Arsenault, Phillip, "Which Way? The Politics of Decentralization in Brazil," Retrieved July 24, 2011, from the Academia Website: http://rutgers.academia.edu/PhilipArsenault/Papers/134400/Which_Way_The_Politics_of_Decentralization_in_Brazil
Darlene J. Sadlier, Brazil Imagined: 1500 To the Present (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2008)
Kauneckis, Derek & Andersson Krister, "Making Decentralization Work: A Cross-National Examination of Local Governments and Natural Resource Governance in Latin America," Retrieved July 24, 2011, from the University of Colorado Website: http://sobek.colorado.edu/~anderssk/06_Making%20Decentralization%20Work_Kauneckis_Andersson_v5.pdf
Oatis, Taylor, "Decentralizing Centralized States: Electoral Incentives Generating Decentralization in Bolivia, Mexico, and Brazil, with a Twist," Retrieved July 24, 2011, from the Carleton College Website: http://people.carleton.edu/~amontero/Taylor%20Oatis.pdf
"Brazil," Retrieved July 27, 2011, from the Brazil.gov.br Website: http://www.brasil.gov.br/sobre/brazil/brazilian-state/political-system-1/br_model1?set_language=en
"Federative Republic of Brazil," Retrieved July 27, 2011, from the U.S. Department of State Website: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35640.htm
"Key Factors -- Brazil," Retrieved July 24, 2011, from the Fuqua School of Business Website: http://faculty.fuqua.duke.edu/~charvey/Teaching/BA453_2000/Cia/A1CIA_Brazil.htm
Lipset, S.M. (1959). "Some Social Requisites of Democracy." Economic Development and Political Legitimacy. American Political Science Review, 53, 69-105.
Anderson, C. And Guillory, C.. (1997). Political Institutions and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Cross-
National Analysis of Consensus and Majoritarian Systems. The American Political Science
Review. 91 (1), pp. 66-81.
Armingeon, K.. (2002). The Effects of Negotiation Democracy: A Comparative Analysis. European Journal of Political Research. 41 (1), pp. 81-105.
Basedau, M., Erdmann, E. And Mehler, A.. (2007). Introduction Research on Electoral Systems, Parties
and Party Systems in Africa. In: Basedau, M., Erdmann, E. And Mehler, A. Votes, Money and Violence Political Parties and Elections in Sub-Saharan Africa. Stockholm: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. pp. 7-20.
Birch, S. (2003). Two-Round Electoral Systems and Democracy. Comparative Political Studies. 36 (3),
Boix, C. And Posner, D. (1996). Making Social Capital Work: A Review of Robert Putnam's Making
Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Boston: Harvard University. pp. 1-22.
Chhibber, P. And Torcal, M.. (1997). Elite Strategy, Social Cleavages, and Party Systems in a New
Democracy Spain. Comparative Political Studies. 30 (1), pp. 27-54.
Coppedge, M.. (1998). The Democratic Diversity of Latin American Party Systems. Party Politics. 4
(4), pp. 547-568.
Dix, R.. (1989). Cleavage Structures and Party Systems in Latin America. Comparative Politics. 22 (1),
Lijphart, A. (1969). Consociational Democracy. World Politics. 21 (2), pp. 207-225.
Linz, J.. (1990). The Perils of Presidentialism. Journal of Democracy. 1 (1), pp. 51-69 .
Lipset, S.. (1994). The Social Requisites of Democracy Revisited: 1993 Presidential Address.
American Sociological Review. 59 (1), pp. 1-22.
Lipset, S.. (1959). Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political
Legitimacy. The American Political Science Review. 53 (1), pp. 69-105.
Manwaring, S. (1990). Presidentialism, Multiparty Systems, and Democracy: the Difficult Equation.
Notre Dame: Kellogg Institute. p. 1.
Mozzafar, S., Scarrit, J. And Galaich, G.. (2003). Electoral Institutions, Ethnopolitical Cleavages, and Party Systems in Africa's Emerging Democracies. The American Political Science Review. 97
(3), pp. 379-390.
Prezeworski, A. And Limongi, F.. (1993). Political Regimes and Economic Growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives. 7 (3), pp. 51-69..
Roberts, K. And Wibbels, E.. (1999). Party Systems and Electoral Volatility in Latin America. The American Political Science Review. 93 (3), pp. 575-590.
Stepan, A.. (1999). Federalism and Democracy: Beyond the U.S. Model. Journal of Democracy . 10
(4), pp. 19-34.
Valenzuela, J. And Scully, T.. (1997). Electoral Choices and the Party System in Chile. Comparative Politics. 29 (4), pp. 511-527.
Ware, A.. (1996). Parties in Government . In: Ware, A. Political Parties and Political Systems. Oxford:
Oxford University Press. pp. 351-382.
Weingast, B. (1993). The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law. College Park:
University of Maryland. pp. 1-49.