Economics Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Economics College Essay Examples

Title: Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Latest Developments Since 2010

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3797
  • Works Cited:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Economics of the middle east
Research paper
Topic:Economic Integration of GCC countries with focus on latest developments since 2010.

In this paper you will discuss at least three key economic indicators and main economic policies. Some key economic issues are: Inflation, unemployment, balance of foreign trade, government debt, fiscal deficits, and the annual rate of economic growth.
The emphasis will be on the most recent developments (past 18 months).

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Work Cited

Al-Busaidi, Samir. "Modelling Macroeconomic Shocks in the GCC: Is Monetary Unification Viable?" Review of Middle East Economics and Finance 9.1 (2013): 1-36

Cevik, Serhan, and Katerina Teksoz. "Lost In Transmission? The Effectiveness Of Monetary Policy Transmission Channels In The GCC Countries." Middle East Development Journal 05.03 (2013): 1350018. Print

Espinoza, Raphael A, Ghada Fayad, and A Prasad. The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf. 2013. Print

Espinoza, Raphael. Williams, Oral., & Prasad, Ananthakrishnan. Regional Financial Integration in the GCC. New York: International Monetary Fund, 2010. Print.

Goyal, Rishi, Ugo Fasano-Filho, and Rishi Goyal. Emerging Strains in GCC Labor Markets. Washington, D.C: International Monetary Fund, 2004. Internet resource

Ilahi, Nadeem, & Shendy, Riham. Do the Gulf Oil-Producing Countries Influence Regional Growth? The Impact of Financial and Remittance Flows. New York: International Monetary Fund, 2008. Print

Legrenzi, Matteo, and Bessma Momani. Shifting Geo-Economic Power of the Gulf: Oil, Finance, and Institutions. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate Pub, 2011. Internet resource

Madura, Jeff. International Financial Management. New York: Cengage Learning, 2014. Print.

Ramady, MA. The GCC Economies: Stepping Up to Future Challenges. New York: Springer Science+Business Media, 2012. Internet resource

Rocha, Roberto R, Zso-fia A-rvai, and Subika Farazi. Financial Access and Stability: A Road Map for the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, D.C: World Bank, 2011. Print

World Economic Outlook, September 2003: Public Debt in Emerging Markets. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund (IMF, 2003. Print

Ziaei, Sayyed Mahdi. "Evaluating the Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Aggregate Demand Components in GCC Countries: Evidence from Svar." The Journal of Developing Areas 48.1 (2014): 405-423

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Title: Economics a powerful determinant rate direction social change days French Revolution While Communist American philosophies differed sharply form economic structure agreed thing humans base economic animal

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 706
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Economics has been a powerful determinant of the rate and direction of social change since the days of the French Revolution. While Communist and American philosophies differed sharply on the most appropriate form of economic structure, they agreed on one thing: humans are at base an economic animal.

Today the World Bank and World Trade Organization put the economic fates of many in the hands of an unelected few, and the actions of these institutions are demonstrated against by dissenters world-wide. Entrepreneurship is seen as a basic vehicle of social change, but social change may be affecting the direction of entrepreneurship as well.

Consider how economics and entrepreneurship might be effectively and creatively employed as tools of social change in the service of a topic or cause that is important to you.

Please give at least one concrete action that could be taken with economics and entrepreneurship to further the change you are considering. Include comments regarding any ethical implications related to that use. Please include in-text references.

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Dees, J.G., Emerson, J, & Economy, P. (2002). Enhancing the performance of your enterprising non-profit. Social entrepreneurs. New York. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

FundforSouthernCommunities. (2011). Change not charity. What is social change. Retrieved 25

Jun 2011 from www.fundforsouth.org.

together4change. (2011). Outline proposal: Investment for social and economic change.

Retrieved 25 Jun 2011 from www.together4change.com.

Progressive social change is a profoundly democratic undertaking. At its best, people of different racial and ethnic backgrounds, sexual orientations, abilities and ages join together in developing and implementing creative solutions to social problems. Organizing amplifies the voices of those whose interests are too often overlooked.

Money alone does not bring about change; nor do individuals. But when people band together and form organizations to focus their collective power, social change can happen. When a large number of organizations work together toward a common goal, that's a movement. Movements make change.

