The Research Paper Title is How many Americans are working for minimum wage and living at poverty level.
It Must be ASA Format only! American sociological association The paper is for a Sociological Assignment and has to Be of ASA FORMAT
Please use one book and one web base Journal and or Newspaper and one Government document and please read the following:
First please do not use Footnotes at all. all references should be able to be found easily whether it is a book it should be in most public libraries or a website or journal should be able to be found easily in a public library or online. please read instructions.
Margins that are 11/4 inches on all four sides a separate title page with the name(s) & institution(s) of authors, word count for the manuscript (including references), on a separate page a short 150 word abstract headed with the title.
Citation in Text:
Citations if author?s name is in text follow it with the publication year in parentheses. If author?s name is not in text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses. If the page # is to be included it follows the year of publication after a colon. For more than one author give all last names in the first citation in the text; afterwards use the first name and et al.; for more than three names, use the first author?s last name plus et al.: example ( Smith, Garcia and Lee 1954) (Snow et al.1989). All quotations in the text must begin and end with quotation marks; the citation follows the end quote mark and precedes the period.
Very important REFERENCES PLEASE READ THIS. ?REFERENCES?
All references cited in the text must be listed and vice versa.
References should be doubled spaced & must be listed in alphabetical order by author?s last names. Use hanging indention. Invert the authors? name; if there are two or more authors; invert only the first author?s name. Arrange multiple items by the same author in order by year of publication, earliest year first. Use six hyphens and a period (------.) in place of the name(s) for repeated authorship. Distinguish works by the same author in the same year by adding letters (e.g. 1993a, 1993b, 1993c). Use italics for book and periodical titles or underline it. if no date is available us ?N.d.? in place of the date. Include both city and state for place of publication except for New York using U.S. Postal Code abbreviations. For foreign cities provide the name of the country.
Example for books for one author- Only use books with an author
De Anda, Roberto M. 1995. Chicanans and Chicanos
Society. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
for books with Two Authors Example-
Herrera- Sobek, Maria and Helena Maria Viramontes. 1995. chicana(W)rites
: On Word and Film. Berkeley, CA: Third Woman Press
Journal Articles in Print: Authors last name followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial ending with a period. 2. Year of publication followed by a period. 3. Title of article in quotations and ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark. 4. Name of journal in italics. 5. Volume number followed by colon, page number(s) and period. Use the issue number following the volume number followed by parenthesis or exact date for journal article prior to the volume number for journals that do not number pages consecutively within a volume. Example of one author for a Journal.
Garcia, Alma M. 1998. ?An Intellectual Odyssey: Chicana/Chicano Studies
Moving into the Twenty-first Century.? Journal of American Ethnic history 18:109. Examples of Magazine Articles: Jana, Reena. 2000. ?Preventing culture clashes-As the IT workforce
grows more diverse, managers must improve awareness without creating inconsistency.? InfoWorld, April 24, pp. 95. Example of a Newspaper Article: Rimland, Bernard. 2000.
?Do children?s shots invite autism?? Los Angeles Times, April 26, A13. Example of an
Articles Retrieved in Electronic Format: From commercial databases:
Graham, Lorie M. 1998. ?The Past Never Vanishes: A Contextual Critique of the Existing Indian Family Doctrine? American Indian Law Review,23:1. Retrieved May 25, 1999 Available: LEXIS-NEXIS Academic Universe, Law Reviews. Example of Web Version of Newspapers: Clary, Mike. 2000. ?Vieques Protesters Removed Without Incident.? Los Angeles Times; May 5. Retrieved. May 5, 2000. (http://www.latimes.com/news /nation/updates/lat_vieques000505.htm). Example of a Web base Journals: Smith, Herman W. and Takako Nomi. 2000. ?Is Amae the Key to Understanding Japanese Culture?.? Electronic Journal of Sociology 5:1. Retrieved May 5, 2000. (http://www.sociology.org/content/vol005.001/smith-nomi.html).
Example of information Posted on a Web Site: American Sociological Association. 2000. ?Scholarship of teaching and Learning Workshop.? Washington, DC: American Sociological Association, Retrieved May 5, 2000. (http://www.asanet.org/members/socwkshp.html). Important Example for a government document as a reference: United States. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development. 1999. Rehab a home with HUD?s 203(K) :HUD and FHA are on your side. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Housing and urban Development. For Dissertations & Theses Example Valencia, Albert. 1995. ?An examination of selected characteristics of Mexican-American battered women and implications for service providers.? Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Education, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA.
The paper should consist of :
1. Introduction and statement of the research question.
2. Review of previous research and theory.
3. Description of data collection including sample characteristics and the reliability and validity of techniques employed.
4. Presentation of the results of data analysis including explicit reference to the implications the data have for the research question.
5. Conclusion which ties the loose ends of the analysis back to the research question.
End notes (if any).
7. References cited in the paper & only references that can be easily found for the reader
8. Tables and displays of quantitive information should follow the rules set down by Tufte .
VERY IMPORTANT: The last page of the paper should contain a complete list of all works cited in the paper.
References (not Bibliography) All works books, periodicals, or other sources should be included in one list in alphabeticl order. Books should be listed in the following order: author(s), date, title, place of publication, and publisher. The title of book underlined or italicized. Put the author?s last name first and arrange the references in alphabetical order. If there are multiple authors, list only the first author?s name last name first, and list all others with first name before last. For articles, indicate information in the following order: author(s), date, title, name of journal, volume number, issue number, and page numbers. Enclose the title of an article quotes and underline or italicize the name of the journal. Volume number should be followed by issue number(in parentheses) followed by a colon(:) and finally the page numbers.
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