Effects Of Alcohol Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Effects Of Alcohol College Essay Examples

Title: Why you shouldn t drink alcohol

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2119
  • References:7
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The main thing about this research paper is that it needs to be argumentative. My teacher really wants me to argue exactly why one shouldn't drink alcohol, not just that it isn't good for you.

Here is the general layout I am thinking of:
-I. Alcohol is bad for your mind and body
A. How your body processes alcohol
B. Effects of alcohol on specific organs in the body
-II. Social dangers of drinking
A. Teenage problems
B. Risks of being intoxicated (such as drunk driving)
-III. Consuming alcohol can lead to alcoholism
A. Definition/Signs and symptoms of alcoholism
B. Short-term and long-term effects of alcoholism
-Then explore the opposing views:
Benefits of drinking, such as health and social benefits and relaxation.
-Refute the opposing views

I do not wish to have any footnotes, we are mostly expected to use parenthetical citations

The strongest parts of the paper need to be the introduction and conclusion

About 7 sources, no websites unless it is .gov or .org please

Thank you!

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Works Cited

"Alcohol." 2009, Partnership for a Drug-Free America. [Online]. Available: http://www.drug free.org/Portal/drug_guide/Alcohol.

Booth, Brenda M., Joann, Kirchner, John Fortney, Robin Ross and Kathryn Rost, 2000, "Rural

At-Risk Drinkers: Correlates and One-Year Use of Alcoholism Treatment Services."

Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(2): 267.

Mcgregor, Darcy, Robert P. Murray and Gordon E. Barnes, 2003, "Personality Differences

between Users of Wine, Beer and Spirits in a Community Sample: The Winnipeg Health

and Drinking Survey." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 64(5): 634-635.

Penick, Elizabeth C., Elizabeth J. Nickel, Barbara J. Powell, Barry I. Liskow, Jan Campbell,

Tamara M. Dale, Ruth E. Hassanein and Elizabeth Noble, 1999, "The Comparative

Validity of Eleven Alcoholism Typologies." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 60(2): 188.

Perkins, H. Wesley, 2002, "Surveying the Damage: A Review of Research on Consequences of Alcohol Misuse in College Populations." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 63(2): 91-92.

"Symptoms of Alcoholism," 2009, Mayo Clinic. [Online]. Available: http://www.


Timbrell, John. The Poison Paradox: Chemicals as Friends and Foes. Oxford, England: Oxford

University Press, 2005.

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Title: alcohol

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 2170
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: the title of the essay is:


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Works Cited:


"Alcohol Abuse" Retrieved from http://cms.psychologytoday.com/conditions/alcohol.html Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"Alcohol's Damaging Effects on Adolescent Brain Function" (22 February, 2005) Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/02/050218130524.htm Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"Alcohol's Damaging effects on the Brain" (October, 2003) Alcohol Alert. No: 63. Retrieved from http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"Alcohol - Effects on the Body." Retrieved from http://www.gurney.co.uk/drinksense/factsheets/effects.htm Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"Cognitive neuroscience takes on alcohol." (15 January 2001). Retrieved from http://www.come-over.to/FAS/alcoholADHD.htm Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"How Alcohol Affects Your Behavior." Retrieved from http://www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety/tp/tp1535/behav.htm Accessed on 18 May, 2005

Kim, Sarah. (2000) "Alcohol and its effects" Retrieved from http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro00/web1/Kim.html Accessed on 18 May, 2005

Lynskey, Michael T. "Alcohol Use and Violent Behavior among Youth: Results from a Longitudinal Study" Retrieved from http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/rpp/35/paper8.pdf Accessed on 18 May, 2005

"Researchers Study Mechanism of Alcohol's Effects -- One Cell at a Time" (2000) UNC Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies: School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Volume 11, Number 1. Retrieved from http://www.med.unc.edu/alcohol/cenline/11_1_1.htm Accessed on 19 May, 2005

"Social and Cultural Aspects of Drinking" Retrieved from http://www.sirc.org/publik/drinking4.html Accessed on 18 May, 2005

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Title: Drugs

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1694
  • Bibliography:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This Project requires a minimum response of 2,000 words, a minimum of 12 citations, and references in APA style. You will be selecting a topic for your paper based on the list of topics presented below.

Students should support or criticize one of the following topics, which were selected to encourage a thought-provoking debate.

