Cost Benefit Analysis Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cost Benefit Analysis College Essay Examples

Title: Future Security Paper and Presentation

  • Total Pages: 1
  • Words: 300
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: I need to write one paragraph about: 1.) One Paragraph about the Role of Cost Benefit Analysis in Making security Decisions and
2.) One Paragraph about the Role of Risk Analysis in Making Security Decisions. That's it, just One Paragraph each on Those Two Subjects.

AND PLEASE, THIS TIME BASE THE PAPER ON THE READINGS I'M ATTACHING. AFTER I HAD PAY $, LAST TIME I HAD TO REDO MY PAPER MY SELF AFTER I HAD RESENDED TO BE REWRITTEN. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE!!! BASE ON MY READINGS, NO OTHER INTERNET SOURCE NO EXTRA INTERNET SOURCE, NO WIKIPEDIA, NO GOOGLE, NO YouTube, NO Twtter.. THAT IS WHY I'M ATTACHING MY OWN READINGS..
There are faxes for this order.

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Reference

Clifford, Mary. (2004). Identifying and Exploring Security Essentials. New Jersey:

Prentice-Hall.

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Title: Business Systems week2

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1071
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: See attached for additional sources.

Answer the questions to the case studies below completely.
Petrie?s Electronics Case Questions Solutions (Chapter 3)
1. What qualities might Jim possess that would make him a successful project manager?
2. How do you think Jim should respond to Ella?s implied pressure about the importance of the project to her?
3. What strategies might Jim employ to deal with a very busy team member, such as Juanita Lopez?


Petrie?s Electronics Case Questions Solutions (Chapter 4)
1. Look over the scope statement (Figure 4-1). If you were an employee at Petrie?s Electronics, would you want to work on this project? Why or why not?
2. If you were part of the management team at Petrie?s Electronics, would you approve the project outlined in the scope statement in Figure 4-1? What changes, if any, need to be made to the document?
3. Identify a preliminary set of tangible and intangible costs you think would occur for this project and the system it describes. What intangible benefits do you anticipate for the system?


Cost Benefit Analysis Spreadsheets Points
Alternative C Overall Net Present Value (NPV)
Alternative C Overall Return on Investment (ROI)
Alternative C Overall Break Even Point (BEP)

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Title: Business Mgmt 2

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 952
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Pleases answer each question separately and list reference with inline citation.

I.Planning a Technological Solution
a. Nick has been handed a project where he has to implement Online Gaming, requiring significant technological integration. What factors does he need to consider and manage for the project to be a success?
b. Class, let' shift our attention to the planning meeting. I am a little concerned re the casual nature of the planning meeting called by Warren. If you were asked to give Warren advice on how to improve the planning session, what would be your suggestions?

c. Warren did not have anything written down and that is definitely weak point. Besides assigning who should do what I think it would be beneficial to verify numbers from previous holiday season and see where were the biggest issues. Warren mentioned and his team added many important tasks but notes and reports from previous year would help to verify if they did not forget anything important.


II. Cost/Benefit Analysis
a. What are the costs of the new systems that may be implemented? How do we justify their implementation at CanGo?
b. Class: Before we look at the costs associated with the systems, let's examine the purpose behind conducting a cost/benefit analysis. Why do we conduct this type of analysis? How does this type of analysis help in the justification of the implementation of any project?


d. With any business endeavor it's always a good objective to implement a Cost Benefit Analysis, the reason being as a means of evaluating all of the potential costs and revenues that may be generated if the project is completed. The outcome of the analysis will determine whether the project is financially feasible, or if another project should be pursued. It would be a shame to let a good idea fall short due to improper financial planning.

Communication (see attached)

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Pavey, S. (2014). Cost-benefit analysis. MindTools.com. Retrieved January 18, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_08.htm

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Title: Topic New Jersey Economic Opportunity Act 2013 Executive Summary Included Reference Dont Do Topic Overview Thesis Brief description Economic Opportunity Act 2013 policy makers hope accomplish Based past scholarly research paper attempt analyze factors leading employment growth seemingly addressed Economic Opportunity Act 2013 a net positive impact local economic development New Jersey

  • Total Pages: 15
  • Words: 5798
  • Bibliography:20
  • Citation Style: Chicago
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Topic: New Jersey Economic Opportunity Act of 2013

Executive Summary (Included for Reference --- Don?t Do)

Topic Overview and Thesis
?Brief description of Economic Opportunity Act of 2013, and what policy makers hope to accomplish
?Based off of past scholarly research, this paper will attempt to analyze whether or not the factors leading to employment growth that are seemingly addressed by the Economic Opportunity Act of 2013, will have a net positive impact on local economic development in New Jersey.

