Female Genital Mutilation Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Female Genital Mutilation College Essay Examples

Title: female genital mutilation

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3036
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: a literature review on female genital mutilation and midwifery care during pregnancy, child birth in the presence of female genital mutilation. journals reviewed must be peer review journals with a little emphasis on british journals

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Bishop, Jeffrey P. (2004). "Modern Liberalism, Female Circumcision, and the Rationality of Traditions," Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 473-497.

British Journal of Midwifery (2004). "Gender and Daily Life in Ethiopia," pp. 98-99, October.

Contemporary Sexuality (2004). "Mixed News on Female Genital Mutilation," vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 7-8. August.

Dare, F.O., Oboro, V.O., Fadiora, S.O., Orji, E.O., Sule-Odu, A.O., and Olabode, T.O. (2004), "Female Genital Mutilation: An Analysis of 522 Cases in South-Western Nigeria," Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 281-283.

Dorkenoo, Efua, and Mohammed, Rahmat (1998), "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)," in "Health Issues of Minority Women Living in Western Europe," World Health Organization Report on a WHO Meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Economist (2004). "The unkindest cut for a woman," vol. 372, issue 8391, p. 75.

Magied, Ahmed Abdel, and Musa, Suad (2004). "Psycho-sexual Effect of Female Genital Mutilation on Sudanese Men," The Ahfad Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 18-28.

Momoh, Comfort (2004). "Attitudes to Female genital Mutilation," British Journal of Midwifery, vol. 12, no. 10, p. 631.

Nybro, Lisbet. (1998). "Pregnancy and Birth in Minority Groups in Denmark: Focus on Somali Women," in "Health Issues of Minority Women Living in Western Europe," World Health Organization Report on a WHO Meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Religious Tolerance.org (2004). "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Africa, the Middle East & Far East: Debates about FGM," Available from http://www.religioustolerance.org/fem_cirm.htm. Accessed 15 February 2005.

Sihwa, Joyce, and Baron, Maurina. (2004). "Female Genital Mutilation: Cause for Concern in the UK," British Journal of Midwifery, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 717.

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Title: It's Investigative Informative Essay based Female Genital Mutilation I 3 4 data base research sources I a long paper i attach teacher cited directly paper proper formate In directions No papers accepted copies research ideas statements quotations documented paper highlighted I highlighting

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1096
  • Works Cited:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: It's an Investigative/Informative Essay based on Female Genital Mutilation.

I need 3-4 data base research sources that I need to have a long with the paper so i can attach them so the teacher can see as well as cited directly in the paper in proper formate.
(In my directions it says 'No papers will be accepted without copies of research, all ideas, statements and quotations documented in the paper should be highlighted)
I can do the highlighting on my own if need be.


Report to the reader as objectively as possible about the event; incident; controversy; or social and political circumstance or trend which has sparked your curiosity, interest or concern. Examine why it is important for your audience and intelligent citizens of the global community we now live in and seek to discover and explain the cause, effects and implications of its existence.

You may also create a profile of a significant individual connected to the situations we are touching on in our discussions of the Rwanda genocide and the neighboring African countries which have also been impacted by the international communities' responses to events on that continent. How has this person contributed to the political or economic milieu of which they are a part? How have they special or unique, and in being so, influential and even a role model for you or other?

Allow the readers to make up their own mind about your topic but make sure by the the conclusion you have made some type of intellectual judgement and in your closing remarks you are clear to your reader of where and why the evidence has led you to stand where you do on the issue.

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Works Cited:

Works Cited

Ball, T. "Female Genital Mutilation." Nursing Standard 23.5 (2008): 43-47.

Jaeger, Fabienne, Caflisch, Marianne, and Hohfeld, Patrick. "Female genital mutilation and its prevention: a challenge for pediatricians." European Journal of Pediatrics

168 (2009): 27-33.

Kaplan-Marcuson, Adriana, Fernandez del Rio, Natividad, Moreno-Navarro, Juana,

Castany-Fabregas, Ma Jose, Nogueras, Marta Ruiz, Munoz-Ortiz, Laura, Mongui-

Avila, Elaina and Pere Toran-Monserrat. "Female Genital Mutilation: Perceptions

of Healthcare Professionals and the Prospective of the Migrant Families." BMC

Public Health 10.193 (2010): 1-9.

