Essay Instructions: To what extent is belgian colonialism responsible for the current situation in the democratic republic of congo?
the paper must include:
1. a brief summary of the current poor political and economic state of affairs in the congo.
2. a reasoned explanation of the specific benefits of belgian colonialism (from 1890 to 1960) to congolese society up to the present day.
3. a detailed explanation of the bad effect belgian colonialism had on the congo and to what extent that effect is still present in society, including psycological impact backed by evidence as well as practical impact.
4. an explanation of other factors that could be responsible for the current state of affairs in the country, including the corruption of mobutu and his offcials, western aid and support for a corrupt regime, the suppression of dissidence and MOST IMPORTANTLY, the effect of african culture in the pre-colonial era (ie tribalism etc) and to what extent these factors have lived on to contribute to the current state. also as many other factors as possible
5. a conclusion weighing up the different points of view and coming to a reasoned answer to the queston.
it would be useful if the work contained the points of view and quotations (but not too long) of historians, both contemporary and older ones, on the topic. it is crucial that the various factors are clearly distinguished and the effect of every factor is shown clearly with supporting factual evidence.
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Essay Instructions: A 2-3 page, double spaced review/summary of recent outbreak of Poliomyelitis(Polio) in Congo.
Use at least two sources for reference, such as CDC, regionaland international newspapers, magazines etc.
-Why do authors or scientists suggest this outbreak is occuring?
- If appropiate, consider relationships to global warming or other phenomena as described by authors.
Will be graded on clarity, content, and editorial perspective and reasoning as microbiology students.
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Essay Instructions: Accounting for Managers
From the data given, you will be required to prepare the answers for Question 1.(a). and Question 1.(b). :
QUESTION 1. (a).
Prepare a monthly Cash Budget in tabular form for the months : February, March and April, and in addition also showing the bank balance at each month’s end.
NOTE: (Extra Monies have been paid to Essay Town for calculation answers).
QUESTION 1. (b).
Write a 1200 WordS Report, with reference to at least three (3) external sources to support your position, Discussing in fullest logic and details and support whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: “Management of any business will be ineffective without the preparation and use of budgets.”
Question 1.(a). : The following data is available from the various functional budgets prepared at Congo Limited.
January February March April
$’000 $’000 $’000 $’000
Cash sales 1,752 2,636 2,614 3,556
Credit sales 14,530 14,360 14,160 15,140
Purchase for resale 13,360 12,820 12,620 11,980
Salaries and wages 1,862 1,874 1,916 1,956
Overhead expenses 1,660 1,610 1,630 1,628
OTHER INFORMATION THAT is Available as Follows:
1. 5% of all sales on credit are expected to become bad debts. Receipts from credit customers are due in the month following sale.
2. All goods are bought on credit from suppliers who allow 2.5% cash discount for payment in the month following purchase.
3. Salaries and wages are paid in the month in which they are earned.
4. Payments for overhead expenses are made in the month following the month in which expenses are incurred. The above overhead budget includes $80,000 per month for depreciation.
5. Two new vans costing $90,000 each, are to be paid for in April.
6. Taxation amounting to $146,000 is to be paid in March.
7. The balance at the bank as at 31 January is expected to be S$768,000.
Important NOTE: Format and Important Notes:
1. To be type-written.
2. Spacing 1.5 with font size 12 using Arial script and justified.
3. Include page no.
4. Include a APA reference page type of referencing Reference Page at the end of your assignment. Minimum of 4 "APA" referencing references.
5. NO Plagiarism.
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Essay Instructions: King Leopold's Ghost Book Review
Use quotes from the book and be sure to cite them in footnotes. and then write the source and page number that the quote came from in the footnote. You should do this for any information you obtain from other sources as well if you decide to use any.
- Do not write a summary of the book. Rather, analyze the book, determine if it is a good book, discuss the author's use of sources, and elaborate on the type of book it is and what the purpose of the book is. Does the argument of the book work? Is ther anything wrong with his use of sources? Why/Why not?
-Question to consider when analyzing the book. Answer this questions.
