Cesarean Section Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cesarean Section College Essay Examples

Title: topic Escalating Cesarean Section Rate The cesarean section rate United States risen 30 Although meant a life saving operation cesarean section significantly increases a womans risk morbidity mortality

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1753
  • Bibliography:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: topic is Escalating Cesarean Section Rate: The cesarean section rate in the United States has risen to over 30%. Although meant to be a life-saving operation, cesarean section significantly increases a woman?s risk of morbidity and mortality. Research the potential risks to the mother and infant with cesarean section. Research the cesarean section rates for the United States. Compare the rates to countries with much lower rates. Discuss why the rate is so high in the United States. What is being done to reduce the cesarean section rates? What can nurses do to reduce the cesarean section rate? What can nurses do to foster and support vaginal birth? What do you think may help reduce the cesarean section rate?

adhere strictly to APA guidelines for formatting and the use of reference ,at least one reference should be cited for each paragraph, the only exception is for a paragraph which i solely your opinion

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Bibliography:

Bibliography

Boyles, Salynn (2012) C-Section May Raise Child Obesity Risk: Obesity Rate Twice as High in Surgically Delivered Children. WebMD. 24 May 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20120524/c-section-may-raise-child-obesity-risk

Cesarean Section (2012) Why Is the National U.S. Cesarean Section Rate So High? Childbirth Connection. Retrieved from http://www.childbirthconnection.org/article.asp?ck=10456

Norton, Amy (2012) Curbin C-sections could save countries billions. Reuters Health. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/23/us-cesarean-idUSBRE82M0Z020120323

Park, Alice (2010) Understanding the High C-section Rate in the U.S. Health Land TIME. Retrieved from: http://healthland.time.com/2010/08/31/understanding-the-high-c-section-rate-in-the-us/

Reinberg, Steven (2011) C-section rate in U.S. climbs to all-time high. 22 Jul 2011. USA Today. HealthDay report retrieved from: http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/wellness/pregnancy/story/2011/07/C-section-rate-in-U.S.-climbs-to-all-time-high/49607756/1

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Title: a look at the ethics of good business vs gender inequality in health care

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2711
  • Sources:8
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: a look at the ethics of good business vs. gender inequality in health care. Looking at doctor visits, cost of procedures, cost of insurance, and how gender effects dollars spent on research
Some considerations to socioeconomic status, race, gender and sexuality should be included.
Some of the following can be included but not necessary.
Despite a number of private insurance companies and government-sponsored health care programs, roughly 17 percent of the people in the nation were not covered. Out of the 47 million Americans are without health insurance, about 8.7 million are children. Questions posed are, do insurance premiums just offer a service at a fair price or have costs skyrocketed for profit? Insurance premium are often higher for women as are the cost of services in most states (gender rating). Is this a fair price for the needs covered or are they being unfairly targeted? Are there other examples of certain populations or types of patients that are targeted? Is it unethical or just good business when companies refuse to cover maternity benefits and denying coverage because of past domestic violence or previous cesarean sections? Should women be penalized because their bodies work differently and need ongoing prevention care? Costs vary by hospital or birthing center, but the average bill for a vaginal birth with no complications is about $7,500 and for a cesarean section, $13,200. Does this justify an insurance provider saying that they will cut out your maternity coverage if the female patient does not undergo sterilization? These are just the start of the questions rolling around in my head.
Research Paper: This is a formal academic paper completed in APA format with citations and a list of cited references. You must cite at least (8) sources, five must be academically acceptable.
topic related to Business Ethics. The paper will describe the topic or case in some detail, identify relevant ethical issues, and highlight well-stated articulation of opinion.
The paper must demonstrate the student?s ability to analyze complex business issues within a wider context of societal and community impact, as well as an understanding of the concepts, issues and values.

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Sources:

References

Gruber, S., & Kiesel, M. (2010). Inequality in health care utilization in Germany? Theoretical and empirical evidence for specialist consultation. Zeitschrift Fur Gesundheitswissenschaften, 18(4), 351-365.

Khandekar, R., & Mohammed, A. (2009). Gender inequality in vision loss and eye diseases: Evidence from the sultanate of Oman. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 57(6), 443-9.

MANGALORE, R., KNAPP, M., & JENKINS, R. (2007). Income-related inequality in mental health in Britain: The concentration index approach. Psychological Medicine, 37(7), 1037-45. http://search.proquest.com/docview/204496342?accountid=34899

McAlister, A.L. (2010). Moral disengagement and tolerance for health care inequality in Texas. Mind & Society, 9(1), 25-29.

