Deadly Force Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Deadly Force College Essay Examples

Title: Contemporary criminal justice issue Police use of deadly force

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 6054
  • Sources:8
  • Citation Style: None
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: If a 20 page paper can be written on police use of deadly force, great. If one of these other topics would be better feel free to use one of these instead: racial profiling, juveniles (tried as adults), sentencing, gender bias, sexual harassment and lack of training for women in policing.

Focus of the Capstone Project
You will submit an appropriate project focused upon a contemporary criminal justice issue. Students are encouraged to
use multimedia, scholarly sources, interviews with professionals in the field, and primary sources to identify and devise a
workable plan to solve a modern, criminal justice issue. At a minimum, a successful project will devise strategies focused
upon all of the learning objectives for the criminal justice program.
The student will:
1. Examine law-enforcement issues.
2. Apply knowledge of socio-economic (cultural) diversity to criminal justice.
3. Understand the United States Constitution and the application of criminal and social justice theories through
the Constitution.
4. Investigate the operation of the criminal justice system.
5. Explore crime scene investigation techniques: crime scene security and the collection, preservation and
presentation of evidence.
6. Study correctional institutions and the criminal and social justice aspects of incarceration and release issues.
7. Understand the centralization of criminal justice agencies domestically, the U.S. Homeland Security Act, and
the international aspects of criminal and social justice.
CRJ422 Criminal Justice Capstone Course
8. Examine the relationship of social justice to the criminal justice system.
9. Apply information from sociology, law, psychology, ethics, and related fields to the study of criminal justice.
10. Solve a modern criminal and social justice issue through a comprehensive capstone course.
Students can supplement their projects with any of the following: all scholarly sources, including documentaries and
contemporary news-reporting; comparisons of similar tactics/agencies in varying situations and their effects; political and
military trends and technology that directly impact the tactics/organizations being influenced.
The finished paper must be at least 20 pages in length and include no fewer than 5 scholarly resources.
Writing the Capstone Project
The Capstone Project:
???? Must be at least twenty double-spaced pages in length and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the
approved APA style guide.
???? Must include a cover page that includes:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
???? Must include an introductory paragraph with a succinct thesis statement.
???? Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
???? Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph.
???? Must use APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide to document all sources.
???? Must include at least 5 academic resources outside of the course text.
???? Must include, on the final page, a Reference Page that is completed according to APA style as outlined in the
approved APA style guide.

Students should be made aware that instructors utilize anti-plagiarism resources, including Turnitin software, to determine
the originality of submitted written work. These tools compare students’ work with texts available in internal databases
and through Internet searches. (Ashford University Catalog)

The minimum number of resources is 5. I would like to use 8 and have a Reference page attached to the paper.

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Alpert, G.P. & Smith, W.C. (1999). How reasonable is the reasonable man? Police and excessive force. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 85(2), 481-501.

Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Hall, J.C. (1999, February). Due process and deadly force: When police conduct shocks the conscience. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 68(2), 27-28.

Klinger, D. (2004). Into the kill zone: A cop's eye view of deadly force. San Francisco:


Moore, M.H. & Braga, a.A. (2004). Police performance measurement: A normative framework. Criminal Justice Ethics, 23(1), 3-5.

National Law Enforcement Policy Ctr., Int'l ass'n of Chiefs of Police, a compilation of model policies [sections] 1 (1989-1991) in Alpert & Smith at 485.

Russell, H.E. & Beigel, a. (1999). Understanding human behavior for effective police work.

New York: Basic Books.

Urbonya, K.R. (2003). Rhetorically reasonable police practices: Viewing the Supreme Court's multiple discourse paths. American Criminal Law Review, 40(4), 1387-1389.

Winright, T.L. (1995). The perpetrator as person: Theological reflections on the just war tradition and the use of force by police. Criminal Justice Ethics, 14(2), 37-56.

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Title: policing

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1853
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: 1.Why is it more difficult to police a democratic society than a dictatorship/autocratic form of government?

2. What were the main issues confronting police administrators during the time when formal departments were being organized? How were these issues dealt with? Are any of these issues relevant in contemporary policing?

3. What criteria do police departments use to determine whether an applicant should be hired? Which ones do you think are the most important?

4. Why is it important for police administrators to know organizational theory?

5.How many patrol techniques can you list? What are their benefits? What are the problems associated with them?

6. What is discretion? Is it good or bad? What makes it good or bad? Can it be both?

7. The chapter describes a deadly force situation in Cincinnati, Ohio. Based on the information given, what do you believe the officer should have done in that situation? Was the shooting justified?

8. Are police officers different from the general population? How? Why?

9. What does “corruption” mean? Are all illegal activities corrupt activities? Are all corrupt activities illegal? 13

10. Why has the number of lawsuits filed against the police increased over the past 25 years?

11. What is community policing? How does it differ from traditional policing?

12. What is the nature of the drug problem in the United States? Is today’s drug problem any different or worse than the drug problem in the past?

13. After reading this chapter what do you think are the causes of terrorism?

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Schmalleger F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st

Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall.

