Essay Instructions: Below is the assignment. The report is on Brazil. It is for a class in comparative politics.
The purpose of the paper is to apply the comparative model studied in the first half of the course to a particular nation (Brazil), and to examine that nation’s potential for democratic and economic development (the comparative model includes political culture and political socialization, interest articulation, interest aggregation and political parties, government and policy making, and public policy...I can email the model upon request). Students, then, should demonstrate an understanding of their selected country’s political system and its functions. Additionally, students should consider the bulleted items below in their analysis of the selected country. Papers should be well-organized with a clear thesis, demonstrate a good understanding of comparative politics concepts, and include a thoughtful and creative analysis of the selected country’s government and political culture. Following are some suggestions to include in your report:
* Give a brief political history of your chosen country since the mid-twentieth century. What was the colonial period like and what are the affects of this at present? (if applicable.)
* What are the major political institutions in your country? Is there a separation of powers and do they have an independent judiciary?
* How “democratic” is your country? Do they have “free and fair” elections? How would classify your country? What is the role of the state in the economy? Is it an authoritarian regime? Is it a “failed state”? If your country is not democratic, what are the prospects for it becoming democratic?
* What is the media like in your country? Do they have freedom of the press or is the media state-run? Do citizens have civil rights and civil liberties? Is there corruption and are there human rights abuses? What is the ethnic and religious composition of the country and how does this affect governing? Is there ethnic conflict?
* Describe the major economic sectors of your country. What are the major economic opportunities and problems facing your country?
* If possible, describe and analyze the political culture of your country and try to relay some important public opinion data. Relate this to the fourth bullet point above.
* The paper must have a title page and should be no less than four pages long and no more than eight pages typed with 1“ margins. Font size should be either 11 or 12 point. The final product is to be double-spaced.
* Students must use a minimum of five good, academic sources, and must provide a proper bibliography. Students may not use Wikipedia or encyclopedia entries of any kind, whether print or online, as sources. All sources must be referenced properly using the APA format.
The CIA fact book, The Economist Magazine, The Stratfor report, Third World Quarterly, The World Bank, The UN.org, Amnesty International, Human rights watch, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, USAID. Here is a good website for a listing of academic journals you might want to view: http://www.apsanet.org/content_5376.cfm.
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Total Pages: 6 Words: 1609 References: 1 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is an ESSAY assignment for my Introduction to Comparative Politics
The best papers will demonstrate an understanding of the relevant literature, make a critical assessment of that literature, and then make a clear argument based on your readings of that literature. You will have to adjudicate between competing perspectives.
Cite relevant readings and lectures with endnotes, footnotes, or parenthetical notations when appropriate ( cite page numbers, too). Generally, you will need a citation for anything other than your own independent ideas (i.e., much of your paper will require citation). You don't need to research anything from the INTERNET. You will have the files to write the essay.
Seymour Martin Lipset (1959) wrote that the "higher one's education, the more likely one is to believe in democratic values and support democratic pratices" (p.79)
Why did Lipset believe that education was conducive for democracy?
What specific evidence did Lipset and Karl Deutsch present to support the ideas that (a) education promotes democracy and (b) that much of the non-European world would soon be democratic?
But, in different ways, Lisa Anderson, Catherine Boone, Jill Crystal, Richard Sandbrook, Brabara and Stanley Stein, and Samuel and Arturo Valenzuela each suggest that education may not be the most important reason why countries are democratic or not.
Describe some of their critiques.
In, light of their critiques, should we defend, revise or reject Lipset's thesis?
[PLEASE NOTE: Your essay should be wide-ranging-but you are not expected to refrence each reading. It's up to you to decide what matters most for your argument.]
Tomorrow I will send the Lisa Anderson and Jill Crystal
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Essay Instructions: This book review has to be done just like this. No exceptions.
On a comparative politics issue.
Book review guidelines
1. Select a book that deals with any aspect of comparative politics, or comparison of any social or political issue.
2. Read the book very carefully, making notes as you read.
3. Write a 2-3 page review of the book consisting of the following:
a. a summary of the author's major themes, arguments, objectives and accomplishments. What are the central problems addressed in the book and how does the author approach them?
b. a critique of the book. Does the author succeed in accomplishing her/his objectives? Is a compelling argument presented? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the book? How does it add to our knowledge about rights problems? Is there another book or approach that you believe covers this topic more effectively?
4. Writing a book review should be a very informative, enjoyable and thought-provoking experience. Perhaps the key factor is selecting a book that you will enjoy reading. Even before you go to the library to search for a book, think about:
a) what subject interest me,
b) what would I like to learn more about,
c) what subjects am I receptive to new information about,
d) what style or orientation toward a subject do I prefer, or
e) how can I expand my knowledge about an issue or problem?
Sample book review
James G. Gimpel, Separate Destinations: Migration, Immigration and the Politics of Places. University of Michigan Press, 1999.
Gimpel has written a deceptively complex book. He examines recent migration and immigration trends and very methodically studies the various electoral consequences of these trends. He does this in seven states and in four counties or regions within each state, which allows him to investigate what happens politically in places that gain as well as lose population. And he studies the relationship of migration and politics at two points in time, using data from the 1980 and 1990 census. One big idea shines through: Demographic trends in the United States are reinforcing racial and socioeconomic segregation that has long been in place, and this continuing balkanization of the American population is having deleterious effects on our politics.