RUEDA, S., & ARTAZCOZ, L. (2009). Gender inequality in health among elderly people in a combined framework of socioeconomic position, family characteristics and social support. Ageing and Society, 29(4), 625-647.

Tamambang, L., Auger, N., Lo, E., & Raynault, M. (2011). Measurement of gender inequality in neighborhoods of Quebec, Canada. International Journal for Equity in Health, 10(1), 52.

Veenstra, G. (2002). Income inequality and health: Coastal communities in British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 93(5), 374-9.

Veenstra, G. (2011). Race, gender, class, and sexual orientation: Intersecting axes of inequality and self-rated health in Canada. International Journal for Equity in Health, 10(1), 3.

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Title: using the Noonan and Savolaine article as the focus 1 What do you think about the Market Orientation of the community hospital 2 What do you think created the change 3 How the quality of service changed and why 4 If you would be the CEO of the hospital how you would approach the marketing issues

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 841
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Marketing Forces and Diversification

using the Noonan and Savolaine article as the focus, please respond in a 3-4 page paper to the following questions:

1.What do you think about the Market Orientation of the community hospital?
2. What do you think created the change?
3. How the quality of service changed and why?
4. If you would be the CEO of the hospital how you would approach the marketing issues?

reading material:

Abstract (Summary)
The challenge of engaging a community in the opening of a birthing center becomes even more daunting when community members speak 40 different languages. One midwestern community hospital not only took on this challenge, but also turned it into one of their greatest marketing success stories. Service area analysis identified the following ethnic populations: 72.2% non-Hispanic white, 7% African-American or black, 0.5% Native American, 11.2% Asian or Pacific Islander, and 9.1% other. Hispanics were included among the multiple ethnic background populations and accounted for 18.9% of the service area. However, ethnic descriptions of the service area failed to describe the unique features of the service area. Among the Caucasian population, recent immigrants from the Middle East and Eastern Europe predominated. The hospital's goal was to increase the market share for obstetric services in a highly competitive market. To do this, it developed marketing strategies to raise awareness of the new family birthing center in these ethnic communities by adopting several objectives.

Full Text
(933 words)

Copyright American Marketing Association Winter 2001

[Headnote]
CASE STUDY

[Headnote]
Serving a multicultural community requires a marketing melting pot.

Enlarge 200%
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[Photograph]


The challenge of engaging a community in the opening of a birthing center becomes even more daunting when community members speak 40 different languages. One midwestern community hospital not only took on this challenge, but also turned it into one of their greatest marketing success stories.

Defining the Market

Thirteen hospitals within a 10-mile radius of the primary service area provided obstetrical services, and an estimated 24,274 women of childbearing age lived in the primary service area. Another 134,055 of them lived in the secondary service area. The number of childbearing age women residing in the primary and secondary service areas was expected to decline by 7% over the next four years.

Service area analysis identified the following ethnic populations: 72.2% non-Hispanic white, 7% African-American or black, 0.5% Native American, 11.2% Asian or Pacific Islander, and 9.1% other. Hispanics were included among the multiple ethnic background populations and accounted for 18.90 of the service area. The percentage of Asians in the service area was quadruple the state and national populations, and the percentage of Hispanics in the service area was double the state and national populations.

However, ethnic descriptions of the service area failed to describe the unique features of the service area. Among the Caucasian population, recent immigrants from the Middle East and Eastern Europe predominated. The Asian immigrants came predominantly from Korea, Pakistan, India, and the Philippines. To narrow the market for ethnic childbearing women, researchers reviewed obstetrical discharge data and asked physicians to identify the major ethnic and cultural groups of their patients.

Using this technique, researchers were able to estimate the following major ethnic and cultural groups utilizing obstetrical services: Korean (23%); Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern (29%); Assyrian (6%); and Hispanic (13%). Research into cultural considerations for these groups identified a significant subgroup of Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern patients that were Muslim. Four target ethnic markets were defined: Korean, Middle Eastern, Muslim (Middle Eastern, Pakistani and Indian), and Hispanic (Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban).

