Floods Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Floods College Essay Examples

Title: Floods

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1447
  • Works Cited:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Assingment:
The focus of the paper will be based on one of two Learning Outcomes, depending on the chosen topic: (My Topic is Floods)

Learning Outcome:
1. Identify and explain the geologic settings responsible for various types of natural disasters.
2. Identify the conditions responsible for the formation of severe atmospheric disturbances.

Floods often result from severe storms and specific geologic conditions. This topic can include aspects from both learner outcomes.

(I have to do a 10 min video presentation from my essay) So the essay information needs to be easily converted into a presentation if possible.

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Works Cited:

Sylves, R. Diaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland Security. New York: CQ Press. 2008. Print.

May need to break into two slides

May need to break into two slides

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Title: Preformance Assessment of Flood Protection System

  • Total Pages: 30
  • Words: 9418
  • Bibliography:20
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I DO NOT want this research paper to be written by Celeste (writer)

Paper Title: Performance Assessment of Flood Protection System (Floodplain Catchments).

I would like you to write a 30-page (according to the outline below) about performance assessment in flood protection systems, to be exact, floodplain catchments. Also, you should use the abstract provided below as a guide for the research paper.
I have included all references that I want to be included in the research paper, as well as, any other related references in a total of 20 references. In fact, I have full text journals in my position, in addition some other publications that I need to be included. I will email all the resources to .
In summary, for this particular order I want you to:

1- Write a 30-page customized research paper with proper menting, paring and contrasting between citations and references.
2- Write according to the abstract provided below, which it should be also as roadmap for the paper.
3- Follow the exact outline provided below.
4- Write about every main heading and sub-heading in the outline.
5- I need you carefully to include at least three different opinions or ideas or references in every section in the outline.
6- APA 5th referencing style
7- Total of 20 references.
8- Write for no less than a doctoral academic level style.
9- “Direct quotations”, should be no more than 1% of the whole paper.
10- No pictures, tables or diagrams.
11- Write in the passive voice tense when refereeing to yourself or the writer.


This research seeks to identify current and future performance of flood protection systems; strategies for adapting to overing pitfalls; and ways in which to implement the management of flood planning and mitigation so it copes with the projected climate change impacts.
The escalading frequencies and changing patterns of climate change impacts, such as precipitation rates and sea levels on the existing flood protection systems, should raise the red flag regarding the un-coped design and planning criteria for which designers and decision makers need to or account for.
The objective of this research is to assess the impact of climate change on flood protection systems, throughout the examination of the system’s (catchment) performance. Moreover, the research will develop a consistent methodology for assessing the performance of engineering infrastructure such as Nerang Floodplain Catchment. Also, it will pare and contrast strategic adaptation. In addition, it will determine the most efficient adaptation strategy for the existing flood protection system.
The scope of this research is to assess the performance of Nerang Floodplain Catchment in Gold Coast, with the impact of climate change. Firstly, the research will develop a spatial 2D hydraulic simulation model for Nerang Floodplain Catchment as the research’s main case study. Secondly, the research will assess the performance of the catchment by measuring five variables: Vulnerability (?), Reliability (?), Resiliency (?) (Hashimoto, 1982), Flood Risk Index (FRI) and Flood Damage Index (FDI) (Zongxue, 1998). These measurements are going to illustrate the overall performance in a spatially distributed manner for the targeted catchment. Finally, the research will evaluate the performance results to determine the most efficient adaptation strategy for Nerang Catchment by either modify, upgrade or disregard the existing design according to the deduced results from the performance assessment.
The investigation of this research will provide decision makers a valuable methodology, and an essential knowledge to assess the performance of not only flood protection systems, but for any engineering infrastructure.
Hashimoto, T., Stedinger, J. R., & Loucks, D. P. (1982). Reliability, Resiliency, and Vulnerability Criteria For Water Resource System Performance Evaluation. Water Resour. Res., 18(1), 14-20
Zongxue, X., Jinno, K., Kawamura, A., Takesaki, S., & Ito, K. (1998). Performance Risk Analysis for Fukuoka Water Supply System. Water Resources Management, 12(1), 13-30.

