Essay Instructions: Drug trafficking in the United States. Must take a stance on an issue and argue the points.
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Essay Instructions: I am using the Iran Contra Affair to show that the American Government uses hidden agendas that support drug trafficking while they boast the fact that they are world leaders in fights the war on drugs.? The scope and nature of the problem consisting of Drug Trafficking in the United States is that most people don?t realize that some of the drug trafficking in the United States is actually return from Government sponsored drug trade from other countries. I plan to show that the US Government has supported drug trafficking in the past and has now come to bite the Government in the butt. I plan to show that the Government makes decisions without public support to ?better? the American way of life, and in return over time, comes to harm the American way of life. That we are encouraging our own problems by supporting other nations in the world and knowingly allowing it. I plan to us the Iran-Contra Affair that stems from the Regan Presidency and how this has impacted our world today and that it has once again come back to bite out American Butts.
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Essay Instructions: Discuss the interplay between drug trafficking and insurgent terrorists. What evidence exists for supporting a link with the FARC and drug trafficking?
All, Assignment must contain at least two to four references unless otherwise specified. The sources for these references should be included at the end of your response in order to give appropriate credit to the individuals from whom you borrowed material.
Large word-for-word quotes are not permitted as well. Direct quotes, if used need to be only a sentence or two long. Instead, most cited material needs to be paraphrased. For more information on properly citing sources in your assignments please refer to the APA 6th edition manual. While the assignments are to include an examination on current research of a particular problem, they also include the student’s carful and informed analysis of the problem.
You will need to include several additional academic sources. These sources should consist of scholarly journals that have been peer reviewed and academically based books. Web sources can be used, though they should come from credible sources such as government agencies, academics and private agencies with a strong reputation within the community they serve. Examples of peer reviewed scholarly based journals include:
Journal of Criminology
Crime and Public Opinion
Journal of Criminal Justice and Public Policy
Justice Quarterly: JQ
You will not be allowed to use web pages or web groups such as Wikipedia found at http://www.wikipedia.org/ and Answers.com, as the information contained in these web pages are academically questionable. You cannot use web pages of a questionable background or academic source.
Furthermore, you will not be permitted to cite encyclopedias, dictionaries, newspapers (unless otherwise permitted) and popular magazines. It is important to remember that this is a graduate level class and you are required to submit graduate level work, which is backed up by academically credible material. If you have a question about the quality of a potential resource please e-mail your professor.
Additionally it is permissible to use “I” statements and write in the first person since these questions seek specific opinions. Also, it is not necessary to include an abstract for the Forum Assignments.
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Essay Instructions: Project Part 2: Declaring Your Audience, Research, and Thesis Statement
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT MODEL
This week you need to start the preliminary research for your paper. You will complete three tasks:
First you will declare your audience.
Second you will turn in an annotated bibliography including a minimum of three sources.
Finally, you will write your thesis statement.
Use some of the information I provided
Effect of Drug Trafficking Across the Border on Law Enforcement
A number of people dispute that the war against drug trafficking across the border is costing the United States a lot of tax dollars, law enforcement endeavor, and lives, and that, even with so much effort, small progress has been made. Data indicates that anti narcotic budget in the United States has jumped up from $9.7 billion in the 90s to around$18 billion in year 2000. Moreover, The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) field agent has increased from 3,191 in 1990 to 4,561 in 2000. Despite these increase in DEA agent the number of drug abusers in the United States has boosted from 5.8% in early 90s to around 6.7% in the 1998. Approximately around 15 million of the US total population was abusing drugs in various ways in 1999. Among these 15 million around 200,000 were roughly using heroin which estimates to more than thrice the numbers in 1993 which was around 68,000 (Massing, 2000). In spite of the al the efforts being made by the law enforcement agencies against drug traffickers the numbers of drug abusers in the United States has risen tremendously in the last ten years.
President Richard Nixon in 1968 devised the term “war on drugs” to signify United States efforts against drug manufacturers, distributors and its consumers. Nixon brought together four agencies in 1974 to establish the Drug Enforcement Agency known as the DEA. President Ronald Reagan, in the 80s restored the war on narcotics and amplified the endeavors of the DEA to trim down drug trafficking across the border to the United States (Hamowy, 1987). Reagan instigated a chain of regulations permitting federal officials to have access to military intelligence, training, and technology to track and seize drug traffickers. While this was taking place the federal and local governments approved laws permitting land and assets build from drug revenues to be impounded and confiscated by officials. During the Reagan administration, drug therapy programs and education programs were started, which also included Nancy Reagan’s “Just Say No” campaign in which kids were educated through by media messages and slogans to refuse to accept offers concerning drugs (Hamowy, 1987).
Enhancements in law enforcement endeavors was aimed in reducing drug trafficking by enforcing further strict legal sanctions for convicted drug cartels, but the sheer size of the revenues generates from drug business dominates the threat of penalty. The global drug operation is estimated to produce $300 billion to $400 billion every year. Such a outsized revenues besides providing a strong motivation to deal in drug, gives them access to latest, state ??"of- the- art technological edge. Since the traffickers have a superior budget than drug enforcement agencies, they have resources to come up with more advances and sophisticated means of manufacturing, transporting, and smuggling drugs (Massing, 2000). Research indicates that in past few years the drug cartels have purchased commercial jetliners and have erected a fleet of small submarines to transport drugs to the United States. Lots of these drugs have slipped the border in large propane tanks, hazardous containers, canned food, and drums of jalapeno peppers. One such instance is when one of the groups effectively trafficked drugs from Mexico into the United States and further into Canada concealed in a special mold of porcelain toilets. These facts indicate strongly that he present DEA budget is highly insufficient in fighting against the immeasurable resources at to drug traffickers disposal (Hamowy, 1987).
Depending entirely on anti-narcotics efforts abroad, the government agencies would have to spend $783 million more annually to cut cocaine consumption by 1 percent; similarly depending on prohibition, it would have to splurge $366 million extra, and on domestic law enforcement, $246 million. Relying solely on treatment, however, the government would have to spend only $34 million more to attain that 1 percent decrease. According to one study called as the RAND, treatment was seven times less expensive than local law enforcement, ten times more effectual than prohibition, and twenty-three times more cost effective than going out hunting down the drug cartels (Massing, 2000).
Massing and others are convicted that drug therapy is not only more successful at decreasing drug abuse than prohibiting it, but in addition way more cost friendly for the American taxpayers.
Massing. M, 2000, The Fix, University of California Press.
Hamowy, R, 1987, Dealing with Drugs: Consequences of Government Control. Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy: San Francisco.
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