Utz-Billing, I. And Kentenich, H. "Female genital mutilation: an injury, physical and mental harm." Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology 29.4 (2008):

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Title: Female Genital Mutilation

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 902
  • Bibliography:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is a paper for a program of RN to BSN level. The paper is about the Nurses Code of Ethics (ANA and ICN) and the Female Mutilation a controversial cultural/religious practice in some Africa and Asia countries. The instructions to follow in order to write this paper are the following:

1-Review the Nurses Code of Ethics at: www.nursingworld.org
2-Review the ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses at: http://www.icn.ch/icncode.pdf.
3-View the video Razor's Edge and explore the web site at: www.irinnews.org/audiofiles/fgm_low.html (also e-mail material will be attached)

After post the following information:
1-explain the nurses role as a cultural broker (see material attached in e-mail for some guide)
2-describe two nursing interventions appropiate to apply to this situation. I will choose: educating the community (including males since it is a requisition for them to choose their wives)on the consequences and risks of this harmful practice and requesting the goverment support to prohibit this practice on septic/painful conditions and by untrained practitioners.
I also think that it can be done at an adult age that they can consent for it after sufficient information on consequences and risks were explained to them (this is in our code of ethics 1.4-The right to self determination otherwise it is a violation in my opinion of the human's rights. In reality I would like the complete erradication of this awful practice but since it can be consider a violation of the person's cultural traditions and values (cultural rights)but at the same time we as nurses have 4 fundamental responsibilities listed in the preamble of the Nurses Code of Ethics: which are: promote health; prevent illness; restore health; and alliviate suffering. After viewing the Razor's Edge film those responsibilities are violated with the performance of this practice.
-Reflect on your feeling as you viewed this video. It was a horrible and sad feeling for me, listening and watching to the crying of those litter girls. I recently had in my work an African female patient that apparently had this practice done before immigrating to Unite States. I was trying to place Foley Catheter before her surgery and it was so hard for me to find her urethra and it call my attention the external genitalia scars noticed and with no clitoris and minora or majora labia. I was wondering that day what type of surgery she had done there no listed in her surgery or medical history, but now after the experience of this movie and article review I'm wondering what about her psychological scars that we don't see?
-Last: how does the ICN Code and ANA Code of Ethics reflect our values as Register Nurses?

This paper shoul follow an APA STYLE that includes: Abstract, Introduction, Citations (limit to a minimun direct quotations, use your own words unless you mention exact nurses' codes, etc.), and References (use the one I recomended please).
Additional References:
-World journal of surgery 23, 1082-1087, 1999
-Goliath article on Female Genital Mutilation
There are faxes for this order.

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ANA Center for Ethics and Human Rights, The, (2009). Code of Ethics for Nurses With Interpretive Statements. Reviewed on July 7, 2009 at: http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#1.5.

International Council of Nurses (2006). The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses. Geneva, Switzerland. 1-9. Reviewed July 7, 2009 at: http://www.icn.ch/icncode.pdf.

IRIN (2009). Razor's Edge: The Controversy of Female Genital Mutilation. Film produced by www.irinnews.org/audiofiles/fgm_low.html

National Center for Cultural Competence (2009), Who is the cultural broker? Georgetown University Center for Child & Human Development, Washington, D.C. Reviewed July 9, 2009 at http://www11.georgetown.edu/research/gucchd/nccc/index.html.

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Title: Female Genital Mutilation

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1893
  • Sources:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: - From a sociological perspective describe the sociological, cultural and ethnocentric practices of Female Genital Mutilation.

- total of five (5) pages

- four (4) sources as reference

- APA citation format

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Ahlberg B. et al. (2000) Gender masked or self-inflicted pain: female circumcision, eradication and persistence in Central Kenya. African Sociological Review, 4, (1), 2000.pp. 35-54

Dzhantam W. (2005) Views on Female Circumcision: Rite of Passage or Violation of Rights. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.eportfolio.lagcc.cuny.edu/ePortfolios/Basic/dzhantam.warrenREV/resources/33521.doc

Genital Mutilation. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.answers.com/topic/genital-modification-and-mutilation


AND POLITICAL ISSUES AMONG THE SABINY OF UGANDA. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://web.txwesleyan.edu/sociology/horsfall/FGMPaper.html

Hosken F.P. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.feminist.com/resources/artspeech/inter/fgm.htm

Lee S. Female Genital Mutilation. Retrieved April 30, 2009, from http://www.blackwellreference.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405124331_chunk_g978140512433112_ss1-31

Mugenzi, Joan. (1998) "Killing Women's Sexuality." The New Vision. December 15,

White A. In Defense of Ethnocentrism: An Examination of Female Genital Mutilation

Retrieved April 30, 2009, from

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