Allen, Jennifer and George Norris. "International Comparisons of Approaches to Hate Speech."
Race, Racism, and the Law. 1-5. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2012.
Freedom Forum. "Limits of Freedom of Speech." Education for Freedom. N.p. 2012. Web.
14 Nov. 2012.
Linder, Doug. "Free Speech and the State Action Requirement." Exploring Constitutional
Conflicts. N.p. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2012.
U.S. Const. amend. I.
"Censorship in the United States" (September 16, 2004) Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Censorship-in-the-United-States Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Clark. Andrew. "Trouble in Paradise: A Study of Media Censorship in the South Pacific." Retrieved from www.beaweb.org/bea2000/papers/clark.pdf Accessed on 15 October, 2004
'FAQs: Causes & consequences of corruption" Retrieved from http://www.u4.no/document/faqs1.cfm Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Garmong, Robert. (September 23, 2004) "It's the FCC that should be banned" Retrieved from http://www.mondopolitico.com/discus/messages/26/1861.html?1095940865 Accessed on 15 October, 2004
'Global Issues" Retrieved from http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itgic/0401/ijge/ijge0401.htm Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Hall, Wayne. (August 1992) "Building Free and Independent Media" Freedom Papers Series. Retrieved from http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/archive/freedom/freedom1.htm Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Heins, Marjorie; Cho, Christina. (Fall, 2003) "Media Literacy: An Alternative to Censorship" Retrieved from http://www.fepproject.org/policyreports/medialiteracy.html Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Hippler, Jochen. "Foreign Policy, the Media, and Western Perception of the Middle East" Retrieved from http://www.jochen-hippler.de/Aufsatze/Islam__the_Media__Perceptions/islam__the_media__perceptions.html Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Jabbar, Javed. "Missing in action: The Muslim global media" Retrieved from http://www.indexonline.org/news/110901/20011010_pakistan.shtml Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Nider, Steven J. (January 16, 2002) "Fighting the Image War So Far, We're Losing" Blueprint Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.ppionline.org/ppi_ci.cfm?knlgAreaID=450004& subsecID=900021& contentID=250031 Accessed on 15 October, 2004
'Seeking Free & Responsible Media" Retrieved from http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itgic/0203/ijge/ijge0203.htm Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Shah, Anup. (November 27, 2001) "Mainstream Media" Retrieved from http://www.globalissues.org/HumanRights/Media.asp Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Volkov, Vladimir. (28 September 2000) "Russian President Putin tries to break Berezovsky's grip" Retrieved from http://www.wsws.org/articles/2000/sep2000/russ-s28.shtml Accessed on 15 October, 2004
'Who Rules America? The Alien Grip on Our News and Entertainment Media Must Be Broken" (December, 2002) Retrieved from http://www.natvan.com/who-rules-america / Accessed on 15 October, 2004
Manson, Marilyn. "Columbine: Whose Fault is it?" The Conscious Reader. 12th edition.
Longman. 2011. Print.
Taylor, Charles. "The Morality Police." The Conscious Reader. 12th edition. Longman. 2011.
Clockwork Orange in Central Park" 1989, U.S. News & World Report, 8 May, p. 10.
Bar Protest Songs from Europe GI's" 1965, Variety, Aug., p. 1.
Berry, C. & Wolin, D. 1985, "Comment, Regulating Rock Lyrics: A New Wave of Censorship?" Harvard Journal on Legislation, vol. 23, no. 2, p. 606.
Betz, C. 1986, The Story of Rock, Oxford University Press, New York.
Budds, M.J. 1999, "From Fine Romance to Good Rockin' and Beyond: Look What They've Done to My Song" in Bleep! Censoring Rock and Rap Music, eds. S. Davidson and B.H. Winfield, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Bruck, C. 1997, "The Takedown of Tupac," The New Yorker, 7 July, pp. 46-65.
Campbell, E. 1991, "Obscenity, Music and the First Amendment: Was the 2-Live Crew Lively?" Nova Law Review, vol. 15,no. 1, pp. 159-240.
Carey, J. 1975, "A Cultural Approach to Communications," Communication Research, vol. 2, pp. 1-22.