1. Between 1880 and 1920, the population of the Congo was slashed in half: some ten million people were victims of murder, starvation, exhaustion, exposure, disease and a plummeting birth rate. Why do you think this massive carnage has remained virtually unknown in the United States and Europe?
2. Hochschild writes of Joseph Conrad that he ?was so horrified by the greed and brutality among white men he saw in the Congo that his view of human nature was permanently changed.? Judging from Hochschild?s account and from Heart of Darkness, in whatway was Conrad?s view changed? How is this true of other individuals about whom Hochschild writes? In what way has this book affected your view of human nature?
3. The death toll in King Leopold?s Congo was on a scale comparable to the Holocaust and Stalin?s purges. Can Leopold II be viewed as a precursor to the masterminds behind the Nazi death camps and the Gulag? Did these three and other twentiethcentury mass killings arise from similar psychological, social, political, economic, and cultural sources?
4. Those who plundered the Congo and other parts of Africa (and Asia) did so in the name of progress, civilization, and Christianity. Was this hypocritical and if so, how? What justifications for colonial imperialism and exploitation have been put forward over the past five centuries?
5. Morel, Sheppard, Williams, Casement, and others boldly spoke out against the Congo atrocities, often at great danger to themselves. Many others rationalized those same atrocities or said nothing. How do you account for Leopold?s, Stanley?s, and others? murderous rapaciousness, on the one hand, and Morel?s, Casement?s, and others? outrage and committed activism, on the other?
6. The European conquest and plunder of the Congo and the rest of Africa was brutal, but so was the European settlement of North America and, long before that, the conquest of most of Europe by the Romans. Hasn?t history always proceeded in this way?
7. Hochschild begins his book with what he calls Edmund Morel?s ?flash of moral recognition? on the Antwerp docks. What other flashes of moral recognition does Hochschild identify, and what were their consequences? In what ways may Hochschild?s book itself be seen as a flash of moral recognition? What more recent flashes of moral recognition and indignation can you identify?
8. Hochschild quotes the Swedish missionary, C. N. B?rrisson: ?It is strange that people who claim to be civilized think they can treat their fellow man ? even though he is of a different color ? any which way.? How may we explain the disregard of ?civilized? individuals and groups for the humanity and life of others because of skin color, nationality, religion, ethnic background, or other factors? Why do this disregard and resulting cruelties persist?
9. What are the similarities between the colonial and imperial aspirations of pre- and early twentieth-century nations and the corporate and market aspirations of today?s multinational companies? Whether rapacious or beneficent, most actors in the Congo, and in Africa at large, seem to have been motivated principally by profit. In what ways do business objectives continue to shape the policies and actions of national governments and international organizations?
10. Hochschild writes that Leopold ?found a number of tools at his disposal that had not been available to empire builders of earlier times.? What new technologies and technological advances contributed to Leopold?s exploitation of the Congo? What impact have these tools had on both the advancement and degradation of colonial or subject peoples?
11. The ?burgeoning hierarchy of imperial rule? in the Congo Free State was, Hochschild writes, reflected in ?the plethora of medals? and attendant grades and ranks. What were the reasons for this extensive hierarchy and for the bureaucracy it reflected and maintained? Are there any contemporary parallels? Of what historical examples can we say that the more heinous the political or governmental crimes, the larger and more frequently rewarded the bureaucracy?
12. How does Hochschild answer his own question, ?What made it possible for the functionaries in the Congo to so blithely watch the chicotte in action and . . . to deal out pain and death in other ways as well?? How would you answer this question, in regard to Leopold?s Congo and to other officially sanctioned atrocities?
13. Hochschild quotes Roger Casement as insisting to Edmund Morel, ?I do not agree with you that England and America are the two great humanitarian powers. . . . [They are] materialistic first and humanitarian only a century after.? What evidence supports or refutes Casement?s judgment? Would Casement be justified in making the same statement today?
14. After stating that several other mass murders ?went largely unnoticed,? Hochschild asks, ?why, in England and the United States, was there such a storm of righteous protest about the Congo?? Do you find his explanation sufficient? Why do some atrocities (the mass murders in Rwanda, for example) prompt little response from the United States and other western nations, while others (the "ethnic cleansing" of Kosovo, for example) prompt military action against the perpetrators?
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