Drought Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Drought College Essay Examples

Title: influenced psychosocial factors Faba bean yield academic writing a report include executive summary introduction effect drought faba bean yield conclusion

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1330
  • Sources:7
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: the influenced of psychosocial factors on Faba bean yield . academic writing as a report include executive summary and introduction and the effect of drought on faba bean yield and conclusion

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De Costa, W.A.J.M; Dennett, M.D; Ratnaweera, U; Nyalemegbe, K.1999. Effects of different water regimes on field-grown determinate and indeterminate fababean (Vicia faba L.). Canopy growth and biomass production. Field Crops Research, vol. 49, no: 2 -- 3, pp: 83 -- 93.

Loss, S.P; Siddiquea, K.H.M. 1997. Adaptation of fababean (Vicia faba L.) to dryland Mediterranean-type environments I. Seed yield and yield components" Field Crops Research, vol. 52, no: 1 -- 2, pp: 17 -- 28.

Minguez, M.I. Ruiz-Nogueirab, A. B; Saub, F. 1993. Fababean productivity and optimum canopy development under a Mediterranean climate. Field Crops Research, vol. 33, no. 4, pp: 435 -- 447.

Muehlbauer, F.J; Tullu, Abebe. 1997. Vicia faba L. NewCROP FactSHEET. Accessed Online 26 June, 2012 from http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/cropfactsheets/fababean.html

Mwanamwenge, J; Loss, S.P; Siddique, K.H.M; Cocks, P.S. 1999. Effect of water stress during floral initiation, flowering and podding on the growth and yield of fababean (Vicia faba L.). European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp: 1 -- 11.

Siddique, K.H. M; Brinsmead, R. B; Knight, R; Knights, E. J; Paull, J. G; Rose, I.A. 1997. Adaptation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to Australia." Conference paper; Linking research and marketing opportunities for pulses in the 21st Century. Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference, Adelaide, Australia, 22-26 September.

Torres, A. M; Roman, B; Avila, C. M; Satovic, Z; Rubiales, D; Sillero, J. C; Cubero, J. I; Moreno, M.T. 2006. Faba bean breeding for resistance against biotic stresses: Towards application of marker technology. UPHYTICA, vol. 147, no: 1-2, pp: 67-80.

Xiaa, X.Z. 1994. Effects of soil drought during the generative development phase of faba bean ( Vicia faba) on photosynthetic characters and biomass production. The Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 122, no. 2, pp: 67-72.

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Title: xeriscaping

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2555
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Choose a yard with a lawn for your project. It can be your yard or someone else’s.
• Research the subject of homeowner water usage in your chosen yard. Determine how much water would be saved by taking out the lawn per month and per year.
• Research the subject of "xeriscaping".? Write a 2000 word persuasive essay on the benefits of xeriscaping.
• Research drought-tolerant California native plants.?Use the knowledge you gained by visiting Rancho Santa Ana and the papers posted in A8, as well as your text book.
• Select a color palette and specific plants to replace the lawn .
• Do a cost analysis of xeriscaping the front yard with California native plants. Hint: the Theodore Payne Society, El Nativo Nursery and Las Pilitas are excellent resources for prices.?
• Now you have two choices:
• 1) Take a before picture of your yard and then actually rip out the lawn and put in the xeriscape you designed. Then take an after picture.
• OR 2) Take a before picture and then using either photoshop or the old fashioned cut and paste technique, present a mock-up of your new front yard. Your mock-up MUST include the plants you selected in your palette
• Post the before and after pictures online with your essay

Berberis Nevinii is a shrub found in California alone. It has been declared endangered and is in list 1B.of the endangered species of the State of California from 1987 and later the Federal Government declared it ‘endangered’ in 1998. (Calflora. Taxon Report 1074) Berberis Nevinii can grow to 6 feet in height, and has grey foliage. The leaves may be up to 3 inches long with lateral or ovalate leaves and the terminal leaflet is lanceolate. (McMinn, 127) It has bristles on the margines and flowers in March to May. It is a rare species that occur in San Fernando Canyon and parts of California. It has yellow flowers and juicy colored berry all of which makes it an ideal candidate for group cultivation as ornamental plants, hedges and other landscape uses, apart from its medicinal properties. (McMinn, 129) The plants are collected and cultivated for ornamental purpose at private residences in gardens and as hedges. The plant assumes importance owing to being endemic to California alone and also being depleted because of alternate land use encroaching on its habitat.

