Cannabis Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Cannabis College Essay Examples

Title: Past, Present and Future of Marijuana

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1604
  • Sources:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This writing assignment should only be selected by someone who was born, raised, and educated in America.
Please do not overuse filler words such as: like, so, that, the, and and.
This paper should be a research paper regarding the history, present, and future of marijuana in America. Please keep chronology as accurate as possible.
The following questions should be answered in this paper:
Was mj used in prehistoric time?
When did marijuana use become common in the US?
How was mj first introduced to Americans?
What drug legislation has failed or successfully been enacted?
How did the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act impact cannabis sativa.
How has scientific development, use, economic innovation, and politics influenced mj?
When did mj use change from being about exploring one's consciousness to simply getting high?
Can users overdose?
Have there been any changes in methods of use?
How much more potent is mj today than in the past decades?
What are the physiological and mental effects mj use?
What are the positive and negative consequences of its use?
Use the questions as guidelines but don't feel constrained by them, they are meant to give the writer ideas.

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Sources:

References:

Aggarwal et. al. (2009, June). Medicinal Use of Cannabis in the United States: Historical

Perspectives, Current Trends, and Future Directions. Journal of Opioid Management, 5(3), 153-68.

Cardinale, A. (2014, January 14). A Brief History of How Marijuana Became Illegal in the U.S.

Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://mic.com/articles/78685/a-brief-history-of-how-marijuana-became-illegal-in-the-u-s

"Marijuana Timeline." (n.d.). PBS -- Frontline. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/dope/etc./cron.html

Villacorte, C. (2013, August 11). Marijuana History in United States Sees Milestone, Pot First

Banned In California 100 Years Ago. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/11/marijuana-history-united-states_n_3736586.html

Wing, N. (2014, January 8). The Future of Legal Weed Is Bright. Here's Where It's Headed

Next. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/08/legal-weed-next_n_4557583.html

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Title: Drug Profile

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1740
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: write a 1,500-word paper identify abused substances and their various effects. include the following:
>explain the psychology and physiology of addiction

>identify specific drug sustances covering the following categories: stimulants, depressants, narcotics, hallucinogens, cannabis

>discuss the addiction potential of various abused sustances, what effects they have, and withdrawal systems

>discuss how prescription drugs can be abused and lead to addiction

use at least 5 resources,

format paper consistent with APA guidelines

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References:

References

Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (CDMHAS). (n.d.). Drugs with addictive potential. Retrieved 08 March 2012 from: http://www.ctclearinghouse.org/topics/customer-files/Drugs-with-Addictive-Potential-071105.pdf

Coon, D., & Mitterer, J. (2009). Psychology: A journey. (1st ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Fernandez, G., Rodriguez, O., & Villa, R. (2011). Neuropsychology and drug addiction. Papeles del Psicologo, 32(2), 159-165.

Hyman, S., & Malenka, R. (2001). Addiction and the brain: The neurobiology of compulsion and its persistence. Neuroscience, 2, 695-703.

Joseph, D.U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration. (2005). Drugs of abuse. Retrieved from website: http://www.justice.gov/dea/pubs/abuse/doa-p.pdf

U.S. Department of health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2006). Prescription medications: Misuse, abuse, dependence, and addiction. Substance Abuse Treatment Advisory, 5(2), 1-4. Retrieved from: http://kap.samhsa.gov/products/manuals/advisory/pdfs/prescription-meds.pdf

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. (2007). Drugs, brains, and behavior, the science of addiction (NIH Pub No. 07-5605).

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Title: Bipolar Disorder

  • Total Pages: 9
  • Words: 2345
  • Works Cited:10
  • Citation Style: None
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Topic: Bipolar Disorder: How Bipolar Disorder effects the routine life of a person in Work, Family, Friends.

Thesis Statement to be used: "Bipolar disorder is an intricate physiological and psychological disorder that can control, tamper, and falsify a person's thoughts and actions in their daily life."

Directions: You must include at least 10 relevant journal articles in your paper. All articles must be empirical* and recent (written within the last 5 years unless the citation is linked to an author whose work is seminal to your topic). This paper should be written in a scholarly fashion, strictly adhering to APA standards. Do not express your own opinion.
You should use the following guidelines in constructing your research paper:
• Abstract page.
• Introduction should define and discuss the importance of your topic.
• The body of the paper should organize the topic in a meaningful way and critically review the current empirical knowledge base relevant to your topic.
• A conclusion section should include a discussion of practice/policy implications/recommendations and future research directions.
• Reference page should list at least 10 primary empirical sources.
• Follow APA Publication Manual organization and style guidelines

