Enlightenment Period Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Enlightenment Period College Essay Examples

Title: Post Enlightenment Political Thought

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3970
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: For this paper, please pick one of the following topics. Please note that the paper topics are very vague. It is expected that you develop a much narrower argument from within the broad scope of the topic.

In this paper, it will be expected to advance some sort of argument or thesis (although in the content of a theory paper, a thesis frequently can take the form of a particular form of interpretation which you wish to advance). Please provide a proper introduction with a thesis statement. The primary focus of the paper will be based on two texts. YOU NEED TO ALSO USE SECONDARY LITERATURE IN SUPPORTING YOUR ARGUMENT. This secondary literature needs to be peer reviewed scholarly journals. Moreover, the term paper must cite every source upon which you rely for quotations, or specific factual material. Please provide a bibliography or list of works consulted. Don't rely on just two or three peer reviewed journals for example. Spread them out. ALL YOUR SOURCES HAVE TO BE CITED AND BE PEER REVIEWED SCHOLARLY JOURNALS. IF THIS NOT FOUND, THE PAPER WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. If you need specific journals, I can access them for you. Just send me a message. Lastly, do not use endless quotations, half or a page long, but rather a few to support your argument. This is an analysis paper, not a summary of the authors writings.

Choose two authors from the list of four:

1) Immanuel Kant-Perpetual Peace and other Essays-An Answer to the question: What is Enlightenment?, On the Proverb: That May be True in Theory, but is of No Practical use", Speculative Beginnings of Human History, Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Intent, To Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch.

2)Karl Marx Selected Writings-Communist Manifesto,Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts, Theses on Feuerbach. On the Jewish Question, Critical Remarks on the Article: ' The King of Prussia and Social Reform, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Preface to A Critique of Political Economy.

3) John Stuart Mill-On Liberty and Other Essays

4)Friedrich Nietzsche-On the Genealogy of Morality

Once the two authors have been selected, please pick one of the following topics:

1) One of the major themes of post-enlightenment political thought has been the question of the status of history in the political philosophy in the post-enlightenment period. Do we see 'progress' in history, and if so, towards what and via what mechanism? Discuss the question of history in relation to two of the authors you have chosen.

2) Though the question of human nature has always been of interest to political philosophers, in the post-enlightenment period, for a variety of reasons ( the discovery of evolution, new anthropological research) it takes on a particular importance, as well as new and varied approaches. Compare and contrast the role of human nature in two authors that you have chosen

3) It is in the post-enlightenment period first with the rise of capitalism, and then with the coming of industrialism, that we see the beginnings of what might be terms 'mass society'. At the same time we have the beginnings of sociology, the study of social facts and patterns apart from individual beliefs and intentions. Compare and contrast two of the authors you have chosen on the question of 'society' ( whether in relationship to history, or to politics, or to the individual).

4) In the post-enlightenment period we see the increasing acknowledgment, both for better and worse, of groups ( women, colonized peoples) who had historically been marginalized or ignored by traditional European political thought. Discuss how two of the thinkers you have chose engage with questions of historically marginalized groups.

Thank you

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References Cited

Ansell-Person, Keith. An Introduction to Nietzsche as Political Thinker. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Arthur, C.J. Eighth Thesis on Feuerbach. Ed. Karl Marx. "Theses on Feuerbach." New

York: International Publishers, 1970.

Cohn, Werner. "From Victim to Shylock and Oppressor: The New Image of the Jew in the Trotskyist Movement," Journal of Communist Studies (London), vol. 7, no. 1, March 1991, pp. 46-68.

Diethe, Carol. Nietzsche's Sister and the Will to Power: A Biography of Elisabeth

Forster-Nietzsche. Champaign Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.

Draper, Hal. "Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution." State and Bureaucracy, Monthly

Review. (New York), vol. 1, 1977, pp. 591-608.

Kagan, Donald, Steven Ozment, and Frank M. Turner. The Western Heritage. 8th ed. 2.

Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson-Prentice Hall, 2004.

