Mothers can prevent a child from suffering by aborting fetuses that would be born with Down syndrome or inherited disorders. And, people who carry the Tay- Sachs mutation can avoid marrying each other through blood testing. The use of personal eugenics if for a cosmetic purpose is perhaps more controversial, but once again it's really the parent's decision. As Ridley points out, women can choose to abort their child if they want to, so why shouldn't they be allowed to have the kind of child that they want?
Eugenics' bad rap stems from societal genetics. Many of its advocates were socialists, who saw eugenics as a means to achieve state planning of reproduction. But, unfortunately, policies turned into a human-rights catastrophe: the rejection of many immigrants, the sterilization of many people whose only crime was to have below-average intelligence, and eventually, in Germany, the extermination of millions of people. Societal genetics are impossible to prevent because of the social norms and harsh governments that exist in many countries. Ridley appears to be too optimistic on this topic, stating that China is the only country that still preaches eugenics for the good of society. However, as population levels swell, poor and desperate countries could easily be inclined to turn to societal eugenics as a solution. Other countries can exert only so much influence on foreign governments and it's easy to imagine the unconstrained increase in societal eugenics, particularly as technology advances make it easier to implement.
Ridley, Matt. "The New Eugenics: Better Than the Old." National Review 31 July 2000.
Abraham, Carolyn. "Unnatural Selection: Is Evolving Reproductive Technology Ushering in a New Age of Eugenics?" The Globe and Mail, 7 January 2012.
Appel, Jacob M. "Toward an Ethical Eugenics: The Case for Mandatory Preimplantation Genetic Selection." JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14:1, 2012, 7-14.
Gattaca. Dir. Andre Niccol. Perf. Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, Jude Law. Columbia, 1997. Film.
King, David S. "Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and the 'New' Eugenics." Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 1999, 176 -- ?182
Smith, Wesley J. "Love is the Antidote to Prenatal Eugenic Cleansing." First Things (website). July 27, 2012.
http://www.firstthings.com/onthesquare/2012/07/love--?is--?the--?antidote--?to--?prenatal--?eugenic -- ?cleansing
Savulescu, Julian. "It's Our Duty to Have Designer Babies." Reader's Digest UK, September 2012.
Anca-Strauss, Andreea. "Challenging Coercive Sterilizations of Romani Women in the Czech Republic." European Roma Rights Center, 2005. Web.
Kinoti, Kathambi. "Forced Sterilization of Roma Women." Association of Women's
Rights in Development, 2003. Web.
Stojaspal, Jan. "Against Their Will." Time Magazine, 2003, 2 February. Web.
American Memory, The Library of Congress, "Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929." Available at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/coolhtml/ccpres00.html.
Dolan DNA Learning Center, Cold Spring Harbor, "Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement." Available at http://www.eugenicsarchive.org/eugenics/.
Eugenics." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002. Microsoft Inc. 1998.
John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising, and Marketing History, & the Library of Congress, "Emergence of Advertising in America, 1850-1920 and Timeline." Available at http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/eaa/timeline.html.
Tomes, N. "Epidemic Entertainments: Disease and Popular Culture in Early-Twentieth-Century America."