Essay Instructions: TITLE OF PAPER IS TO BE -------------------------------------------Divorce and Children
RESEARCH THE IMPACT OF DIVORCE ON CHILDREN
1. The Impact of Divorce on Children
Research the impact of divorce on children under the age of 18. This is to be based on research, not opinion or just experience and observation.
APA format is required for this paper. That includes a cover page, an abstract, the main body (with in-text and parenthetical citations), and reference page. You may want to refer to the APA style guide provided in the course.
You are required to have two professional journal articles; for example, Journal of Marriage and Family
please include two extra sources professional journal articles; for example, Journal of Marriage and Family
WE Safe Assign which is a plagiarism checking feature.
please no plagiarism
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Essay Instructions: Learning Goals
1. Understand the multiple facets of child development: physical, cognitive, personality, moral, social-emotional, identity, and spiritual development.
2. Understand stage theory, developmental norms, and critical periods.
3. Be familiar with the history and changing perspectives in the field of child development.
4. Understand and be conversant in the important issues in child development, such as health, nutrition, parenting, caretaking, schooling, resilience, gender, and cultural and ethnic diversity.
5. Become familiar with current research and controversies in the field.
For the Overview, my goal is to:
? Critically analyze the history of this field.
? Comparing and contrasting theories of child development.
Dependent on the availability of the reading materials, below is the list of resources for possible readings:
Cohen, D. Observing and recording the behavior of young children 4th ed. New York: Teachers College Press.
Crain, W. D. (1999). Theories of development: Concepts and applications 4th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:: Prentice Hall College Division.
Gesell, A., & Ilg, F.L. (1949). Child development: An introduction to the study of human growth. New York: Harper & Row.
Junn, E.N., & Boyatzis, C.J. (Ed.s). (2000). Annual Editions: Child Growth and Development 00/01. New YorK: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Lefrancois, G. (2000). Of children (9th ed.). Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth.
Lefrancois, G. (1999). Psychology for Teaching (10th ed.). Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth.
Shaffer, D. R. ( 1999 ). Developmental Psychology: Childhood & Adolescence 5th Ed.
Ulijasjek, S., Johnson, F., and Preece, M. (ed.s). (1998). Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Growth and Development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wood, C. (1997). Yardsticks: Yardsticks : Children in the Classroom Ages 4-14 : A Resource for Parents and Teachers. Greenfield, MA: Northeast Foundation for Children.
Practical, useful, well-organized resource.
Infancy and Early Childhood
Ainsworth, M. D., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bowlby, J. (1990). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human
development. New York: Basic Books.
Brazelton, T. B., & Greenspan, S. I. (2000). The Irreducible Needs of Children: What
Every Child Must Have to Grow, Learn, and Flourish. Cambridge, MA: Perseus.
Carlsson-Paige, N., & Levin, D. E. (1987). The war play dilemma. New York: Teachers College Press.
Dunn, J. (1988). The beginnings of social understanding. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Montessori, M. (1967). The absorbent mind 6th Ed.(Claude A. Claremont, Trans.). Madras, India: Kalakshetra Publications. (Original work published in 1949)
Montessori’s theory of stages, including psychological, language, and physical development .
Brain and Neurological Development
Eliot, L. (1999). What's Going on in There? How the Brain and Mind Develop in the First Five Years of Life. New York: Bantam.
LeDoux, J. (1996). The emotional brain. New York: Touchstone.
Makes brain functions understandable with conversational language and simple diagrams.
Shonkoff, J. P. & Phillips, D. A. (Ed.s). (2000). From Neurons to Neighborhoods : The Science of Early Childhood Development. Washington DC: National Academy Press.
Damon, W. & Hart, D. 1(988). Self Understanding in Childhood and Adolescence.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Piaget, J. (1952). The origins of intelligence in children. New York: International
Piaget, J. (1970). Genetic Epistemology. New York: W.W. Norton
Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1969). The psychology of the child. New York: Basic Books.
Azibo, D. (1996). African psychology in historical perspective. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.
Edited volume of chapters by Akbar, Phillips, Stewart, Carruthers, and others. Highly recommended.
Gardiner, H.W., Mutter, J. D., & Kosmitzki, C. (1997). Lives Across Cultures: Cross-Cultural Human Development. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Cross-cultural perspectives on development: physical, cognitive, personality, and gender.