Direction Cont':
1. Do not use personal pronouns or your opinions in your research paper. (I, you, they, we, your, etc).
2. Do not use your opinions in the research paper.
3. Do not use contractions.
4. Do not overuse a word, even if it’s the topic!
5. Do not use footnotes.
6. Do not end a sentence with a preposition.
7. Do not use casual terms, such as “kids,” “a lot of.”
8. Do not use too many quotes or too long a quote; I want your ideas!
10. Regarding numbers: 1 ??" 10, use numerals; 10+ use words.
11. Avoid using strong verbs, such as, proves, causes, determines. Try something like, “suggest.”
12. Use correct punctuation. Quotation marks are outside commas and periods. Use commas around “however” and “therefore.
13. Use correct noun/pronoun agreement:
Person---who (not that)
Persons----they (incorrect)
13. Avoid “he/she” by using the plural: people/they
Sentence Structure
14. Do not submit “run on, wordy sentences.”
15. If you submit a “group of words” that is not a sentence, you will
lose 10 points.
16. Effect/Affect
These words can be confusing; which to use?
Affect: is a VERB; to influence (The drug affected the disease.)
Effect: anything brought about by an agent; a result; (The drug had a positive effect on the disease.)
17. References in the reference list MUST be cited in the paper.
18. References cited in the paper MUST be listed in the reference section.
19. Do not submit your annotated bibliography as your reference list; check APA .
20. Use academic journals and one or two books may be used if critical to the paper.
21. Use correct APA style.


References to be used:

Lichtenstein, P., Yip, B., Björk, C., Pawitan, Y., Cannon, T., Sullivan, P. & Hultman. C. (2009). Common genetic determinants of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Swedish families: a population-based study. The Lancet, 373(9659), 234-39.

Merikangas, R., Akiskal, H., Angst, J., Greenberg, P., Hirschfield, R., Petukhova, M. & Kessler, D. (2007). Lifetime and 12-Month Prevalence of Bipolar Spectrum Disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 64(5), 543-52.

Miklowitz, D. (2007). The Role of the Family in the Course and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(4), 192-6.

Miller, I., Keitner, G., Ryan, C., Uebelacker, L., Johnson, S. & Solomon, D. (2008). Family Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: Family Impairment by Treatment Interactions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69(5), 732-40.

Moreno, C., Laje, G., Blanco, C., Jiang, H., Schmidt, A. & Olfson, M. (2007). National Trends in the Outpatient Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in Youth. Archives of general psychiatry, 64(9), 1032-9.

Muller, D., de Luca, V., Sicard, T., King, N., Strauss, J. & Kennedy, J. (2006). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene and rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 189, 317-23.

Pandey, G., Rizavi, H., Dwivedi, Y. & Pavuluri, M. (2008). Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Expression in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Effects of Treatment and Clinical Response. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 47(9), 1077-85.

Phillips, M., Travis, M., Fagioloni, A. & Kupfer, D. (2008). Medication Effects in Neuroimaging Studies of Bipolar Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 165, 313-20.

Post, R. & Leverich, G. (2007). The Role of Psychosocial Stress in the Onset and Progression of Bipolar Disorder and its Comorbidities: The Need for Earlier and Alternative Modes of Therapeutic Intervention. Focus 5, 73-97.

Strakowski, S., DelBello, M., Fleck, D., Adler, C., Anthenelli, R., Keck, P., Arnold, L. & Amicone, J. (2007). Effects of Co-occurring Cannabis Use Disorders on the Course of Bipolar Disorder After a First Hospitalization for Mania. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(1), 57-64.


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Works Cited:

References

Lichtenstein, P., Yip, B., Bjaerk, C., Pawitan, Y., Cannon, T., Sullivan, P. & Hultman. C. (2009). Common genetic determinants of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Swedish families: a population-based study. The Lancet, 373(9659), 234-39.

Merikangas, R., Akiskal, H., Angst, J., Greenberg, P., Hirschfield, R., Petukhova, M. & Kessler, D. (2007). Lifetime and 12-Month Prevalence of Bipolar Spectrum Disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 64(5), 543-52.

Miklowitz, D. (2007). The Role of the Family in the Course and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(4), 192-6.

Miller, I., Keitner, G., Ryan, C., Uebelacker, L., Johnson, S. & Solomon, D. (2008). Family Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: Family Impairment by Treatment Interactions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69(5), 732-40.

Moreno, C., Laje, G., Blanco, C., Jiang, H., Schmidt, A. & Olfson, M. (2007). National Trends in the Outpatient Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in Youth. Archives of general psychiatry, 64(9), 1032-9.

Muller, D., de Luca, V., Sicard, T., King, N., Strauss, J. & Kennedy, J. (2006). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene and rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 189, 317-23.

Pandey, G., Rizavi, H., Dwivedi, Y. & Pavuluri, M. (2008). Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Expression in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Effects of Treatment and Clinical Response. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 47(9), 1077-85.

Phillips, M., Travis, M., Fagioloni, A. & Kupfer, D. (2008). Medication Effects in Neuroimaging Studies of Bipolar Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 165, 313-20.

Post, R. & Leverich, G. (2007). The Role of Psychosocial Stress in the Onset and Progression of Bipolar Disorder and its Comorbidities: The Need for Earlier and Alternative Modes of Therapeutic Intervention. Focus 5, 73-97.

Strakowski, S., DelBello, M., Fleck, D., Adler, C., Anthenelli, R., Keck, P., Arnold, L. & Amicone, J. (2007). Effects of Co-occurring Cannabis Use Disorders on the Course of Bipolar Disorder After a First Hospitalization for Mania. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(1), 57-64.

