Dna Testing Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Dna Testing College Essay Examples

Title: Technology and Social Responsibility

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1414
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Topic-Technology and Social Responsibility

Please write three to four paragraphs explaining your position in response to EACH of the following questions:

1) What are three major factors fueling international technological growth? Explain the ways in which those factors impede or support corporate social responsibility.
2) What major corporate social responsibility issues arise out of the use of technology and scientific research?
3) Compare and contrast organizational self-regulation versus governmental regulation on issues such as eugenics, cloning, and DNA testing. Support your position with theories, models, and references.

The paper must be APA (6th edition) with recent references within the last 5 years. Please include an abstract, 1 page each with 3-4 paragraphs addressing each question listed above and a conclusion and reference page (APA 6th edition). References must be within the last 5 years to meet APA requirements.

Thanks!!!

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References

Summers, Lawrence, H. (2010) Technologies Opportunities, Job Creation and Economic Growth. 28 June, 2010. National Economic Council. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nec/speeches/technological-opportunities-job-creation-economic-growth

Pohle, George and Hittner, Jeff (2011) Attaining Sustainable Growth Through Corporate Social Responsibility (2011 ) IBM Global Business Services. Retrieved from: http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/gbs/bus/pdf/gbe03019-usen-02.pdf

Rosen, Christine (2003) Eugenic: Sacred and Profane. The New Atlantis. Summer, Retrieved from: http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/eugenics-sacred-and-profane

Grad, Frank P. (2011) The Debate on Human Cloning and Legislative Morality: Notes on Eugenics for An Age of Affluence. Legislation and Public Policy. 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.law.nyu.edu/ecm_dlv/groups/public/@nyu_law_website__journals__journal_of_legislation_and_public_policy/documents/documents/ecm_pro_060631.pdf

Fukuyama, Francis (2002) Gene Regime. Apr 2002. Foreign Policy NO. 129. Washington Post Newsweek Interactive LLC. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/pss/3183390

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Title: Police Technologies

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2059
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Seven page research paper, excluding works cited page, on various current police technologies. I need a minimum of 5 resources with each one cited in the paper (MLA style), no limit on number of citations. Possible subjects may include but are not limited to: use of computers in patrol cars, video and digital recording devices, DNA testing, automated fingerprint indentification system, firearms identification, breath testers, and encrypted communications systems.

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REFERENCE:

1. Jerry W. Kilgore - "DNA Samples Prove to Be Effective in Solving Crimes." Magazine Title: Corrections Today. Volume: 65. Issue: 4. July 2003. 28.

2. "DNA Money." Newspaper Title: The Washington Times. March 12, 2003. A06.

3. Richard S. Julie - "High-Tech Surveillance Tools and the Fourth Amendment: Reasonable Expectations of Privacy in the Technological Age." Journal Title: American Criminal Law Review. Volume: 37. Issue: 1. Publication Year: 2000. Page Number: 127

4. News Story: Camera detects concealed weapons in real-time. [http://news.thomasnet.com/fullstory/463051] Accessed Aug 21, 2005

5. FBI: Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System [http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/iafis.htm] Accessed Aug 21, 2005

6. Jim Keary - "Car Laptops to Help Fight Crime." The Washington Times. March 17, 1998. 6

7. "Federalizing the D.C. Police." The Washington Times. November 23, 1996. 2.

8. Impaired Driving - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control [http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/drving.htm] Accessed Aug 21, 2005

9. Candice Combs - Staff Writer. "Tenn. Police Statewide Get New Breath Testers" [http://www.policeone.com/police-products/traffic-enforcement/breathalyzers/articles/99676/] Accessed Aug 21, 2005

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Title: trial preparation

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1775
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: PART 1:

During trial preparation, you are directed by the Assistant U.S. Attorney (AUSA) to bring the tapes of intercepted conversations involving a prime suspect in your case to her office. You provide the evidence custodian with the necessary paperwork and are waiting for the tapes to be produced. After 20 minutes, the custodian comes back and asks if you are sure you have provided the correct case and exhibit numbers. You verify the numbers and are told the original tapes cannot be found.

You immediately inform your supervisor, who is understandably concerned. You have the paperwork documenting the fact that the tapes were transferred to the custody of the evidence custodian. The other agents in the office are asked whether they have any knowledge of this matter. No one has any idea as to what happened to the original tapes.

You and your supervisor call the AUSA and explain to her what has happened. She is furious and tells you not to be surprised if the judge throws out the entire case. You remind her that she has duplicate copies in her possession and that you have your working copies as well. She says her copies were barely audible, and apparently there was some problem with the recording equipment. You decide to do some research on the best evidence rule.

