Essay Instructions: This is a research paper for a health class. The topic is listed below and the key question is to investigate periodonitis and coronary heart disease (CHD)[see below]. It needs to be 12pt font, times new roman, and 4 pages long. The references will be included; however, you can use other references if needed or provides info to support a claim. The class lecture slides are provided below and a sample introduction will be sent to give an idea of whats they are looking for.
1. Start with a brief description of the problem ( see powerpoint slide info below ??" Lecture Slides)
2. National or International Statistics and Facts (e.g., In 2010, 45% of citizens….) But don’t fill it up w/ too many statistics
3. Provide a general review of recent key studies relevant to the problem
4. Provide a reference list, of those articles ou are using in your introduction section, at the end of the assignment ( using APA formation
General hints: when writing you introduction section:
- Refer to studies by author and year (e.g., “ A study by Smith et al. (2004) reported that…”
- Do NOT use/cite websites such as Wikipedia, WedMD, etc. ( only cite original journal articles or very recent book chapters of research studies)
Lecture slides relating to topic:
Introduction to Lit. Review (past tense)
Brief description of the overall problem
??" Do not cut and paste (plagiarism)
Cite key studies, using reputable sources
??" Give statistics, facts (not just internet sources)
??" Discuss if studies to date conflict, or lack of studies
Ends with a transition to the Lit. Review
A bright smile is not just a way to express emotion; it’s also a place in food breakdown, speaking, and health potential risks. Oral hygiene is a labor of love, and if not cared for properly it can lead to other health issues. The matter is growing concern to patients and to providers, as well. Individuals with dental plaque, tooth loss along with periodontal disease are at an increased risk to cardiovascular disease. The link between oral health disease and cardiovascular disease gives reason to individuals to care about their health.
Key Topic question:
Does poor oral health link individuals to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, as it is the source of bacterium to enter the bloodstream and reduce full function of the cardiovascular system?
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Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: This is a literature review on a health related research topic:
Topic: A bright smile is not just a way to express emotion; it’s also a place in food breakdown, speaking, and health potential risks. Oral hygiene is a labor of love, and if not cared for properly it can lead to other health issues. The matter is growing concern to patients and to providers, as well. Individuals with dental plaque, tooth loss along with periodontal disease are at an increased risk to cardiovascular disease. The link between oral health disease and cardiovascular disease gives reason to individuals to care about their health.
Key Topic question: Does poor oral health link individuals to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, as it is the source of bacterium to enter the bloodstream and reduce full function of the cardiovascular system?
Literature Review: (6 pages)
1. Need at least 5 primary references from the past 3 years, if possible" [select from the articles provided]
a. You can use review papers as secondary references but not as one of your 5 primary references.
2. Must include an introductory paragraph which describes the subsections that are about to be presented.
(e.g., “The following review of the literature will present recent clinical trials on the effect of physical activity on weight gain in both children and adults. Recent studies on the effect of physical activity on weight gain in animals will also be presented.”)
3. Must have a minimum of 3 subsections and each subsection must have at least 2 studies referenced so you can compare them.
4. In each subsection you have to summarize and compare those studies together.
a. List the age of subjects, duration of the study, type of intervention, and key findings (not a complete summary of findings).
b. Explain relevant variables and measures used.
c. Discuss if studies conflict, agree, or lack of certain information.
d. Discuss how studies relate to each other.
e. Do not just summarize and list them.
f. Include the authors’ conclusions, not your opinion.
g. Mention what the study was missing or lacking (e.g., control group, randomization, different sample, etc.)
For example if your topic was “Effect of Insoluble vs. Soluble Fiber on Serum Lipids in Middle Aged Adults”, possible subsections might be:
i. Effects of Soluble Fiber on Serum Lipids in Older Adults
ii. Effects of Insoluble Fiber on Serum Lipids in Older Adults
iii. Effects of Fiber on Serum Lipids in Young Adults
iv. Effects of Fiber on Fat Metabolism
5. Conclude literature review by stating how your proposed study builds on existing research. (e.g., “Based on the above findings, the proposed study will investigate the impact of…”)
Do not cite web addresses in literature review (only cite original journal articles or very recent book chapters of research studies).
The text in correspondence to this assignment is: "Methods in Behavioral Research" 10th edition. by Paul C. Cozby ( ISBN 70224)
Use lecture 2 Powerpoint slides as a guide. [provided as a resource]
The references articles will all be sent. Only use the given articles provided. I will also be sending a sample literature review, to give a better idea on what everything should look like. Use APA citation for all resources used. The introduction of this paper will be sent as an additional resource, to provide the purpose of the study. Follow the above guidelines to a tee as each point must be met especially including objectives and hypothesis, reference list, and review of the articles per section.
Please contact me if there are any questions.
There are faxes for this order.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 3 Words: 847 Bibliography: 0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: These is no specific topic for this assignment. This essay is more like a hypothesis study. The instruction for this assignment is:
"You have been contracted to test the hypothesis that decreased consumption of cholesterol decreases mortality from cardiovascular disease. Assume that you have been given lots of time and money, and told to do a really good study. Outline how you would conduct this study. Be specific about what you would do."
Here are some criteria that has to be considered:
Ethics - you should not be designing a study that is putting someone at risk for increased problems or increased disease/death
Sample Group - you must talk about who is being studies, how they are selected, age etc...with reasons as to why you are using this group
What type of design you chose is up to you, it must make sense and must not manipulate people's lifestyles..... remember that you are testing the hypothesis.
Methods and Measurements - be sure to include how you are observing and measuring these people....dietary intake? blood tests? weight gain etc...
Comparison and results - you must talk about how you are going to analyze the data, what you expect to see etc....how long is the study going to be...
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: The purpose of this paper is to develop an intervention to address the problem cardiovascular disease through the enhancement of physical activity. In Chapter 2, the literature will will present relevant empirical and theoretical data, and the results from multiple interventions.
Following are the instructions contained in the Literature Review portion of the major paper.
The preliminary literature survey will include at a minimum 15 pages of narrative text which critically reviews the relevant literature, or the critical review of at least 30 references in narrative text format. The narrative text formst is defined as a critical analysis of the body of literature as a whole and of each study individuall which expresses the student''s organization of the knowledge-base toward justifying the proposed activities. Unnaceptable alternatives to the narrative test format include annoted bibliography, outline, non-critical report, and unintegrated summaries. Proposals of empirical research should include a review of available measurement strategies and instruments, including psychometric qualities (e.g., reliability and validity). Proposals of qualitiative research should include a review of the liaterature related to naturalistic inquiry and qualitative methodoloty.
References - includes all cited works.
Appendices - letters of permission to use copyrightegted tolls, instruments,etc.
Excerpt From Essay:
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