Equality Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Equality College Essay Examples

Title: International Human Rights Women and Gender

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 5450
  • References:30
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: 'Equality' and 'non-discrimination' are fundamental principles of international human rights.

CRITICALLY discuss how the principles of equality and non-discrimination are approached within the UN human rights framework with reference to the work of at least two treaty-monitoring bodies, including the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.

The argument should be illustrated with reference to at least one substantive topic such as violence against women and human trafficking.

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Arbour, L. (2007). Human Rights. Yes! Human Rights Resource Center, University of Minnesota.

Bhattacharya, D. (2013). Global Health Disputes and Disparities: A Critical Appraisal of International Law and Population Health. Routledge.

CEDAW (n.d.). Strengthening Health System Responses to Gender-based Violence in Eastern Europe & Central Asia: A programmatic package. A United Nations Publication.

CEDAW. (2010). General recommendation No. 28 on the core obligations of States parties under article 2 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. United Nations Publications.

CEDAW. (n.d.). Legal and Physical Security. A United Nations Publications.

Council of Europe. (n.d.). The Istanbul Convention and the CEDAW framework: A comparison of measures to prevent and combat violence against women. Working paper presented by Council of Europe.

Coy, M. (2013). Prostitution, Harm and Gender Inequality: Theory, Research and Policy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Decker, M.R. Crago, A.L. Sandra KH Chu, Susan G. Sherman, Meena S. Seshu, Kholi Buthelezi, Mandeep Dhaliwal, Chris Beyrer. (2014). Human rights violations against sex workers: burden and effect on HIV, The Lancet, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60800-X (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014067361460800X)

Eide. (n.d). Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as Human Beings. Retrieved from: www.wcl.american.edu/humright/hracademy/documents/EideClass1-Economicandsocialrightsashumanrights-AsbjornEide.pdf

Fergus, L. (2012). Prevention of violence against women and girls. In cooperation with ESCAP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO. Expert Group Meeting.

Flood M. And Fergus L. (2009). An Assault on Our Future: The Impact of Violence on Young People and Their Relationships, White Ribbon Foundation.

Forster, C and Jivan, V. (2010). Gender Equality Laws: Global Good Practice and a Review of Five Southeast Asian Countries. United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) Publications.

Freeman, M.A. (2009). Reservations to CEDAW: An Analysis for UNICEF. Discussion Paper; Policy and Practice.

Freeman, M.A. Beate Rudolf, Christine Chinkin. (2012). The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: A Commentary. Oxford University Press.

Hellum, H. Aasen, H.S. (2013). Women's Human Rights: CEDAW in International, Regional and National Law. Cambridge University Press.

Hui-Ling, H. (2012). Discussions on Rights to Family: Analyses of the Lo-Sheng Case. National Taiwan University Law Review; 535.

Jabiri, A. (2014). Due Diligence and State Responsibility to Eliminate Violence against Women. Regional Report: Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Kalantry, S. Getgen, J. And Koh. S.A. (2010). Enhancing Enforcement of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights Using Indicators: A Focus on the Right to Education in the ICESCR. Human Rights Quarterly. 32(2), pp. 253-310.

Kazuko, H. (1995). Article 1: Definition of Discrimination against Women' in Japanese Association of International Women's Rights (ed), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women: A Commentary (Japanese Association of International Women's Rights) 39.

Peters, J. And Wolper, A. (1995). Women's Rights, Human Rights: International Feminist Perspectives. Psychology Press, pg: 163.

Rajkhowa, S and Deka, S. eds. (2013). Human Rights and the Evolution of Global Environmental Law. Economic, Social & Cultural Rights. Vol. 2 (Guwahati, India: Eastern Book House), 1.

Rights of Women. (2011). From Rights to Action: Using international rights and mechanisms on violence against women in the UK. Rights of Women Publications.

Stamatopoulou, E. (2012). Monitoring Cultural Human Rights: The Claims of Culture on Human Rights and the Response of Cultural Rights. Human Rights Quarterly. 34(4); pp. 1170-1192.

Toebes, B. (2014). Health and Human Rights: In Search of the Legal Dimension. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2456157 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2456157

UN BackGrounder. (2007). Ending Impunity for Violence against Women and Girls. International Women's Day. The United Nations Department of Public Information.

UN Women. (n.d.). Consequences and costs. Accessed on November 30, 2014: http://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/301-consequences-and-costs-.html, citing primary sources.

United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) GA res. 34/180, art 5(a). Similar requirements exist in the Beijing Platform for Action. 24 Article 19

United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with a Disability (2008) UNTS 2515/3.

United Nations General Assembly. (2006). In-Depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women: Report of the Secretary General, A/61/122/Add.

United Nations. (2003). Combating Human Trafficking in Asia: A Resource Guide to International and Regional Legal Instruments, Political Commitments and Recommended Practices. United Nations Publications.

Vandenhole, W. (2005). Non-discrimination and Equality in the View of the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies. Intersentia Publications; pg 22-23.

Word Health Organization. (2006). Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence.