?What is the best evidence rule? Explain in detail. ?Why was the best evidence rule implemented into the U.S. court system? Explain.
?What is the rationale behind its application?

?Review the following cases with regard to wiretapping: ?Olmstead v. United States
?Nardone v. United States
?Goldman v. United States
?Berger v. New York
?Katz v. United States

?Summarize the current status of wiretapping restrictions according to the reviewed cases above.
?How must evidence derived from wiretapping be packaged and preserved? Explain.
?How does wiretapping evidence relate to the "fruit of the poisonous tree" doctrine? Explain.
?What is the likely outcome of your case in court if the originals are not located? Explain.


PART 2:

?What are the purposes of DNA testing? Explain in detail. ?Provide examples where necessary.

?What is law enforcement?s role in making DNA testing possible today when it was not possible 15?20 years ago? Explain. ?Provide examples when necessary.
?Discuss how the best evidence rule can come into play when dealing with DNA evidence.

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References

Cornell University Law School. (2010). Best Evidence Rule. Retrieved from http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/best_evidence_rule

Federal Evidence Review. (2010). Authenticating Wiretap Recordings. Retrieved from http://federalevidence.com/blog/2010/june/authenticating-wiretap-recordings

Manusov, V. & Larvey, J. (1999). American Jurisprudence (2nd ed.). Attribution, Communication, Behavior, and Close Relationships. Danvers: Thomson Legal Publishing Inc.

Maschke, K.J. (2013). DNA and Law Enforcement. Retrieved from http://www.thehastingscenter.org/Publications/BriefingBook/Detail.aspx?id=2168

Murphy, P. (2008). Murphy on Evidence (10th ed.).Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Naisbitt, J., Naisbitt, N. & Philips, D. (2001). High Tech, High Touch Technology and Our Accelerated Search for Meaning. Naperville: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.

Redeern, A., Hunter, M., Blackaby, N. & Partasides, C. (2004). Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration (4th ed.). London: Sweet and Maxwell.

Rice, P.R. (2005). Electronic Evidence: Law and Practice (4th ed.). Chicago: American Bar Association.

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Title: Crime Scene Evidence

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1184
  • Sources:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Informal 4-6 page double-spaced (word document) paper. In the paper the teacher wants a discussion in my own words on one of the rules of evidence which I selected CRIME SCENE EVIDENCE. Research and citations are optional on this paper. The teacher is most interested in my personal thought processes and writing style. Expain why you think the rule is fair, or unfair. Demonstrate critical thinking skills as well as persuasive writing skills.

CRIME SCENE EVIDENCE:
1. Scientific Evidence- laying the foundation, fingerprints, blood alcohol, blood typing, DNA testing, identification of firearms

This is what should be in the body of the informal paper.

If you have any questions feel free to email me. Thank you so much.

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cited in the preceding footnotes, relates to the legal relevance of the expert witnesses who will present the forensic evidence and the corresponding incriminating conclusions. Thus, the relevancy question plays a crucial, if indirect role in forensic evidence.] [5: Federal Rule of Evidence 403- Exclusion of Relevant Evidence on Grounds of Prejudice, Confusion, or Waste of Time]

Laying the Foundation to Specific Forensic Evidence

As discussed briefly above, different types of crime scene evidence require very different evidentiary foundations. Common objects/samples contained at a crime scene that are examined forensically include fingerprints, blood alcohol level, blood typing, DNA testing and identification of firearms. For fingerprints, the state will have to show that the fingerprints taken at the crime scene are the ones that were tested for identification (authenticity); that the prints 'lifted' by the crime scene technician were clear enough to make the positive identification (reliability) and that the prints match those of the defendant and this fact helps prove the defendant committed the crime (relevance).

For blood alcohol, blood typing and DNA analysis, the state must show the chain of custody of the sample taken from the crime scene until the time of testing and trial (authenticity); the scientific reliability of the testing done to reach the conclusions; and that the results implicate the defendant (relevance). Finally to admit a firearm into evidence, the state must show that the firearm is the precise weapon removed from the crime scene via a chain of custody and other methods, such as through serial numbers (authenticity); that science proves the weapon matches the type of weapon used in the crime (reliability); and that the weapon helps to prove the defendant's guilt (relevance).

Conclusion

American criminal justice is based on the notion that all people are innocent until proven guilty. Proving people guilty has become easier thanks to tremendous technological advances. The rights of the accused remain, however, and the state still bears the burden of showing that the crime scene evidence is authentic, reliable and relevant before it can be used against a defendant in a court of law.

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