Shujaa, M.J.(1995). Too much schooling, too little education; a paradox of black life in white societies. Trenton, NJ Africa World Press
Suarez-Orozco, C., & Suarez-Orozco,, M.M. (2001). Children of Immigration (The
Developing Child). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tatum, B.D. (1999). Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?: And other conversations about race. New York: Basic Books.
Barnett, W. S. (1996). Lives in the balance: Age-27 benefit-cost analysis of the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program (Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 11). Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.
Elkind, D. 1993. Images of the young child: collected essays on development and education. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Essays by the author of The Hurried Child.
Hohmann, M. & Weikar, D. P. (1995). Educating Young Children: Active Learning Practices forPreschool and Child Care Programs. Ypsilanti, MI: High Scope Press.
Kamii, C. 1982. Number in Preschool and Kindergarten: Educational Implications of Piaget's Theory. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Applying theory to practice.
Cabrera, N. J., Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Bradley, R. H., Hofferth, S. & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Fatherhood in the twenty-first century. Child Development, 71, 127-136.
Cline, F., & Fay, J. (1990). Parenting with Love and Logic. Colorado: Pinon Press.
Fine, M. J., & Carlson, C. (Eds.). (1992). The handbook of family-school intervention: A systems perspective. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Lamb, M.E. (Ed.). (1997). The role of the father in child development 3rd ed. New York: Wiley.
Parke, Ross D. Fatherhood. (1996). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Garbarino, J. (1999). Lost boys: Why our sons turn violent and how we can save them.
New York: The Free Press.
Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s
development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard, MA.
Kindlon, D., & Thompson, M. (1999). Raising Cain: Protecting the emotional life of
boys. New York: Ballantine.
MacCoby, E.E. (1999). The Two Sexes : Growing Up Apart, Coming Together. :Belknap.
Bloom, P. (2000). How Children Learn the Meanings of Words (Learning, Development, and Conceptual Change). Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
De Boysson-Bardies, B. (1999). How Language Comes to Children: From Birth to Two Years. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.M. B. DeBevoise, Translator.
Damon, W. (1989). The moral child: Nurturing children's natural moral growth. New
York: The Free Press.
Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's
development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gilligan, C., & Wiggins, G. (1988). The origins of morality in early childhood
relationships. In C. Gilligan, J. V. Ward, & J. M. Taylor (Ed.s), Mapping the moral
domain. Cambridge, MA: Harvard.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHDhttp://www.nichd.nih.gov/
Tamborlane, W. V. (Ed.). (1997). The Yale guide to children’s nutrition. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Spock, B. (1946). Baby and child care. New York: Pocket Books.
Brooks, R.B. (1994). Children at risk: Fostering resilience and hope. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 64, 545-553.
Emery, R. E., & Forehand, R. (1996). Parental divorce and children’s well-being: A focus on resilience. In R. J. Haggerty, L. R. Sherrod, N. Garmezy, & M. Rutter (Ed.s). Stress, risk and resilience in children and adolescents: Processes, mechanisms, and interventions (pp. 64-99).
Neighbors, B.; Forehand, R.; & McVicar, D. (1993). Resilient adolescents and
interpersonal conflict. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 63, 462-471.
Werner, E. E. (1989). High-risk children in young adulthood: A longitudinal study from birth to 32 years. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 59, 72-81.
Werner, E. E., & Smith, R.S. (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Social and Emotional Development
Bandura, A. (1967). The role of modeling processes in personality development. In W. W. Hartup & N. L. Smothergill (Ed.s). The young child: Reviews of research (pp. 42- 67). Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society (2nd ed.). New York: Norton.
Erikson, E. H. (1980). Identity and the life cycle (2d ed.). New York: Norton.
Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis (J. Strachey, Trans.). New York: W. W. Norton. (Original work published in 1940)
Kegan, R. (1982). The evolving self. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lefkowitz, M. M., Eron, L. D., Walder, L. O., & Huesmann, L. R. (1977). Growing up to
be violent: A longitudinal study of the development of aggression. NY: Pergamon
Cohen, J. (Ed.). (1999). Educating minds and hearts: Social emotional learning and the passage into adolescence. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
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