal Bulletin. Retrieved July 30, 2005 online at http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Swearer_Center/Literacy_Resources/garden.html

Linking Literacy and Garden Creatures." Retrieved July 30, 2005 online at http://www.kidsgardening.com/growingideas/Sept_01/2linking_literacy.htm

Polselli, M. (n.d.). "Literacy Garden. Retrieved online July 30, 2005 at http://polsellikindergarten.tripod.com/Comprehension%20Strategies/Planting%20a%20Literacy%20Garden.htm

Yiayia's Literacy Garden. Retrieved online at http://www.lewiston.k12.me.us/~mcmahonweb/subweb/literacy.htm

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Title: Costing

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 2854
  • Bibliography:7
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: • Read the following instructions carefully before answering the assignment, as failure to act upon them will result in loss of marks.
• Your assignment should be typed (12 font, 1.5 spacing)
• Include the following: cover sheet, index, glossary of terms, list of references and proof of research.
• If a student is found guilty of plagiarism, the achieved results will be disregarded and the student will be failed.
• Use the Harvard system of referencing. You must consult at least 3 different textbooks and preferably journals for adequate referencing
• You are expected to communicate your own thoughts. Long theoretical arguments and quotes from the textbook will be penalised.
• Technical requirements for assignments: assignments must be presented in the correct format. Marks will be awarded in conjunction with content for overall presentation (introduction and conclusion, content page, bibliography)
• Failure to adhere to the above will result in a loss of marks. No group work may be done on an individual assignment. Plagiarism and copying will result in the default mark of 0% being awarded.
Instructions:
All calculations are to be shown in the appendices. The document to be emailed must be an MSWord document. Excel spreadsheets must be pasted into the document.
Question
By applying the concepts, principles and theoretical concepts learned in the FMD module, conduct a systematic and critical appraisal, evaluation and examination of the following case study with the view to advise the owner on issues that would help improve on the efficiency and performance of the business.
Nippers is a small company that manufactures high-quality gardening products and also offers gardening services to a number of hotels and country clubs in the city. It is a profitable business and demand for certain of its products always exceeds supply because they are one of the few companies which sell quality products at such competitive prices.
The company is owned and managed by Mrs. Dibsa. Most of the staff members at the company are either relatives or good friends of Mrs. Dibsa, and even the shortest-serving member of staff has worked at Nippers for ten years. Mrs. Dibsa is planning on retiring on her 60th birthday in 6 years time, since she enjoys working so much.
She currently considers extending the building to create more space, so that she can meet the demand for certain products that are in high demand. Mrs. Dibsa’s brother has offered to do the extensions at very competitive price. He is currently unemployed and faces bankruptcy if he does not find work soon. Mrs. Dibsa estimates that, with the extensions, she would be able to sell the business as a going concern for R6 000 000 in six years time. Without the extension, she would expect to sell it for R5 000 000 in six years time.

A local builder has recently approached Mrs. Dibsa with an unexpected offer to buy the business immediately for R8 500 000. He hopes to build apartments on the land.
Mrs. Dibsa needs to decide whether she will carry on the business without the extension (option 1), have the extension built (option 2), or sell to the developer (option 3). The following is available:
• Mrs Dibsa has already obtained preliminary planning permission for the extension at a cost of R12 000
• Mrs Dibsa’s building costs are estimated to be R850 000. Of this amount, R450 00 relates to materials and must be paid immediately. The work would take one year to complete. The business would still be open as usual during the year, so that revenue would be unaffected by the building work.
• The company currently generates net cash inflows of R980 000 per annum. With the extension, these would rise to R1 350 000 once the work is complete. Mrs Dibsa pays herself a salary, but this amount has already been deducted before arriving at the R980 000.
• The business’s cost of capital is 10% per annum
• Assume that all cash flows occur at the end of each year, unless otherwise stated.
Nippers is also launching a new product, called 3-in-1 Lawnmowers next year, and is currently considering its pricing strategy for this. The product will be unlike any other product that is currently available and will considerably improve the efficiency of gardening services. This unique position in the market place is expected to remain for only 6 months before one of the company’s competition develops a similar product.
The prototype required a substantial amount of time to develop and, as a result, the company is keen to recover its considerable research and development cost as soon as possible. The company has now developed its manufacturing process for this product and consequently the time taken to produce each unit is much less than was required for the first few units. This time reduction is expected to continue for a short period of time, once mass production has started, but from then onwards a constant time requirement per unit is anticipated.
Nippers also consider having a once-off contract drawn up. Mrs. Dibsa has asked her inexperienced accountant to advise her on the costs likely to be incurred, so that she can price at a profit. The following schedule has been prepared:

Costs per special order Notes Rand
Direct wages 1 285 000
Supervisor costs 2 115 000
General overheads 3 40 000
Machine depreciation 4 23 000
Machine overheads 5 180 000
Materials 6 340 000
983 000

1. Direct wages comprise the wages of two employees, particularly skilled in the labour process for the job. They could be transferred from another department to undertake the work on special order. They are fully occupied in their usual department and sub-contracting staff would have to be brought in to undertake the work left behind. Sub-contracting cost would be R320 000 for the period of the work. Other sub-contractors, skilled in the special order technique, are also available to work on the special order. The costs associated with this would amount to R313 000.
2. A supervisor would have to work on the special order. The cost of R115 000 is made up of R80 000 normal payment plus R35 000 additional bonus for working on the special order. Normal payments refer to fixed salary of the supervisor. In addition, the supervisor would lose incentive payments in his normal work amounting to R25 000. It is not anticipated that any replacement costs relating to the supervisor’s work on other jobs would arise.
3. General overheads comprise an apportionment of R30 000 plus an estimate of R10 000 incremental overheads.
4. Machine depreciation represents the normal period cost, based on the duration of the contract. It is anticipated that R5 000 will be incurred in additional machine costs.
5. Machine overheads (for running costs such as electricity) are charged at R30 per hour. It is estimated that 6 000 hours will be needed for the special order. The machine has 4 000 hours available capacity. The further 2 000 hours required will mean an existing job is taken off the machine resulting in a lost contribution of R20 per hour (before overheads are charged)
6. Materials represent the purchase costs of 7 500 kilograms bought some time ago. The materials are no longer used and are unlikely to be in demand in the future, except for the special order. The complete stock of materials (amounting to 10 000 kilograms), or part therefore, could be sold for R42 per kilogram. The replacement cost of material used would be R333 750.
Because the business does not have adequate funds to finance the special order, a bank overdraft of R200 000 would be required for the project duration of 3 months. The overdraft would be repaid at the end of the period. The company uses a cost of capital of 20% to appraise projects. The banks overdraft rate is 18%. Mrs Dibsa has heard that for special orders such as this one, relevant costing should be used that also incorporates opportunity costs. She has approached you to create a revised costing schedule based on relevant costing.

?
You should structure your report under the following heading/basis of appraisal:
Executive summary not more than 2 pages, summarising the key findings/conclusions and recommendations supported by, and referenced to a well written and developed detailed report covering the following:
1. Calculate the Net Present Value (NPV) of each option at the business’s cost of capital with regards to extending the building. Based on these calculations, conclude as to which option Mrs. Dibsa should choose.
2. Discus the non-financial factors that Mrs. Dibsa should take into account before finally making a decision about the NPV calculated above.
3. Explain the alternative pricing strategies that may be adopted when launching the new product, 3-in-1 Lawnmowers.
4. Recommend a pricing strategy to the company for its new product and explain how the adoption of your chosen strategy would affect the sales revenue, costs and profits of this product over its life cycle.
5. Explain absorption and marginal cost approaches to pricing and state which one will best suit Nippers.
6. Produce a revised costing schedule for the once-off contract based on relevant costing principles. Fully explain and justify each of the costs included in the costing schedule.
7. Explain how the use of relevant cost as the basis of setting a selling price may be appropriate in the short-term pricing decision, but may be inappropriate for long-term pricing decision
8. Explain the importance of break-even analysis to a business like Nippers.
9. Comment on any limitations of using break-even analysis at Nippers for decision making purposes.
10. List of References (Harvard Style) and overall quality and presentation of report.

