Federal Budget Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Federal Budget College Essay Examples

Title: Federal Budget Process

  • Total Pages: 13
  • Words: 5171
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Current Federal Budget Process, in APA format. At least 7 sources cited. Layout is introduction, body, summary/conclusion. More of a overall paper on the process that would allow a normal person to understand it.

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Anderson, Annelise. (23 June, 1995) "Bringing Accountability to the Budget Process. Public Policy Conference Rebuilding America's Foundation: Prosperity, Personal Freedom, and Private Enterprise" Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Retrieved at http://www.stanford.edu/~andrsn/dallas.html. Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Coven, Martha; Kogan, Richard. (August 1, 2003) "Introduction to the Federal Budget Process" Retrieved at http://www.cbpp.org/3-7-03bud.htm. Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Davis, Al. (1 October, 1999) "Budget Process Federal" The Encyclopedia of Taxation and Tax Policy. Retrieved at http://www.urban.org/Template.cfm?NavMenuID=24&template=/TaggedContent/ViewPublication.cfm&PublicationID=8508Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Heniff, Bill. (9 June, 1998) "Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process" Retrieved at http://www.house.gov/rules/98-560.htm. Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Holtz-Eakin, Douglas. (March 23, 2004) "Reforming the Federal Budget Process before the Subcommittee on Legislative and Budget Process Committee on Rules U.S. House of Representatives" CBO Testimony. Retrieved at http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=5220&sequence=0Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Keith, Robert. (13 November, 1996) "A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process" Retrieved at http://www.house.gov/rules/96-912.htm. Accessed on 30 October, 2004

Reischauer, Robert. D. (July 19, 2001) "Federal Budget Process Structural Reform" Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Budget. Retrieved at http://www.urban.org/Template.cfm?NavMenuID=24&template=/TaggedContent/ViewPublication.cfm&PublicationID=7324Accessed on 30 October, 2004

The Federal Budget Process-Resolution, Reconciliation, Authorizations, and Appropriations" Retrieved at http://www.raa.org/whoweare/legis/The%20Federal%20Budget%20Process.htm. Accessed on 30 October, 2004

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Title: Current Federal Budget

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1242
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Five page text on the Current Federal Budget, plus reference and cover page. Margins must be 1" on all sides with 12 point courier or courier new. Double spaced. Please ensure there are numbers used since it's an economics course. Support opinions with facts, data and analysis. Must have at least five different references. Must properly cite in the text, the sources for the facts and data.

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Budget of the United States Government, FY 2004. "Analytical Perspectives," printed by the Government Printing Office

Budget of the United States Government, FY 2006. "Overview of the President's 2006 Budget," Accessed 9/20/05 at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2006/overview.html

Cashell, Brian, 2005. "The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit," Congressional Research Service Report to Congress. Accessed online 9/20/05 at http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:a7pu_QdPGi0J:www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL31235.pdf+federal+budget+economics&hl=en&start=3

Cogan, John, 1991. "Federal Budget," in The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, Library of Economics and Liberty. Accessed online 9/20/05 at http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/FederalBudget.html.

Kotlikoff, Laurence, 1993. "Federal Deficit," in The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, Library of Economics and Liberty. Accessed online 9/20/05 at http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/FederalDeficit.html

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Title: Review of Revenue Estimates: Underestimation of Revenues

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3322
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Unit VII Assignment
Review of Revenue

This activity will require you to access at least a portion of the federal budget (Homeland Security ??" ICE) as well as a state(Florida), local(Dade County) and an agency budget(City of Miami Police Department). This can be done online. However, your references should be carefully cited. This activity takes the place of a final examination for the course, so the effort and detail must demonstrate mastery of the concepts taught in this course. This paper should address the breadth, depth, and application of revenue estimation and various formats of budgets used in public budgeting. It must be at least 15 pages in length.

1. Include a basic description of each budget.
2. Identify the differences and similarities of each budget.
3. What accounts for the major sources of revenue for each?
4. How are the revenue amounts expected to change in the future?
5. How does the budget fit with the mission of each domain?
6. How can the budget be improved and revenue estimation be accurately accessed at each level?

Use the APA format in writing course papers. Therefore, the APA rules for formatting, quoting, paraphrasing, citing, and listing of sources are to be followed. Your paper must contain at least five references, and may include Internet sources, books, and professional journals or resources related to the profession.

