Cardiovascular System Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cardiovascular System College Essay Examples

Title: Cardiovascular System

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2784
  • Bibliography:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: 1.Functions of the cardiovascular system

Name the gases,nutrients,waste products and three other substances transported by the blood.

2.Major parts of the heart

Identify and briefly describe the endocardium,myocardium,epicardium(visceral pericardium) parietal pericardium and fibrous pericardium.
Describe the function of the serous membranes that make up the pericardium. Be able to describe and or sketch and label a diagram; or label a diagram;or label a diagram of the heart including: 4 chambers,septum,4 valves and their major characteristics (be able to identify at least 2 names for each),major blood vessels entering and leaving and their origin or destination.

3.Pathway of Blood through the Heart

Be able to describe,or sketch and label a diagram showing the passage of blood through the heart. Indicate if the blood is oxygenated or deoxygenated.

4.Measurement of Blood Pressure

Define what is meant by blood pressure(include the terms systolic and diastolic).Identify the normal range of arterial blood pressure.
Use terms:hypertension,hypotension,normotension correctly.

5.Generalised Plan of Blood Vessels

Locate the major arteries and veins and including:
Arteries:aorta,coronary,left and right subclavian, brachiocephalic, right and left common carotid, vertebral, axillary, brachial,radial:
Abdominal aorta,gastric,splenic,celiac,hepatic,renal,mesentric,L&R common iliac,femoral,tibial.
Pulmonary arteries

Veins:tibial,popliteal,femoral,saphenous,L&R common iliac;Inferior vena cava,renal,portal,splenic,hepatic,Brachial,axillary,L subclavian,R brachiocephalic, Sagittal sinus,internal and external jugular, superior vena cava Pulmonary veins.

State a significant difference between pulmonary arteries & veins and the others.

6.Distinction between Arteries, Veins and Capillaries

Compare and contrast the structure of arteries, arterioles,veins and capillaries.Discuss how the difference in structure alters the function.

7.Importance of the hepatic-portal circulation

State why the hepatic arteries are considerably smaller than the hepatic veins.
Identify the portal vein;the organs its drains and its destination.
Identify the role of the liver in modifying this blood.
Name the veins that return this blood into general circulation.

8.Importance of the Cerebral Circulation

Name the major arteries taking blood to the head.
Identify the advantage of a complicated communication of blood supply as in the Circle of Willis.
State why venous sinuses effectively drain blood from the brain.
Name the major veins that drain blood from the head and neck.

9.Conducting system of the Heart

On a diagram trace the pathway of the cardiac conduction system identifying: the sino atrial (SA) node, atrial conducting fibres, the atrioventricular (AV) node, the atrio ventricular bundle (Bundle of His) L&R bundle branches and Purkinje fibres.

10.Parts of a normal electrocardiogram pattern

Identify the P,QRS and T waves on an ECG.
Identify which part of the cardiac cycle occurs during P,QRS and T waves.

11.Cardiac Cycle

Define what is meant by:Atrial systole,ventricular systole and diastole, tachycardia, bradycardia.

12. Relationship of Cardiac Output to Stroke Volume and Heart Rate

State what is meant by stroke volume, heart rate and cardiac output.

13. Clinical Investigations of the Heart

State what is meant by:


a)What are the three main functions of blood?
b)What percentage of blood is plasma?
c)What is the function of plasma?
d)What are main constituents of plasma?
e)What are the solid formed elements of blood?
f)Name the different types of white blood cells.
g)What substance found in red blood cells is responsible for oxygen transport?
h)Name the universal blood donor type.
i)Describe the chain of events responsible for haemostasis.
j)Discuss the functions of blood under the following:
Transport;regulation and protection

k)Define anaemia.
l)Identify the most common cause/form of anaemia and discuss why a diet with red meat and green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, capsicums etc, is commonly recommended to those who have it.

m)Identify two other causes of anaemia.
n)Outline the 3 major steps of blood clotting.
o)Describe the differences between A,B,AB and O blood groups.

p)Discuss what is meant by Rh positive and Rh negative.
q)Name the general term used to describe an inherited blood clotting disorder.

r)What are plaque deposits on the walls of blood vessels mainly composed of?
s)Why can polycthaemia potentially cause a heart problem?