The Moral Panic Over Methamphetamine: Myth or Fact?

Racial Profiling in the War on Drugs: Common Sense or Institutional Racism?

Drug Dealing on College Campuses

The Rise of the Drug Detox Industry

Drug Paraphernalia: Legal but Logical?

Medical Marijuana

Ecstasy and Club Drugs

Domestic Marijuana Production

Compare and Contrast the Criminogenic Effects of Alcohol and Marijuana Based on Empirical Results

The Effect of Drug Courts on Drug Abuse and Criminal Offending

Theoretical Explanations of Drug Use: How Have Criminological Theories Been Used to Explain Drug Use?

Connecting Recreation and the Criminal Justice System: How Have Steroids Impacted Sports and Criminal Justice Policy Makers?

Be sure to submit your project in one WORD document in APA format.

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Brecher, E.M. (1972). Licit and Illicit Drugs: The Consumers Union Report. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.

Dershowitz, a. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York: Bantam Books.

Drug Policy Alliance. (2008). Medicinal Marijuana. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from the Drug Policy Alliance website, at http://www.drugpolicy.org/marijuana/medical/

Friedman, a. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone.

Gerrig, R.J., Zimbardo, R.G. (2005)

Psychology and Life 18th Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Henslin, J.M. (2002) Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Larsen, R. (2007) Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Macionis, J.J. (2003) Sociology 9th Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Schmalleger, F. (2007). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall

Syracuse Post-Standard (2003). "Let Judges Be Judges: Mandatory Sentencing Laws Deny Judicial Branch's Discretion" (July 10, 2003).

Taylor, R. (1989) Freedom, Anarchy, and the Law: An Introduction to Political Philosophy. Buffalo: Prometheus.

Zalman, M. (2008). Criminal Procedure: Constitution and Society, Fifth Edition.

Princeton, NJ: Pearson.

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Title: Evista

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1131
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: For my Mammalian/Human Physiology lab, I have to do a drug review on the drug: Evista.
Here are the SPECIFIC guidelines provided from my instructor:

Advanced Writing Skills: A Drug Review
Today’s dry lab will give you an opportunity to learn advanced research skills including:
scientific web searches (pubmed), proper citation use and an occasion to hone your
advanced scientific writing skills.
Assignment: Write a 4-6 page review paper on a drug advertisement YOU found (and
brought to class) from a magazine. The review MUST include:
• Generic and Trade Name
• A brief introduction including an indication of use
• An explanation/background of the drug’s mechanism of action
• A summary of its clinical use supported by clinical trail data (should include
information like advantages, disadvantages, contraindications, safety)
• A brief discussion on YOUR perspective of the drug and its use based on the
information presented
• At least 5 References used and included in your reference section of the paper
Format will include a short introduction, summary of drug’s mechanism, summary of
clinical trials regarding clinical use, a brief discussion and references.
This assignment will be graded on the ability to communicate concisely and understand
the scientific information presented as well as will be graded for grammar and proper
citation use.
Please attach the drug advertisement you choose to your assignment!
Successful Writing Assignment Helpful Hints:
Present the information critically and concisely
Synthesize, compare, contrast and evaluate what you read
Don’t just assume the article is right- examine the results section of the papers
Attempt to write down what you remember from each article you read and what the final
conclusions of this paper were
Properly cite articles that you have read (Plagiarism will result in a zero at the very least
if not a visit to HONOR COUNCIL)
Sites to help search and find appropriate information:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi (or www.pubmed.com)

In addition:

Here are the paragraphs should be broken down into subtopics These are to be bolded and in caps before each paragraph:

Indication of Usage
Mechanism of Action
Dosage and Administration
Contradictions, Precautions, and Warnings
Adverse Rxns
Drug Interactions
Comparative Efficacy
Cost Analysis

In this drug review, actual trials of experiments in different phases of drug approval by the FDA are needed as support of the author's idea. Here is an example provided by my instructor:

The Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics Fast Forward
First published on February 20, 2004; 10.1124
Effects of Alcohols and Anesthetics on Recombinant Voltage-Gated Na+ Channels
Munehiro Shiraishi, and R. Adron Harris
“It has been thought that axonal conduction, and by inference voltage-gated Na+ channels, are not affected by reasonable concentrations of anesthetics (Franks and Lieb, 1994). However, more recent studies show that anesthetics at clinically relevant concentrations can suppress Na+ channel function in synaptosomes (Ratnakumari and Hemmings, 1998), neurohypophysial nerve terminals (Ouyang et al., 2003), and in cells transfected with a rat neuronal sodium channel, Nav1.2 channel (Rehberg et al., 1996)”

