Gaap Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Gaap College Essay Examples

Title: ACC403 Principles Accounting The case requires analyze balance sheet companies detail Is a difference approach valuation US GAAP IFRS Discuss note specific differences In addition briefly Distinguish expense expired cost asset

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1210
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: ACC403 - Principles of Accounting

The case requires you to analyze the balance sheet for the two companies in more detail.

Is there a difference in approach to valuation by US GAAP and IFRS? Discuss and note two or three specific differences. In addition, briefly

Distinguish between an expense (expired cost) and an asset.

Distinguish between current and long-term assets.

Distinguish between current and long-term liabilities.

Review Apple?s balance sheet and provide two examples of each of the above categories.

Discuss retained earnings and how income or loss and dividends affect this account. Review Apple?s retained earnings account and explain how it changes between the two past years.

Comment on at least three differences between Apple?s and Philips? balance sheets.

Does Apple or Philips have more debt?

Which of the two companies is the bigger one? Explain your reasoning.


Modular Case Expectations

It is important to answer the questions as posed. The discussion should be three to five pages and written in a clear and concise manner. Support your discussion with references in APA format. You are encouraged to use Excel or other compatible spreadsheet when computations are involved.

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Works Cited:

Works Cited

Yahoo Finance. Apple Inc. (APPL). Viewed 15 Feb 2013. Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/bs?s=AAPL+Balance+Sheet&annual

Gill, L. (2007). IFRS: Coming to America. Journal of Accountancy, June 2007. Retrieved from http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2007/Jun/IfrsComingToAmerica.htm

Philips. Annual Report 2011. Viewed 13 Feb 2013. Retrieved from http://www.newscenter.philips.com/main/corpcomms/resources/corporate/investor/ar201 1/Annual_Report_English_2011.pdf

Riordan, D. Riordan, M. (2009). IFRS vs. U.S. GAAP: A Sixty Minute Waltz in the Classroom. James Madison University. Retrieved from http://rwahlers.iweb.bsu.edu/abd2008/papers/p08_riordan_riordan.pdf

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Title: will prepare an article for a company newsletter explaining in general terms several GAAP principles

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 750
  • Bibliography:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Simulation 1

In this simulation you will prepare an article for a company newsletter explaining, in general terms, several GAAP principles. You will also research the FASB documents, including the online codification, to insure you are relying on authoritative sources; textbooks are not an authoritative source. You are to prepare a professional product which reflects your understanding of the subject matter.

Prepare the required worksheet and memo. Remember to use the FASB code log in effect 9/4/2012:
Student Access
username - AAA51829
password - mxtWuXv

Submit completed file through the file exchange. If you cannot complete the assignment on time you must submit what you have completed before class. Let me knowif you want more time and I will extend the deadline.. There may be a penalty for the late submission.

Role: The stipulated role establishes the identity of the writer or speaker for purposes of the assignment.
In this case assume the role of a consultant hired by White Pharmaceuticals.

Audience: The audience is the person or group that the student, in role, is addressing. The audience and the role are a matched set.
The target audience are mid- level non-financial managers and executives who have extensive business experience but no formal accounting education. Simply cutting and pasting from FASB statements or direct quotes from an accounting textbook will not be suitable for this audience. You need to explain the technical accounting jargon in a manner a typical business manager can understand.

Task: The task is the specific assignment. Defining task involves not only what content is expected, but also the behavior, organization, form, format, and personnel required to accomplish it.

Walt White wishes to train the non-financial managers through an article in the company newsletter about the requirements of GAAP for revenue recognition and matching principles. The company is concerned by the controversy over certain transactions involving accrual transactions. Some managers in the production department do not understand why their profit centers are charged for expenses before cash is paid. Managers in the sales department are confused as to why cash advances from customers are not book as revenue when the cash advance is received. You have not been asked for an opinion on aspecific transaction but a report on general GAAP principles.

You should use the recommendations from Effective Writing ? Handbook for Accountants for writing an article that are presented on page 248 . For research should include Statement of Financial Concepts #6 and the FASB ASC. You can obtain SFAC-6 on the portal or at the FASB.org. An access instruction for the FASB ASC is also available on the portal.