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CBO. (2012). The Proposed Homeland Security Budget for 2013. Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.cbo.gov/publication/43520

City of South Miami. (2014). City of Pleasant Living: Ordinance 24-13-2171. City of South Miami. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.southmiamifl.gov/DocumentCenter/View/273

Department of Treasury and Finance. (2006). Review of Revenue Forecasting. Government of Western Australia. Retrieved 27 June 2014 from http://www.treasury.wa.gov.au/cms/uploadedFiles/review_revenue_forecasting_march2006.pdf

DHS. (2013). FY 2013 Budget-in-Brief. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/mgmt/dhs-budget-in-brief-fy2013.pdf

FCFEP. (2010). Primer on the Florida State Budget and Tax System. Florida Center for Fiscal and Economic Policy. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.fcfep.org/attachments/20100630 -- Primer.pdf

Florida Revenue Estimating Conference. (2010). Florida Tax Handbook Including Fiscal Impact of Potential Changes. Florida Revenue Estimating Conference. Retrieved 27 June 2014 from http://edr.state.fl.us/Content/revenues/reports/tax-handbook/taxhandbook2010.pdf

Klay, W.E. (1992). Revenue Forecasting: A Learning Perspective. In J. Rabin (Ed.), Handbook of Public Budgeting (pp.211-240). New York: Marcel Dekker.

Miami-Dade. (n.d.). FY 2013-14 Proposed Budget and Multi-Year Capital Plan. Miami-Dade. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.miamidade.gov/budget/library/FY2013-14/proposed/volume1/proposed-budget.pdf

Morgan, D.F., Green, R., Shinn, C.W. & Robinson, K.S. (2008). Foundations of Public Service. New York M.E. Sharpe.

National Immigration Forum. (2012). The President's FY 2013 Budget: Department of Homeland Security. National Immigration Forum. Retrieved 3 June 2014 from http://www.immigrationforum.org/images/uploads/2012/dhs_fy_2013_budget_summary.pdf

OIG. (2011). The State of Florida's Management of State Homeland Security Program and Urban Areas Security Initiative Grants Awarded during Fiscal Years 2007 to 2009. Department of Homeland security, Office of Inspector General. Retrieved 27 June 2014 from http://www.oig.dhs.gov/assets/Mgmt/OIG_12-13_Nov11.pdf

Pew/Rockefeller Institute. (2011). States' Revenue Estimating: Cracks in the Crystal Ball. 2011 Report by the Pew Center on the States and the Rockefeller Institute of the Government. Retrieved 27 June 2014 from http://www.rockinst.org/pdf/government_finance/2011-03-01-States_Revenue_Estimating_Report.pdf

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Title: The Role Government The Federal Government Fiscal Policy Case Assignment Resources The U.S. Government Printing Office Published a A Citizen's Guide The Federal Bugdet While recent years information federal budget

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 930
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The Role of Government: The Federal Government and Fiscal Policy
Case Assignment Resources:

The U.S. Government Printing Office Published a "A Citizen's Guide to The Federal Bugdet." While this is not available for more recent years, it has some useful information about the federal budget.

GPO Access: Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget: Fiscal Year 2001. Retrieved February 17, 2011from: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy01/guidetoc.html

For more recent data, the New York Times has an interactive on President Obama's 2011 Budget Proposal and includes information on the 2010 budget:

New York Times: Obama?s 2011 Budget Proposal: How It?s Spent. Retrieved on February 17, 2011 from: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/02/01/us/budget.html

Another good reference with more recent data:

Center of Budget and Policy Priorities. Policy Basics: Where do Our Federal Tax dollars go? Retrieved February 17, 2011 from: http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=1258

Please address the following questions in a 3 page essay.

1. In your own words, summarize the United States Budget. What is the largest source of revenue for the U.S. government? What is the largest expenditure for the U.S.? Do you think these budget priorities are correct? Explain.

2. Use Chart 1-2 from the Citizen's Guide to respond to the following: In 1998, or the last year charted, which of the industrialized nations allocated the smallest share of its GDP to government spending (federal, state, and local combined)? Which industrialized nation allocated the highest percentage of GDP to government spending?

3. Clink on this interestic graphic of the U.S. GDP Growth Rate:

U.S. GDP Growth Rate. Retrieved February 17, 2011 from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/economics/gdp-growth.aspx?Symbol=USD

Assume you are an advisor to President Obama. How is a recession defined? Is the U.S. currently in a recession? What specfic policy tools could be used to stimulate the economy?

4. Finally, one of the greatest debates in economics is between Keynesian Economists who believe that government intervention is necessary to restore the economy to its potential GDP while Classical Economists believe the market will correct itself. There are many resources on this topic from the internet including:

Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Major Schools of Economic Theory: Keynesian School. Retreived February 17, 2011 from: www.frbsf.org/publications/education/greateconomists/grtschls.html#A8

Yergin, Daniel and J. Stanislaw. (1998) "The Chicago School" Excerpt from Commanding Heights pp. 145-149. Retreived February 17, 2011 from: www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/pdf/ess_chicagoschool.pdf

Do you think there are certain economic crises that require government intervention (i.e Great Depression, Auto Industry failure, etc.)? Why or why not? (There is no right or wrong answer, but be sure to support your ideas.)

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1. Recession (2010). InvestorWords. Retrieved July 23, 2011 from http://www.investorwords.com/4086/recession.html.

2. Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget (2008). GPO Access. Retrieved July 23, 2011 from http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy01/guide01.html#Chart1-2.

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