Chemical Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Chemical College Essay Examples

Title: Chemical Dependency Paper Address question a 7 page paper examines development progression substance abuse chemical dependency adolescents Does addiction progress rapidly young people adults Examine biopsychosocial issues adolescent substance abuse chemical dependency

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2102
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Chemical Dependency Paper

?Address the following question in a 7 page paper that examines the development and progression of substance abuse and chemical dependency in adolescents: Does addiction progress more rapidly in young people than adults?
?Examine the biopsychosocial issues around adolescent substance abuse and chemical dependency.
?Include definition, epidemiology, diagnosis, and at least three treatment options that range in severity, including inpatient, outpatient, groups, medical interventions to prevent drug use, and so forth. Include at least three current references.
?Format your paper according to APA standards.

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References

Chapter 2 -- The Role of PPC in a Managed Care Environment. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://kap.samhsa.gov/products/manuals/tips/13b.htm

Chemical Dependency. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aboutdrugtreatment.org/chemical_dependency.htm

Chemical Dependency. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.galaxrecovery.com/chemical_dependency_treatment.asp

Drug and Alcohol Information. (2005). Retrieved from http://www.egetgoing.com/drug_addiction/chemical_dependency_treatment.asp

Guide to Drug Abuse Epidemiology. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2000/a58352_PartA.pdf

Substance Abuse/Chemical Dependency. (n.d.). Retreived from http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/mental_health/mental_he

alth_about/substance/Pages/index.aspx

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Title: fertilizers affects on aquatic life

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1543
  • Works Cited:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Chemicals and /or elements as causes for global concern ie. the uses of the chemical,the discovery for concern, impact the students opinion " Chemical fertilizers and their affect on aquatic life" is my topic Ps I would need this short paper by 12/9 monday by 6pm
This paper needs to be in __New Courier font size 12 and this is a chemistry paper so it needs to stress the chemical of the subject matter.

There are faxes for this order.

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Works Cited

Backer, L.C., Baden, D.G. And L.E. Fleming. 2005. "Overview of Aerosolized Florida Red Tide Toxins: Exposures and Effects." Environmental Health Perspectives, 113(5):618.

Coming to Terms with Sustainability." 1999. Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy 14(4):6.

Fertilizer." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Online [premium service]. 8 Dec. 2006 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9034126.

Getches, David. 2004. "Water Wrongs: Why Can't We Get It Right the First Time?" Environmental Law 34(1):1-2.

Henning, Daniel H. And William R. Mangun. Managing the Environmental Crisis: Incorporating Competing Values in Natural Resource Administration. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.

Nierenberg, Danielle. 2001, March. "Toxic Fertility." World Watch 14(2):30.

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Title: Chemical and Biological Warfare

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3953
  • Bibliography:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This report must be about Chemical & Biological Warfare.

Here is a copy of the students overview for this Term Paper, as you can see it was about basic descriptions and uses of these weapons.


Chemical & Biological Warfare
As we study the ramifications of chemical and biological warfare let us first understand the definition of each term. The following is the definition of each term.
Chemical warfare noun (Concise Encyclopedia)
Use of lethal or incapacitating chemical weapons in war, and the methods of combating such agents. Chemical weapons include choking agents such as the chlorine and phosgene gas employed first by the Germans and later by the Allies in World War I; blood agents such as hydrogen cyanide or cyanogen gas, which block red blood cells from taking up oxygen; blister agents such as sulfur gas and Lewisite, also dispensed as a gas, which burn and blister the skin; and nerve agents such as Tabun, Sarin, Soman, and VX, which block the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles, heart, and diaphragm. The horrific casualties suffered in World War I led to the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which made it illegal to employ chemical weapons but did not ban their production. Chemical weapons were used a number of times afterward, most notably by Italy in Ethiopia (1935??"36), by Japan in China (1938??"42), by Egypt in Yemen (1966??"67), and by Iran and Iraq against each other (1984??"88). During the Cold War the Soviet Union and U.S. built up enormous chemical arsenals; these were dismantled under the terms of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention, which prohibits all development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, or transfer of such weapons. Not all countries have signed the convention, and many are suspected of pursuing clandestine chemical programs. Many
Mullin 2.
Military forces have adopted various defensive measures, including chemical sensors, protective garments and gas masks, decontaminants, and injectable antidotes, and some have reserved the option of retaliating in kind to any chemical attack. In 1995 a religious cult killed 12 civilians and injured thousands more with Sarin gas in Tokyo; this pointed out the power of chemical agents as weapons of terror as well as the difficulty of protecting civilian populations. See also biological warfare”.
From a prospect let us first review the use of Chemical warfare. As early as World War 1 we saw the first use of chemical weapons when Germany used Mustard Gas against the Allies. This gas was deadly when used as it would literally destroy the lungs of the individual that breathed in this gas. Most of the soldiers during WW1 carried gas masks but if you were hit with the gas and did not have the mask on you were literally dead. Your fellow soldiers may carry you out of the area where the gas was but there was no way that you would survive.
In the modern day the use of chemical weapons becomes deadlier than ever before. We have seen the use of these weapons in Iraq, these chemicals were used to kill thousands of Kurds, which were of a different tribal and cultural relationship in Iran.
Biological Weapons
“The act of bioterrorism can range from a simple hoax to the actual use of
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these biological weapons, also referred to as agents. A number of nations have or are seeking to acquire biological warfare agents, and there are concerns that terrorist groups or individuals may acquire the technologies and expertise to use these destructive agents. Biological agents may be used for an isolated assassination, as well as to cause incapacitation or death to thousands. If the environment is contaminated, a long-term threat to the population could be created”.
These biological weapons also referred to as agents. A number of nations have or are seeking to acquire biological warfare agents, and there are concerns that terrorist groups or individuals may acquire the technologies and expertise to use these destructive agents. Biological agents may be used for an isolated assassination, as well as to cause incapacitation or death to thousands. If the environment is contaminated, a long-term threat to the population could be created.
Our first experience with Biological Weapons was after 9/11 when Anthrax was mailed to members of our government. There is a vast difference between chemical weapons and biological weapons. Chemical weapons as we have seen have a limited effect and do not have the ability to be transmitted from individual to individual. When we look at Biological weapons we are looking at a weapon
that can have catastrophic effects on an entire nations population.