(a) Care of Berberis Nevinii

The plant is an ornamental and medicinal plant but there has not been a systematic study of its cultivation although it is cultivated as an ornamental plant and to make fences and hedges. The plant tolerates all climatic and soil conditions of its native place ??" California. The requirements for the cultivation, borders on the climate of the state. However as of now, there is no concrete information about the present situation of the shrub, either on its population or life history. Little has been divided of the breeding and other aspects like pollination biology. It is indicated that the shrub grows from a fertile seed is never observed. (Fedde, CPC National Collection Plant Profile: Berberis nevinii)

The current need for protection arises from the fact that the habitat of Berberis nevinii is now taken over by farming development and other urbanization activities. It can be cultivated and is tolerant to many types of soils and different cultivation practices. The growth and cultivation is done by private owners now, and only about a few plants exist in federal land and thus under federal protection. Since the researches are inconclusive there is a greater need to research further into the reproduction and seeding requirements of Berberis nevinii. (Fedde, CPC National Collection Plant Profile: Berberis nevinii) The Angeles National Forest monitors the shrub, but there so far is no systematic study.

(b) Usefulness of Berberis Nevinii

The leaves have sharp spines and the rhizomes and tap roots of older plants are collected. The tap root is collected from the plants and the leaves are also used in preparations. The roots are cut and dried and use as tea preparations. (Kane, 80) Berberine can cause hemolytic deficiency. (Kane, 81) The species contain chemicals that are said to have medicinal properties. It contains alkaloids, berberine, columbamine and others like oxyacynthine and many more. It is said to be very effective against bacteria and other disease causing organisms and arrests their proliferation. (Kane, 79-80) The oil from the plant is used as an antiseptic in wounds, and treating fungus in the nails and for bacterial or mold created problems. It is also being used for purposes of indigestion. Some other possibilities include treatment for psoriasis, liver cooling, and in hepatitis. It is anti-inflammatory and is used in treating some aliment like strep throat and sinusitis too. The fruits are used in confectionery in producing jams and jelly.

c) Symbolism of the Plant of Berberis Nevinii

The Berberidaceae family or Barberry family consists of many plants: The Fremont barberry, also called the Holy grape. Scientifically the nomenclature is Mahonia fremontii or known as Berberis fremontii. The red barberry is ‘Mahonia Haematocarpa’ or ‘Berberis Haemotocarpa’ and others including Algerita ??" Barberis trifoliata and Nevins barberry. All these are shrubs that have large spiny shaped leaves and produce six petalled yellow flower and juicy fruit and have deep roots. (Kane, 78) M. Nivenni is a large rounded shrub and has holly like leaves, and is composed of three to five spiny clusters. The fruits are yellowish red, mostly a native of California. The species are now classified as Berberidaceae and its new name is ‘Mahonia nevinii’ or ‘Mahonia nevinii’. (Calflora. Taxon Report 1074)


Calflora. Taxon Report 1074. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-

profit organization]. 2010.

Fedde, Gray. CPC National Collection Plant Profile: Berberis nevinii. Center for Plant Conservation. CPC Number: 2777. 2010.

Kane, Charles W. Herbal Medicine of the Southwest. 2006. Lincoln Town Press.

McMinn, Howard. An Illustrated Manual of California Shubs.University of California Press. 1951.

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Hepner, Ruth. 2006, October 11. "Selecting Drought-Resistant Plants." The Washington Times:


Hughes, Donald J. An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role

in the Community of Life. London: Routledge, 2001.

"Landscaping to Conserve Water." 1993, March/April. Journal of Property Management 58(2):


Norton, Bryan G. Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Vogel, Cheri. 2003, Fall. "Teaching Water Awareness through Xeriscaping." Green Teacher 72:


Wheeler, Stephen M. Creating Livable, Equitable, and Ecological Communities. New York:

Routledge, 2004.