Outline of the research paper:

1. Introduction
1.1. Background

2. Climate Change (Globally)
2.1.1. South East Queensland (Gold Coast), Australia (Locally)
2.2. Climate Change Prediction in south east Queensland (2030-2070)
2.2.1. Rainfall Totals
2.2.2. Sea Level
2.2.3. Storms Intensity and Frequency
2.3. Flooding (in South East Queensland Australia)
2.3.1. History of Gold Coast Floods
2.4. Flood Protection Systems
2.4.1. Floodplain Catchments (Nerang Catchment)
2.4.2. River Embankments ( Nerang River)

3. Performance of Flood Protection System
3.1. Performance Assessment
3.1.1. Reliability
3.1.2. Resiliency
3.1.3. Vulnerability
3.1.4. Flood Risk Index (from Performance risk analysis for Fukuoka water supply system Journal (enclosed) -flood instead of drought-)
3.1.5. Flood Damage Index (from Performance risk analysis for Fukuoka water supply system (enclosed) -flood instead of drought-)

4. Adaptation Strategies (from Strategic flood risk management journal (enclosed))

5. Hydraulic Simulation Model (MIKE SHE by DHI)
5.1. Spatial 2D Hydraulic Simulation Model
5.2. MIKE SHE by DHI
5.3. Case Study: Nerang Catchment, Gold Coast
5.3.1. Existing Conditions (Capacity, Flows, Failure Runoffs)
5.3.2. Model Application and Evaluation

6. Conclusion

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Abbs, D. (n.d.). The Effect of Climate Change on the Intensity of Extreme Rainfall Events.

CSIRO Atmospheric Research. White Paper.

Boesch, D., Field, J., & Scavia, D. et al. (2001). The Potential Consequences of Climate

Variabiltiy and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources. NOAA's Coastal Ocean

Program. Decision Analysis Series Number #21. Retrieved 21 oct 2009 from http://www.cop.noaa.gov/pubs/das/das21.pdf

Bolton, S. & Shellberg, J. (2001). Ecological Issues in Floodplains and Riparian Corridors.

Center for Streamside Studies. Final White Paper, Research Project T1803 Task 29.

Retrieved 22 Oct 2009 from http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/research/reports/fullreports/524.1.pdf

Boswood, P. & Murray, R. (2001). World-Wide Sand Bypassing Systems: Data Report.

Conservation technical report no. 15. Queensland Government Environmental Protection.

Retrieved 10 Oct 2009 from http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/register/p00575aa.pdf

Bureau of Meteorology (2001). Local Flood History. Floods DO Happen. Retrieved 10 Oct 2009

from http://www.goldcoast.qld.gov.au/attachment/nerang_flood_history_infosheet.pdf

Bureau of Meteorology (2009). Flood Warning System for the Nerang River. Retrieved 11 Oct.

209) http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/south_coast/nerang.shtml

Burn, D., Venema, H. & Simonovic. S. (1990). Risk-based performance criteria for real-time reservoir operation. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. 18: 36-42.

Cohon, J. & ReVelle, C. (1986). Programming Model for Analysis of Reliability,


and Vulnerability of Water Supply Reservoir. Water Resources Research. 22 (4): 489-

Coulter, L. (2009). Kling Tides -- a glimpse of future sea level rise. CSIRO Media

Release. Retrieved 10 Oct 2009 from http://www.csiro.au/news/King-Tides-Future-Sea-Level-Rise.html

CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems (2006). Impact of Climate Change on Infrastructure in Australia

and CGE model inputs. Maunsell Australia Pty. Ltd. with CSIRO Sustainable

Ecosystems. Garnaut Climate Change Review. Retrieved 10 Oct 2009 from http://www.garnautreview.org.au/CA25734E0016A131/WebObj/02-


DHI (n.d.). Adapting to a Changing Climate. DHI Consulting. Denmark.

Feyen, I., Vazquez, R. & Christiaens, K.et al. (2000). Application of a distributed physically-

based hydrological model to a medium size catchment. Hydrology and Earth System

Sciences. 4 (1): 47-63.

Gold Coast City Council (n.d.). The Nerang River Catchment. Retrieved 12 Oct 2009 from http://www.goldcoastcity.com.au/attachment/factsheet_nerangriver.pdf

Gold Coast City Council (2003). Nerang River Flood Mitigation. Press Release. Retrieved 11

Oct 2009 from http://www.goldcoastcity.com.au/attachment/fss_meeting_10.pdf

Gold Coast City Council. (2006). City leads the way in flood planning and mitigation. 26


2006. Retrieved 11 Oct 2009 from http://www.goldcoast.qld.gov.au/t_news_item.aspx?pid=6132

Hennessy, K., B. Fitzharris, B.C. & Bates, N. et al. (2007). Australia and New

Zealand. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 507-540. Retrieved 21 Oct 2009


Hashimoto, T. (1982). Reliability, Resiliency, and Vulnerability Criteria for Water Resource

System Performance Evaluation. Water Resources Research. 18 (1): 14-20.