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Anaemia. (2007). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

BLOOD TYPES and COMPATIBILITY. (2005). Retrieved 3 March 2008, from: BLOODBOOK.COM

Cardiac Conduction System Diagram. (1996). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Cohen, Barbara Janson. (2005). Memmler's Structure and Function of the Human Body. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

56 Facts About Blood. (2005). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Function: Cardiac Cycle (2006). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at =SMSairUPH6kJ:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=1&ct= mage&cd=1

The Heart. N.d. Manchester Heart Centre. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at hemoglobin." (2006). 2006 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Kay, H.E.M. Inherited Blood Clotting Disorders, (1972/1998). Journal of Clinical Pathology, Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Krause, William J. (2004). The Art of Examining and Interpreting Histologic Preparations a Laboratory... Universal Publishers. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

The Major Parts of a Normal Heart. (2008). International Society for Adult Congenital Cardiac Disease. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Rh Factor. (2008). Retrieved 3 March 2008, from:

Sell Plasma. (2006). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

Serous Membrane. (N.d.) Retrieved 03 March 2008, at

Wright, David. (2000). Human Physiology and Health. Harcourt Heinemann. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at

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Title: Exercise and the Cardiovascular System

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1074
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The paper is to be written on how exercise affects the cardiovascular system in a positive way, then how doing so also positivly effects aging, obesity, the muscular and respiratory systems.

APA Style format and references, at least five references (two of which must be from credible scientific organizations, typed in MS Word, either an Arial or Times New Roman font, 12-point font.

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Biller, H.B. (2002). Creative fitness: Applying health psychology and exercise science to everyday life. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Diet exercise delay Type 2 diabetes. (2001, September). FDA Consumer, 35, 10.

Exercise helps put off the inevitable. (1993, October). USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), 122, 7.

Glaros, N.M., & Janelle, C.M. (2001). Varying the mode of cardiovascular exercise to increase adherence. Journal of Sport Behavior, 24(1), 42.

McCabe, P.M., Schneiderman, N., Field, T., & Wellens, A.R. (Eds.). (2000). Stress, coping, and cardiovascular disease. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Title: Need a paper affects smoking body cardiovascular system respiratory system immune system reproductive system

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1495
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Need a paper on the affects of smoking on the body. cardiovascular system, respiratory system, immune system and reproductive system.

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Title: Oral Hygiene and Cardiovascular Disease

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 962
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is the methods section for a research paper. Here is the topic...

A bright smile is not just a way to express emotion; it’s also a place in food breakdown, speaking, and health potential risks. Oral hygiene is a labor of love, and if not cared for properly it can lead to other health issues. The matter is growing concern to patients and to providers, as well. Individuals with dental plaque, tooth loss along with periodontal disease are at an increased risk to cardiovascular disease. The link between oral health disease and cardiovascular disease gives reason to individuals to care about their health.

Key Topic question:
Does poor oral health link individuals to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, as it is the source of bacterium to enter the bloodstream and reduce full function of the cardiovascular system?

General Hints: When discussing each study:
- Refer to studies by author and year (e.g., A study by Smith et al. (2004) reported that …) using APA format (see Cozby text).
-Do not cite web addresses in literature review (only cite original journal articles or very recent book chapters of research studies).

The text in correspondence to this assignment is: "Methods in Behavioral Research" 10th edition. by Paul C. Cozby ( ISBN 70224)

For the references, the articles will be sent. Please only use the referenced articles sent, as they correspond with the rest of the paper. I will also be sending a sample paper, which is on a different topic, but will give an idea of what is generally expected, except that this topic is different.

-- For this part of the paper please follow the attached guidelines part 1 and part 2 documents attached very closely. The attached sample paper will be a helpful idea of what to follow.

Please contact me if there are any questions.

There are faxes for this order.

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Following these general examinations and the more extensive examinations of cardiovascular health, specifically identified areas in participants' mouths will be variously swabbed or scraped to obtain bacteria samples, and levels of bacteria in these areas and in the mouth as a whole will be measured using a variety of techniques. If necessary, the bacteria collected through this direct methodology will be cultured in an appropriate lab setting using standard equipment, with twenty-four hours being sufficient time for the culture to grow to be identifiable in most instances. Examination of bacteria types, growth patterns in the mouth, and correlation with cardiovascular disease will be identifiable with the data collected via these methods, enabling appropriate analysis and a determination of correlation.

Data Analysis

The latest available version of SPSS software operated by an experienced statistician, under the observation and supervision of the lead researcher, will be utilized to analyze the raw data collected in this study. Specifically, regression analyses will be utilized in order to determine the correlation, if any, that exists between the existence of certain types or levels of bacteria in the mouth or in certain areas of the mouth and cardiovascular disease. The Mann-Whitney test will also be used to determine which if any variables are statistically different between the participant group with cardiovascular disease and those without. Again, this is in keeping with similarly designed studies already successfully completed (Johansson et al. 2008).

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