Kaufman, Walter. The Basic Writings of Nietzsche. New York: The Modern Libray,


Labriola, Antonio. Essays on the Materialistic Conception of History. Chicago: Chicago

H. Kerr and Company, 1908.

Leopold, David. The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing (Ideas in Context) . Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Maidan, Michael. "Marx on the Jewish question: A meta-critical analysis ." Studies in Soviet Thought. 33.1 (1987): 27-41.

Lewis, Bernard. Semites and Anti-Semites: An Inquiry into Conflict and Prejudice.

New York W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.

Marx, Karl. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon. New York: Mondial Books,


Marx, Karl. "On the Jewish Question." On the Jewish Question. Marxists.org, February,

2009. Web. 18 Jun 2010. .

Marx, Tzvi C. Disability in Jewish Law. London: Routledge, 2002.

Marx, Tzvi C. Disability in Jewish law. London: Routledge, 2002.

Sacks, Jonathan. The Politics of Hope. London: Jonathan Cape, 1997.

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Title: Thomas Jefferson and his views of educatioon

  • Total Pages: 18
  • Words: 5416
  • Sources:15
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a rewrite of a paper by your writer 'Pheelyks". I will attach the paper and have noted some adjustments below that will need to be made. My order number was A2015531.

I need assistance in defining the enlightenment period in respect to education during the Jefferson era (not long ---but a paragraph or two as related to education.

The second part is to define the educational normal during Jefferson's adult life and showing how his ideas of education seem so new.

It is critical that I get this research paper into a 18 page written format not including the bibliography. It can not be more than 18 and preferred at 17. You can decrease the margins to 3/4 inches versus 1 inch. But the paper needs to be edited down with the two statement elements in place.

There are faxes for this order.

Customer is requesting that (pheelyks) completes this order.

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Ford, W. Ed. Thomas Jefferson Correspondence. Boston, 1916.

Jefferson, T. The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Modern Library, 1993.

Public and Private Papers New York: Vintage Books/the Library of America, 1990.

Notes on the State of Virginia, With an Appendix. 8th ed. Boston: David Carlisle, 1801.

The Autobiography of Thomas Jefferson, 1743-1790: Together with a Summary of the Chief Events in Jefferson's Life. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

The Best Letters of Thomas Jefferson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1926.

Jefferson Himself, the Personal Narrative of a Many-Sided American, ed. Bernard Mayo. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company,1942.

Padover, S. Ed. The Complete Jefferson: Containing his Major Writings, Published and Unpublished. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1943.

Lipscomb, a. Ed. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Washington: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Assoc., 1903.

Randolph, T.J Ed. Memoirs, Correspondence, and Miscellanies, from the Papers of Thomas Jefferson, NY: Carvill, 1830.

Washington, H. Ed. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Washington: Taylor & Maury, 1854.


Appleby, J. Thomas Jefferson New York: Holt, 2003.

Bernstein, B.R. Thomas Jefferson New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Bruce, P. A History of the University of Virginia, NY: The Macmillan Co, 1921.

Carpenter, J.J. "Jefferson's Views on Education Implications for Today's Social Studies." Social Studies 95 (2004): 140-141.

Conant, J. Thomas Jefferson and the Development of American Public Education. LA: Univ. Of CA Press, 1962.

Coonen, L.P., & Porter, C.M. "Thomas Jefferson and American Biology," BioScience, 26, (1976): 746.

Cunningham, N.E. In Pursuit of Reason: The Life of Thomas Jefferson. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.

Dumas, M. Jefferson and his Time Boston: Little, Brown, 1981.

Gay, Peter. The Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Paganism, 1966.

Halliday, E.M. Understanding Thomas Jefferson. New York: HarperCollins, 2001.

Honeywell, R.J. The Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson. NY: Russell & Russell, 1964.

Honeywell, R.J. "A Note on the Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson," History of Education Quarterly 9 (1969).

Leclerc, G.L. "Dissertation on Animals Common to Both Continents," in Buffon's Natural History: General and Particular, trans. William Smellie, http://faculty.njcu.edu/fmoran/vol5common.htm

Matthews, R.K. "The Radical Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson: An Essay in Retrieval," Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 28 (2004).

