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Instructions for Exam College Essay Examples

Title: groundwater and hydrology

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 4470
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: examination of the occurrence of ground water, properties and classification of water bearing formations as it applies to civil engineering. also touch on sub topics of "Darcy's law", measures of water quatity, utilization of groundwater, permability, and water level measurements.

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References

Barringer, T.A; Dunn, D; Battaglin, W; Vowinkel, E.F. (1990) "Problems and Methods involved in Relating Land Use to Ground-Water Quality" Water-Resources Bulletin. Volume: 26; No: 1; pp: 1-9.

Cesare, Dosi. (2001) "Agricultural Use of Groundwater: Towards Integration between Agricultural Policy and Water Resources Management" Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht

Freeze, R. A; Cherry, J.A. (1979) "Groundwater" Prentice Hall, Inc.

Hubbert, M.K. (1956) "Darcy's Law and the Field Equations of the Flow of Underground Fluids" AIME Transact. Volume: 207. pp: 222-239

Meigs, Lucy C; Bahr, Jean M. (1995) "Three-Dimensional Groundwater Flow near Narrow Surface Water Bodies" Water Resources Research. Volume: 31. No. 12. pp. 299-307.

Moench, A.F. (2004) "Comment on Aquifer Parameter Identification Using the Extended Kalman filter" Water Resources Research. Volume: 40. No. 4; pp.141-153

Thomas, H.E. (1951) "The Conservation of Groundwater" McGraw-Hill: New York.

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Title: World Order Soft Power Non State Actors Marxism and Constructivism Future Hypothetical System

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2144
  • Bibliography:9
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Exam
In this exam you are asked to think critically and analytically about globalization, “soft power,” NGOs, and world order. You are also asked to relate the concept of world order to both Marxism and constructivism. You will be graded on the quality of your reasoning, clarity of expression, and ability to apply international relations theory to historical cases and abstract scenarios. There are six parts to the exam. You must answer all parts of a question to receive full credit for that section.

Soft Power (1.5 Pages)
What is “soft power”? How do proponents of using “soft power” argue that the U.S. should address the increasing economic and military growth of China? Does “soft power” represent the U.S.’ best “big picture” foreign policy strategy over the next several decades?

Sources: Soft Power
? Joseph S. Nye, “The Changing Nature of Power.”
? Richard N. Haass, “The Age of Nonpolarity.”

Non-State Actors (1.5-2 Pages)
Non-government organizations (NGOs) and private military and security companies (PMSCs) each receive funding from different types of sources. Explain the different sources and types of financial support these groups receive. How is the source of their funds likely to influence their behavior? In general, are the services that these types of non-state organizations provide superior to the level of service that could be provided by governments?

Sources :
Notes:
NGOs
? Michael Barnett, “Humanitarianism Transformed.”
Private Military and Security Companies
? Peter Singer, “Corporate Warriors.”
? Allison Stanger and Mark Williams, “Benefits and Costs of Outsourcing Security.”

Marxism and Constructivism (2 Pages)
Marxism and constructivism present a critique of current world order and a vision of alternate global orders. Describe the critique that constructivism makes of realism and balance orders. Is this a valid criticism? Why or why not? Describe the appraisal that Marxism makes of liberal, “consent” based world order. Is this a valid condemnation? Why or why not? Finally, are the alternative world orders presented by these theories realistic? Explain?'

Marxism and World-Systems Theory
? William I. Robinson, “Gramsci and Globalization.”
? Walter L. Goldfrank, “The Rules of Wallerstein’s World-Systems Method.”
Constructivism
? Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth, “Constructivism and the Constraint of Legitimacy.” Chapter 6 in World Out of Balance
? Alexander Wendt, “Why a World State is Inevitable.”
Earth in 2113 (1.5 pages)
Welcome to Earth in 2113! Some features of this hypothetical future are better than things are today: war between states has not occurred for over a century, intrastate violence is also relatively rare, global economic growth has lifted billions of people out of poverty, over 95 percent of states are democratic (however China is still not a democracy). Unfortunately, humankind still faces severe challenges: global warming is occurring and there is no way to alter its harmful effects in the short-term, the global population is 12 billion and growing, and a recent global flu pandemic that originated in Turkmenistan has killed millions in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia.
In this global system, power is distributed between 6 major actors and their power can be expressed by a single number.
U.S. = 30; India = 20; China = 50; Corporation X = 15; Corporation Y = 15; NGO Z = 10
What type of system is this? What type of order will emerge from this system? Why? Based on the order that emerges, what are the chances that the major challenges faced by humanity can be addressed?

Source:
Richard N. Haass, “The Age of Nonpolarity.”
Christopher Layne, “The End of Pax Americana.” Available at the following link: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/04/the-end-of-pax-americana-how-western-decline-became-inevitable/256388/?single_page=true

Citations: If you quote an author directly, you must use quotation marks around his/her words and footnote the quotation (including the page number). Do not use block quotes (long quotations) in your paper. Quotes should be no more than 2 lines and there should be no more than 4 direct quotations in your paper. If you paraphrase another author’s words or use an idea or argument that another author has made, you must use a footnote. In general, paraphrasing is a bad idea and risks becoming plagiarism.

You do not have to use ALL the citations just make sure you answer EACH QUESTION CLEARLY and provide reasoning for your answers based on empirical data or citation
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Cox, R.W. (1983).'Gramsci, Hegemony, and International Relations: An Essay in Method'.

Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 12/2, 162 -- 175.

Embong, A.R. (2001). 'Globalisation and Transnational Class Relations: Some Problems of Conceptualization'. Mittelman and Othman: 92 -- 106.