“The inhibition of the Na+ channels by isoflurane varied with holding potential; at the more depolarized holding potential, the effect of isoflurane was greater. In other words, the isoflurane effect was much greater when the fraction of the channels in the inactivated state was increased. Most of the channels were in the resting state that are ready for activation at the holding potential of -90 mV, whereas one-half of the channels were in the inactivated state at around -60-mV holding potential. These results are mostly consistent with other publications. For example, Stadnicka et al. (1999) showed that isoflurane, as well as halothane, suppressed heart sodium channels expressed in HEK293 cells by acceleration of the transition from the open to the inactivated state and stabilization of the inactivated states (Stadnicka et al., 1999). Moreover, isoflurane inhibited voltage-gated Na+ currents in a concentration- and voltage-dependent manner in isolated rat neurohypophysial nerve terminals, and the inhibition by isoflurane had no significant effects on V1/2 of the activation curve, but the V1/2 of the inactivation curve was consistently shifted in a negative direction (Ouyang et al., 2003).”

“The local anesthetic lidocaine is known to inhibit Na+ channels in DRG neurons in a voltage- and use-dependent manner. The IC50 of lidocaine on TTX-resistant Na+ currents is almost 200 µM (Roy and Narahashi, 1992; Scholz et al., 1998b). These results are consistent with our finding of 25% inhibition at 100 µM. One possible explanation for the insensitivity of Nav1.8 channels to anesthetics is that they do not bind to the Nav1.8 channel (but bind to other Na+ channels).”

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Barrett-Connor, E., et al. "Risk-Benefit Profile for Raloxifene: 4-Year Data from the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (More) Randomized Trial." J. Bone Miner Res 19.8 (2004): 1270-5.

Borgstrom, F., et al. "Cost Effectiveness of Raloxifene in the Treatment of Osteoporosis in Sweden: An Economic Evaluation Based on the More Study." Pharmacoeconomics 22.17 (2004): 1153-65.

Bryant, H.U. "Mechanism of Action and Preclinical Profile of Raloxifene, a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulation." Rev Endocr Metab Disord 2.1 (2001): 129-38.

Cranney, a., et al. "Meta-Analyses of Therapies for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. Iv. Meta-Analysis of Raloxifene for the Prevention and Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis." Endocr Rev 23.4 (2002): 524-8.

Duschek, E.J., L.J. Gooren, and C. Netelenbos. "Effects of Raloxifene on Gonadotrophins, Sex Hormones, Bone Turnover and Lipids in Healthy Elderly Men." Eur J. Endocrinol 150.4 (2004): 539-46.

Eng-Wong, J., and J.A. Zujewski. "Raloxifene and Its Role in Breast Cancer Prevention." Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 4.4 (2004): 523-32.

Gluck, O., and M. Maricic. "Raloxifene: Recent Information on Skeletal and Non-Skeletal Effects." Curr Opin Rheumatol 14.4 (2002): 429-32.

Grady, D., et al. "Safety and Adverse Effects Associated with Raloxifene: Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation." Obstet Gynecol 104.4 (2004): 837-44.

Heringa, M. "Review on Raloxifene: Profile of a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator." Int J. Clin Pharmacol Ther 41.8 (2003): 331-45.

Itabashi, a. "[Raloxifene Hydrochloride]." Nippon Rinsho 62 Suppl 2 (2004): 528-35.

Kellen, J.A. "Raloxifene: Another Selective Estrogen Modulator." In Vivo 15.6 (2001): 459-60.

Maricic, M., and O. Gluck. "Review of Raloxifene and Its Clinical Applications in Osteoporosis." Expert Opin Pharmacother 3.6 (2002): 767-75.

McClung, M.R. "How Does Raloxifene Reduce Fracture Risk?" Menopause 9.5 (2002): 306-8.

Nakamura, T. "[Bone Quality and Raloxifene]." Clin Calcium 14.4 (2004): 632-7.

Thiebaud, D., and R.J. Secrest. "Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators: Mechanism of Action and Clinical Experience. Focus on Raloxifene." Reprod Fertil Dev 13.4 (2001): 331-6.

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