Casals, P. 1961, "A Disgrace to Music," Music Journal, vol. XIX, no. 1.
Cloonan, M. 1996, Banned! Censorship of Popular Music in Britain, 1967-1992, Arena, Aldershot, Hamphshire.
Control the Dim-Wits" 1954, Billboard, vol. LXVI, 25 Sept.
Davidson, S. & Winfield, B.H. (eds) 1999, Bleep! Censoring Rock and Rap Music, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
DeCurtis, A. 1992, "The Eighties" in Present Tense, Rock & Roll and Culture, ed. A. DeCurtis, Duke University Press, Durham, NC.
First Amendment Protects More Than Just Newspapers," 1999, American Journalism Review, vol. 21, no. 10, Dec., p. 20.
Flippo, C. 1974, The History of Rolling Stone, 163
Flood, M.J. 1991, "Lyrics and the Law: Censorship of Rock-and-Roll in the United States and Great Britain," New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 402.
Fong-Torres, B. 1973, "Drugola Inquiry: Senator Claims Columbia Gag," Rolling Stone, 16 Aug., p. 8.
Fore, L.R. 1999, "Rolling Stone's Response to Attempted Censorship of Rock 'n' Roll" in Bleep! Censoring Rock and Rap Music, eds. S. Davidson and B.H. Winfield, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Frohnmayer, J. 1994, Out of Tune, Listening to the First Amendment, The Freedom Forum First Amendment Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville.
Gates, H. 1990, Letter to the Editor, New York Times, 15 July.
Goldberg, M. 1990, "At a Loss for Words: Record-Industry Acceptance of Stickering Is Already Having Chilling Effect," Rolling Stone, May, pp. 19-22.
Goodman, F. 1997, The Mansion on the Hill: Dylan, Young, Geffen, Springsteen and the Head-on Collision of Rock and Commerce, Times Books/Random House, New York.
Gore, T. 1990, "Hate, Rape and Rap," The Washington Post (Letter to the Editor), 8 Jan.
Gore, T. 1987, Raising PG Kids in an X-Rated Society, Abingdon Press, Nashville.
Green, A., 1955, "A Warning to the Music Business," Variety, vol. CXCVII, no. 12, 23 Feb., p. 2.
Hall, M. 1971, "FCC Clarification Note Shaky Bridge Over Troubled Water," Billboard, April, p. 10.
Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T, Clarke, J. & Roberts, B. 1978, Policing the Crisis: Mugging the State, and Law and Order, Holmes & Meier, New York.
Hill, P. 1999, "Deconstructing the Hip-Hop Hype: A Critical Analysis of the New York Times' Coverage of African-American Youth Culture," in Bleep! Censoring Rock and Rap Music, eds. S. Davidson and B.H. Winfield, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Hill, P. 1998, All Eyez on Them: Race, Rap Music Journalism, and the Manufacture of Deviance 1985-1992, M.A. Thesis, University of Missouri.
Holden, D. 1993, "Pop Go the Censors," Index on Censorship, vol. 22, pp. 11-12.
Ice-T, Hilburn, R. & Phillips, C. 1992, "For Gangsta' Style Rappers, Urban Explosion Is No Surprise," The Los Angeles Times, 2 May, p. A7.
It's All Right to Laugh, Obscenity Jury Is Told" 1990, New York Times, 19 Oct. (AP Wire Service).
Jones, S. 1992, Rock Formation, Music, Technology, and Mass Communication: Foundations of Popular Culture, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.
Kanzer, A.M. 1992, "Misfit Power, the First Amendment and the Public Forum: Is There Room in America for the Grateful Dead?" Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, vol. 25,no. 3, pp. 521-565.
Kelley, R.D.G. 1996, "Kickin' Reality, Kickin' Ballistics: The Cultural Politics of Gangsta Rap in Postindustrial Los Angeles" in Droppin' Science: Critical Essays on Hip Hop Culture and Politics, ed. W.E. Perkins, Temple University Press, Philadelphia.
Leland, J. 1992, "Rap and Race," Newsweek, vol. 69, 29 June 29, p. 49.
Lull, J. 1992, Popular Music and Communication 2nd ed., Sage Publication, Newbury Park, CA.