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Title: Economics Business Individual portfolio Your portfolio include answers 3 short essay questions Weight 70 Word Limit 2000 Note MUST provide a word count exceed Question 1 40 marks Read statement answer questions There increasing concerns concentration airline industry

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2407
  • Sources:8
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Economics for Business: Individual portfolio
Your portfolio should include answers to all 3 short-essay questions
Weight: 70%
Word Limit: 2000 [Note that you MUST provide a word count and must not exceed it]
Question 1 (40 marks)
Read the following statement and answer the questions below:
There have been increasing concerns over the concentration in the airline industry. A recent
investigation on air freight prices by the European Commission revealed collusion between some
big airlines. Following investigations that date back to 2006, on 9th November 2010, the European
Commission imposed a fine of almost 800m euros on 11 airlines for fixing the price of air cargo
(BBC News, 2010)
Questions:
a) What type of market structure is being described above and what are its main assumptions and
characteristics?
b) Discuss the evidence uncovered by the European Commission.
c) What form of collusion did the airline companies engage in? What factors can make some sectors
more susceptible to this form of collusion? Discuss.
[Word limit: 800]
Question 2 (20 marks)
Read the following statement and answer the questions below:
According to official figures, the UK economy contracted by 0.5% in the fourth quarter of
2010(ONS, 2011)
a) What are the factors that were mainly responsible for the contraction of the UK economy in Q4
of 2010?
b) Examine the prospects for a stable economic recovery for the year 2011?
[Word limit: 400]
Question 3 (40 marks)
According to the principle of comparative advantage, trade is mutually beneficial to all trading
nations. However, countries still impose restrictions or barriers to trade such as the imposition of
tariffs by China on US poultry in September 2010. The use of farm subsidies by many countries
such as the U.S. and the EU is another example of protection granted to local sectors.
Discuss
a) The benefits of trade and demonstrate the principle of comparative advantage,
b) Whether countries are justified in protecting their domestic industries by referring to the above
examples and/or providing other real-life examples.
[Word limit: 800]
Additional information for question 1:
Reuters (26/10/2010): BA could face cartel fine up to ?80 million. [online] Available at
http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE69P1X
The Independent (09/11/2010): Airlines face ?800m cartel fines [online] Available at
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/airlines-face-8364800m-cartel-fines-
2128919.html
BBC News (09/10/2010): EU to fine airlines over cargo cartel [online] Available at
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-11717805
Europa Press Release (09/10/2010): Antitrust: Commission fines 11 air cargo carriers ?799 million
in price fixing cartel [online] Available at
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/1487&format=HTML&aged=0&la
nguage=EN&guiLanguage=en
Additional information for question 2:
ONS (28/03/2011) GDP growth contracts by 0.6% in Q4 2010 [online] Available at
http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=192
BBC News (23/03/2011) Osborne?s budget to fuel growth [online] Available at
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-12830224
Additional information for question 3:
Financial Times (27.09.2010): China-US trade war: Beijing slaps new tariffs on US poultry.
[online] Available at http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2010/09/27/china-us-trade-war-beijing-slapsnew-
tariffs-on-us-poultry/
CNN (28/09/2010): Beijing gets tough on US poultry sales. [online] Available at
http://edition.cnn.com/2009/BUSINESS/09/28/china.us.trade.ft/index.html#cnnSTCVideo
Reuters UK (25/02/2009) Obama reignites fight over U.S. farm subsidies [online] Available at
http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE51O7HN20090225
BBC News (23/01/2009) EU gives boost to dairy exports [online] Available at
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7846827.stm

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Works Cited:

BBC. (2011). Osborne's budget 'to fuel growth'. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-12830224

Chee, F. (2010). BA could face cartel fine up to €80 million. Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://uk.reuters.com/article/2010/10/26/uk-eu-ba-idUKTRE69P1X620101026

Europa. (2010). Antitrust: Commission fines 11 air cargo carriers €799 million in price fixing cartel. Europa.eu. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/1487&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en

OECD. (2002). Cartel. OECD. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=3157

ONS. (2011). GDP growth. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=192

Reuters. (2011). Sterling stung after UK Q4 GDP revised down. Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/02/25/markets-sterling-idUKLDE71O10S20110225

Shore, B. (2010). EU to fine airlines over cargo cartel. BBC News. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-11717805

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Title: Economics Monopoly Power Please respond 1 Take a position current initiatives FCC encourage competition communication markets protect public Provide specific examples support response 2 Imagine a single organization a complete monopoly post secondary education discuss economic impact

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 888
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Economics of Monopoly Power. Please respond to the following:
1)Take a position regarding whether the current initiatives of the FCC actually encourage competition in all communication markets and protect the public. Provide specific examples to support your response.
2)Imagine a single organization with a complete monopoly on all post-secondary education and discuss the likely economic impact.

The Economics of Professional Sports. Please respond to the following:
3)Explain the economic consequences that would unfold if one of the major four sports leagues in the United States reorganized into a single-entity league. Discuss the consequences for players and fans.
4)Discuss the likely economic impact to owners, players, and fans if sports leagues were not allowed to function as a cartel.

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JSI Capital Advisors, (2011). The FCC's Egalitarian Cable Broadband Initiative: What does it Mean for RLECs?: The "Biggest Effort Ever" to Address Broadband Adoption. Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.jsicapitaladvisors.com/the-ilec-advisor/tag/connect-2-compete

Mike Masnick, (2011). What Has The FCC Done To Actually Encourage Competition? Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20111013/16595616344/what-has-fcc-done-to-actually-encourage-competition.shtml

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