The hospital's goal was to increase the market share for obstetric services in a highly competitive market. To do this, it developed marketing strategies to raise awareness of the new family birthing center in these ethnic communities by adopting the following objectives. Difference services from competitors with the following:

* Graphic images and color coding for directional sinage within the facility

* Multilingual and color coding for directional sinage within the facility

* Multilingual and multicultural physicians (male and female), nursing staff, cultural liaisons, and interpreters

* Culturally diverse artwork throughout the facility

* Large state-of-the-art labor-delivery-recovery-postpartum rooms with jacuzzis and room for fily members

* Ethnic menus, microwaves, and refrigerators for patient use

* Spanish, Korean, Arabic, and Hindi language childbirth preparation classes taught by Hispanic, Korean, and Indian nurses

* Family-centered program of care

* Superior quality measures (e.g., low cesarean section rates and successful vaginal birth after cesarean initiatives)

Enhance its marketing presence in the following ways:

* Creating a new maternity services "brand" for the hospital (the graphic image of infant footprints)

* Aggressively marketing and promoting the new features and benefits of the hospital's maternity services

* Reinforcing the unique positioning of its culturally sensitive family-centered maternity care

Grand opening events included a series of receptions for the Korean, Middle Eastern, and Muslim (Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern) populations. Korean physicians and nurses planned the Korean reception with the assistance of the marketing staff. On the evening of the reception, five Korean obstetrical and neonatal nurses dressed in traditional Korean gowns and led Korean-language tours of the facility. Korean food was served and gifts were distributed to the more than 400 guests. A program of dance and chamber music provided by Korean dancers and musicians followed the reception. The uniqueness of the event captured extensive Korean television coverage.

The Middle Eastern, Muslim (Middle Eastern, Pakistani, and Indian), and Hispanic receptions were similar in structure. Each event was planned with the help of bicultural and bilingual nurses and physicians and included facility tours, ethnic foods, and culturally appropriate gifts and entertainment. In total 2,700 individuals attended the events.

The Family Birthing Center has experienced 25% growth per year for the last three years following the opening of the center. Patient satisfaction has improved consistently and quality measures have remained above national averages, which is evidence that serving ethnic markets appropriately is an excellent business development strategy.


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References:

References

Barrett, H., Balloun, J., & Weinstein, a.. (2009). How variation in management perceptions affects organizational performance. Quality and Quantity, 43(3), 451-461.

Paul Hughes-Cromwick, Sarah Root, & Charles Roehrig. (2007). Consumer-Driven Healthcare: Information, Incentives, Enrollment, and Implications for National Health Expenditures. Business Economics, 42(2), 43-57.

Ravichandran, K., S. Prabhakaran, and S. Kumar. 2010. Application of Servqual Model on Measuring Service Quality: A Bayesian Approach. Enterprise Risk Management 2, no. 1, (January 1): 145-169.

Wrenn, B.. (2006). Marketing Orientation in Hospitals: Findings from a Multi-Phased Research Study. Health Marketing Quarterly, 24(1/2), 15.

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Title: Hospital Administration

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 822
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Assignment: Have an introduction and conclusion included. Please read the article below, and respond to the following questions:

1. What do you think about the Market Orientation of the community hospital?
2. What do you think created the change?
3. How the quality of service changed and why?
4. If you would be the CEO of the hospital how you would approach the marketing issues?
Article:

A neighorhood of nations
Marketing Health Services; Chicago; Winter 2001; Melinda Dunham Noonan; Ruth Savolaine;
Volume: 21
Issue: 4
Start Page: 40-41
ISSN: 10941304
Subject Terms: ObstetricsHospitalsDemographicsMinority & ethnic groupsMarket researchMarket strategyCompetitionMarket segmentsGuidelinesCommunity relations
Classification Codes: 9190: United States8320: Health care industry7000: Marketing9150: Guidelines2400: Public relations
Geographic Names: United StatesUS
Abstract:
The challenge of engaging a community in the opening of a birthing center becomes even more daunting when community members speak 40 different languages. One midwestern community hospital not only took on this challenge, but also turned it into one of their greatest marketing success stories. Service area analysis identified the following ethnic populations: 72.2% non-Hispanic white, 7% African-American or black, 0.5% Native American, 11.2% Asian or Pacific Islander, and 9.1% other. Hispanics were included among the multiple ethnic background populations and accounted for 18.9% of the service area. However, ethnic descriptions of the service area failed to describe the unique features of the service area. Among the Caucasian population, recent immigrants from the Middle East and Eastern Europe predominated. The hospital''s goal was to increase the market share for obstetric services in a highly competitive market. To do this, it developed marketing strategies to raise awareness of the new family birthing center in these ethnic communities by adopting several objectives.
Full Text:
Copyright American Marketing Association Winter 2001
[Headnote]
CASE STUDY

[Headnote]
Serving a multicultural community requires a marketing melting pot.