Mercer, G.E. "Thomas Jefferson: A Bold Vision for American Education," International Social Science Review 68.1 (1993): 20.

Peterson, M.D. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Robinson, D.N. "The Scottish Enlightenment and the American Founding," the Monist 90 (2007).

True, R.H. "Thomas Jefferson in Relation to Botany," Scientific Monthly 3 (1916): 345.

Wilson, D.L. "Thomas Jefferson's Early Notebooks," William and Mary Quarterly 42 (1985)

Appleby, 2003; Bernstein, 2003; Dumas, 1981; Jefferson, 2005; 1942

Appleby, 2003; Bernstein, 2003; Dumas, 1981; Jefferson, 2005; 1942

Cunningham, in Pursuit of Reason, 1-2; Roy J. Honeywell, "A Note on the Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson," History of Education Quarterly 9, no. 1 (1969): 64.

Jefferson, 2005; 1942

Cunningham, in Pursuit of Reason, 1-2; Honeywell, "Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson," 64.

Cunningham, in Pursuit of Reason, 1-2.

Honeywell, 64.

Wilson, 440.

Appleby, 2003; Dumas, 1981

Appleby, 2003; Dumas, 1981

Jefferson, 2005; Wilson, 440.


3 Jefferson, 1993

4 Appleby, 2003; Bernstein, 2003; Peterson, 1970

Cunningham, 4.

Ibid., 4.

Cunningham, 4-5; Wilson, 440.

Cunningham, 4-5.

Cunningham, 5; Honeywell, 64.

Honeywell, 64-65.

Robinson, 2007; Jefferson, 1942.

Cunningham, 5.


1 Peter, G., 1966

Robinson, 170-173.




Honeywell, 64-65.

Ibid., 64-66.




Honeywell, 64-66.

Matthews, 2004

Matthews, 38-41.

Matthews, 38-41.

Matthews, 39-41.



Thomas Jefferson to Richard Price, January 8, 1789, in Creating a Virginia Republic: Thomas Jefferson, Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/jefferson/60.html.


Mercer, 1993.

Thomas Jefferson, "A Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge," http://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/bill-more-general-diffusion-knowledge.




Carpenter, 2004.

Ibid., 140-142.


6 Conant, 1962; Randolph, 1830

7 to Dr. Thomas Coooper, 1814 -- Library Ed., XIV, 173-175

8 Bruce, 1921, 11

9 to General Kosciusko, 1810 -- Washington Ed., 509

Mercer, 20.






Carpenter, 140-141.



Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Burwell, March 14, 1818, in Creating a Virginia Republic: Thomas Jefferson, Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/jefferson/images / vc73p1.jpg.



True, 1916.

Coonen & Porter, 746.

True, 345.



Coonen & Porter, 746.


Matthews, 39-41.


George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon "Dissertation on Animals Common to Both Continents," in Buffon's Natural History: General and Particular, trans. William Smellie, http://faculty.njcu.edu/fmoran/vol5common.htm.





Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, With an Appendix, 8th ed. (Boston: David Carlisle, 1801).

Ibid., 66.

Ibid., 12.

Ibid., 85.

Ibid., 89.

Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, 89.

Thomas Jefferson to Comte de Buffon, October 1, 1787, in Creating a Virginia Republic: Thomas Jefferson, Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/jefferson/images/vc86p1.jpg ibid.


26 Peterson, 1970; Padover, 1943

27 to M. Jullien, 1818 -- Washington Ed., 1903, VII, 106

28 to M. Correa, 1817 -- Washington Ed., 1903, VII, 94

29 to M. Correa, 1817 -- Washington Ed., 1854, VII, 94

30 to James Madison, 1787 -- Washington Ed., 1854,. II, 332

31 First Inaugural Address, 1801 -- Ford, 1916, VIII, 5.

32 Jefferson, 1990, p.22

33 Honeywell, 1964, p.150

Pleasants, 3.



Halliday, 2001.



Ibid., XI-XII.






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