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This is a reseach paper supporting criminal profiling in the aid of apprehending serial killers
Purpose of Study
I hope to learn how effective and accurate criminal profiling is, specifically regarding serial killers. I hope to accomplish that criminal profialing is a vital tool for apprehending serial killers and will continue to be accepted and used more and more by law enforcement investigators.
Criminal profiling is an accurate and effective tool used to identify serial killers.
*Include rationale-why the research is needed and what is the general area of concern.
*Existing research- what is already known about general area of proposed research.
*A discussion of information needed to answer the research paper topic
* Must be in APA as well as third person voice.
3 CITATIONS FROM PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS
Holmes, Ronald M. And Stephen T. Holmes. Profiling Violent Crimes: An investigative Tool. 3rd. ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., 2002. Print.
Muller, Damon A. "Criminal Profiling: Real Science or Just Wishful Thinking?" Homicide Studies 4.3 (2000): 234-264. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.
Young, Theresa M., "Profiling Pros and Cons: An Evaluation of Contemporary Criminal Profiling Methods.." Honors Junior/Senior Projects: Paper 40. 28 Apr. 2006. Web. 12 Sep. 2011.
Hildebrandt, Thomas, James W. Langenbucher, Sasha J. Carr, & Pilar Sanjuan. (2007, Nov).
Modeling population heterogeneity in appearance -- and performance-enhancing drug
(APED) use: Applications of mixture modeling in 400 regular APED users. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 116. 4: p. 717
3. Hormant & Kennedy (1998) provide a theoretical basis for profiling. The authors note that behavioral psychology provides a large part of the theoretical foundation for profiling. If human behavior can be loosely predicted, then so too can criminal behavior.
4. Criminal profiling is not one hundred percent accurate or valid. It is an inexact science. Results of profiling are close to chance, which is one reason why the process is criticized and used cautiously. Officers of the law may be misled by an inaccurate or hasty profile, and in some cases might even apprehend innocent persons because they meet the characteristics listed in the profile. Generalizations, stereotypes, and false conclusions can be drawn during the process of criminal profiling. Biases and assumptions can cloud the profiling process, too. For example, the author's own assumptions about human behavior and demographic traits can cloud judgment during an investigation. Criminal profiling can in some cases derail an investigation by diverting attention away from the actual perpetrator to focus on a false lead. Therefore, criminal profiling should be used cautiously.
5. Criminal profiling can be improved by incorporating psychological theories and principles. For example, behavioral psychology examines the patterns of human behavior that can be scientifically tested. The most basic of all behavioral psychological patterns is based o Pavlov's experiments, in which a stimulus evokes a predictable response in the subject. Even at more complex levels of psychology, behaviorism can be used to create criminal profiles. Traits about both victim and offender can be listed and then categorized to help investigators get a better idea of what took place before, during, and immediately after the crime. Cognitive psychology also has a role to play in criminal profiling. The ways that the perpetrator behaved offer clues to the way the perpetrator thought before, during, and after the criminal act.