Maier, H., Lence, B., & Tolson, B. et al. (2001). First-order reliability method for estimating reliability, vulnerability, and resilience. Water Resources Research. 37 (3): 779-790.

Mirfenderesk, H. (2009). Flood emergency management decision support system on the Gold

Coast, Australia. The Australian Journal of Emergency Management. 24 (2):


Retrieved 10 Oct 2009 from http://www.ema.gov.au/www/emaweb/rwpattach.nsf/VAP/(966BB47E522E8480



McInnes, K., Walsh, K. & Pittock, a. (2000). Impact of Sea-level Rise and Storm Surges on Coastal Resorts. CSIRO Tourism Research. Retrieved 9 Oct 2009 from http://www.cmar.csiro.au/e-print/open/mcinnes_2000a.pdf

McLuckie, D. (2008). Flood risk management in Australia. The Australian Journal of Emergency Management. 23 (4): 21-27.

McLuckie, D. (n.d.). Strategic Flood Risk Management. White paper. NWS Department of Infrastructure and Natural Resources.

Sangjun, I., Kim, H., & Kim, C. et al. (2009). Assessing the impacts of land use changes using

MIKE SHE. Environmental Geology. 57: 231-239.

SCARM (2000). Floodplain management in Australia: best practice principles and guidelines.

SCARM Report 73. Collingwoood, Victoria. CSIRO Publishing. Retrieved 22 Oct 2009

from http://www.publish.csiro.au/Books/download.cfm?ID=2260

Stansby, P., Walkden, M, & Dawson, R. et al. (2009). Integrated analysis of risk of coastal flooding and cliff erosion under scenarios of long-term change. Climatic Change. 95:


Stolte, J., Ritsema, C., & Veerman, G. et al., (2007). Establishing Temporally and Spatially

Variable Soil Hydraulic Data for Use in a Runoff Simulation in a Loess Region of the Netherlands. Hydrological Processes. 10(8): 1027-1034.

Vogel, R. & Bolognese, R. (1995). Storage-resilience-yield relations for over-year water supply systems. Water Resources Research. 31 (3): 645-654.

Whetton, P., McInnes, K. & Jones, R. et al. (2005). Australian climate change projections for impact assessment and policy application. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric

Research Paper 001. December 2005.

Zhang, X., Wenfei, L. & Heling, X et al. (2007). Numerical simulation of flood inundation processes by 2D shallow water equations. Frontiers of Architecture and Civil

Engineering in China. 1 (1): 107-113.

Zongxue, X., Jinno, K., & Kawamura, a. et al. (1998). Performance Risk Analysis for Fukuoka

Water Supply System. Water Resources Management. 12: 13-30.

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Title: Gilgamesh

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 961
  • Sources:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Compare the Biblical story of the flood with the version of the flood told by Utnapishtim in Gilgamesh. Now identify several ways in which the two floods are similar and several ways in which they are different. What do you think is the most striking difference between them and so what? Explain, using specific examples from both stories to support your ideas.

Book used : The Norton Anthology of Western Literature, Volume 1 (8th edition), Lawall, Sarah et al. (Gilgamesh, pgs. 15-26)

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Works cited:

1. Dunn, James D.G. Rogerson, John William. (2003). "Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible." Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.

Dunn, James D.G. Rogerson, John William. (2003). "Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible." Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.

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Title: Psychological Distress in Natural Disaster

  • Total Pages: 15
  • Words: 5087
  • References:30
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Dear writer,

My dissertation topic is "THE PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS OF THAI POPULATION DURING FLOOD EVENT IN 2011" The aim of the project is to look at the distress which effect people after the flooding event in Thailand 2011. Post traumatic stress disorder is the case. In my study, I have use GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaires) and IES-R ( Impact of Event Revised) scales to measure the stress. I have attached you my proposal so that you will get a rough idea on what my study is all about. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder was the theme which I want to look at. Though, do not mention PTSD excessively because sometimes the effect can be just a depression or acute stress.

In the literature review part, I would kindly like you to look for any previous studies which has a similar idea with my current study. You may start talking about the distress which followed by the natural disaster (Floods, Tsunami, Earthquakes, etc). Then please search for studies which used GHQ-12 or IES-R scales or similar then discuss about the study. You can use my journals to start with and then please look for more. For instance, a study by Assanangkornchai, S., Tangboonngam, S., & Edwards, J. G. (2004). The flooding of Hat Yai: predictors
of adverse emotional responses to a natural disaster. Stress and Health, 20, 81-89. DOI:
10.1002/smi.999 is a good one to start with. I will attach all the studies which I have found for you.