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Title: Equality 21st Century This paper centered 21st century rights women society business Women struggling equal rights Romantic Period Refer 21st century authors poets writers shape analysis Write a 1 200 word paper explaining theme endured changed Romantic period 21st century intersected social forces

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1287
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Equality in the 21st Century.

This paper must be centered on the 21st century and the rights of women in society, business, etc. Women are still struggling for equal rights as they were during the Romantic Period etc. Refer to 21st century authors, poets and writers to help shape the analysis.

Write a 1,200 word paper explaining why the theme has endured, how it has changed from the Romantic period to the 21st century, and how it has intersected with social forces.

Explain how the theme has shaped English literature and how it has been expressed, making clear in each case what endures and what changes.

Include a prediction about how this theme will continue to change in the coming decades.

Use at least 5 outside sources to provide different interpretations of how the theme has evolved.

Format citations and references to the text and outside sources consistent with APA guidelines.

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Works Cited:

Works Cited

Bronte, Charlotte. (1847) Jane Eyre. London, England: Smith, Elder & Co

Rich, A. (1995) Of Woman Born - Motherhood As Experience And Institution

Showalter, E. (1982). A literature of their own. Princeton University Press

Woolf. V. (1989) A Room of Ones Own.

Wollstonecraft M. (1792) A Vindication of the Rights of Women.

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  • Total Pages: 9
  • Words: 2537
  • Bibliography:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay

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Coxhead, I. And P. Warr (1995), "Does Technical Progress in Agriculture Alleviate Poverty? A Philippine Case Study," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 39(1):25-54.

Ford, R. And P.Poret (1991), 'Infrastructure and private sector productivity', OECD Economics Department working papers No 91

Hull, K (2009).Understanding the Relationship between Economic Growth, Employment and Poverty Reduction* .OECD.

Yahie, AM (2000). Poverty Reduction in sub-Saharan Africa:

Is There a Role for the Private Sector?. The African Development Bank < http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/00157638-EN-ERP-52.PDF

Khan, HGA et al. (2011). Financial Sector Development And Poverty Reduction. Global Journal of Management and Business Research

Volume 11(5), April 2011

Loayza, N. And C. Raddatz (2006), "The Composition of Growth Matters for Poverty Alleviation," Mimeo, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

McKinnon (1973) " Money and Capital in Economic Development ," Washington DC: Brookings Institution

Paragariya, A. (2002), "Poverty, Inequality and Trade Openness," Paper Presented to the World Bank's ABCDE Conference, Oslo, Norway, June 24-26.

Roemer, M., Gugerty, M (1997).Does Economnic Growth Reduce Poverty?. Harvard Institute for International Development

Satchi, M. And J. Temple (2006), "Growth and Labour Markets in Developing Countries," Department of Economics, Discussion Papers, University of Bristol.

Simon, A., and Teal, F. (1998), Human Capital and Economic Development.

Stevans, LK ., Sessions, DN (2008).The Relationship Between Poverty and Economic Growth Revisited. Journal of Income Distribution," 17(1), March 2008, pp. 5-20.

World economic Forum (2010). Global Agenda Council -Poverty & Economic Development.Available online at https://members.weforum.org/pdf/GAC10/GlobalAgendaCouncils/PovertyEconomicDevelopment.pdf

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Title: For purpose paper read Chapters 1 and 2 Arthur Okun's book Equality Efficiency Okun empirical work labor markets price theory However a policymaker lucid writer capable writing a book describes areas conflict market distribution political rules

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 944
  • Sources:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: For the purpose of this paper, we are to read Chapters 1 & 2 of Arthur Okun's book, "Equality and Efficiency." Okun did most of his empirical work on labor markets and price theory. However, as a former policymaker and lucid writer, he was also capable of writing a book that describes as clearly as any the areas of conflict between market distribution and political rules. He also offers us a nice review and commentary on authors, from Smith and Mill to Hayek and Friedman.

Below are some notes you may use to write this paper. The paper must answer the following question: "Why, for Okun, must a clear line be drawn between dollars and rights? Do you agree with his reasoning?" The paper should essentially summarize Okun's arguments using the notes provided below and quotes and passages from the selected chapters, while also formulating some kind of critical commentary with regards to agree or disagreeing with his argument.

o According to Okun rights are equally distributed and inalienable, meaning they cannot be bought and sold
o Additionally, they cannot be distributed as incentives, such as penalties or rewards
o Rights must necessarily be held outside the market, according to Okun, because if rights are set at a price, they become a commodity and lose the ?inalienability? that is so valuable because we believe people should not be able to get rid of their rights or have more rights than anyone else
o Despite our desire to keep these two domains separate, Okun demonstrates that dollars often transgress upon rights
o In particular, our right to equality before the law is often violated by dollars
o The way the defense system is set up today, lawyers charge exorbitant sums and therefore only the rich can afford the best lawyers
o Consequently, the wealthy have an advantage not afforded to the poor who are assigned public defenders, who ostensibly are not as talented as high paid private lawyers
o This is only one of many unfortunate instances Okun gives of dollars transgressing upon rights

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