The bottom line is not highly original, but by pulling in how migration and immigration patterns feed the balkanization and by looking at participation levels of in-and outmigration, Gimple makes a genuine contribution to an underdeveloped literature. He argues that demographic lumpiness caused by migration patterns depresses turnout by discouraging political competition. Party regularity, "the extent to which party registration matches the balance of party voting," diminishes in areas of growth and change, and this is a by-product of the destabilizing effect of immigration on a community. He also argues that U. S. demographic patterns make racial and ethnic problems extraordinarily difficult to solve. Pervading the book is a pessimism about how increased balkanization undermines the practice of pluralist politics and encourages instead "the kind of special interest centeredness characteristic of so much contemporary American electioneering" (237) which "places racial and ethnic harmony even further beyond our reach"(279.
A second current running through the book has to do with how immigration and migration shape the political behavior of different groups--natives, immigrants and interstate migrants. This generally involves speculation rather than empirical demonstration, but it is key to Gimpel's argument. Underlying much of the analysis is a social psychological orientation that explains individual political behavior by way of group dynamics. For instance, Gimpel shows that immigration of nonwhites often leads to aggregate political patterns that suggest native hostility, and he interprets this as a response to group threat. He also show that immigrant groups who attain a critical mass tend to be more spatially isolated, either because of their own inclination or because of discrimination in the outside world. Gimple demonstrates, in some of the most compelling parts of this work, that the attitudes and behavior of both natives and immigrants (and in some cases, migrants) are shaped by their own-group orientation and by the interplay of groups within some politically relevant boundaries.
Also important in Separate Destinations is a discussion of the suburbanization of the country and what that means politically. The maps illustrating the growth of suburban sprawl are vivid and reinforce the impressions one gets driving around the outskirts of many metropolitan areas. This powerful demo-graphic trend is not without political consequence, and Gimpel demonstrates how the transient nature of suburbia has been a net minus with regard to politics. Those moving into places such as suburban Kansas City or Denver are less participatory and less connected to issues in their community or state, two things that go together. In addition to the issue of sprawl, which Gimpel generally does not address, the suburbanization of America has contributed greatly to the race- and class-based balkanization that concerns him so much.
Gimpel accomplishes a great deal, but the book is not without problems. One--that the author recognizes and frets over--stems from the extensive use of ecological data. The main unit of analysis is the county or Census tract, and Gimpel looks at the relationship between demographic balance in these unite and various dependent variables, such as turnout and party regularity. He is generally careful about not using the results to make inferences about individual behavior, he tries to replicate his findings about individual-level data, and he occasionally relies upon Gary King's ecological inference maximum likelihood technique to deal with the problem. Nonetheless, in many instances his findings are limited, and his main defense is that he has not written a book about individuals, such as Thad Brown's Migration and Politics(1988), but a book about places, about what happens politically in places that gain or lose population.
A second problem revolves around the manipulation of Gimpel's findings. The author wrings his hands over homogeneous, noncompetitive electoral districts and the shortcomings of single-interest representation (139), but although balkanization may be a necessary cause, it is certainly not a sufficient cause of problematic districting. In addition, he raises concerns about the possible skewing of policy outcomes as a result of balkanized politics, but these arguments are not developed at all. Finally, it is clear that increased participation is a good thing and depressed participation is not, but it is never very clear why the other main dependent variable--party regularity--is a matter of great concern. Gimpel argues that "party regularity matters because partisanship is a reflection of what divides, animates, and mobilizes the electorate." Where party regularity is upset, "judgments by representatives based on party cues are more error prone and electoral accountability can be undermined" (333). But this justification seems a stretch, which is unfortunate, given how much of the analysis is dedicated to it.
Despite its shortcomings, Separate Destinations is very good. It is comprehensive and well argued. It is fascinating and fun for "map-aholics" like myself. And it is a book of importance, one that helps explain how demographic and political change are related in this extraordinarily mobile society.
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Total Pages: 7 Words: 2285 Bibliography: 20 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The General Subject of the essay is (Politics and International Studies).
The TITLE of the essay is:
HOW CAN PARTY SYSTEMS ENHANCE DEMOCRACY?
I would like to make sure that the essay should be an argumentative assay, and should contain the following:
IT SHOULD BE a new BUILT UP original essay written from scratch and:
1- A "no plagiarism" guarantee, just to ensures that my paper to be checked for its uniqueness.
2- The Introduction should frame the essay. The introduction should be strong and an exceptional as it is the first thing will be seen! I should state my argument within the introduction, and then describe the method I will be using to present that argument.
3- I should then give a brief outline of the sources I intend to use!
4- The Main body (Thesis Statement), most importantly, this part of the essay should live up to the promise shown by the introduction and:
- The next two to four sections of the essay (depending on own personal style) comprise the main body of the essay.
- First section should put forward all arguments for my case. This includes analysis and interpretation of texts read and anything else that may back up my argument.
- The second section should include all those arguments that are counter to my argument. Describe alternative interpretations.
- The third section should include short case study/studies.
5- The conclusion should not be a repeat of the introduction and:
- Conclusion should not bring any new information in it.
- It should sum up my argument again, stating how the sources I have used have shown this.
- A good quote in the conclusion can be a good way of summing up my arguments and ending the essay, although this is not absolutely necessary.
6- References (books, printed and electronic journals, and Article from PDF on website or HTML on website).
7- The Harvard system of referencing.
8- A full and accurate Bibliography Page.
Some sources to be considered
? Almond, G.A., Bingham Powell, G., Dalton, R.J., Storm, K (2009) Comparative Politics Today. A World View, Ninth Edition, London, Pearson.
? Hague, R. & Harrop, M. (2010) Comparative Government and Politics, Eighth Edition, Basingstoke, Palgrave.
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