Communion Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Communion College Essay Examples


  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 649
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: For each topic on the LITANY (pgs. 53-103) AND LAY COMMUNION(pgs.202-242) outline : (1) the problem(s) at hand; (2) how the comparative method and/or other methodologies of liturgical inquiry are employed to address the problem; (3) the conclusion; (4) a critical evaluation of the reading.

Please treat each topic separately and focus only on the uploaded documents.

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Title: comparison of Roman Catholics and the Calvinist in the Eucharist

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3060
  • References:8
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: My topic is a comparison between the Roman Catholic and Calvinist religions; specifically pertaining to the practice of communion/Eucharist. I will explore the differences and similarities of these two religions in their performance of this ritual.
I will begin by looking at the definition of communion/Eucharist. I’ll explore the Biblical history of the Last Supper, and how honouring it started the tradition of Eucharist in the churches. My paper will review how Jesus performed the Last Supper, and the significance that it holds for people. Also, I will look at the importance of performing a communion/Eucharist in specific ways, and the interpretations of its meaning for the churches.
In the main body I will start by looking at the Roman Catholic connection with communion /Eucharist. I’ll explore why they believe the bread and wine to physically be God and not just symbols. Priests claim to be the only ones who can turn the wine into blood and bread into the body, and therefore believe no other religion can partake in the true Eucharist. (Kreig, n.d.). What significance does communion hold for them and the history behind their belief? An important part of the paper will be studying the steps and stages in performing a communion, as well as timing and frequency of the event. What special rituals are involved? What scripture or hymns are used? Who first started communion in the Roman Catholic tradition?
The next part of the body I will explore the Calvinist religion, and how they move away from mass and the sacraments of religion that Catholics practice. Calvin was a man focused on sermons, thinking music took away from the service. Calvin believed that the New Testament and baptism and the Eucharist had been created to provide Man with continual divine guidance when seeking faith. (Trueman, 2000) Calvin believed that the Eucharist was a visible sign and yet rife with mystery. (Trueman, 2000). The paper will look at how often the Eucharist is practiced in the Calvinist church, and with what rituals, hymns, and scripture is used. How does the Calvinist connection with the practice of the Eucharist differ from the Roman Catholics?
Communion/Eucharist relate to course material in many ways. The traditions go back to the beginning of Christianity. Jesus was alive and living on earth and just before he was to be killed took part in the Last Supper with his disciples. He tells his people to take part in the practice as well.
Although the two religions have different interpretations of the practice of Eucharist, they both claim similar benefits in the relationship it provides with Jesus. In both religions, Eucharist is used to remember His sacrifice, and to be one with the Holy Spirit and have everlasting life in his kingdom.

I will summarize the various findings, and show how the evolution of the two religions have developed in their justification of their practice of the Eucharist. The paper will then relate these back to the original core story of the Last Supper and see the core similarities of the two interpretations.

1. Acken, B, V. (1958). The holy eucharist. Westminister, Maryland: The Newman Press
2. Cross, R. (2002, November). Catholics, Calvinist, and Lutheran Doctrines of eucharist presence: a brief note towards rapprochement. International Journal of Systematic Theology, 4 (3), pages 1-18.
3. Deiss, L. (1976). It’s the lord’s supper: the eucharist of Christians. New York: Paulist Press
4. Emminghaus, J.H. (1978). The eucharist: essence form celebration. Austria: Verlag Osterreichisches Katholisches Bibelwerk
5. Kreig, T. (n.d.). Roman catholic doctrine of the eucharist. Retrieved: January 24, 2011, from

6. Wendel, F. (1963). Calvin: the origins and development of his religious thought. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers.
7. Putney, M. (2006). A roman catholic understanding of ecumenical dialogue. Sage Publications: Ecclesiology, 2 (2), pages 179-194.
8. Panofre, C.A. (2009). From latimer’s fellow-martyr to the English calvin: Nicholas ridley’s reputation and the circulation of a brief declaration of the lords supper 1550-1570. Equinox Publishing Ltd. Pages 175- 193.
the bible as well will be a resource
any resources would be good, I had to submit a plan and these were a few from it.
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Works Cited

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:

The Holy Bible. Print.

