Cultural Relativism Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cultural Relativism College Essay Examples

Title: Cultural Relativism

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 663
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: There are two ways of viewing the differences between cultures: cultural relativism vs. ethnocentrism. The purpose of this exercise is to develop an understanding of how an ethnocentric view of behavior differs from a culturally relative view. In this assignment, you are asked to read a passage (see below) and answer questions.

You attend a wedding and see the bride wearing a red wedding dress. American cultural norms dictate that brides wear white, although contemporary styles vary and colors range from traditional white, cream, and silver varieties of white wedding gowns. You overhear the parents of the groom talking about their future daughter-in-law’s choice of a red wedding dress. “I cannot believe she’s bucking tradition and not wearing white,” one of the parents exclaims, “She’s living in America! Brides wear white here!” The other parent interjects, “Our son said that in her culture white is a color reserved for mourning. She must believe this is a happy day, hence why she’s wearing a different color.”

Based on this information, write your own response to the following questions:

1) In a paragraph, define ethnocentrism and cultural relativism, explaining the differences between the two terms.

2) In a paragraph, write an ethnocentric interpretation of the bride’s actions.

3) In a paragraph, write a culturally relativistic interpretation of the bride’s actions.

4) Reflect upon both interpretations of the situation and discuss your own thoughts and reactions to the content of the article, identifying your own ethnocentric and cultural relativistic reactions to the red wedding dress.
Assignment Length: 1-2 pages, SINGLE SPACED!

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Ariwibowo Y., (2013). The Differences between Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism. Retrieved May 29, 2014 from http://yuriariwibowo.blogspot.com/2013/01/type-1the-differences-between.html

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Title: Cultural Relativism

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 598
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Does Nietzsche endorse Cultural Relativism in the Genealogy? (To answer this question you will need to explain in your own words what you take Cultural Relativism to be. You will also need to make up your own mind about whether Nietzsche endorses Cultural Relativism in the Genealogy, and you will need to support your answer to that question by pointing to things Nietzsche says in the Genealogy.

When you refer to passages from the Genealogy, the page number from the Morgan 5th Edition will suffice, but it has to be from the 5th Edition, not the 4th. There is no need to use sources other than the Genealogy, but if you do take words or ideas from other sources you will need to cite them properly.

You are welcome to write in the first person.

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Works Cited

EBSCO. (2009). Cultural Relativism. Retrieved from Ebscohost.com: http://www.ebscohost.com/uploads/imported/thisTopic-dbTopic-1247.pdf

Morgan, M.L. (2011). Classics of Moral and Political Theory. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.

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Title: Female Genital Mutilation FGM in Ethiopia as women's rights

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 4982
  • Bibliography:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is my QUESTION and THESIS STATEMENT.

-> Female Genital Mutilation(FGM) is a common phenomenon in Ethiopia (Highest rate of FGM among African countries), despite international and national efforts to eliminate the phenomenon. Why is that? Is it issue of cultural relativism (positive or neutral view of FGM) or issue of women's rights as human rights (negative view of FGM)?
I really do need a STRONG ARGUMENT answering question and thesis statement.

This is RESEARCH REQUIREMENTS for paper.

-> Locate at least three scholarly studies on the subject, beyond the required course readings. they must appear as books, book chapters or in academic journals (as opposed to newspapers or news magazines). Of these three scholarly studies, one must be from an academic law journal (e.g. American Journal of Comparative Law, etc.). Also, include at least one source of information found on the Internet. There are relevant links on the Research Links tab on the course webpage. Wikipedia is NOT an appropriate research resource so please do not use this as a source.

This is ORGANIZATIONAL REQUIREMENTS for paper.

-> The paper should be typed, double-spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margins and 12 pages in length. Citations: In addition to the 12 pages you should attach a formal bibliography using complete bibliographic citations. With your paper text you should use parenthetic citations when possible rather than footnotes. Footnotes are to be used exclusively for further comments rather than citations. Your citations should conform to a nationally recognized citation style or the Course Citation Guide as posted on the webpage.

Basic structure what my class provided for research paper.

-> First, critically assess the main actors and institutions that characterize my topic of women?s rights. Which actors pushed for the creation of these rights? Were there competing interests or policy frames? What were these differing interests or points of view? What role did domestic or international legal or political institutions play, if any, in this evolution? What role did the women?s movement or human rights organizations play? Be specific in providing examples and evidence to support your assessment. Second, critically assess the potential limitations of the rights protection provided for and how this may be expanded in the future. The paper should have a clear introduction, thesis statement/argument, analysis and conclusion.

