Bishop, Jeffrey P. (2004). "Modern Liberalism, Female Circumcision, and the Rationality of Traditions," Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 473-497.
British Journal of Midwifery (2004). "Gender and Daily Life in Ethiopia," pp. 98-99, October.
Contemporary Sexuality (2004). "Mixed News on Female Genital Mutilation," vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 7-8. August.
Dare, F.O., Oboro, V.O., Fadiora, S.O., Orji, E.O., Sule-Odu, A.O., and Olabode, T.O. (2004), "Female Genital Mutilation: An Analysis of 522 Cases in South-Western Nigeria," Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 281-283.
Dorkenoo, Efua, and Mohammed, Rahmat (1998), "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)," in "Health Issues of Minority Women Living in Western Europe," World Health Organization Report on a WHO Meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Economist (2004). "The unkindest cut for a woman," vol. 372, issue 8391, p. 75.
Magied, Ahmed Abdel, and Musa, Suad (2004). "Psycho-sexual Effect of Female Genital Mutilation on Sudanese Men," The Ahfad Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 18-28.
Momoh, Comfort (2004). "Attitudes to Female genital Mutilation," British Journal of Midwifery, vol. 12, no. 10, p. 631.
Nybro, Lisbet. (1998). "Pregnancy and Birth in Minority Groups in Denmark: Focus on Somali Women," in "Health Issues of Minority Women Living in Western Europe," World Health Organization Report on a WHO Meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Religious Tolerance.org (2004). "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Africa, the Middle East & Far East: Debates about FGM," Available from http://www.religioustolerance.org/fem_cirm.htm. Accessed 15 February 2005.
Sihwa, Joyce, and Baron, Maurina. (2004). "Female Genital Mutilation: Cause for Concern in the UK," British Journal of Midwifery, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 717.
Ball, T. "Female Genital Mutilation." Nursing Standard 23.5 (2008): 43-47.
Jaeger, Fabienne, Caflisch, Marianne, and Hohfeld, Patrick. "Female genital mutilation and its prevention: a challenge for pediatricians." European Journal of Pediatrics
168 (2009): 27-33.
Kaplan-Marcuson, Adriana, Fernandez del Rio, Natividad, Moreno-Navarro, Juana,
Castany-Fabregas, Ma Jose, Nogueras, Marta Ruiz, Munoz-Ortiz, Laura, Mongui-
Avila, Elaina and Pere Toran-Monserrat. "Female Genital Mutilation: Perceptions
of Healthcare Professionals and the Prospective of the Migrant Families." BMC
Public Health 10.193 (2010): 1-9.
Utz-Billing, I. And Kentenich, H. "Female genital mutilation: an injury, physical and mental harm." Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology 29.4 (2008):
ANA Center for Ethics and Human Rights, The, (2009). Code of Ethics for Nurses With Interpretive Statements. Reviewed on July 7, 2009 at: http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#1.5.
International Council of Nurses (2006). The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses. Geneva, Switzerland. 1-9. Reviewed July 7, 2009 at: http://www.icn.ch/icncode.pdf.
IRIN (2009). Razor's Edge: The Controversy of Female Genital Mutilation. Film produced by www.irinnews.org/audiofiles/fgm_low.html
National Center for Cultural Competence (2009), Who is the cultural broker? Georgetown University Center for Child & Human Development, Washington, D.C. Reviewed July 9, 2009 at http://www11.georgetown.edu/research/gucchd/nccc/index.html.
Ahlberg B. et al. (2000) Gender masked or self-inflicted pain: female circumcision, eradication and persistence in Central Kenya. African Sociological Review, 4, (1), 2000.pp. 35-54
Dzhantam W. (2005) Views on Female Circumcision: Rite of Passage or Violation of Rights. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.eportfolio.lagcc.cuny.edu/ePortfolios/Basic/dzhantam.warrenREV/resources/33521.doc
Genital Mutilation. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.answers.com/topic/genital-modification-and-mutilation
Horsfall S. (2000) FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION AND ASSOCIATED GENDER
AND POLITICAL ISSUES AMONG THE SABINY OF UGANDA. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://web.txwesleyan.edu/sociology/horsfall/FGMPaper.html
Hosken F.P. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.feminist.com/resources/artspeech/inter/fgm.htm
Lee S. Female Genital Mutilation. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.blackwellreference.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405124331_chunk_g978140512433112_ss1-31
Mugenzi, Joan. (1998) "Killing Women's Sexuality." The New Vision. December 15,
White A. In Defense of Ethnocentrism: An Examination of Female Genital Mutilation
Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:e9c0kp8gqOIJ:www.gwu.edu/~uwp/fyw/euonymous/2005-2006/06-whitefinal.pdf+sociological+theory+and+female+circumcision&cd=28&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=za&client=firefox-a