You should summarize your research in a clear concise manner. Mr. White is a very tech savvy fellow; he has informed you that he will pay you nothing - or worse - if you plagiarize!
Required:
1. Explain to the managers how the principals of revenue recognition and matching affect the timing of recognition of revenue and expenses.
2. Describe the four approaches used to implement the matching principle.
3. In your article the company wants you to generally address which of the four matching approach should be used to recognize the cost as expense for each type of transaction.
a. The cost of labor & material used in producing a product.
b. The cost of research & development.
c. The cost of lab equipment used to make products.
d. The cost of office equipment used in the human resources area.
e. The cost of monthly rent on a warehouse building.
f. The commission salary of a sales employee.
Grading

You are expected to follow the following guidance from the writing guide:
Tips for the effective writer:
1. Content: Be sure that the accounting content is correct and complete. Have you addressed all relevant accounting issues?
2. Critical Thinking: Think carefully and critically about the issues with which you?re dealing. Anticipate questions and objections your audiences may raise.
3. Appropriate for reader: Write the document with a particular audience in mind. Check that issues are discussed on a level that the audience can understand. For this assignment it is better to focus on practical, explicit advice related to the case you are discussing, rather than general accounting theory.
4. Conciseness: Write as concisely as possible, given the audience?s needs and the issues to be addressed.
5. Clarity: Develop a style that is clear and readable. Choose words that the audience will understand, and construct sentences that convey your meaning with precision and clarity.
6. Coherence: Structure the document so that it is coherent. The organization should be logical and the train of thought easy to follow. Summarize main ideas near the beginning of the document, and begin each paragraph with a topic sentence.
7. Revision: Revise the document so that it is polished and professional. It should be free of all spelling errors and typos; grammatical errors should not detract from the message.

case example:

Mary Contrary
Wolf Company
Tallahassee, FL

Dear Ms. Contrary,

As we discussed in our phone conversation, I am providing you authoritative basis for our firm?s position regarding when rental income must be recognized. Your position is the revenue should be recorded when received. We established that there are many instances when the rent received includes payments for months beyond the end of a fiscal year.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (see FASC 605-10-25-1) require the use of the realization principle when recording revenue. The realization principle requires that two criteria be satisfied before revenue can be recognized:
? The earnings process is judged to be complete or virtually complete
? There is reasonable certainty as to the collectibility of the asset to be received
Obviously, collectability is not at issue; it is just the first criterion that is at issue. Since the tenants are entitled to occupy the premises through the last day for the payment made, the earnings process is not complete until that day passes. Since revenue cannot be recognized on the date the payment is received, the corresponding account to cash must be a liability account recognizing the unearned revenue. As the rental period expires you, will reduce the liability and increase rental revenue.
Recording rental revenue as you currently do is allowable for income tax purposes and is acceptable under the cash basis of accounting. However, since you wish to have an audited set of financial statements issued, Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (see FASC cite above) require the use of the accrual method.
Therefore, it is our firm?s position that you must alter your accounting treatment of rent collections to comply with Generally Accepted Accounting Principals. Please feel free to contact me for any other clarification or additional issues.

Yours Truly,
Student Name


Tips for the effective writer:

1. Content: Be sure that the accounting content is correct and complete. Have you addressed all relevant accounting issues?

2. Critical Thinking: Think carefully and critically about the issues with which you?re dealing. Anticipate questions and objections your audiences may raise.

3. Write the document with a particular audience in mind. Check that issues are discussed on a level that the audience can understand. For most documents, it is better to focus on practical, explicit advice related to the case you are discussing, rather than general accounting theory.

4. Write as concisely as possible, given the audience?s needs and the issues to be addressed.

5. Develop a style that is clear and readable. Choose words that the audience will understand, and construct sentences that convey your meaning with precision and clarity.

6. Structure the document so that it is coherent. The organization should be logical and the train of thought easy to follow. Summarize main ideas near the beginning of the document, and begin each paragraph with a topic sentence.

7. Revise the document so that it is polished and professional. It should be free of all spelling errors and typos; grammatical errors should not detract from the message.


The following grading points will be used to score this assignment.

worth 125 points
30 pts Define revenue and matching principles. Source referenced is authoratative
30 pts Gives the four methods for matching:
7 The cost of labor & material used in producing a product
8 The cost of reseach & development
8 The cost of manfacturing equipment used to make products
8 The cost of office equipment used in the human resources area
7 The cost of monthly rent on the warehouse building
7 The commission salary of a sales employee
the rest of pts effective writing for accountants with tone to audience, organiztion, introduction that gets audience attention,states purpose & preview of main point

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Bibliography:

Works Cited

Godfrey, J, Chalmers, K (eds.) 2007, Globalisation of Accounting Standards, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK.

Granof, M., et al. (2011). Core Concepts of Government. New York: Wiley.

