Causes Of Crime Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Causes Of Crime College Essay Examples

Title: Causes of Crime

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1570
  • Sources:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Describe four different categories of theories about the causes of crime. What is the theory behind criminal law? Does this adequately address the causes of criminal behavior? In other words, if crime is caused by biological, psychological, or social factors, does societal condemnation and punishment of that behavior do anything to deter or redress criminal conduct?

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Friedman, L.M. (2005) a History of American Law. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life 17th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon

Henslin, J.M. (2002) Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston:


Macionis, J.J. (2002) Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Schmalleger, F. (1997) Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st

Century. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Taylor, R. (1980) Freedom, Anarchy, and the Law: An Introduction to Political

Philosophy. Prometheus: Buffalo

Zalman, Marvin. (2008). Criminal Procedure: Constitution and Society, 5th ed.. New

Jersey: Prentice Hall.

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Title: Left Right Realism in Criminology

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3311
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Essay questions:

The essay is an individual assignment and will account for 70% of your grade for the module. Please write a 3000 word essay in answer to ONE of the following:

1. Explain what left realism identifies as the main causes of crime and consider how far it is convincing in its analysis.

2. Explain what right realism identifies as the main causes of crime and consider how far it is convincing in its analysis.

The word count does not include references list/bibliography.

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Cullen, F. et al. (1997) Crime and the Bell Curve: Lessons from Intelligent Criminology. Crime & Delinquency, vol. 43 p.387-411.

Fagan, J. And Davies, G. (2001) Street Stops and Broken Windows: Terry, Race, and Disorder in New York City. Fordham University Law Journal, vol. 28 p.457-504.

Gibbs, J.C. 2010, Looking at terrorism through left realist lenses, Crime, Law and Social

Change, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 171-185.

Harcourt, B.E. & Ludwig, J. 2006, "Broken Windows: New Evidence from New York City and a Five-City Social Experiment," the University of Chicago Law Review, vol. 73, no. 1, pp.


Lea, J. (1987) Left Realism: a defence. Contemporary Crises, vol. 11 p.357-370.

Lea, J. 2010, Left Realism, community and state-building, Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 141-158.

Lea, J. And Young, J. (2013) Relative Deprivation. in: Mclaughlin, E. And Muncie, J. eds. (2013)

Criminological Perspectives. 3rd ed. New York: SAGE Publications, p.143-150.

Matthews, R. (1987) Taking realist criminology seriously. Contemporary Crises, vol. 11 p.371-

Matthews, R.A. 2010, the construction of 'So What?' criminology: a realist analysis, Crime,

Law and Social Change, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 125-140.

Wilson, J. (1985) the rediscovery of character: private virtue and public policy, National

Affairs, no. 81, pp. 3-16.

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Title: Radical Criminology

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 580
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Assignment Two




You need to submit two-full pages of content. This is not an assignment that can be completed in five minutes that night before it is due. Use your critical thinking skills and in-depth research.

Must be singled spaced. Cite all work APA style. Please use at least 2 sources and don’t use Wikipedia.

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Title: Focus Causes crime and process change Choose country Iraq Afghanistan crime Terrorism relevant country Obtain statistics crime show crime trends a period 8 9 years e g 1995 2009 Then explain criminological theories Conflict Theory Lableling Theory crime relevant country context occurred place causal factors increased decreased years change

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3639
  • Bibliography:13
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Focus: Causes of crime & the process of change):

Choose one country (*Iraq or Afghanistan) and one particular crime (*Terrorism) relevant for that country.

Obtain statistics for that crime and show the overall crime trends for a period of at least 8-9 years (e.g. 1995-2009).

Then try to explain, using criminological theories (*Conflict Theory and Lableling Theory), why the crime is relevant for the particular country (context), why it has occurred in the first place (causal factors), and why it has increased or decreased over the years (change).

Refer to crime (*Terrorism) and criminality theories (*Conflict Theory and Lableling Theory) to explain the causes of the crime and the crime trends.

Also look at what has happened in that country, region or even internationally that might have brought to the decrease or increase in crime rates with regards to the specific crime you are studying. Shift in global policies? Greater demand? Stricter law enforcement measures? Change in political leadership?

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Works cited:

Brecher, Irving. "Terrorism, Freedom and Social Justice: the War in Afghanistan," International Journal 57.1 (2002)

Chesterman, Simon. "Tiptoeing Through Afghanistan: The Future of UN State-Building" International Peace Academy. 2002.

Donohue, Laura K. In the Name of National Security: U.S. Counterterrorist Measures, 1960-2000. 2001.

Dunne, Michele Durocher. Integrating democracy promotion into U.S. Middle East Policy. Democracy and the rule of Law Project. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. no 50, October 2004.

Franks, Jason. (2005). Rethinking the Roots of Terrorism: Orthodox Terrorism Theory and Beyond. Accessed December 4, 2010, from,

Hamlin, John. Labelling Theory. Accessed December 4, 2010, from,

Jalali, Ali A. "Afghanistan in 2002: The Struggle to Win the Peace." Asian Survey, Vol. 43, No. 1, A Survey of Asia in 2002. (Jan. - Feb., 2003), pp. 174-185.

Kaplan, Eben, and Greg Bruno. The Taliban in Afghanistan. Council on Foreign Relations. 2008. Accessed 04 December, 2010, from

Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. London: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Magnus, Ralph H. And Naby, Eden. Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx, and Mujahid (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998)

Nye, Joseph. Understanding international conflicts: an introduction to theory and history. New York: Pearson, 2005

Volker, Kurt "Afghanistan and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Why They Both Matter," DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 30.2 (2008)

"DEA's Targets Tied to Taliban; Opium Seen Funding Terrorism," The Washington Times 23 Oct. 2007: A06

"How to Win in Afghanistan," The Washington Times 1 Mar. 2009: B05

Terrorism. Accessed December 4, 2010, from

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