Essay Instructions: 1.Functions of the cardiovascular system
Name the gases,nutrients,waste products and three other substances transported by the blood.
2.Major parts of the heart
Identify and briefly describe the endocardium,myocardium,epicardium(visceral pericardium) parietal pericardium and fibrous pericardium.
Describe the function of the serous membranes that make up the pericardium. Be able to describe and or sketch and label a diagram; or label a diagram;or label a diagram of the heart including: 4 chambers,septum,4 valves and their major characteristics (be able to identify at least 2 names for each),major blood vessels entering and leaving and their origin or destination.
3.Pathway of Blood through the Heart
Be able to describe,or sketch and label a diagram showing the passage of blood through the heart. Indicate if the blood is oxygenated or deoxygenated.
4.Measurement of Blood Pressure
Define what is meant by blood pressure(include the terms systolic and diastolic).Identify the normal range of arterial blood pressure.
Use terms:hypertension,hypotension,normotension correctly.
5.Generalised Plan of Blood Vessels
Locate the major arteries and veins and including:
Arteries:aorta,coronary,left and right subclavian, brachiocephalic, right and left common carotid, vertebral, axillary, brachial,radial:
Abdominal aorta,gastric,splenic,celiac,hepatic,renal,mesentric,L&R common iliac,femoral,tibial.
Veins:tibial,popliteal,femoral,saphenous,L&R common iliac;Inferior vena cava,renal,portal,splenic,hepatic,Brachial,axillary,L subclavian,R brachiocephalic, Sagittal sinus,internal and external jugular, superior vena cava Pulmonary veins.
State a significant difference between pulmonary arteries & veins and the others.
6.Distinction between Arteries, Veins and Capillaries
Compare and contrast the structure of arteries, arterioles,veins and capillaries.Discuss how the difference in structure alters the function.
7.Importance of the hepatic-portal circulation
State why the hepatic arteries are considerably smaller than the hepatic veins.
Identify the portal vein;the organs its drains and its destination.
Identify the role of the liver in modifying this blood.
Name the veins that return this blood into general circulation.
8.Importance of the Cerebral Circulation
Name the major arteries taking blood to the head.
Identify the advantage of a complicated communication of blood supply as in the Circle of Willis.
State why venous sinuses effectively drain blood from the brain.
Name the major veins that drain blood from the head and neck.
9.Conducting system of the Heart
On a diagram trace the pathway of the cardiac conduction system identifying: the sino atrial (SA) node, atrial conducting fibres, the atrioventricular (AV) node, the atrio ventricular bundle (Bundle of His) L&R bundle branches and Purkinje fibres.
10.Parts of a normal electrocardiogram pattern
Identify the P,QRS and T waves on an ECG.
Identify which part of the cardiac cycle occurs during P,QRS and T waves.
Define what is meant by:Atrial systole,ventricular systole and diastole, tachycardia, bradycardia.
12. Relationship of Cardiac Output to Stroke Volume and Heart Rate
State what is meant by stroke volume, heart rate and cardiac output.
13. Clinical Investigations of the Heart
State what is meant by:
a)What are the three main functions of blood?
b)What percentage of blood is plasma?
c)What is the function of plasma?
d)What are main constituents of plasma?
e)What are the solid formed elements of blood?
f)Name the different types of white blood cells.
g)What substance found in red blood cells is responsible for oxygen transport?
h)Name the universal blood donor type.
i)Describe the chain of events responsible for haemostasis.
j)Discuss the functions of blood under the following:
Transport;regulation and protection
l)Identify the most common cause/form of anaemia and discuss why a diet with red meat and green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, capsicums etc, is commonly recommended to those who have it.
m)Identify two other causes of anaemia.
n)Outline the 3 major steps of blood clotting.
o)Describe the differences between A,B,AB and O blood groups.
p)Discuss what is meant by Rh positive and Rh negative.
q)Name the general term used to describe an inherited blood clotting disorder.
r)What are plaque deposits on the walls of blood vessels mainly composed of?
s)Why can polycthaemia potentially cause a heart problem?
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Essay Instructions: The paper is to be written on how exercise affects the cardiovascular system in a positive way, then how doing so also positivly effects aging, obesity, the muscular and respiratory systems.
APA Style format and references, at least five references (two of which must be from credible scientific organizations, typed in MS Word, either an Arial or Times New Roman font, 12-point font.
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Essay Instructions: Need a paper on the affects of smoking on the body. cardiovascular system, respiratory system, immune system and reproductive system.
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Essay Instructions: This is the methods section for a research paper. Here is the topic...
A bright smile is not just a way to express emotion; it’s also a place in food breakdown, speaking, and health potential risks. Oral hygiene is a labor of love, and if not cared for properly it can lead to other health issues. The matter is growing concern to patients and to providers, as well. Individuals with dental plaque, tooth loss along with periodontal disease are at an increased risk to cardiovascular disease. The link between oral health disease and cardiovascular disease gives reason to individuals to care about their health.
Key Topic question:
Does poor oral health link individuals to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, as it is the source of bacterium to enter the bloodstream and reduce full function of the cardiovascular system?
General Hints: When discussing each study:
- Refer to studies by author and year (e.g., A study by Smith et al. (2004) reported that …) using APA format (see Cozby text).
-Do not cite web addresses in literature review (only cite original journal articles or very recent book chapters of research studies).
The text in correspondence to this assignment is: "Methods in Behavioral Research" 10th edition. by Paul C. Cozby ( ISBN 70224)
For the references, the articles will be sent. Please only use the referenced articles sent, as they correspond with the rest of the paper. I will also be sending a sample paper, which is on a different topic, but will give an idea of what is generally expected, except that this topic is different.
-- For this part of the paper please follow the attached guidelines part 1 and part 2 documents attached very closely. The attached sample paper will be a helpful idea of what to follow.
Please contact me if there are any questions.
There are faxes for this order.
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