James Kraft "Jean Toomer's Cane"; Therman B. O'Daniel: Jean Toomer: A Critical Evaluation. College Language Association (U.S.) Howard University: Washington, DC. 1988
William Stanley Braithwaite, "The Negro in American Literature," in the New Negro, ed. Alain Locke (New York: Atheneum, 1969), 44.
Sherwood Anderson to Jean Toomer, 22. December 1922, reprinted in Jean Toomer, Cane, ed. Darwin Turner (New York: W.W. Norton, 1988), 160.
Jean Toomer to James Weldon Johnson, 11 July 1930, reprinted in a Jean Toomer Reader: Selected Unpublished Writings, ed. Frederik L. Rusch (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 106.
Bernard Bell, the Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987), 99.
Jean Toomer, quoted in Darwin T. Turner, ed., the Wayward and the Seeking (Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1980)
Stuart Hall, "What Is This 'Black' in Black Popular Culture?" In Black Popular Culture, ed. Gina Dent (Seattle: Bay Press, 1992)
Dow, W. (2002). "Always your heart": the "great design" of Toomer's Cane. MELUS, 27(4), 59+. Retrieved June 6, 2003, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.
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