Candide Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Candide College Essay Examples

Title: Candide

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2465
  • Sources:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: I require an research paper that is an argumentative essay with a minimum of 2000 words double-spaced, and 5 secondary sources. My professor’s instructions will be sent along with a copy of the primary source Candide from The Norton Anthology World of Literature Shorter second Edition Volume 2. Also my annotated bibliography and the secondary sources I would like used will be sent as well.
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Works Cited

Beck, Ervin. "Voltaire's Candide." Explicator57.4 (1999): 203. Literary Reference Center. Web. This is a rather interesting source that actually contextualizes the content of Candide in terms of the structure. Bech makes a number of eminent points that less prudent readers might very well miss. For example, he elucidates that the first 10 chapters of Candide occur in Europe, the next 10 take place in America, and the final 10 occur in Europe and Turkey.

Kerr, Calum a. "Voltaire's "Candide, or Optimism." Literary Contexts in Novels: Voltaire's 'Candide, or Optimism'(2008): 1. Literary Reference Center. Web. One of the most valuable aspects about this source is that it provides a comprehensive overview of the vents that transpire within Candide. It also analyzes the novel via a number of different lenses, including those pertaining to the social, religious, and biographical influences of the novel as they may have been viewed through Voltaire's time period. This is a good comprehensive overview to read before actually reading Voltaire's novel.

Ryden, Wendy. "Gateau or Baklava? The Price of Pastry in Voltaire's Philosophical Novel." Heldref Publications. 2009. 139-142. This source deals with the conclusion of Voltaire's novel, and the philosophical undercurrents that the conclusion suggests. The metaphor of Candide choosing to cultivate his garden while eschewing Pangloss' philosophy is elucidated. More importantly, this resource gives a prolonged look into the characterization Cudgeon and the disparate elements she represents in this tale.

Scherr, Arthur. "Candide's Pangloss: Voltaire's Tragicomic Hero." Romance Notes. 87-96. Print. This particular resource functions as a prolonged case study into the characterization of Pangloss. The author synthesizes several different outside sources while examining a number of different facets of Pangloss and the events that befell him in Candide. The malignity of his characterization is given due consideration, as well as the elements of both the tragic and the comic that Pangloss embodied. Most importantly, this source analyzes the progression of Pangloss and his philosophy, which actually does change and grow along with his student, Candide, throughout the progression of Voltaire's novel.

Scherr, Arthur. Voltaire's Candide. City University of New York. 74-76. Despite the relative brevity of this particular source, it is filled with a bevy of information pertaining to Voltaire's story. This is one of the few works of literary criticism written about Candide that focus on the Anabaptist Jacques, who is killed relatively quickly in the story. Scherr examines the perceived benign nature of Jacques, and reveals that like most of the other characters in Candide -- except for possibly Candide himself, Jacques was also motivated by selfish means and his reasons for helping Candide and Pangloss in their hour of need was merely a means for the Anabaptist to help himself.

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Title: Candide

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1869
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Sources:Candide by Voltaire.--Translated by Robert M. Adams
Candide--Translated by Theo Cuffe.
With an introduction by Michael Wood.
Candide It's The Best of All Possible Worlds!
by Leonard Bernstein.(DVD)
Please include these lines in the introduction:Voltaire has mastered the art of telling multiple events, while engaging the reader in Candide's life journey. Thesis: Every situation exemplified his satiric style, unique use of allegory, and a flare for political chaos. Also include the character's name as allegory? Ex: Candide-honest,gullibility.Include this line in the conclusion: At the ending of the journey, Candide appeared to have acquired knowledge and decided to follow his own philosophy.

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Voltaire, Candide or optimism- a new translation, backgrounds, criticism- a Norton critical edition (translated by Robert M. Adams), W.W Norton and co., 1966

Voltaire, Candide or optimism (translated by Cuffe, Theo, introduction by Wood, Michael), Penguin classics, Deluxe edition, 2005

Voltaire, Candide or optimism ( analyzed by professor Raffel, Burton), Yale uNiversity Press, 2006

Bernstein, Leonard, Candide, It's the best of all possible worlds!

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Title: candide

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1057
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Fourth Quarter Term Paper -

EUROPEAN HISTORY Paper - 100 points - due May 5, 2003
Spring 2003 Research Paper/Book Report *Draft - 15 points (extra credit) - due April 16, 2003


During the fourth quarter, all European History students have a 4-5 page research paper/book report due. The paper will be an analysis of Voltaire''s Candide as a representation of the Enlightenment. Besides Candide (your primary source material), you should read pages 457-463 in the textbook. Besides the book and the textbook, you will also have four other sources for your Bibliography. Since you have already done a research paper in this course, this one will be a closed research paper, meaning that I provide you with the list of sources and you use only those sources.
I shall be grading both the content and the form of your paper. Please note the due dates above. The final paper must be typed. You are not required to hand in a draft, but you can earn 15 points extra credit for handing one in by the deadline above, but it must be typed and represent a bona fide effort. The deadline for the draft is absolute; if you are absent that day, you cannot turn in the draft when you return to school.