Martin, L. & Kerry Segrave, K. 1988, Anti-Rock: The Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll, Archon Books, Hamden, CT, reprinted 1993, Da Capo Press, New York.
McDonald, J.R. 1988, "Censoring Rock Lyrics: A Historical Analysis of the Debate," Youth and Society, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 296.
Meade, M. 1971, "Does Rock Degrade Women?" New York Times, 14 March, p. 13.
Natter, J. 1991, "Un-Ban the Banned Band, A First Amendment Perspective on Banning Concerts," Entertainment and Sports Lawyer, vol. 9, no. 2, pp 34-36.
Palmer, R. 1986, "Rap Music Despite Adult Fire Broadens Its Teenage Base," New York Times, 21 Sept., p. B23.
Palmer, R. 1985, "Street-Smart Rapping Is Innovative Art Form," New York Times, 4 Feb., p. C13.
Pareles, J. 1990, "Rap: Slick, Violent, Nasty and, Maybe, Hopeful," New York Times, 17 June, p. D1.
Pareles, J. 1989, "Public Enemy, Loud and Angry, Is Far From Its Own Best Friend," New York Times, 26 Dec., p. C15.
Portch, A. 1956, "Manager of Bill Haley Defends the Real Thing," Melody Maker, p. 43.
Ro, R. 1996, Gangsta: Merchandising the Rhymes of Violence, St. Martin's Press, New York.
Seabrook, J. 1994, "The World of Television, Rocking in Shangri-La," The New Yorker, 10 Oct., pp. 64-78.
Sernoe, J. 1994, "The Performance of Black Music on Billboard Magazine's Pop Music Charts," Minorities and Communication Division, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Conference, Atlanta, p. 2.
Sister Souljah & Mills, D. 1992, "Sister Souljah's Call to Arms: The Rapper Says the Riots Were Payback. Are You Paying Attention?" Washington Post, 13 May, B1.
Talerman, J. 1994, "The Death of Tupac: Will Gangsta Rap Kill the First Amendment?" Boston College Third World Law Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 138.
Tuchman, G. 1978, "The Newspaper as a Social Movement's Resource" In Hearth and Home: Images of Women in the Media, eds. G. Tuchman, A.K. Daniels & J. Benet, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 188-189.
Uncut Hair Reopens in Boston, Saved by Supreme Court Ruling" 1970, Variety, May, p. 57.
Watrous, P. 1988, "Big Band Jazzmen and Rap Musicians: Soulmates," New York Times, 26 June, p. 26.
West, C. 1993, Race Matters, Beacon Press, Boston.
Wenner, J.S. 1993, "Introduction" in The Best of Rolling Stone, 25 Years of Journalism on the Edge, ed. Robert Love, Doubleday, New York.
Williams, L. 1987, The Real Jazz Journalism: 'New York Times' Coverage of an American Art Form (1921-1929), University of Georgia, Department of Journalism, ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED282251.
Winfield, B.H. 1999, "Because of the Children: Decades of Attempted Controls of Rock 'n' Rap Music" in Bleep! Censoring Rock and Rap Music, eds. S. Davidson and B.H. Winfield, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Yeh-Heh-Heh-He's, Baby" 1956, Time, vol. LXVII, no. 25, 18 June, p. 54.
Zucchino, D. 1985, "Big Brother Meets Twisted Sister," Rolling Stone, Nov., p. 9.
Ward v. Rock Against Racism, 109 S. Ct. 2753 (1989); Citizens to Save WIFM v. Federal Communications Commission, 506 F.2d 246, 251 (D.C. Cir. 1974). See Cinevision Corp. v. City of Burbank, 745 F.2d 560, 567 (9th Cir. 1984), cert. denied, 471 U.S. 1054 (1985) where the Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit agreed that "music is a form of expression that is protected by the First Amendment."
Schenck v.U.S., 249 U.S. 47, 1919.
Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973).
Ginsberg v. New York, 390 U.S. 629, 638 (1968).
Luke Records, Inc. v. Navarro, 960 F.2d 134 (11th Cir. 1992).
Brandenberg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969).