Glick, Ira D. (2010) Undiagnosed Biplar Disorders: New Symdromes and New Testament.

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Title: Is marijuana a dangerous drug

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1798
  • Bibliography:8
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Topic: Is marijuana a dangerous drug??
In the essay you may wish to consider:?
?1.? The molecular events through which marijuana acts ?
?2.? Changes to the brain and behaviour as a result of marijuana use ?
?3.? Medicinal uses of marijuana ?
Starting reference
Lundqvist, T. (2005). Cognitive consequences of cannabis use: Comparison with abuse of ?stimulants and heroin with regard to attention, memory and executive functions. ?Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 81, 319-330.?
Example search terms: cannabis, THC, cognition, brain?

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Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Works Cited

Bolla, K., Brown, K., Eldreth, D., Tate, B., and Cadet, J. (2002). Dose-related neurocognitive effects of marijuana use. Neurology 59:1337-1343.

Farthing, G. (1992) The Psychology of Consciousness. Prentice Hall

Gazzaniga, M., Ivry R., and Mangun, G. (1998) Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind W.W. Norton & Company.

Grant, I., Gonzalez, R., Carey, C., Natatajan, L., and Wolfson, T. (2003). Non-acute (residual) neurocognitive effects of cannabis use: A meta-analytic study.

Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 9: 679.

Jorda, M., Ravman, N., Tas, M., Verbkel, S., Battista, N., van Lom, K., Lowenberg, B., Maccarrone, M., and Delwel, R. (2004). The peripheral cannabinoid receptor Cb2, frequently expressed on AML blasts, either induces a neurophilic differentiation block or confers abnormal migration properties in a ligand-dependent manner. Blood 104 92); 526-534.

Kamprath, K., Marsciano, G., Tang, J., Monory, K., Bisogno, T., Di Marzo, V., Lutz, B., and Wotjak, C. (2006). Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor Mediates Fear Extinction via Habituation-Like Processes. The Journal of Neuroscience 26(25): 6677-6686.

Kim, S., Won, S., Mao, X., Ledent, C., Jin, K. And Greenberg, D. (2006). Role for Neuronal Nitric-Oxide Synthase in Cannabinoid-Induced Neurogenesis. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., October 1, 2006; 319(1): 150-154

Kogan, N., Blazquez, C., Alvarex, L., Gallily, R., Schlesinger, M., Guzman, A., and Mechoulam, R. (2006). A Cannabinoid Quinone Inhibits Angiogenesis by Targeting Vascular Endothelial Cells. Mol Pharmacol 70:51-59.

Lundqvist, T. (2005). Cognitive Consequences of Cannabis Use: Comparison with use of Stimulants and heroin with regard to attention, memory and executive functions. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. 81: 319-330.

Maccarrone, M., Lorenzon, T., Bari, M., Melino, G., and Finazzi-Agro, A. (2000). Anandamide Induces Apoptosis in Human Cells via Vanilloid Receptors

Evidence For A Protective Role Of Cannabinoid Receptors. J. Biol. Chem., 275 (41): 31938-31945.

Massi, P., Vaccani, A., Ceruti, S., Colombo, S., Abbracchio, M., and Parolaro, D. (2004). Antitumor Effects of Cannabidiol, a Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoid, on Human Glioma Cell Lines. JPET 308:838-845. CB1 Cannabinoid Receptors and On-Demand Defense Against Excitotoxicity. Science 302 (5642): 84-88.

Murray, J. (1985). Marijuana's Effects on Human Cognitive Functions, Psychomotor Functions, and Personality. The Journal of General Psychology 113(1): 23-55.

Pacher, P., Batkai, S., and Kunos, G. (2006). The endocannabinoid system as an emerging target of pharmacotherapy. Pharmacol. Rev. 58(3): 389-462.

Pope, H. (2002). Cannabis, Cognition, and Residual Confounding. JAMA. 287 (9):1172-1174.

Robbe, D., Montgomery, S., Thome, A., Rueda-Orozsco, P., McNaughton, B., and Buzsaki, G. (2006). Cannabinoids reveal importance of spike timing coordination in hippocampal function Nature Neuroscience 9: 1526-33.

Rueda, D., Navarro, B., Martinez-Serrano, A., Guzman, M., and Galve-Roperh, I. (2002). The Endocannabinoid Anandamide Inhibits Neuronal Progenitor Cell Differentiation through Attenuation of the Rap1/B-Raf/ERK Pathway. J. Biol. Chem., November 22, 2002; 277(48): 46645-46650.

Sarfaraz, S., Afaq, F., Adhami, V. And Mukhtar, V. (2005). Cannabinoid Receptor as a Novel Target for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer. Cancer Research. 65: 1635-1641.

Solowij, N., Stephens, R., Roffman, R., Babor, T., Kadden, R., Miller, M., Christiansen, K., McRee, B., and Vendetti, J. (2002). Cognitive Functioning of Long-term Heavy Cannabis Users Seeking Treatment. JAMA. 2002; 287 (9):1123-1131.

The British Journal of Psychiatry (2001) 178: 101-106.

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