Total Pages: 5 Words: 1600 Bibliography: 5 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Ethical Dilemma/Controversy Researched Report
Assignment: Choose an ethical dilemma or controversy connected to your career field and write a 5-7 page, double-spaced, formal researched report on the topic.
Ethics are the standards of conduct of a particular profession or group. A dilemma is defined as a situation in which one must choose between difficult alternatives. In an ethical dilemma, choosing between alternatives is challenging because ethical standards may be in conflict. Either choice may uphold one ethical standard but, at the same time, violate another. There may not be a clear cut way to choose between right and wrong.
Examples of a few ethical standards include:
? Journalists protect the identity of their sources and also avoid receiving money or other favors from those about whom they write.
? Health care professionals maintain patient confidentiality and also report public health hazards to government authorities.
? Mortgage lenders pledge to advise clients of all costs.
? Career counselors strive to avoid imposing their personal values or biases on those whom they advise.
The report should be geared for specific readers. In the workplace, reports may be read by multiple readers who have different levels of technical knowledge. You may choose to write for others in your career field, those who are still students, majoring in your career, or for a lay audience. The instructor, who may not be your intended audience, is a lay reader, so if the report is geared toward a technical audience, you will need to define terminology and provide more background about the issue.
The report will contain the following information:
? Summary of the ethical dilemma or controversy
? A discussion of the ethical issues relating to the dilemma
? A comparison of the different options for solving the dilemma
? A proposed solution containing your personal perspective
Ethical dilemmas and controversies are not always easily resolved. This research is designed to help you examine and analyze a controversy in your career field.
The report is due during the last full week of class. See the Weekly Assignments and Due Dates folder for exact date.
1. You must use a minimum of five (5) sources for the researched report. The sources should be varied, and no more than two web sites can be used as sources. Encyclopedias and dictionaries may be used in the research process but cannot be counted as part of the minimum five sources needed. Due to the unreliability of Wilkipedia, it may not be used as a resource.
2. The report must properly document the sources from which the borrowed information comes by using the Modern Language Association?s (MLA) format for documentation. The paper will include a Works Cited page at the end providing complete reference information about all sources used and will include in-text or parenthetical citations throughout the body of the report. A report submitted without a Works Cited page and/or proper documentation throughout the report will receive a grade of zero.
The following elements are required parts of the formal researched report assignment:
Transmittal Correspondence: The report must be accompanied by a memorandum that provides an introduction of the report to the intended reader.
Table of Contents: The table of contents lists all elements and sections of the report that follow it, giving the page on which each part of the report begins. The table of contents locates the parts of the report by page. Give each section heading a title that accurately describes the contents of that section.
Executive Summary: The report should contain a summary (a miniature version of the report) that provides a brief, concise, well-organized overview of your report. It should be 1/4th the length of the report and should occur on a page by itself. The summary is single-spaced.
Text: The text of the report (5-7 pages) should be broken down into sections and sub-sections with headings. The report should be double-spaced and should use a size 12 font. The report should begin with an introduction that states your report?s purpose, scope and outlines what will be covered in the body of the report. The report should end with a conclusion or recommendation section that reviews the main points of the report?s discussion and/or it offers recommendations.
Page Numbering: The prefatory elements of the report (cover page, table of contents, executive summary) are labeled with lower-case Roman numerals. The title page counts as lowercase Roman numeral page one ( i ). However, the title page is not numbered. Each page after the title page before the introduction is numbered with lowercase Roman numerals (ii. iii).
The first page of the body of the report that begins with the introduction is numbered with Arabic one (1), and each page thereafter is numbered consecutively. Be sure to reflect these page numbers correctly in your table of contents.
Placement of page numbers: You may place the page numbers in one of three places on the page: the upper right-hand corner, lower-right-hand corner or centered at the bottom of the page. Just be consistent in placement.
Descriptive Headings: Headings must appear in the text exactly as they are listed in your table of contents. Do not entitle sections of your text with vague, general titles, such as ?Body? or ?Discussion.? Instead, break your report into sections and give each one a heading that describes the contents in the section that follows it. Break up long chunks of information under main headings with sub-headings.
Visual Aid(s): The report must contain one visual aid in the body of the report. The visual must be prepared neatly and labeled appropriately as a Table or Figure and given a title. A citation for where the visual was obtained must be provided directly below the visual aid and each visual must be located with the text it illustrates, not later. Each visual must be discussed in the report.
Parenthetical Citations: Citations are a required part of the researched report. They document your use of quotes, paraphrases, unusual or unique information, or the opinions of others. Only MLA parenthetical citation format is acceptable.
