Total Pages: 5 Words: 1728 Bibliography: 5 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Drugs and Violence: Is there a connection? research paper (5 pages, APA Style). Also, include at least 4-5 research references to support the content of your paper.
Handbook of Mental Health Interventions in Children and Adolescents: An Integrated Developmental Approach. Editor: Hans Steiner
Publisher: Jossey-Bass: A Wiley Imprint
ISBN: 0-7879-6154-X www.josseybass.com
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Total Pages: 4 Words: 1367 Sources: 3 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Drug of abuse paper
Explore the NIDA website presented under the required readings this week. You will see that the site has web pages dedicated to a number of drugs of abuse. Choose a drug that you are unfamiliar with and discuss anything you think is relevant regarding the drug. This should include the chemical make- up, method of action, etc. You should include current trends and any other information that you think will be useful. In addition, you should identify a minimum of two primary research studies on the drug you choose to include in your discussion. The paper should be 4 - 6 pages in length, which includes the title, abstract and reference page. This paper is geared at exposing you to a new drug that you know very little about.
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Essay Instructions: Drug Monograph
The Drug is Vancomycin that will be used for the Monograph:
The drug monograph will be a narrative writing assignment regarding the drug product. The website www.centerwatch.com can be utilized as a reference. The monograph should be a maximum of 5 pages in length (not including title page or references) and should minimally include all of the following data: drug name (both generic and brand ??" if applicable), therapeutic category, indications, dosage, contraindications, drug-drug interaction(s), pregnancy risk category, sound-alike/look-alike drugs and potential adverse effects. Information pertaining to prescription refill limitations, should also be discussed.
There is no need for an abstract or table of contents. I will attach a Drug Monograph sample.
There are faxes for this order.
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Essay Instructions: Drugs firms 'waging war' on poor
Cheap copies of drugs to treat Aids are a lifeline
The international aid group, Oxfam, has accused the global pharmaceutical industry and western governments of waging what it calls an undeclared drugs war against the world's poorest countries.
The organisation says developing countries must be allowed to make cheap copies of drugs to treat diseases such as Aids, respiratory tract infections and childhood diarrhoea.
This is the shadowy side of globalisation
Oxfam policy director Justin Forsyth
Oxfam has also called on the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to change patent rules which, it says, result in restricted access to life-saving drugs. Under normal WTO rules, companies can patent drugs for 20 years.
It is estimated that two billion people worldwide lack basic healthcare, and 11 million people die each year from preventable disease.
Oxfam wants one of the world's largest drug companies, GlaxoSmithKline, to drop legal action against countries that are producing cheaper drugs.
One of those facing such action is Brazil, which manufactures and distributes drugs free of charge to HIV-infected people, a policy that has led to a 50% drop in the Aids death rate in the country.
The WTO has set up a dispute panel to examine a US complaint over Brazilian law, which allows local companies to produce patented drugs in certain cases.
Thailand has also come under US pressure to stop local manufacturers producing cheaper generic drugs for Aids patients. It now has patent laws that are even stricter than required by the WTO, according to Paul Cawthorne of the medical aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres.
Indian pharmaceutical companies make all the Aids drugs we make or any other company makes - people aren't being treated. Sir Richard Sykes, GlaxoSmithKline
In South Africa, groups campaigning for access to cheap anti-Aids drugs are stepping up their pressure ahead of a key court case next month. The case could establish the legal basis on which cheaper generic versions of well-known drugs can be imported.
South Africa is suffering an acute Aids crisis, with 10% of the population HIV-positive. An Aids activists ' group - the Treatment Action Campaign - is marching to parliament on Monday to press the case for cheaper drugs.
Oxfam policy director Justin Forsyth said: "This is the shadowy side of globalisation.
"We know that making life-saving drugs more affordable isn't the whole answer. However, the balance has skewed too far toward corporate wealth rather than public health."
Oxfam is also calling for a $5bn international fund to assist disease research and subsidise drug distribution in developing countries.
GlaxoSmithKline said Oxfam did not appreciate the complexities of the problem, which required a shared responsibility by governments, NGOs, the World Bank and the UN.
The company also said that the group had ignored its work in developing countries, including initiatives to reduce the prices of HIV-related drugs.
The company's non-executive chairman, Sir Richard Sykes, told the BBC that the producers of cheap generic drugs were engaging in "piracy".
He said there were plenty of generic copiers in India "who can make these drugs at will".
"So why are they not producing cheap drugs so that the people in India can start being treated? There is absolutely no evidence that that is happening," he said.
"They're exporting to countries where intellectual property is not protected, like Latin America, for example," he added.
He warned that if South Africa allowed generic compounds to be sold cheaply the UK pharmaceutical industry would "start to deteriorate very rapidly".
1. What exactly are patents trying to protect?
2. Why is it that certain industries seem to be particularly vulnerable to the violation of patent rights? ??" e.g. pharmaceuticals, music, software? (Consider their cost structure ??" Fixed Costs/Variable Costs/Average Costs/Marginal Costs)
3. What do you think the pharmaceutical companies should do in this situation?
4. In this case the market system doesn’t seem to get the goods to the people that need them. Do you think the government has already intervened too much (through the patent system) or needs to intervene further (to make sure the people that need the medicines get them)? Explain.
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