Appendix A

Representative Application of Xeriscaping Techniques



(addition of Berberis Nevinii)

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Title: Military Studies

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1727
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: One page per question, with 500 words per page. You must cite your sources (where appropriate) using endnotes (References > Insert Endnote) in accordance with the Communicative Arts Directive. Please use the Arial, font 12, double-line spacing format used in the body of the document.
Question 1. In your own words, define globalization. In a globalized context, which of the two issues?sovereign debt and energy insecurity?is the greater challenge to US national interests and why?
Question 2. What is climate change? Rising sea levels and severe droughts are two effects of global climate change. Explain how each one has security implications for developing nations.
Question 3. What are the three most important US national security interests in Mexico? Articulate the primary challenge to each interest in Mexico. Explain and justify which two challenges pose the greatest obstacles to achieving US national security interests.
Bibliography format citation style is ASSERTION-SUPPORT-ANALYSIS

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Works Cited:


China Japan Island Dispute. (2013). Defense News. Retrieved from: http://www.defensenews.com/article/20130504/DEFREG03/305040006/China-Japan-Island-Dispute-Could-Become-Flashpoint

Burgan, M. (2007). America in World War Two. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library.

Burr, M. (1994). Requiem for Sudan. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Dodds, F. (2012). Climate Change and Energy Insecurity. Sterling, VA: Dunstan House.

Dominguez, J. (2009). United States and Mexico. New York, NY: Routledge.

Douglas, B. (2000). Sea Level Rise. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Assertion Support Analysis. http://www.ehow.com/how_8205247_construct-written-argument-using-evidence.html

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Title: Wabash Watershed and Global warming

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2323
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Your completed Project 2 Part B, should total approximately 8 pages, double-spaced, roughly 2000 words.
For Part B, your essay should be addressing the questions/points below:
Do we see an overall warming of the environment?
Some theorists envisioned that we would see a more pronounced warming of minimum temperatures than maximum temperatures. This might result in a reduced range of temperatures. What trends does the data show?
Many theories that look at global warming envisage more drought and less surplus water conditions for inland or continental locations. Therefore, we might see some trends in precipitation amounts and the frequency of certain amounts of precipitation. What do the trends show?
In reference to actual evapotranspiration, surplus/deficit conditions and runoff/streamflow, what might we expect with a warming climate?
Are there clear-cut answers in the trends that we see?
What does that tell us about researching environmental issues like global warming?
Are there other types of data or information that we need to look at to make a worthwhile analysis? If so, what would they be?
What are the implications of the results of this study?
Can you link any of the climate trends to human agency?
If the trends continue in their current direction, what are the potential implications for people living in the Wabash Watershed?
In short, we are looking at a specific geographic area, the Wabash Watershed. We are looking at a specific time period, 1961-1990, utilizing raw, 5-year average, and 10-year average data, with respect to temperature, precipitation, evapotranspiration, moisture surplus, moisture deficit, and surface runoff. What does this data tell about this region over this time period, and what does it indicate about the future? Does this tell us anything, positively or negatively about global warming theory?
These are just some of the questions you should ask yourself as you analyze and report on this data and tell us what it all means. Good Luck!
This project is to be submitted using the drop box located in this module before the close of Module 6. Be sure to submit your project in one Word file and document your sources using APA format.

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EPA. (2013). Midwest Impacts & Adaptation. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved form: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/midwest.html

Goudie, A.S. (2005). The human impact on the natural environment: past, present, and future. Wiley-Blackwell.

Gregersen, H., Ffolliott, P., & Brookes, K. (2008). Integrated watershed management: Connecting people to their land and water. CABI.

IPCC. (2013). Climate Change 2007: Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch19s19-3-6.html

Karl, T.R., Melillo, J.M. And Peterson, T.C.(2009). Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. U.S. Global Change Research Program. Cambridge University Press.Retrieved from: www.globalchange.gov/usimpacts

McCabe, G.J., & Wolock, D.M. (1999). General Calculation Model in simulation of Future Snowpack in the Western United States. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 35(6), 1473-1484.

Westerling, A.L., Hidalgo, H.G., Cayan, D.R., & Swetnam, T.W. (2006). Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science, 313(5789), 940-943.

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