Grieco, M. (1988).Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest

Liberal Institutionalism, International Organization, Vol. 42, No. 3 pp. 485-507

Held, D. & McGrew, A. (1998). The End of the Old Older? Globalization and the Prospects for World Order, Review of International Studies, Vol. 24, The Eighty Years' Crisis 1919-

1999 (Dec., pp. 219-243

Nye, J. (1991). Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power, Political science:

International relations, New York: Basic Books.

Rupert, M. 2000. Ideologies of Globalisation: Contending Visions of a New World Order.

London: Routledge.

Tilly, C. (1990). Coercion, Capital, and European States: AD990-1990. Cambridge MA:

Blackwell.

Wight, M. (1973). "The Balance of Power and International Order," in Alan James, ed. The

Bases of International Order. London: Oxford University Press.

William, I. (2005): Gramsci and Globalisation: From Nation-State to Transnational Hegemony,

Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 8:4, 559-574

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Title: African American History

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2277
  • Sources:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Exam:
Answer the following questions with an response of about 500 words per question in APA format, providing a bibliography used of all sources. These essays each require at least two significant outside sources (that is, apart from assigned texts such as scholary atricles, books, very developed scholarly web sites). You must properly cite all your sources. These essays must follow APA guidelines for style.



1. During the early years of the British colonies in North America, people of African descent occupied a number of social positions, and slavery was not fully codified in law. However, by the early 1700s, racial slavery was legally established, and the vast majority of the rapidly growing African population was permanently enslaved. Explain how and why this "terrible transformation" took place – including both the worldwide and local factors --and analyze the main social and economic roles that enslaved black people played by the mid-eighteenth century.



2. Evaluate the main forms that slave resistance took, analyze the historical forces behind this resistance, and explain its main effects.



3. Explain why slavery was questioned widely during the Revolutionary period, and why the northern and southern history of the institution diverged so greatly after the Revolution.



4. From the early colonial period to the Civil War, enslaved people -- who were descended from many African nationalities and ethnicities – managed to construct a broadly common culture and ethnic identity of their own. Explain how they did this, what cultural resources they drew on, and what the main forms of this culture were; evaluate the importance of the emergence of African American culture under slavery to the history of African Americans and to the US in general.



5. It is widely believed that, from the Northern point of view, the Civil War was a war to end slavery, but in fact the initial war goals of the Union was to force the secessionist states back even with slavery intact. Explain why the North failed initially to advocate the destruction of slavery. And explain why and how this changed—why and how the Civil War did in fact became a war to abolish slavery.

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Davis, D. (1999). The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Genovese, E. (1976). Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (New York: Vintage).

Horton, J., and Horton, L. (2005). Slavery and the Making of America (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Johnson, C., and Smith, P. (1999). Africans in America: America's Journey Through Slavery (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt).

Johnson, M. (2000). Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War (London: Bedford/St. Martin's).

Kelley, R., and Lewis, E. (2005). To Make Our World Anew: Volume I: A History of African-Americans to 1880 (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Manning, C. (2008). What This Cruel War Was Over: Soldiers, Slavery, and the Civil War (New York: Vintage)

MacLeod, D. (1975). Slavery, Race and the American Revolution (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press).

Morgan, P. (1998). Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry (Chapel Hill: NC; University of North Carolina).

Rodriguez, J. (2006) Encyclopedia of Slave Resistance and Rebellion: Greenwood Milestones in African-American History (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press).

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Title: US Foreign Affairs Since 1898

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3090
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Exam:
Answer the following questions with an response of about 500 words per question in APA format, providing a bibliography used of all sources. Each question should use at least two references.

1- Explain the origins of the containment policy after World War II? Also, explain the reasons for the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union?

2-What happened during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and why is it an important case of Cold War confrontation?

3-Explain how the United States got involved in Vietnam, and how did the United States end its role in Indochina?

4-Power discusses several issues of human rights and genocide since the 1970s. Select one of these issues---Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, or Kosovo, and explain what policies the United States pursued and the limitations of American and other outside actions.

5-What were the major foreign policy issues of the 1950s? Justify your response by addressing the significance of each. (Do not just list them).

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An overview of the crisis. (1997). The Cuban Missile Crisis. Crisis Center. Thinkquest.

Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://library.thinkquest.org/11046/days/index.html

The Berlin Airlift. (2010). Cold War Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.coldwar.org/articles/40s/berlin_airlift.asp

Chang, Laurence & Peter Kornbluh. (1998). A national security archive documents reader.

Foreword by Robert S. McNamara, 2nd Edition, New York: The New Press, 1998.

Retrieved from George Washington University on January 1, 2009 at http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/declass.htm

Danner, Mark. (1997, December 4). America and the Bosnia genocide. The New York Review

of Books, 44.19. America and the Bosnia Genocide

http://www.nybooks.com/articles/989

Kagan, Robert. (1997). Clinton and Cohen in Bosnia: Senseless boredom. Carnegie Endowment

for Peace. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=265

The Rosenberg Trial. (2009). Cold War Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/TheRosenbergTrial.asp

Staten, Cliff. (2005, July 30). U.S. foreign policy since World War II. University of North

Carolina. American Diplomacy Publishers. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2005/0709/stat/staten_reality.html

Sputnik. (2009). Cold War Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/sputnik.asp

World War II and the Cold War. (2009). Fresno School District. Social Science.

Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/history/wwii.cold_war.htm

Why did the U.S. get involved in Vietnam? (2009). BBC School History. GCSE Review.

Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/britishworld/vietnam/getinvolved.pdf

Zelizer, Julian E. (2007, February 19). How Congress got us out of Vietnam. The American

Prospect. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?article=how_congress_got_us_out_of_vietnam

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