o Four-part Analysis (following introduction)
1.Detailed description of the Economic Opportunity Act of 2013
2.Synopsis of past scholarly research on the effects tax subsidies have in attracting industry and creating jobs, and how this relates to the Economic Opportunity Act of 2013 to the extent of what effects tax subsidized programs have on economic development
3.Examples of similar economic development models used on the federal level or in other states
4.Based upon the above three points, a description of opportunities and constraints concerning the implementation of the Economic Opportunity Act of 2013

Section I: Introduction & Methodology (1-1 ? Pages)
Why is this important?; Description of Theory & Methodology
?EOA?13 is revolutionary economic development policy. It is important to understand the intricacies of the policy framework, in order to plan for what the effects of comprehensively restructuring the states incentive programs will be
?EOA?13 acts as a duel mechanism in initiating economic development at the local level
oThe policy addresses growth directly through the offering of a job creation tax incentive exemption that theoretically should attract industry to the employment incentive zones and effectively cause a rise in overall employment for the state of New Jersey
oIncreasing employment will act as a baseline catalyst for economic development through the consumption of vacant office space, and stimulate additional growth through a myriad of multiplier effects
?Analyze past scholarly research conducted on the effectiveness of state tax incentives in generating economic growth, to determine whether or not EOA?13 will have a positive impact on local economic development in New Jersey (Section II)

Subsection I: ---Leeway into Section III ---- History of Tax Incentive Financing (Use background section in Buss Article as a reference); Proposed Model of Analysis (1-1 ? Pages)
?Brief history of tax incentive financing
?Social factors vs economic factors and the theoretical effects each sub-group has on the attraction of industry and employment growth
? Education level of employment base residing in study area
? Diversity in population
? High income tax rate
? Population density
? High per capita income

Section III: Economic Opportunity Act of 2013 Detailed Overview (3-4 Pages)
Detailed Analysis; Type of Economics; Reformation of Policy
?Description of what policy makers hope to accomplish
?Detailed analysis of the combination of five incentive programs into the New Jersey Assistance Program & Economic Redevelopment and Growth Grant Program
?Policy Action: A reduction of the eligibility threshold; an expansion of the qualified zones; an increase in the amount of incentives offered
?Place vs people based economics argument overview (EOA ?13 = location based economics)
?What is a job creation tax incentive exemption and what are some other incentive tools that have been used by states and the federal government?

Section IV: Theoretical Analysis: Effect of Tax Incentives on Economic Growth (3-4 Pages)
Tax incentive ideology and theory
?Good policy argument ? from the policy maker standpoint, there are seemingly no negative outcomes
? Possibility of attracting outside firms (competitive states theory)
? Counteract regressions in the economy
?Defense mechanism (unknown intent of industries & competition between states)
?Rescue failing firms
Economically Justified?
?If there is an underutilization of public resources (how far do the boundaries of public resources span?)
?If benefits ?increased future consumption? exceed the costs ?amount of subsidization? (important to note: cost benefit analysis is the most widely used mechanism for determining whether or not tax incentives are economically justified; could this be a problem?)
?If job growth is generated in low-employed areas
?If there is greater economic efficiency (agglomeration economics)
?If industries use subsidies to reinvest during economic regressions
?No research exists proving there is a positive correlation between the offering of tax incentives and economic growth
?There has been an overall neglect to secure funding on the part of the policy makers to evaluate the effects of tax incentive programs (good policy argument; tax incentives are beneficial regardless of whether or not they produce a positive outcome; produces the appeal to the general public that policy makers are action-oriented)
?Tax incentives are short-term policy mechanisms. They may show gains over the short-term, but attributing economic gains to TI programs is negligent of the long-term structure of the economy
?The amount of subsidies offered are too insignificant to have any real impact on corporate decision making

Two resources for theory subsection (synopsis of theory arguments):

1. Buss, Terry. 2001. The effect of state tax incentives on economic growth and firm location decisions: an overview of the literature. Economic Development Quarterly 15, 1: 90-105.

2. Wasylenko, Michael and McGUIRE, Therese. 1985. Jobs and taxes: the effect of business climate on states? employment growth rates. National Tax Journal 38, 4: 497-511.


Section V: Examples of Similar Economic Development Models Used on the Federal Level and in other States (3-4 Pages)

Section VII: Opportunities & Constraints (SWOT Analysis) (3 Pages)

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Bibliography

Bartik, J. Timothy. "Business Location Decisions in the United States: Estimates of the Effects of Unionization, Taxes, and Other Characteristics of States," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 3(1), (1985):14-22.

Buss, Terry, F. The Effect of State Tax Incentives on Economic Growth and Firm Location Decisions: An Overview of the Literature. Economic Development Quarterly, 15(1985): 90.

Chirinko, Robert .S., and Wilson, Daniel.J. Job Creation Tax Credits and Job Growth: Whether, When, and Where? Department of Finance, University of Hall. Chicago Penguin 2010.

Claudio, Nogueira and Gondim, Andre. Modern Economy, 3(5), (2012) 608-616.