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Title: Final

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 5130
  • Works Cited:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The final report is a twenty (20) page paper on an ethical topic of your choice. You will expect to identify and discuss a specific ethical issue, case or dilemma in your current profession and/or organization. Next, develop a research hypoyhesis and support your position with at least ten references. The final paper will be double spaced, written in MsWord, and saved in WORD 2003. Among the many ethical topics that may be considered are the following contemporary areas: Corruption, Deadly Force, Gratuities, Enforcement, Racial Profiling, Immigration, Interrogation, Rights of the Accused, Terrorism, etc.

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Works Cited:


Amendments to Section 225 Cyber Security Enhancement Act, 2002 (2003). Washington, D.C.: Department of Homeland Security.

Antal, J. Counter-terrorism multipliers needed (2010). Military Technology, 34(4), 4.

Ashley, Col. (S) B.K, USAF (2004). The United States Is Vulnerable to Cyberterrorism. Signal Online. Retrieved from:

Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 409 F.2d 718, (U.S.App. LEXIS 12867 2d Cir. N.Y., 1969).

Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics Decided on June 21, 1971; 403 U.S. 388. American Civil Liberties Union. (nd.) Retrieved from:

CTIC Final Report (2005). Counter Terrorism International Conference, Riyadh, 5-8 February 2005.

Cyberterrorism Defense Analysis Center (CDAC) (2010). Cyberterrorism Defense Initiative. U.S. FEMA. Retrieved from:

Cyber Defense Technology Networking and Evaluation (2004). Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 47(3), 58-61.

Dakin, R., Newman, R., & Groves, D. (2010). The Case for Cyber Security in the Water Sector. American Water Works Association Journal, 101(12), 30-32.

Davis, B.J. (2005). Prepare: seeking systemic solutions for technological crisis management. Knowledge and Process Management, 12(2), 123-131.

Earth Liberation Front (ELF) (2010). Retrieved from:

Earth Liberation Front (2010). Anti-Defamation League (ADL). Retrieved from:

Ecoterrorism and the Internet (2010). Anti-Defamation League (ADL). Retrieved from:

Gorman, S (2010). U.S. news: Electricity industry to scan grid for spies. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), A3.

Harding, N. (2010). Eco anarchists: A new breed of terrorist?. The Independent Tuesday, 18 May 2010. Retrieved from:

Harwood, M. (2008). Eco-terrorism is a misnomer. The Guardian, 28 February 2008. Retrieved from:

Hellriegel, D. And Slocum, J.W. (2007). Organizational Behavior. Mason: Thompson South Western.

House panel advances bill giving FERC new grid protection powers (2010). Energy Daily, 4.

Jauregui, M. (2008). Eco Terrorism in the UK. Ecology Journal. Retrieved from:

Kingsbury, a. A national power grid that thinks (2010). U.S. News & World Report, 147(4), 37-38.

Lozowski, D. Securing chemical process facilities (2007). Chemical Engineering, 114(1), 16-19.

McCollum, T. (2003). Report targets U.S. cyber-security. The Internal Auditor, 60(1), 18-19.

Seiter, R.P. (2008). Corrections: An introduction, Second Edition. New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA) Pub. L. No. 98-473, 98 Stat. 1987 [1984] [codified in 18 U.S.C.A. § 3551 -- 3556 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)].

Shea, D.A. (2003). Critical Infrastructure: Control Systems and Terrorist Threat. Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service, 2003. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Congress.

Stephens, B.H. (2009). 2.0. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), a.13.

Stone, a. (2010). Gatekeepers. Federal Times, 46(9), 11-13.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2010). Retrieved from:

U.S. PATRIOT Act, 2001 (2001). HR 3162 RDS 107th Congress 1st Session, H.R. 3162. U.S. Senate, 24 October, 2001. Washington D.C.: U.S. Senate.

Wright, D.P. et al. (2006). A survey of operations research models and applications in homeland security. Interfaces, 36(6), 514 -- 618.

Worrall, J.L. (2008). Crime control in America: What works?, Second Edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

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Title: Justified Actions

  • Total Pages: 1
  • Words: 462
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a follow-up on our discussion of abortion, but it is quite a different issue really. When Eric Rudolph received a life sentence just a few days ago for his bombings of abortion clinics, he remained unapologetic and justified his crimes by saying that deadly force was needed in order to protect the dozens of unborn babies that are killed every day through abortion. At the same hearing, a person affected by his crimes said, ?it gives me great delight to know that you will spend the rest of your life in an 8 by 12 box.? Rudolph?s explanation is used by just about every terrorist to rationalize what they do. The other person?s reaction is also very common in court-rooms. It has always greatly annoyed me. Not because I don?t understand what it means to be a victim and become emotional about it. At least logically I understand. It is annoying, because the exchange makes it seem that the murderer acted by a code of ethics and the victim or potential victim is nearly sadistic. The roles are reversed.

Famous French writer Albert Camus once said that even the worst characters in Shakespeare?s plays only kill a few people, because they have no ideology to justify their crimes. Twentieth century dictators, on the other hand, killed millions without any bad conscience, because they were able to turn themselves into the judges and the victims into the guilty, in their own minds and much of public opinion. Now, we may know that they were wrong and that today?s terrorists are wrong. But the reaction of so many people like the lady quoted above shows that, emotions aside, they are rather helpless in responding to the terrorist?s rationale in a convincing way. That must make them feel really frustrated. How would you respond to Rudolph and the like? Think of the implications of your response.

i would like to have a specific writerto write this paper-Dlray if he is available.
Thank you^^

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