Cardiovascular System Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cardiovascular System College Essay Examples

Title: Cardiovascular System

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2784
  • Bibliography:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: 1.Functions of the cardiovascular system

Name the gases,nutrients,waste products and three other substances transported by the blood.

2.Major parts of the heart

Identify and briefly describe the endocardium,myocardium,epicardium(visceral pericardium) parietal pericardium and fibrous pericardium.
Describe the function of the serous membranes that make up the pericardium. Be able to describe and or sketch and label a diagram; or label a diagram;or label a diagram of the heart including: 4 chambers,septum,4 valves and their major characteristics (be able to identify at least 2 names for each),major blood vessels entering and leaving and their origin or destination.

3.Pathway of Blood through the Heart

Be able to describe,or sketch and label a diagram showing the passage of blood through the heart. Indicate if the blood is oxygenated or deoxygenated.

4.Measurement of Blood Pressure

Define what is meant by blood pressure(include the terms systolic and diastolic).Identify the normal range of arterial blood pressure.
Use terms:hypertension,hypotension,normotension correctly.

5.Generalised Plan of Blood Vessels

Locate the major arteries and veins and including:
Arteries:aorta,coronary,left and right subclavian, brachiocephalic, right and left common carotid, vertebral, axillary, brachial,radial:
Abdominal aorta,gastric,splenic,celiac,hepatic,renal,mesentric,L&R common iliac,femoral,tibial.
Pulmonary arteries

Veins:tibial,popliteal,femoral,saphenous,L&R common iliac;Inferior vena cava,renal,portal,splenic,hepatic,Brachial,axillary,L subclavian,R brachiocephalic, Sagittal sinus,internal and external jugular, superior vena cava Pulmonary veins.

State a significant difference between pulmonary arteries & veins and the others.

6.Distinction between Arteries, Veins and Capillaries

Compare and contrast the structure of arteries, arterioles,veins and capillaries.Discuss how the difference in structure alters the function.

7.Importance of the hepatic-portal circulation

State why the hepatic arteries are considerably smaller than the hepatic veins.
Identify the portal vein;the organs its drains and its destination.
Identify the role of the liver in modifying this blood.
Name the veins that return this blood into general circulation.

8.Importance of the Cerebral Circulation

Name the major arteries taking blood to the head.
Identify the advantage of a complicated communication of blood supply as in the Circle of Willis.
State why venous sinuses effectively drain blood from the brain.
Name the major veins that drain blood from the head and neck.

9.Conducting system of the Heart

On a diagram trace the pathway of the cardiac conduction system identifying: the sino atrial (SA) node, atrial conducting fibres, the atrioventricular (AV) node, the atrio ventricular bundle (Bundle of His) L&R bundle branches and Purkinje fibres.

10.Parts of a normal electrocardiogram pattern

Identify the P,QRS and T waves on an ECG.
Identify which part of the cardiac cycle occurs during P,QRS and T waves.

11.Cardiac Cycle

Define what is meant by:Atrial systole,ventricular systole and diastole, tachycardia, bradycardia.

12. Relationship of Cardiac Output to Stroke Volume and Heart Rate

State what is meant by stroke volume, heart rate and cardiac output.

13. Clinical Investigations of the Heart

State what is meant by:
-Electrocardiogram
-Angiogram
-Auscultation

14.Blood

a)What are the three main functions of blood?
b)What percentage of blood is plasma?
c)What is the function of plasma?
d)What are main constituents of plasma?
e)What are the solid formed elements of blood?
f)Name the different types of white blood cells.
g)What substance found in red blood cells is responsible for oxygen transport?
h)Name the universal blood donor type.
i)Describe the chain of events responsible for haemostasis.
j)Discuss the functions of blood under the following:
Transport;regulation and protection

k)Define anaemia.
l)Identify the most common cause/form of anaemia and discuss why a diet with red meat and green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, capsicums etc, is commonly recommended to those who have it.

m)Identify two other causes of anaemia.
n)Outline the 3 major steps of blood clotting.
o)Describe the differences between A,B,AB and O blood groups.

p)Discuss what is meant by Rh positive and Rh negative.
q)Name the general term used to describe an inherited blood clotting disorder.

r)What are plaque deposits on the walls of blood vessels mainly composed of?
s)Why can polycthaemia potentially cause a heart problem?
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Anaemia. (2007). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.homehealth-uk.com/medical/anaemia.htm

BLOOD TYPES and COMPATIBILITY. (2005). Retrieved 3 March 2008, from: BLOODBOOK.COM http://www.bloodbook.com/compat.html

Cardiac Conduction System Diagram. (1996). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://library.med.utah.edu/kw/ecg/mml/ecg_ccs.html

Cohen, Barbara Janson. (2005). Memmler's Structure and Function of the Human Body. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. http://books.google.com/books?id=o77tddua_MUC&dq=atrial+systole+ventricular+ystole+and+diastole&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0

56 Facts About Blood. (2005). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.americasblood.org/go.cfm

Function: Cardiac Cycle (2006). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.know-heartdiseases.com/heart%2520pics/cardiac_cycle.png&imgrefurl= http://www.know-heartdiseases.com/functions_of_heart_cardiac_cycle.html&h=101&w=135&sz=219&tbn =SMSairUPH6kJ:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=1&ct= mage&cd=1