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References

Alibek, K. And S. Handelman. (2000). Biohazard: The Chilling True Story of the Largest Covert Biological Weapons Program in the World -- Told from Inside by the Man Who Ran it. Delta.

Appel, J.M. (2009). Is all fair in biological warfare? The controversy over genetically engineered biological weapons, Journal of Medical Ethics, Volume 35, pp. 429 -- 432.

Brophy, L.P. & George J.B. Fisher (1959). The Chemical Warfare Service: Organizing for War Office of the Chief of Military History.

Burck, Gordon M. And Charles C. Flowerree. (1991). International Handbook on Chemical Weapons Proliferation.

Crosby, Alfred W. (1986). Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 -- 1900.

Dembek, Zygmunt (editor). (2007). Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare; Washington, DC: Borden Institute.

Endicott, Stephen and Edward Hagerman. (1998). The United States and Biological Warfare: Secrets from the Early Cold War and Korea, Indiana University Press.

Haber, L.F. (1986). The Poisonous Cloud: Chemical Warfare in the First World War Oxford University Press.

Hammond Jr., James W. (1999). Poison Gas: The Myths vs. Reality NY: Greenwood Press.

Janata, Jiri. (2009). Role of Analytical Chemistry in Defense Strategies Against Chemical and Biological Attack, Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry.

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Title: Chemical and Biological Terroism

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3146
  • Sources:9
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The paper should be an analysis of an issue critical to the development of the theory and practice of homeland security, research the issue, and prepare one credible recommendation related to future Homeland Security policy. The recommendation should be part of the conclusion.

The paper is a formal paper and the text should adhere to APA style. (title page, page numbers in the running heading, and an alphabetized and properly formatted reference list). Research paper and requires in-text citations and proper use of quotation marks for all cited material. 8 to 10, references, which are cited within the text. The paper must be between 2000 but no more than to 2500 words (excluding the front matter and reference list).

Please incorporate my Thesis and introduction into the paper:

"The advent of the 21st century has upgraded the nature of terrorism from the traditional wars and bombs, which makes chemical and biological weaponry some of the most potent options available for use in future attacks."

The United States Government has identified the potential of chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (termed CBRN) terrorism, especially after the September 11 attacks. They have been concerned ever since Sarin was used in a Tokyo subway (Aum Shinrikyo in 1995) and the anthrax case (in November 2001). The chances of terrorists resorting to these agents in warfare are pretty high considering their advantages over conventional methods. Most organizations fighting terrorism are not equipped well enough to detect such chemicals. A closed container can help most of them escape discovery. The low cost involved in their production increases the dangers manifold. Since most of the above agents affect the human body directly, they are essentially more efficient than conventional warfare.
Chemical weapons have four major classifications. Choking agents are aimed at being fatal and are easily accessible. Phosgene is one such industrial chemical agent. Blister agents are meant to leave its victims incapacitated rather than dead. Mustard gas and lewisite are just two examples used in the World War I. Most Blood agents are are cyanide based (such as Hydrogen Cyanide) and are directed towards individuals rather than a large number of people. The last category, Nerve agents include chemicals such as Sarin, Tabun and Soman, and are considered significantly more potent than the others. They can easily inflict damage over a large group of people. Biological weapons involve infectious agents such as bacteria (Inhalation Anthrax, Tularemia, Pneumonic Plague and Q-fever), viruses (Smallpox, Marburg fever and Venet Equine Enzephalitis) and toxins (Botulism, Ricin and SEB intoxication).

“Knowing all of the above, the United States must comprehend the consequences of potential future attacks and take steps to prepare and be the first to take action against the new and unconventional terrorist.”

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Khan, A. Levitt, A. Sage, M. (2000). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response. 7-19. Retrieved From http://www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org/download/epi/mmwr-plan.pdf

Ashraf H. European dioxin-contaminated food crisis grows and grows [news]. Lancet

1999;353:2049.

Khan, A. Swerdlow, D. Juranek, D. (2001) Precautions Against Biological and Chemical Terrorism directed at Food and Water Supplies. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1497290/pdf/11571403.pdf

Nsubuga, P. Nwanyanwu, O. Nkengasong, J. Mukanga, D. Trostle, M. (2010) Strengthening public health surveillance and response using the health systems strengthening agenda in developing countries. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/S1/S5

Glater, J. (1998). "The early history of reverse osmosis membrane development." Desalination 117: 297 -- 309.

Purever, R. (1995). Chemical and Biological terrorism: The Threat According to Open Literature. Canadian Security Intelligence Service (unclassified); 1995.

Carus WS. (1999). Bioterrorism and Biocrimes: The Illicit Use of Biological Agents in the 20th Century. Washington: Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University.

Flakenrath, R.A. Newman, R.D. Thayer, B.A. (1998).America's Achilles' Hell: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical terrorism and Covert Attack. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Tucker, JB. (1996) Chemical/Biological Terrorism: Coping with a New Threat. Politics and the Life Sciences 1996;15:167 -- 184.

Fester, U. (1997) Silent death. 2nd ed. Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics Unlimited.

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