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Berman, K., Knight, J., Case, J., 2006, Financial Intelligence: A Manager's Guide to Knowing what the Numbers Really Mean, Harvard Business Press

Bolander, S.F., Gooding, C.W., Mister, W.G., 1999, Transfer Pricing Strategies and Lot Sizing Decisions, Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 11

Drudy, C., 2004, Management and Cost Accounting, 6th Edition, Cengage Learning EMEA

Goetz, Jr., J.F., 1985, the Pricing Decision: A Service Industry's Experience, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 23

Hilton, R.W., Swieringa, R.J., Turner, M.J., 1988, Product Pricing, Accounting Costs and Use of Product-Costing Systems, the Accounting Review, Vol. 63, No. 2

Kurtz, D.L., 2008, Contemporary Marketing, 13th Edition, Cengage Learning

2009, Break-Even Analysis, Financial Calculators from KJE Computer Solutions, http://www.dinkytown.net/java/BreakEven.html last accessed on August 28, 2009

Marginal Costing and Absorption Costing, BPP Professional Education, http://www.bpp.com/accandtax/studyguides/CIMA/CMP1ST07%20-%20Ch01-02.pdf last accessed on August 27, 2009

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Title: Measuring Occupational Performance Outcomes Using the Canadian Occupational

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3323
  • Sources:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Title of Case Report :
Measuring Occupational Performance Outcomes Using the Canadian Occupational
Performance Measure in Older Adults with Hip Fractures: A Case Report
(Canadian Occupational Performance Measure is the outcome instrument)

Materials to be submitted for Case Report:
1. The case report in the format of the target journal.
2. 1 CAT (outcome instrument, assessment tool, intervention, model etc.) with a copy of the primary article
1. A copy of the highest quality case or case report that you could find in the journal whose format you used or where you would like to publish your case.
2. Cover sheet with a short paragraph as to why the article will be a contribution to the practice of occupational therapy and the objectives for the journal

73 year old female fell a broke her hip while at home. After therapy she would like to be able to perfom occupations like being able to get in the tub, put on her shoes and tie them, sewing, gardening, and fix a simple meal.
There are faxes for this order.

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Case-Smith, J. (2003). Outcomes in hand rehabilitation using occupational therapy services. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 57, 409-506

(2009) Center for Patient and Community Education in association with the Department of Outcomes Management and the Communications & Marketing Department at California Pacific Medical Center. http://www.cpmc.org/learning/documents/rg-thr-home.html

Cipriano, L.E., Chesworth, B.M., Anderson, C.K., & Zaric, G.S. (2007). Predicting joint replacement waiting times. Health Care Management Science, 10(2), 195. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/227985557?accountid=13044

Cleveland Clinic (2011) Total Hip Replacement. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/hip_replacement/or_overview.aspx

Cree, M.W. (1998). Outcome following hip fracture. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,, n/a. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/304465946?accountid=13044

Hallstrom, I. (2001). Quality improvement in the care of patients with hip fracture. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 14(1), 29. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/229598580?accountid=13044

Kuijer, P PFM., Beer, M JPM., Houdijk, J.H.P., & Dresen, M HWF. (2009). Beneficial and limiting factors affecting return to work after total knee and hip arthroplasty: A systematic review. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 19(4), 375. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/232110741?accountid=13044

Law M., Baptiste S., McColl M., Opzoomer a., Polatajko H., Pollock N. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure: An Outcome Measure of Occupational Therapy CJOT -- Vol. 57 -- No. 2

Phipps S., Richardson P. (2007) Occupational Therapy Outcomes for Clients with Traumatic Brain Injury and Stroke Using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure.

Simmons, D.C., Crepeau, E.B., & White, B.P. (2000). The predictive power of narrative data in occupational therapy evaluation. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54, 471-476.

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