The Heart. N.d. Manchester Heart Centre. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.manchesterheartcentre.org/new/procedures/theheart.php# hemoglobin." (2006). 2006 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9039968/hemoglobin#153379.hook

Kay, H.E.M. Inherited Blood Clotting Disorders, (1972/1998). Journal of Clinical Pathology, Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/pagerender.fcgi?artid=477718&pageindex=1

Krause, William J. (2004). The Art of Examining and Interpreting Histologic Preparations a Laboratory... Universal Publishers. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://books.google.com/books?id=8mtRZOpFb9sC&dq=endocardium+myocardiumepicardium+visceral&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0

The Major Parts of a Normal Heart. (2008). International Society for Adult Congenital Cardiac Disease. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.isaccd.org/patients/fig6.php

Rh Factor. (2008). Retrieved 3 March 2008, from: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/rhfactor.html

Sell Plasma. (2006). Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://www.bloodmobile.org/plasma_sales.html

Serous Membrane. (N.d.) Retrieved 03 March 2008, at http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/S/serous_membrane.html

Wright, David. (2000). Human Physiology and Health. Harcourt Heinemann. Retrieved 3 March 2008, at http://books.google.com/books?id=b7cLhsrd3KAC&dq=substances+transported+byblood&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0

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Title: Exercise and the Cardiovascular System

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1074
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The paper is to be written on how exercise affects the cardiovascular system in a positive way, then how doing so also positivly effects aging, obesity, the muscular and respiratory systems.

APA Style format and references, at least five references (two of which must be from credible scientific organizations, typed in MS Word, either an Arial or Times New Roman font, 12-point font.
Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Biller, H.B. (2002). Creative fitness: Applying health psychology and exercise science to everyday life. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Diet exercise delay Type 2 diabetes. (2001, September). FDA Consumer, 35, 10.

Exercise helps put off the inevitable. (1993, October). USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), 122, 7.

Glaros, N.M., & Janelle, C.M. (2001). Varying the mode of cardiovascular exercise to increase adherence. Journal of Sport Behavior, 24(1), 42.

McCabe, P.M., Schneiderman, N., Field, T., & Wellens, A.R. (Eds.). (2000). Stress, coping, and cardiovascular disease. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Title: Effects smoking body. cardiovascular system, respiratory system, immune system reproductive system.

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1495
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Need a paper on the affects of smoking on the body. cardiovascular system, respiratory system, immune system and reproductive system.
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Bibliography:


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Title: Endocrinology

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2340
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: the topic is endocrinology.

please write 4 essays two pages on each essay.

essay one: 1. How do insulin and glucagon counterbalance each other in controlling sugar and fat content in blood vs cells?

essay two. 2. How does epinephrine affect the following functions
1. nutrient metabolism
2. thermogenesis
3. cardiovascular system
4. respiration

essay three. 3. Discuss the following :
a) diabetes mellitus. discuss type 1 and type 2 but focus on. type 2.
b) hyperthyroidism

essay four. 4. How do somatotropin (pituitary)and somatomedin (liver) work together to accomplish growth?

information on these topics should be used from my textbook which is named
Endocrinology sixth edition by mac e.hadley and jon e smith..
chapter 11 to 15 is where you can find all the answers.
each essay must contain an introduction and a conclusion.
paraphrase the information found in the book to answer the essays.

please communicate with me with question and issues

Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Biomed (2002). Insulin/glucagons. Brown University. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/B1108/B1108_2002_Groups/pancstems/stemcell/insulin_glucagon.htm

Bowen, R.A. (2001). Hormones, receptors and control systems. University of Colorado. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/endocrine/basics/index.html

Dabrowski, D. (1996). Neurophysiology of thermoregulation. Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from http://dwb4.unl.edu/Chem/CHEM869A/CHEM869ALinks/www.science.mcmaster.ca/Biology/4S03/thermoregulation.html

Detrich, D. (2013). Foods that increase somatropin. eHow: Demand Media, Inc. Retrieved on November 28, 2013 from http://www.ehow.com/list_6880342_foods-increase-somatotropin.html

Kilpatrick, J, (2013). Why does epinephrine increase heart rate? eHow: Demand Media, Inc. Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from http://www.ehow.com/info_12288396_epinephrine-increase-heart-rate.html

Laron, Z. (1999). Clinical use of somatomadin II: yes or no? vol. 1 # 3, Paediatrica Drugs: PubMed. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10937448

McGinnis, W. (2013). Insulin and glucagons control of blood sugar. Division of Biological Sciences: University of San Diego. Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from http://www.classes.biology.ucsd.edu/bild2.FAQ7/documents/Letc15_000.pdf

Medbio (2013). Insulin and glucogen. Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from http://www.medbio.info/horn/time3-4/houmeostasis-2.htm

NDIC (2013). Your guide to diabetes type 1 and type 2. National Diabetes Information: Clearinghouse: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/type1and2/

PubMed (2013). Somatropin, e. Coli-Derived Injection. PubMed Health: National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.mih.gov/pubmed/health/PMHD012188

Schuster, J. (2010). Norepinephrine vs. epinephrine. Healthline: Livestrong. Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from http://www.livestrong.com/article/226152-norepinephrine-vs.-epinephrine/

Sherwin, R.S. And Sacca, L. (1964). Effect of epinephrine on glucose metabolism in humans. Journal of American Physiology: PubMed. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6380304

Zieve, D.., ed (2013). Hyperthyroidism. ADAM, Inc.: U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001396

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