Inkpen, A & Ramawamy, K 2006, Global Strategy: Creating and Sustaining Advantage Across Borders, Oxford University Press, New York

Porter, G., Norton, C. (2013). Using Financial Accounting Information. Mascon, OH: Cenage/SW.

Shah, A. (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility. Retrieved from: http://www.globalissues.org/article/723/corporate-social-responsibility

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Title: US GAAP vs IFRS

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 2231
  • Sources:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: THE RESEARCH PAPER MUST CONSIST OF AN ANALYSIS OF FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE US GAAP AND IFERS. ALSO INCLUDE TOPICS SUCH AS ISSUES OF CONVERGENCES, CURRENT STATUS, ETC.

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References

Barth, Mary E. "Accounting Quality: International Accounting Standards and U.S. GAAP." Working Paper, School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University, August 2006.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards" New Jersey Lawyer 7, no. 1 (2010): 38-40.

Fay, Hansen. "Get ready for New Global Accounting Standards." Business Finance Magazine, January 1, 2004.

Gordon, Elizabeth a; Jorgensen, Bjorn N. And Linthicum, Cheryl L. "Could IFRS replace U.S. GAAP: A comparison of earnings attributes and informativeness in the U.S. market" No 28, Working papers series from College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio, June 2, 2011.

Street, Donna L. "IFRS in the U.S.: It may come sooner than you think" Journal of International Accounting Research 6, no. 1 (2007): xi-xvii.

Tarca, Ann. "International Convergence of Accounting Practices: Choosing between IAS and U.S. GAAP" Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting 15, no. 1 (2004): 60-91.

Tarca, Ann. "International Convergence of Accounting Practices: Choosing between IAS and U.S. GAAP" Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting 15, no. 1 (2004): 73.

Tarca, Ann. "International Convergence of Accounting Practices: Choosing between IAS and U.S. GAAP," 73.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards" New Jersey Lawyer 7, no. 1 (2010): 39.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards," 39.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards," 39.

Bruce, 39.

Bruce, 39.

Bruce, 39.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards" 40.

Bruce, 40.

Bruce, Bowden a. "GAAP and IFRS: The Convergence and Transition of International Accounting Standards," 40.

Fay, Hansen. "Get ready for New Global Accounting Standards." Business Finance Magazine, January 1, 2004.

Street, Donna L. "IFRS in the U.S.: It may come sooner than you think" Journal of International Accounting Research 6, no. 1 (2007): xii.

Gordon, Elizabeth a; Jorgensen, Bjorn N. And Linthicum, Cheryl L. "Could IFRS replace U.S. GAAP: A comparison of earnings attributes and informativeness in the U.S. market" No 28, Working papers series from College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio, June 2, 2011 (College of Business: University of Texas, 2011): 12.

Barth, Mary E. "Accounting Quality: International Accounting Standards and U.S. GAAP." Working Paper, School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University, August 2006 (School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University, 2006): 7.

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Title: Comparison U.S. GAAP IFRS PricewaterhouseCoopers offers a publication Web site entitled Similarities Differences A Comparison IFRS U.S. GAAP a topic based comparison Access publication Web http www

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1074
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Comparison of U.S. GAAP and IFRS

PricewaterhouseCoopers offers a publication on its Web site entitled ?Similarities and Differences?

A Comparison of IFRS and U.S. GAAP? that provides a topic-based comparison. Access this
publication on the Web at http://www.pwc.com/extweb/pwcpublications.nsf/docid/74d6c
09e0a4eea1003354c8 . On pages 4?11 of this publication, there is a table of differences between U.S GAAP and IFRS by reporting issue. There is also a reference to the pages in the document where each of these items is explained in more detail. Select any three of the items and read about the nature of the differences. Prepare a short paper approximately 825 words long that defines the nature of the differences and discusses what you have found.

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References:

References

Forgeas, R. (2008, June 16). Is IFRS that different from U.S. GAAP? Retrieved February 14,

2013 from The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants website:

http://www.ifrs.com/overview/General/differences.html

Loque, A. (2013). Comparing U.S. GAAP and IFRS accounting systems. Retrieved February

14, 2013 from For Dummies website: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/comparing-us-gaap-and-ifrs-accounting-systems.html

Romeo, T. (2008). Similarities and differences: A comparison of U.S. GAAP and IFRS for investment companies. Retrieved February 14, 2013 from PriceWaterhouseCoopers

website: http://www.pwc.com/us/en/asset-management/investment-management/publications/assets/simdif_7.pdf

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