Deloitte, The New Jersey Economic Opportunity Act of 2013 Consolidates and Expands Various Economic Development Programs, USA. 2013

Hagen, Kevin. Are State Tax Incentives for Hiring Effective in Creating Jobs? Yahoo Contributor Network. 2013.

Hartzheim, L. Artik. State tax incentives. Journal of State Taxation, 15, (1997) 51-64.

Jacob, B. IBM Reports 349 Workers at Columbia Center, Columbia Tribune, May 27, 2012.

Kamil, Galus-ak, and Jan, Pavel .A. Taxes and Benefits: Work Incentive Effects of Policies. Finance a Uver, 62.1,(2012) 27-43.

Kolesar, Andrew. Economic incentives key in relocation decision. State Tax Notes, 95, (1995),148-149.

Lawrence, Edward.C., and Briskin, Ellen, Qu, Qing-Jiang. Review of State Tax Incentive Programs for Creating Jobs, Journal of State Taxation.2013.

Mississippi. "Tax Incentives, Exemptions and Credits. Mississippi," United States. 2011.

North Carolina Department of Commerce. "Job Development Investment Grant 2011

Annual Report," USA. 2011

Ohio Department of Development, "Ohio Enterprise Zone Program Annual Report," USA. 2009.

Markusen, A.R. Reining in the Competition for Capital.USA, Upjohn Institute. 2005

New Jersey Economic Development Authority, "NJ Economic Opportunity Act of 2013." USA. 2013.

Poulson, Barry.W. & Kaplan, Jules.Gordon. "State Income Tax and Economic Growth." CATO Journal.2005

PR Newswire, "U.S. Companies Missing Out on Full Benefits From Economic Incentives And Tax Credits, KPMG Survey Reveals." PR Newswire [New York] 30 Sep 2003: 1.

Public Sector Consultants (1998). State Financial Incentives. Public Sector Consultants Inc.

Rypkem, Donovan, D. And Cheon, Caroline. The Delaware Historic Preservation

Tax Credit Program: Good for the Economy, Good for the Environment, Good for Delaware's Future. Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs. 2010.

Sills Cummis & Gross "Summary of "New & Improved" GrowNJ. Program." Sills Cummis & Gross P.C.2013

The Pew Charitable Trusts, "The Evidence Counts: Evaluating State Tax Incentive for Jobs and Growth," USA. 2012.

The Pew Charitable Trusts, "Frequently Asked Questions About Economic Development Tax Incentives," USA. 2013.

The Bureau of Economic ."GDP by State," 2011.

Wasylenko, Michael, and McGUIRE, Therese. Jobs and taxes: the effect of business climate on states' employment growth rates. National Tax Journal, 38,4 (1995): 497-511.

Windels Marx, "Tax Incentives Overhaul Legislation: New Jersey Economic Opportunity Act of 2013." Windels Marx LLP. 2013.

Wisconsin, "Wisconsin is open for Business, Wisconsin," United States. 2013.

Zangari, Ted, "Highlights of the New Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit (UTHTC) Program." Sills Cummis & Gross P.C. 2009.

Appendices

Appendix 1: Economic Incentive Program

New Mexico: "High Wage Job Tax Credit."

FY 2011 $9.3 Million

FY 2011 $9.3 Million

Louisiana: "Severance tax Exemption for horizontal drilling"

FY2007 $285, 000

FY2010 $239 Million

Hawaii: "Renewable energy tax credits." 8

FY2010 $34 Million

FY2013 $260 Million

Appendix 2: State used 15 most Common Tax Incentives between 1986 and 1996

Incentives

1996

1986

Change from 1986 to 1996

Tax exemption from corporate income

37

33

4

Tax exemption from personal income

33

26

7

Excise tax exemption

24

18

6

Tax exemption from Capital & land improvements

37

33

4

Tax exemption on Machinery & equipment

42

35

7

Tax exemption on Goods in transport

49

47

2

Tax exemption for manufacturers' inventories

46

44

2

Sales and use tax exemption on new equipment

47

42

5

Tax exemption on raw materials for manufacturing

49

45

4

Job creation tax incentive exemption

44

31

13

Tax incentive for industrial investment

39

29

10

Tax credit for specified state products

6

4

2

Tax stabilization agreements

8

5

3

Tax exemption for research & development

36

24

12

Accelerated depreciation

41

34

7

Source:15

Appendix 3

new/existing

Project Category

Base Amount per employee

Maximum Amt per employee

Maximum Aggregate Award (assumes 10-yr max. award)

Mega Projects

50,000/25,000

150,000/75,000

300 million

Passaic, Camden Trenton, Paterson ("GSGZ cities")

50,000/25,000

150,000/75,000

300 million

UTHTC cities

50,000/25,000

120,000/60,000

100 million

Distressed Cities

40,000/20,000

110,000/55,000

80 million

Other Priority Areas

30,000/15,000

100,500/50,250

40 million

Other Eligible Areas

5,000/2,500

60,000/30,000

25 million

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