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Abusharaf, Rogaia Mustafa. Female Circumcision: Multicultural Perspectives. Philadelphia:

University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. Print.

Althaus, F. "Female Circumcision: Rite of Passage or Violation of Rights?" International

Family Planning Perspectives 23.3 (1997): 130-133. Print.

Carillet, Jean-Bernard, Stuart Butler, & Dean Starnes. Ethiopia and Eritrea. Oakland: Lonely

Planet Publications Pty Ltd., 2009. Print.

Castledine, Jacqueline. "Female Genital Mutiliation: An Issue of Cultural Relativism or Human

Rights?" Mount Holyoke College. N.p., N.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2011.

The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. "Platform for Action:

Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)." World Health Organization. 10 Dec. 2008 Web. 1 Dec. 2011.

Dorkenno, Efua. "Female Genital Mutilation: Human Rights and Cultural Relativity."

Forward. Aug. 2001. Web. 1 Dec. 2011.

Getachew, Indrias. "Battling an Ancient Tradition: Female Genital Mutilation in Ethiopia."

Unicef. N.p. 10 Jul. 2006. Web. 1 Dec. 2011.

Harivandi, Zsaleh. "Invisible and Involuntary: Female Genital Mutilation as a Basis for Asylum." Cornell Law Review 95 (2010):599-626. Print.

Kool, Renee. "The Dutch Approach to Female Genital Mutilation in View of the ECHR: The

Time for Change Has Come." Utrecht Law Review 6.1 (2010): 51-61.

Milkias, Paulos. Ethiopia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC., 2011. Print.

Westley, David. Female Circumcision and Infibulation in Africa. Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography 4 (1999). Web. 1 Dec. 2011.

Wessendorf, Kathrin. The Indigenous World 2009. Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 2009. Google Books. Web. 1 Dec. 2011.

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Title: Do human rights following a a cultural relativism approach depend on international regimes for their implementation

  • Total Pages: 30
  • Words: 7536
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The paper is intended to help with a Bachelor-thesis.
So it should stand on its own, but explore the human rights academic discurse - especially the European/ German discurse.
Central to the topic is the question if non-universal human rights (cultural dependent) need international regimes to advocate their enforcement; the paper should also include the idea of a universal minimal consensus of human rights, but these can only be protectional rights to secure the right to live, but not extended rights as e.g. the right to have vacation - these must be cultural dependent. Short overview-chapters on the main terms used in the paper might be a good idea (universalism vs cultural relativism, existing national and international regimes, etc).

So the paper might demonstrate on a few examples of human rights on a national or a small regional level, if these need international protection if to be effective.

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About us [Human Rights Education Associates (HREA] 2008, Available at http://www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=70[27October 2008].

American Convention on Human Rights" 1969, OAS Treaty Series No. 36; 1144 UNTS 123; 9 ILM 99. Available from: http://www.eisil.org/index.php?t=link_details&id=446&cat=212[27 October 2008].

The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man" 2008, American Convention on Human Rights, University of Minnesota Human Rights Library. Available at http://www.cidh.oas.org/Basicos/English/Basic3.American%20Convention.htm[27 October 2008].

Bartlett, John, comp. 2000, Familiar Quotations, 10th ed, rev. And enl. By Nathan Haskell Dole. Boston: Little, Brown, 1919. Available from: Bartleby. [26 October 2008].

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 2008 Main human rights treaties and bodies. Available from: http://www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=143[27October 2008].

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Cummings, Scott L. "The Internationalization of Public Interest Law." Duke Law Journal, 57.4 (2008): 891+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

Ehrenreich, Nancy & Barr, Mark 2005, "Intersex surgery, female genital cutting, and the selective condemnation of 'cultural practices'," Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, Vol. 40 Available from: http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/crcl/vol40_1/ehrenreich.pdf[26 October 2008].

