With the “Basic History of Western Art “ by Janson & Janson (seventh edition) please answer the following questions (every question is approximately 1/3 -1/2 of page):
a) Why is the DAVID by Donatello
an important landmark sculpture in the presentation of the figure? What characteristics does it get from the ancient Greek? Why is DAVID a symbol for Florence and for the Cristian faithful?
b) List some innovations made in this first period of Renaissance art?
What was Michelangelo’s primary focus with regard to subject matter? What were his major influences? Identify some of his major works that show this focus.
a) What is MANNERISM (define and describe its characteristics) and how/where does
it show up in the art of the period?
b) How and why did art in Venice develop so differently than art in Florence or Rome?
a) How did 15th century Northern Flemish painting differ from the art of Italy in the 1400’s? List specific differences/key features.
b) How did the Gutenberg’s printing press transform Europe? What were the social and political implications of printmaking?
a) What impact did the Reformation have on the arts in Germany? Refer in your discussion to Luther’s objections to art.
b) What shaped and inspired the art works of Albrecht Durer? (consider artistic influences, media he worked in, religious beliefs, audience, and patrons)
a) How does the design of Versailles and the Louvre reflect the idea of the French king’s divine right absolute rule?
b) What was the function of the Royal Academy, and how did it impact French artists?
List the characteristics of Rococo art. Who were the various intended audiences of the style in France and England?
What caused an interest once again in classical antiquity and how did it impact the arts?
a) How did Napoleon use Romanticism to promote his imperial aims?
b) How does Gericault’s “The Raft of the Medusa” illustrate the Romantic style in painting?
c) How does the work of the artist Ingres illustrate both Neoclassic and Romantic aspects? Refer to specific paintings.
Describe impressionism in terms of style, subject matter, and influences.
a) How was photography continuing to affect artistic expression?
b) Describe the different approaches Post-Impressionist painters took remed the limitations they found in impressionism.
a) Describe Cubism. How did it come into being, how did it evolve, and what impact did have on other movement?
b) Do you agree with Duchamp’s assertion that anything is art that is declared art? What impact did it have on art?
a) Which important historical events were shaping the art between 1914 and 1940? Which art movements reflected these social and political realities? How?
b) What is Surrealism?
a) What did Modernism emphasize in its expression? (message, materials, stylistic features, etc,)
b) What did Lichtenstein and Warhal do for the direction of art? How were they similar? How were they different?
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Hauser, Arnold. Rococo, Classicism and Romanticism, New York: Routledge, 1999.
Honnef, Klaus and Schoneckenburger, Manfred. Art of the 20th century, Los Angeles: Taschen, 2000.
Hunt, Jocelyn. The Renaissance, New York: Routledge, 1999
Janson, Anthony. Basic History of Western Art, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2005.