Federal Laws Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Federal Laws College Essay Examples

Title: Resource Employee Handbook Grading Criteria Prepare a 1 050 word section employee handbook addressing issue workplace equity nondiscrimination a health care organization Consider questions What nondiscrimination issues addressed What organizations position response nondiscrimination issues How nondiscrimination policy limit organizations liability How nondiscrimination policy enhance employee morale professionalism How address state federal laws nondiscrimination handbook section What ethical considerations involved design section

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1175
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Resource: Employee Handbook Grading Criteria
Prepare a 1,050 word section of an employee handbook addressing the issue of workplace equity and nondiscrimination in a health care organization. Consider the following questions:

? What nondiscrimination issues must be addressed?
? What should the organization?s position be in response to nondiscrimination issues?
? How might your nondiscrimination policy limit the organization?s liability?
? How might your nondiscrimination policy enhance employee morale and professionalism?
? How must you address state and federal laws regarding nondiscrimination in your handbook section?
? What are some ethical considerations involved in the design of this section?

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Carrington, W.J., McCue, K., & Pierce, B. (2002). Nondiscrimination Rules and the Distribution of Fringe Benefits. Journal of Labor Economics, 20(S2), S5-S33.

Department's 1991 title II. (2010). ADA regulation. Retrieved from http://www.ada.gov/reg2.html.

Deslippe, D.A. (2004). "Do Whites Have Rights?": White Detroit Policemen and "Reverse Discrimination" Protests in the 1970s. The Journal of American History, 91(3), 932-960.

Liechty, J.M., & Anderson, E.A. (2007). Flexible Workplace Policies: Lessons from the Federal Alternative Work Schedules Act. Family Relations, 56(3), 304-317.

Lippert-Rasmussen, K. (2006). The Badness of Discrimination. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 9(2), 167-185.

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Title: Opening a Restaurant Legal Researach Paper

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 5551
  • Works Cited:14
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a legal research project for my Business Law MBA class. I am doing this research paper on becoming an entrepreneur of a restaurant. The questions that need to be researched and answered are:

What licenses need to be acquired for the food/beverage/service business? What are the local, state and federal laws surrounding this type of business? In what ways is a restaurant governed by Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code? What are some of the civil rights statutes that are applicable to a restaurant business?

Below are some specifics about the project:

1. Please use note format where a source is identified in the text by a number and the source is listed in the footnote of that page.

2. The resources must be from credible journals and databases. Please use lexisnexis and other credible databases for the resources.

3. We almost must show our research trail so please include where the information came from and the keywords you used to sort for the information.

4. I need to have the ability to print the resources and include in a binder so need to know where the information came from and how to get to it in order to print it.

5. Please try and find resources that are long in page numbers as these binders we are creating should be very thick.

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Works Cited:


Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964). Retrieved from Findlaw website:


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Title: summary organization anaylsis proposal of the police courts and corrections

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 2197
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: i just need u to do the proposal on the info i provided
Part 2 of the course project requires you to complete Study Section II of the Department of Justice study. The submission must include both Study Section I and II and should incorporate any revisions suggested by your instructor in Study Section I.

Study Section II: Based on the information gathered in Study Section I of the study, propose changes and improvements designed to address the organizational and administrative challenges of each component of the U.S. Justice System: the police, courts, and corrections. The recommendations made during this study section must include identifiable justifications that thoroughly explain how the changes will address any existing issues.

Deliverables and Format:
Submit your answer in a Word document in not more than ten pages. Your paper should be well organized and free of grammatical and spelling errors. It is recommended that you structure your paper according to the following outline:




Always cite any sources that you use.



Policing in the United States is highly decentralized, with thousands of individual local, tribal, state, and federal police agencies maintaining exclusive jurisdictional law enforcement authority as between different local agencies and shared jurisdictional authority as between local, state, and federal agencies (Schmalleger, 2009). Under the U.S. Constitution, Federal policing authority supersedes that of state police and under the constitutions of the individual states, state police authority supersedes that of local police agencies (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2007; Friedman, 2005; Schmalleger, 2009).
Organizational Structure
Generally, police agencies in the U.S. are hierarchically structured paramilitary organizations in which the chain of command mirrors that traditionally associated with national military organizational structure (Schmalleger, 2009). Federal police agencies operate under the authority and oversight of the U.S. Department of Justice headed by the U.S. Attorney General. State and local police agencies operate under the authority of the laws and constitutional provisions of the individual states and municipal governments in those states ((Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2007; Friedman, 2005; Schmalleger, 2009).

One of the most fundamental issues in contemporary American policing is the conflict between local laws and contradictory federal laws (Schmalleger, 2009). While there is no uncertainty with respect to the primacy of federal law wherever local laws are more permissive, the shared jurisdiction often leads to confusion and uncertainty about the specific conduct that is permitted and prohibited in a practical sense. A typical example of this problem includes situations where local laws in certain states expressly permit (and even license) medicinal marijuana sales but whose licensed dispensaries still susceptible to criminal enforcement nevertheless by federal law enforcement authorities (Schmalleger, 2009).
In the U.S., the respective authority of individual courts mirrors that of policing agencies to a great degree. Local, municipal, and state courts share jurisdiction over many types of cases, and federal courts hear cases filed in the individual states over federal issues (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009). State supreme courts resolve appeals of lower state and local court decisions and federal district courts hear cases appealed from lower federal court decisions (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009). The U.S. Supreme Court has the authority to hear any cases appealed from the highest state and federal courts (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2007).
Organizational Structure
Local and municipal courts hear certain types of cases filed by residents of those jurisdictions while state courts hear other types of cases (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009). State supreme courts (or state courts of appeal) resolve cases appealed from lower courts in the state. Federal district courts in the appropriate district hear cases appealing decisions of federal courts, and the U.S. Supreme Court has the authority to hear any cases appealed from federal district court decisions (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009).
Some of the most significant contemporary issues in the American court system have to do with issues such as mandatory penal sentencing guidelines that restrict the authority and learned judgment of federal judges, state “three-strikes” laws that may result in life sentences for conviction of relatively minor crimes in some situations, and over-prosecution of certain victimless crimes that result in overcrowded penal institutions and the inability to house some convicted criminals who may pose legitimate threats to public safety and welfare (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009).