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Duffey, Michael K. "Freeing God's Children: The Unlikely Alliance for Global Human Rights." Theological Studies, 67.1 (2006): 220+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Emmers, Ralf, Beth Greener-Barcham, and Nicholas Thomas. "Institutional Arrangements to Counter Human Trafficking in the Asia Pacific." Contemporary Southeast Asia, 28.3 (2006): 490+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Etzioni, Amitai. "The Post Affluent Society." Review of Social Economy, 62.3 (2004): 407+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

Regional Human Rights Instruments 2006, EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders. Available from: www.euromedrights.net/pages/295 http://www.euromedrights.net/pages/295 [27 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020677401

Fitzpatrick, John J. "State Labor Legislation Enacted in 2006: Minimum Wages, Workplace Security, Prevailing Wages, Equal Employment Opportunity, Wages Paid, Time off, Drug and Alcohol Testing, Child Labor, Human Trafficking, and Immigrant Protections Were among the Most Active Areas in Which Legislation Was Enacted or Revised during the Year." Monthly Labor Review 130.1 (2007): 3+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

German Human Rights" Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

2006, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 6, 2007. Available at http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2006/78814.htm[26 October 2008].

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Hampson, Fen Osler, and John B. Hay. "Viva Vox Populi." Global Governance,10.2 (2004): 247+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

Hey, Hilde, "Universal human rights and cultural diversity," Human Rights and Human Welfare Volume 1:2, April 2001. Available from: Bartleby. [26 October 2008].

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Hastings, Tom H. "Global Civil Society 2006/7." International Journal on World Peace, 24.4 (2007): 137+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002025978

Hertel, Shareen. "The Private Side of Global Governance: The Traditional Role of Institutions on the Public Side of Global Economic Governance Has Been in Meting out Development Assistance, Not Managing Private Sector Activity. But New Definitions of Development and Human Security Have Pushed Public Institutions into Uncharted Terrain." Journal of International Affairs, 57.1 (2003): 41+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5024109494

Jones, Loring, David W. Engstrom, Tricia Hilliard, and Mariel Diaz. "Globalization and Human Trafficking." Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34.2 (2007): 107+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5024612993

Lindee, Kirsten M. "Love, Honor, or Control: Domestic Violence, Trafficking, and the Question of How to Regulate the Mail-Order Bride Industry." Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 16.2 (2007): 551+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Liotta, P.H., and Taylor Owen. "Sense and Symbolism: Europe Takes on Human Security." Parameters, 36.3 (2006): 85+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002572278

London, Alex John. "Threats to the Common Good: Biochemical Weapons and Human Subjects Research." The Hastings Center Report, 33.5 (2003): 17+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009817567

Matthews, Stacey. "International Trafficking in Children: Will New U.S. Legislation Provide an Ending to the Story?." Houston Journal of International Law, 27.3 (2005): 649+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001042038

Mcdaniel, Susan a. "Born at the Right Time? Gendered Generations and Webs of Entitlement and Responsibility [*]." Canadian Journal of Sociology, 26.2 (2001): 193. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite. "Power/knowledge in International Peacebuilding: The Case of the EU Police Mission in Bosnia." Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 30.3 (2005): 297+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Miller, John R. "Slave Trade: Combating Human Trafficking." Harvard International Review, 27.4 (2006): 70+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000900915

Murshed, Madiha. "Unraveling Child Labor and Labor Legislation." Journal of International Affairs, 55.1 (2001): 169+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

Nanda, Ved P.. "The protection of human rights under international law: will the U.N. Human Rights Council and the emerging new norm 'responsibility to protect' make a difference?." Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, June 22, 2007. Available from: Highbeam. [October 24, 2008].

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Pasqualucci, Jo M. "Criminal Defamation and the Evolution of the Doctrine of Freedom of Expression in International Law: Comparative Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights." Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 39.2 (2006): 379+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Rajagopal, Balakrishnan. "Invoking the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Rebuilding: A Critical Examination." William and Mary Law Review, 49.4 (2008): 1347+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Schneider, Diana L., Robert Steiner, and Joan Romaine. "Human Cargo: Health Conditions of Chinese Migrants Interdicted Offshore by U.S. Authorities." Journal of Community Health, 28.1 (2003): 19+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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Winter, Metta. "The Template of Our Lives: Times Have Changed, and Many of the Assumptions, Policies, and Practices That Underlie Our Society Run Counter to How Americans Want to Live Their Lives. Baby Boomers Now Approaching the Last Third of Their Lives May Want to Leave Their Jobs but Not Necessarily Retire from Work. Will They Find Productive Roles to Serve?." Human Ecology, 30.3 (2002): 2+. Available from: Questia. [26 October 2008].

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