Fallacy Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Fallacy College Essay Examples

Title: Fallacy Summary and Application Paper

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1296
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Fallacy Summary and Application Paper.
Select three logical fallacies.. Prepare a 1000+ word APA paper, define three fallacies, explain its significance to Critical Thinking, and discuss its general application to Decision Making.
Using various sources (Internet, magazines) find organizational examples that illustrate each one of your chosen fallacies. Be sure to use and cite at least four different references in your paper



List of Logical Fallacies (Select 3 from list)

1.Ad hominem or ATTACKING THE PERSON.
2.Ad ignorantium or APPEAL TO IGNORANCE.
3.Ad verecuniam or APPEAL TO AUTHORITY.
4.AFFIRMING THE CONSEQUENT.
5.AMPHIBOLY.
6.APPEAL TO EMOTION.
7.ARGUMENT FROM ANALOGY or FALSE ANALOGY.
8.BEGGING THE QUESTION.
9.BLACK AND WHITE FALLACY or SLIPPERY SLOPE.
10.COMMON BELIEF.
11.PAST BELIEF. A form of the COMMON BELIEF fallacy.
12.CONTRARY TO FACT HYPOTHESIS.
13.DENYING THE ANTECEDENT.
14.DIVISION.
15.FALSE DILEMMA
16.EQUIVOCATION.
17.FAR-FETCHED HYPOTHESIS.
18.HASTY GENERALIZATION.
19.POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC.
20.INCONSISTENCY.
21.NON SEQUITUR.
22.QUESTIONABLE CAUSE.
23.RED HERRING.
24.SLANTING.
25.STRAW MAN.
26.TWO WRONGS MAKE A RIGHT.

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Baarsma, W. (2002). Shafer v. South Carolina: Another missed opportunity to remove juror ignorance as a factor in capital sentencing. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 93(1), 23.

Entine, J. (2001, September). The straw man of 'race.' World and I, 16(9), 294.

Hutchenson, M. (2006). AP English Language Definitions. Retrieved July 4, 2006 at http://annahutcheson.tripod.com/id8.html.

Miller, M., & Wright, R. (2002). The screening/bargaining tradeoff. Stanford Law Review, 55(1), 29.

Spiro T. Agnew. (2006). Rotten.com Library. Retrieved July 4, 2006 at http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/usa/spiro-t-agnew/.

Walton, D.N. (1989). Question-reply argumentation. New York: Greenwood Press.

2004). Relevance in argumentation. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Title: Critical Thinking Paper

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1316
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Fallacy Summary and Application Paper for Critical Thinking Essay

Use the three logical fallacies I have provided in this summary. Prepare a 1,050-1,400-word paper, in which you define each of the three fallacies, explain its significance to Critical Thinking, and discuss its general application to Decision Making. Using various sources (Internet, magazines, trade journals, etc.) find organizational examples that illustrate each one of your chosen fallacies. Be sure to use and cite at least four different references in your paper.

Fallacies below: Use three of the four of these fallacy statements as directed above:

1.Millions of innocent people died in Stalin's ruthless ideological purges. Clearly, Stalin was one of the most brutal dictators of the twentieth century. :Ad Hominem fallacy

2.You can't blame Clinton for being unfaithful to his wife. Many presidents have had extra marital affairs. :Two wrongs make a right fallacy

3.President Kennedy to Soviet Premier Kruschchev: If you don't remove your nuclear missiles from Cuba, then we will have no choice but to remvove them by force. If we use force to remove the missiles, that may provoke an all-out nuclear war. Neither of us wants an all-out nuclear war. Therefore, you should remove your missiles from Cuba. :Appeal to Force Fallacy

4.Pete has argued that the New York Yankees are a better baseball team than the Atlanta Braves. But the Braves aren't a bad team. They have a great pitching staff, and they consistently finish at or near the top of their division. Obviously, Pete doesn't know what he's talking about. :Straw man Fallacy

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Blair, J.A., Grootendorst, R.F., Henkemans, F.S., Johnson, R.H., Krabbe, E.C.W., Plantin,

C.H., Van Eemeren, F.H., Walton, D.N., Willard, C.A., Woods, J.A., Zarefsky, D.F. (1996). Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory: A Handbook of Historical Backgrounds and Contemporary Developments. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cohen, E. (2004, January). Arthur Anderson refugees reflect on what went wrong. Notre Dame Magazine. Retrieved Nov. 23, 2004: http://www.nd.edu/~ndmag/w0304/ander.html

Halpern, D.F. (1996). Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking.

Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Matzan, J. (2004, November 18). Commentary: Linux is not Red Hat, and other Sun-isms debunked. News Force: The Online Newspaper for Linux and Open Source. Retrieved Nov. 23, 2004: http://www.newsforge.com/article.pl?sid=04/11/18/1540233

PTI. (2004, August 28). ICC to be ruthless against ambush marketing. Thatscricket.com

Retrieved Nov. 23, 2004: http://www.thatscricket.com/2004/odi_series/icc/2808ambush.html

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Title: Critical Thinking

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1349
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Fallacy Summary and Application Paper.

Select three logical fallacies from your readings. Prepare a 1,050-1,400-word paper, in which you define each of the three fallacies, explain its significance to Critical Thinking, and discuss its general application to Decision Making. Using various sources (Internet, magazines, trade journals, etc.) find organizational examples that illustrate each one of your chosen fallacies. Be sure to use and cite at least four different references in your paper.

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Ess, Dr. Charles. (1987). Questionable Analogy. A Database of Informal Fallacies. Retrieved July 8, 2004: http://www.drury.edu/ess/Logic/Informal/Questionable_Analogy.html

Ess, Dr. Charles. (1987). Questionable Analogy. A Database of Informal Fallacies. Retrieved July 8, 2004: http://www.drury.edu/ess/Logic/Informal/Slippery_Slope.html

Facione, P.A. (1998). Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts. Texas Collaborative for Teaching Excellence. Retrieved July 8, 2004: http://www.calpress.com/pdf_files/what&why.pdf

Garlikov, R. "The Slippery Slope Argument." Retrieved July 8, 2004:

http://www.garlikov.com/philosophy/slope.htm

Gumble, P., & Turner, R. (1994, March 10). Mouse Trap: Fans Like Euro Disney But Its

Parents Goofs Weigh the Park Down. The Wall Street Journal. P.A1. para 7.

Moore, B. Fallacies. Arkansas State University. Retrieved July 8, 2004:

http://www.clt.astate.edu/composition/fallacies.htm

O'Rourke, M. (2001, August 18). UI Critical Thinking Handbook. University of Idaho.

Retrieved July 8, 2004: http://www.class.uidaho.edu/crit_think/Chapter-Seven-1.htm

UNB. QuickNotes on Common Fallacies: A Baker's Dozen. University of New Brunswick.

Accessed July 8, 2004: http://www.unb.ca/extend/wss/fallacytxt.htm

UNC. (2001). Fallacies; Mistakes in the Logic of Arguments. University of North Carolina.

Retrieved July 8, 2004: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/fallacies.htm

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Title: Fallacies in Fredrick Douglass speech The Hypocrisy of American Slavery

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1102
  • Bibliography:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Describe three fallacies used in Fredrick Douglass' speech "The Hypocrisy of American Slavery."
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the terminology of fallacy and how it is used in the argument.
Consider the language of fallacy and how it is used in argument.

These are the terms we were given to choose from: Poisoning the well, Circular reasoning, slippery slope, Ad Hominem, Straw man fallacy, Flashy generalization, single cause-effect, false authority, Bandwagon Thinking, Appeal to, genetic fallacy, hasty generalization, false dilemma, red herring, oversimplification, pious fraud
To the definitions of these terminologies of fallacies use: http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/


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Douglass, F. (1852, July 4). The Hypocrisy of American Slavery. Retrieved February 20, 2012

from the History Place website: http://www.historyplace.com/speeches/douglass.htm

The Nizkor Project. (2011). Description of ad hominem. Retrieved February 20, 2012 from http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/ad-hominem.html

The Nizkor Project. (2011). Description of appeal to belief. Retrieved February 20, 2012 from http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/appeal-to-belief.html

The Nizkor Project. (2011). Description of begging the question. Retrieved February 20, 2012

from http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/begging-the-question.html

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