On March 24, 2003, you must bring with you to class your copy of Candide. I have a few copies to loan if you see me early. Each student must have his or her own copy. I will be checking that this is the case. Anyone who tries to pass off another person''s copy as his or her own will receive a detention for dishonesty.
On April 16, 2003, you may submit a Draft of your paper. This should not be a first, rough draft, but it does not have to be a draft that you consider as final either. Try writing a rough draft, fixing any major problems in your rough draft, and either handing in the second draft or correcting small problems with it to make a third draft. This Draft is worth 15 points of extra credit and must be typed. The extra credit will go to the Major grade.
On May 5, 2003, you will submit your final Paper. The final paper will be worth 100 points. The final paper must be typewritten.
We shall not be discussing the book in class on a regular schedule, and I do not plan to go over the events of the book. It is, however, a subtle and satirical work, and you should have questions about puzzling events. It is your job to do the reading and to ask questions at the beginning of each class. I reserve the right to give pop quizzes on the material (either extra credit quizzes or regular quizzes), so read it.


Your paper should consist of a) a title page, with a title that reflects your thesis; b) an introduction in which you set forth your thesis and summarize the various elements of your paper; c) a short discussion of the author of Candide focused toward your thesis and passages; d) a short description of the Enlightenment focused toward your thesis and passages; e) a short description of the overall story that includes main characters and events and lesser characters and events important to your thesis and passages; f) an analysis of at least three passages from separate parts of the story (these are your primary source material); g) an explanation (this is your argument based on your thesis) of how these passages and the whole of Candide make it representative of the Enlightenment as a whole or of some aspect thereof; h) a conclusion; and i) a bibliography. Your paper should also include internal citations for quotes and sources.
Although you are reading Candide in translation, so it is no longer truly a primary source, you should treat it as if it is the original. Remember that a good analysis of primary source material consists of at least briefly paraphrasing the passage, explaining how it fits into the larger work (putting it in context), analyzing the language, and applying it to your thesis by explaining how it supports your thesis. In this paper, you do not have to attach or block quote passages. Your citations and paraphrasing should make the particular passages clear to the reader.
The following is the weighting of the various elements that I shall use:
Title Page 5 points
Introduction 15 points
Discussion of Author 10 points
Discussion of Enlightenment 10 points
Synopsis of Story 10 points
Analysis of Three Passages 30 points
Conclusion 5 points
Bibliography 5 points
Grammar 10 points

Suggested Schedule for Reading

This is a short book; however, since it is a primary source of a time that is quite foreign to us, you should not expect to read it in a weekend and gain any understanding of it. To make it easier to discuss issues students raise in class, it would be best if all students read the book on the the same schedule. If you plan to do the extra credit draft, you may want to read ahead of this schedule. The schedule below is about 10 to 15 minutes (or less) reading per assignment averaging about 6-7 pages per assignment.

March 25 -- Chapters 1-3
26 -- Chapters 4-6
27 -- Chapters 7-9
28 -- Chapters 10-11
31 -- Chapters 12-13
April 1 -- Chapters 14-15
2 -- Chapters 16-17
3 -- Chapters 18- 19
4 -- Chapters 20 -21
7 -- Chapter 22
8 -- Chapters 23-24
9 -- Chapters 25-26
10 -- Chapters 27-28
11 -- Chapters 29-30


1. Your textbook
2. The text of Candide, not the introduction, etc.
3. Encyclopedia Americana (in library), Vol. 10, "Enlightenment"
4. Encyclopedia Britannica (in library), Vol. 19, "Voltaire"
5. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (my room), particularly entry on Leibniz
6. Introducing the Enlightenment (my room)

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Works Cited:


1. Books and Writers. Voltaire. (accessed 06:05:04). http://www.kirjasto.sci-fi/voltaire.htm

2. SparkNotes. Candide by Voltaire. SparkNotes LLC, Barnes and Noble Learning Network, 2000 (accessed 06:05:03).

3. Sutton, Betty. History. (accessed 06:05:03).

4. Voltaire. Candide. 1759. e-text. (accessed 06:05:03).

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Title: Voltaire

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 725
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: please only use the materials I fax you, In Volteire's Candide, Discuss the possible meaningsof Candide's Observations, "We must take care of our Garden."
There are faxes for this order.

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