- Please do not use bullet points in the literature review.
- Please only use academic journals which are quite recent and not too old dated.
- Please do not use quotes in any circumstances.
- Keep the work in an essay flow format.
- Plagiarism is prohibited in my institution, so please kindly be careful.

Please do not hesitate me for more information.

Thank you for your time and effort in writing this paper. Good Luck!!!
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Works Cited

Agustini, E.N., Asniar, I., and Matsuo, H. (2011). The prevalence of long-term post-traumatic stress symptoms among adolescents after the tsunami in Aceh. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 18

Assanangkornchai, Sawitri, Tangboonngam, Sa-nguansri, and Edwards, J. Guy. (2004). Stress

And Health, Vol. 20, 81-89.

Bhushan, Braj, and Kumar, J. Sathya. (2007). Emotional Distress and Posttraumatic Stress in Children Surviving the 2004 Tsunami. Journal of Loss and Trauma, Vol. 12, 245-257.

Dowrick, Christopher, Katona, Cornelius, Peveler, Robert, and Lloyd, Huw. (2005). Somatic

symptoms and depression: diagnostic confusion and clinical neglect. The British Journal of General Practice. Retrieved September 7, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov.

Heir, Trond, Rosendal, Susanne, Bergh-Johannesson, Kerstin, Per-Olof, Michel, Mortenson,

Erik L., Weisaeth, Lars, Andersen, Henrik S., and Hultnam, Christina M. (2011). Tsunami-

Affected Scandinavian tourists: Disaster exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms.

Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 65(1), 9-15.

Hollifield, Michael, Hewage, Chandanie, Gunawardena, Charlotte N., Kodituwakku,

Piyadasa, Bopagoda, Kalum, and Weerarathnege. (2008). Symptoms and coping in Sri

Lanka 20-21 months after the 2004 tsunami. British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 192, 39-


Huang, Peng, Tan, Hongzhuan, Liu, Aizhong, Feng, Shuidong, and Chen, Mengshi. (2010).

Prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder among adults in flood district. BMC Public

Health, Vol. 10, 2-8.

Keskinen-Rosenqvist, Riitta, Michelsen, Hans, Schulman, Abbe, and Wahlstrom, Lars. (2011).

Physical symptoms 14 months after a natural disaster in individuals with or without injury are associated with different types of exposure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 71,


Kotozaki, Yuka, and Kawashima, Ryuta. (2012). Effects of the Higashi-Nihon Earthquake:

Posttraumatic Stress, Psychological Changes, and Cortisol Levels of Survivors. PLoS ONE,

7(4), 1-5.

Liu, Aizhong, Tan, Hongzhuan, Zhou, Jia, Li, Shjouqi, Yang, Tubao, Wang, Jieru, Liu, Jian,

Tang, Xuemin, Sun, Zhenqiu, and Wen, Shi Wu. (2006). An Epidemiologic Study of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Flood Victims in Hunan China. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 51, 350-354.

Mason, Victoria, Andrews, Holly, and Upton, Dominic. (2010). The psychological impact of exposure to floods. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 15(1), 61-73.

Rajkumar, A.P., Mohan, T.S.P., and Tharyan, P. (2011). Lessons from the 2004 Asian tsunami:

Epidemiological and nosological debates in the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder in Non-Western post-disaster communities. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, DOI:

10.1177/00207640 1-1 423468

Su, Chao-Yueh, Tsai, Kuan-Yi, Chou, Frank H-C., Ho, Wen-Wei, Liu, Renyi, and Lin, Wen-

Kuo. (2010). A three-year follow-up study of the psychosocial predictors of delayed and Unresolved post-traumatic stress disorder in Taiwan Chi-Chi earthquake survivors.

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 64(3), 239-248.

Taft, Casey T., Monson, Candice M., Schumm, Jeremiah A., Watkins, Laura E., Panuzio, Jillian,

and Resick, Patricia A. (2009). Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 24, 389-396.

Tunstall, Sylvia, Tapsell, Sue, Green, Colin, Floyd, Peter, and George, Carolyn. (2006). The

health effects of flooding: social research results from England and Wales. Journal of Water

and Health, 4(3), 365-380.

Vedamurtachar, Descilo, Gerbarg, A., Nagaraja, D., Gangadhar, B.N., Damodaran, B., Adelson,

B., Braslow, L.H., Marcus, S., and Brown, R.P. (2010). Effects of a yoga breath intervention alone and in combination with an exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in survivors of the 2004 South-East Asia tsunami. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Vol. 121, 289-300.

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