Bouwsma, William. John Calvin: A Sixteenth Century Portrait. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988 Print.

Calvin, John. Institues of the Christian Religion. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:

Cross, Richard. "Catholic, Calvinist, and Lutheran Doctines of Eucharistic Presence: A Brief Note towards a Rapprochement." International Journal of Systematic Theology. Volume 4 Number 3 November 2002. 301-18.

"Random House Words @ Random: The Mavens' Word of the Day: Abracadra; Hocus-Pocus." Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:

Roberts, Alexander and Donaldson, James (translators). The Teachings of the Twelve Apostles. Web. Accessed 20 Feb 2011 at:

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Title: Culture and Religion

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 580
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Choose three Cultures AND three religions from the following list to write the paper.Must include any 3 of each!
Cultures: Religions:
Vietnamese Buddhism
Spanish Christian Scientist
Chinese Roman Catholic
India(from India) Mormon
Native Indian Orthodox Jewish
African Jehovah's Witness

MUST address the following points.
1. Countries involved.
2. What are the types of religion observed in these countries?
3. What are at least three customs and traditions observed and describe them.
4. What types of food are eaten?
5. What healthcare is available and utilized?

1. What are at least five beliefs of that religion?
2. What are the dietary restrictions if any?
3. Do they believe in prayer, meditation, etc?
4. What are the beliefs about baptism and communion?
5. how does the religion affect healthcare? (include post mortem care beliefs)

Must be in APA format. Sources cited within text.
Need 2-3 sources.

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Title: Vatican Council

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 950
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Need a 2 page essay describing a proposed agenda for a future Vatican Council . Below are ideas to be incorporated into this essay. Rewording and incorporation along with an edited opening and a created closing needed. References can be used but not neccessary to site as long as you are just using the information as a reference.

The Catholic Church in the 20th Century underwent tremendous change, most significantly as a result of the Second Vatican Council. This Council created an atmosphere of reform within the leading theologians and the hierarchy of the Church. The future of the Catholic church depends upon the presentation of new ideas that will be presented at the Vatican Council III which will be a large and important meeting in the Roman Catholic Church. The presentation . from the council Council and their agenda should bring in new ideas and changes to the church. Those ideas to be presented will include the following:

-opportunities for women and the laity to be involved in decision making and leadership at all levels of the Church.
-promote women in the Catholic workplace.
-a more open Church, a Church which finds unity in diversity, a Church which seeks to rediscover the whole of its tradition and a Church which really reflects the person and the values of Jesus
-ban on artificial birth control lifted.
-advocate priests being able to marry.
- increased efforts in fighting poverty.
-favor more lay participation in the church.
-Catholics would like remarried Catholics to be able to receive Communion without receiving an annulment.
-church should ordain women.

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Works Cited:

"Catholic Church and Birth Control: History of Birth Control Ban." Catholic Church and Birth Control: History of Birth Control Ban. Papal Commission on Birth Control, 1966. Web. 20 Apr 2010.
"Education and Ecumenical Formation." Education and Ecumenical Formation. World Council of Churches, 1999. Web. 20 Apr 2010. .

Pope Leo 13th . Rerum Novarum On Capital

and Labor. Vatican, 1891. Retrieved 20 Apr 2010. .

"Ordination of Female Priests and Bishops In the Worldwide Anglican Communion ."

Religous Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, 24 May 2008. Retrieved 20 Apr 2010. .

Sinks, Robert G. "A Theology of Divorce." Religion Online 20 April 1977: n. pag. Web.

20 Apr 2010. .

Stenhouse, Paul. "The Tragedy of Marcel Lefebvre." The Tragedy of Marcel Lefebvre.

Annals Australia, July 1988. Retrieved 20 Apr 2010. .

"Women's Spirituality in the Workplace." Laity, Marriage, Family Life and Youth.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 2002. Web. 20 Apr 2010. .

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