Generally, municipal and city jails house prisoners convicted of misdemeanors in the individual states; state prisons house prisoners serving sentences in excess of one year in connection with felony convictions in the individual states; and federal penitentiaries house criminals serving federal sentences after conviction for violating federal criminal laws ((Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2007; Schmalleger, 2009).

Organizational Structure
Generally, cities and local municipalities maintain jails in their jurisdictions while state corrections agencies administrate state penal systems and institutions located within individual states (Schmalleger, 2009). The federal penal system operates independently of state and local corrections and maintains corrections facilities throughout the country (Schmalleger, 2009).

One of the most important contemporary issues facing the American corrections system include is the tremendous problem of overcrowding that is associated with compromised safety and welfare of the penal population and that often results in excessively liberal sentencing (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009). Another important problem is the issue of prison privatization in connection with the takeover of penal facility administration by private for-profit organizations. That is especially true in light of the concept of political lobbying by private industries with the capacity to change laws that ultimately have financial benefits for the lobbying industries whose revenue is directly dependent on maintaining high numbers of criminal convictions leading to incarceration (Dershowitz, 2002; Schmalleger, 2009).

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Western, B., Pettit, B. (2002). Beyond Crime and Punishment: Prisons and Inequality. Contexts 1:37 -- 43.

Wilkinson, D. (2006). The Ambiguity Advantage: What great leaders are great at. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Xu, J., Kochanek, K.D., Murphy, S., and Tejada-Vera, B. (2010). Deaths: Final Data for 2007. National Vital Statistics Reports. 58(19), 1-51. Retrieved on November 30, 2010 from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr58/nvsr58_01.pdf

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Title: Legal Issues in Hydraulic Fracturing

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2330
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This paper is primarily a report. The report portion should be objective and unbiased. The final section is an opinion section where you may include your own ideas on the subject.

To understand the legal and environmental issues raised by hydraulic fracturing. To determine what you believe is the most important environmental issue.

To be able to distinguish state and federal laws and regulations; to become familiar with proposed federal laws; to be able to compare and contrast state law approaches; to examine at least one other country's laws and regulations on the issue; to understand the scope of a recent executive order on hydraulic fracturing.

To understand the place of hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas as that relates to U.S. energy needs.

To form and state your own informed opinion on what hydraulic fracturing laws and regulations should be put in place; to explain with clear reasoning and supporting evidence why you think such laws are necessary.

Your final paper should address each of these objectives. The report should include a discussion of the legal and environmental issues raised by hydraulic fracturing, including what you believe to be the most important issue; it should contain a discussion of federal and state regulations that address hydraulic fracturing. It should compare the varying approaches of at least two states. It should compare U.S. and foreign approaches to hydraulic fracturing regulation. It should address the scope of the president's executive order on hydraulic fracturing (see Doc Sharing).

It should discuss the place of hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas in meeting U.S. energy needs; it should discuss economic impact (could be local, regional, or national) It should conclude with your own informed opinion on what hydraulic fracturing laws and regulations should be put in place, supported with clear reasoning and relevant facts.

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MS Word document, 7?8 pages in length, double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman, 1-inch margins, APA style.

Include a cover page, table of contents, body of the report, summary or conclusion, and works cited.

Check your work for spelling and grammar. Carefully proofread your paper for spelling and grammar and double check all citations for accuracy. Be sure you have correctly cited all references.

In addition to citing to any of the material which is supplied for the weekly deliverables or which is placed for your use in Doc Sharing or placed for your use in the Webliography, you must cite to at least four sources which are the product of your own research. All sources should be listed on the last page titled Works Cited.

Avoid plagiarism. Carefully review and comply with DeVry's Academic Integrity Policy.

If it is possible can you also use the information from the three previous paper on Hydraulic Fracturing in this paper. if needed will provide the order numbers to you. I will also provide the executive order regarding this issue and will upload it in a couple of minutes.

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Works Cited

Environmental Protection Agency. (2012). The Process of Hydraulic Fracturing. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from http://www.epa.gov.

European Union. (2012). Statement on the use of hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") in the European Union. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from http://ec.europa.eu.

Federal Register. (2012). Executive order 13605 / Supporting Safe and Responsible

Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources. 77(74).

Mishak, Michael J. (2013). While California considers fracking rules, legal battles flare elsewhere. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from http://latimesblogs.latimes.com.

The Chemical Engineer. (2011). DOE advisors call for tougher fracking laws. 843(14), p. 14.

Spence, David B. (2013). Federalism, Regulatory Lags, and the Political Economy of Energy

Production. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 161, 431-508.

Willie, Matt. (2011). Hydraulic Fracturing and "Spotty" Regulation: Why the Federal

Government Should Let States Control Unconventional Onshore Drilling. Brigham Young

University Law Review, Issue 5, 1743-1781.

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