Works Cited: A list of all sources actually used in the report must be included at the end of the document. The Works Cited page is the last page of your report and provides a description of the sources. The sources must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. If no author is listed, entries are arranged by the first important word in the title. MLA-formatted Works Cited lists are never numbered.
All optional components must be labeled in the Table of Contents.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: Choose one of the "Ethical Dilemmas" in the Pollack book found on pages 213-214. Write a 4-5 page paper that includes analysis of the following questions:
Summarize the fact pattern and identify which one (1-5)
What is the ethical dilemma? Why are we uncomfortable with the situation?
Compare the consequences related to taking ethical action and the consequences for “turning the other way” Consider legal, moral, professional consequences.
Discuss any elements of “unjust authority” or abuse of power
Does the author of the textbook offer any code of conduct that might help resolve the dilemma?
· Paper should be a minimum of 1,000 to 1,250 words in APA format
· Double space
· 12 pt. font
· 1” margins
· Use APA citations for all sources
· Include reference page using APA format guidelines (not included in word count)
There are faxes for this order.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 5 Words: 1488 References: 6 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Application: An Ethical Dilemma
Clinical research often raises a number of ethical dilemmas. For example, the commitment to ?do no harm? in the process of conducting clinical investigations can be extremely complex and controversial.
Ethical questions can touch the core of an individual?s value system, as answering these questions and deriving workable solutions requires significant introspection, awareness of external influences (e.g., available resources or legal ramifications), and knowledge of all sides of the issue.
In this Application Assignment, you will analyze a specific ethical situation and its corresponding solution.
To prepare for this Application Assignment:
Review the Learning Resources for this week.
Review the following examples of ethical dilemmas in clinical research and choose one to analyze for this assignment.
Children have often been denied the benefits of medical research because of restrictions in participation. Including children in clinical research studies is only considered ethical when it can potentially benefit the child. Ethical standards also dictate that both the parent and child provide consent to participate in the study.
Example # 1: A clinical trial is proposed to test the efficacy and safety of a new treatment for children with cancer. The parents grant their consent, but the child does not. The ethical question facing the clinical research team then becomes as follows: Is it appropriate to urge the parent to override the child's opinion or to try to convince the child to participate?
The next example refers to the ethical commitment for research studies to "do no harm" to research volunteers.
Example # 2: In this example, a clinical trial is conducted to treat women in rural Uganda who are diagnosed with AIDS. There is relatively little medical care available in this rural agricultural community.
This two-armed study protocol is designed to evaluate the efficacy of a new drug treatment for AIDS. For the first arm of the study, the women received the drug being researched. For the second arm of the study, the women received the most commonly used drug, known as AZT, which is produced by a different company than the drug under investigation.
Preliminary results indicate that the standard of care, AZT, is superior to the drug under investigation, so the study is abandoned. The ethical question then becomes as follows: Is the company obligated to continue treating with AZT the women in the community for the rest of their lives?
Examine the chosen ethical dilemma carefully. Analyze the rationale for each side of the problem, including its solution or potential solution.
Using the Walden Library, investigate the ethical problem further. Find and analyze a reference from current literature, either from a professional or general media source, that covers the same or similar ethical dilemma.
With this in mind, write a 3- to 5-page paper that analyzes the chosen ethical predicament and its solution (or potential solution). The information you share will be held in the strictest of confidence.
Include the following in your paper:
The rationale for each side of the ethical dilemma and its solution (or potential solution)
The key points in the reference you found in the Walden Library.
A bibliography of your references from the Walden Library.
A comparison of your chosen ethical question and the dilemma you found in your literature search.
o What were the similarities and differences between the two dilemmas?
o Did your perspective on your chosen ethical question change as a result of your analysis of your literature review?
Submit your Application Assignment to the Dropbox by Day 7.
Your written assignments must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week?s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources, as appropriate. Refer to the Pocket Guide to APA Style to ensure your in-text citations and reference list are correct.
Save your Application as a ".doc" or ".rtf" file with the filename APP5+last name+your first initial. For example, Sally Ride?s assignment filename would be "APP5RideS". Use the Submit an Assignment link, choose the Week 5: Application basket, and then add your Application as an attachment
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: I need a 15 page research paper on ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN SPECIAL EDUCATION that includes the following:
Table of contents
Literature Review (6 sources)
I WILL BE FAXING 2 ARTICLES. I NEED THIS PAPER BY 3/21/2011
MY NAME IS SHERIAN BROOKS MY EMAIL ADDRESS IS -- MY PHONE NUMBER IS
There are faxes for this order.
Excerpt From Essay:
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