Enlarge 200%
Enlarge 400%

The challenge of engaging a community in the opening of a birthing center becomes even more daunting when community members speak 40 different languages. One midwestern community hospital not only took on this challenge, but also turned it into one of their greatest marketing success stories.
Defining the Market
Thirteen hospitals within a 10-mile radius of the primary service area provided obstetrical services, and an estimated 24,274 women of childbearing age lived in the primary service area. Another 134,055 of them lived in the secondary service area. The number of childbearing age women residing in the primary and secondary service areas was expected to decline by 7% over the next four years.
Service area analysis identified the following ethnic populations: 72.2% non-Hispanic white, 7% African-American or black, 0.5% Native American, 11.2% Asian or Pacific Islander, and 9.1% other. Hispanics were included among the multiple ethnic background populations and accounted for 18.90 of the service area. The percentage of Asians in the service area was quadruple the state and national populations, and the percentage of Hispanics in the service area was double the state and national populations.
However, ethnic descriptions of the service area failed to describe the unique features of the service area. Among the Caucasian population, recent immigrants from the Middle East and Eastern Europe predominated. The Asian immigrants came predominantly from Korea, Pakistan, India, and the Philippines. To narrow the market for ethnic childbearing women, researchers reviewed obstetrical discharge data and asked physicians to identify the major ethnic and cultural groups of their patients.
Using this technique, researchers were able to estimate the following major ethnic and cultural groups utilizing obstetrical services: Korean (23%); Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern (29%); Assyrian (6%); and Hispanic (13%). Research into cultural considerations for these groups identified a significant subgroup of Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern patients that were Muslim. Four target ethnic markets were defined: Korean, Middle Eastern, Muslim (Middle Eastern, Pakistani and Indian), and Hispanic (Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban).
The hospital''s goal was to increase the market share for obstetric services in a highly competitive market. To do this, it developed marketing strategies to raise awareness of the new family birthing center in these ethnic communities by adopting the following objectives. Difference services from competitors with the following:
* Graphic images and color coding for directional sinage within the facility
* Multilingual and color coding for directional sinage within the facility
* Multilingual and multicultural physicians (male and female), nursing staff, cultural liaisons, and interpreters
* Culturally diverse artwork throughout the facility
* Large state-of-the-art labor-ry-recovery-postpartum rooms with jacuzzis and room for fily members
* Ethnic menus, microwaves, and refrigerators for patient use
* Spanish, Korean, Arabic, and Hindi language childbirth preparation classes taught by Hue. Korean, and Indian nurses
* Family-centered program of care
* Superior quality measures (e.g., low cesarean section rates and successful vaginal birth after cesarean initiatives)
Enhance its marketing presence in the following ways:
* Creating a new maternity services "brand" for the hospital (the graphic image of infant footprints)
* Aggressively marketing and promoting the new features and benefits of the hospital''s maternity services
* Reinforcing the unique positioning of its culturally sensitive family-centered maternity care
Grand opening events included a series of receptions for the Korean, Middle Eastern, and Muslim (Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern) populations. Korean physicians and nurses planned the Korean reception with the assistance of the marketing staff. On the evening of the reception, five Korean obstetrical and neonatal nurses dressed in traditional Korean gowns and led Korean-language tours of the facility. Korean food was served and gifts were distributed to the more than 400 guests. A program of dance and chamber music provided by Korean dancers and musicians followed the reception. The uniqueness of the event captured extensive Korean television coverage.
The Middle Eastern, Muslim (Middle Eastern, Pakistani, and Indian), and Hispanic receptions were similar in structure. Each event was planned with the help of bicultural and bilingual nurses and physicians and included facility tours, ethnic foods, and culturally appropriates gifts and entertainment. In total 2,700 individuals attended the events.
The Family Birthing Center has experienced 25% growth per year for the last three years following the opening of the center. Patient satisfaction has improved consistently and quality measures have remained above national averages, which is evidence that serving ethnic markets appropriately is an excellent business development strategy.

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Excerpt From Essay:
Works Cited:

Works Cited

Noonan, M.D., and Savolaine, R. (2001. Winter). A neighborhood of nations. Marketing Health Services.

Peterson, R. (1996. April 1). A patient care team approach to multicultural patient care issues. Journal of Nursing Care Quality.

Post Staff Writer. (2002. May 12). International Deliveries; Maternity Wards Adapt to Special Needs of Region's Rush of Immigrants. The Washington Post.

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