Bystander Effect Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Bystander Effect College Essay Examples

Title: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN APPROXIMATELY 250 WORDS EACH BY GIVING PRACTICAL EXAMPLES WHERE APPLLICABLE WHAT IS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND WHAT DOES IT AIM TO STUDY IN HIGHER ORDER SPECIES LIKE MAMMALS ONE FINDS FEWER INSTINCTS AND GREATER LEARNT BEHAVIOURS FLEXIBILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADAPTABILITY

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2057
  • Sources:1
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN APPROXIMATELY 250 WORDS EACH, BY GIVING PRACTICAL EXAMPLES WHERE APPLLICABLE

WHAT IS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND WHAT DOES IT AIM TO STUDY?

IN HIGHER-ORDER SPECIES LIKE MAMMALS, ONE FINDS FEWER INSTINCTS, AND GREATER LEARNT BEHAVIOURS, FLEXIBILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADAPTABILITY. HOW DOES LEARNING TAKE PLACE?

DEEFINE STRESS AND HOW CAN SOCIAL SUPPORT EFFECT IT?

HOW DOES THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SELF DEVELOP FROM A SOCAIL PSYCHOLOGY POINT OF VIEW?

WHAT IS THE BYSTANDER EFFECT? GIVE AT LEAST TWO EXAMPLES AND SOME POSSIBLE EXPLANATION FOR THIS PHENOMENON

DEFINE WHAT IS A STEREOTYPE AND THE RELATIVE COMMON PHENOMENON, THE FULFILLING PROPHECY. GIVE TWO EXAMPLES

RELATIONSHIPS SATISFY OUR INHERENT NEEDS TO BELONG AND AFFILIATE WITH OTHERS, BUT WHAT SEEMS TO BRING PEOPLE CLOSER TOGETHER?

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References

Hayes, D. (2004). RoutledgeFalmer guide to key debates in education. New York:

RoutledgeFalmer.

Karakashian, L.M., Walter, M.I., Christopher, A.N. & Lucas, T. (2006). Fear of negative evaluation affects helping behavior: The bystander effect revisited. North American

Journal of Psychology, 8(1), 13.

Kunkel, J.H. (1997). The analysis of rule-governed behavior in social psychology. The Psychological Record, 47(4), 699-701.

Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York: Harper.

McGarty, C., Yzerbyt, V.Y. & Spears, R. (2002). Stereotypes as explanations: The formation of meaningful beliefs about social groups. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University

Press.

Moskowitz, G.B. (2001). Cognitive social psychology: The Princeton Symposium on the legacy and future of social cognition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Negga, F., Applewhite, S. & Livington, I. (2007). African-American college students and stress:

School racial composition, self-esteem and social support. College Student Journal, 41(4),

823-824.

Roeckelein, J.E. (1998). Dictionary of theories, laws and concepts in psychology. Westport, CT:

Greenwood Press.

Rogers, W.S. (2003). Social psychology: Experimental and critical approaches. Philadelphia:

Smith, M.C. & Pourchot, T. (1998). Adult learning and development: Perspectives from educational psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Treven, S. (2005). Strategies and programs for managing stress in work settings. Management:

Journal of Contemporary Management Issues, 10(2), 45-47.

Vedantam, S. (2008, January-February). Difficulty in debunking myths rooted in the way the mind works. Skeptical Inquirer, 32(1), 5-7.

Wilson, J.E. (1996). Time-conscious psychological therapy: A life stage to go through.

London: Routledge.

Wood, L.A. & Kroger, R.O. (1998). The turn to discourse in social psychology. Canadian Psychology, 39(4), 266.

Zanna, M.P. (2005). Advances in experimental social psychology. New York: Academic Press.

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Title: Music instruments help grades during high school

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 2221
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This paper was already started. I had 3 pages wrote, and I need to add 5 more pages to this research, and it has to be turned in to turnitin.com , so please a good part of it has to be original and all sources need to be cited. Please do not use GPA( that is not used in high school) just use the word Grades.


General Format and Organization

• Compile your evidence. For Paper 2, you will be compiling what we “in the discipline” call a literature review??"a moderately comprehensive overview of the available research findings related to the topic. The lit review is intended to give the reader an idea of what scholarship exists in the area as well as a general idea of what to expect from the “featured study” conducted by the author. You should gather information from scholarly research articles (more on this below) and reflect critically and thoughtfully on their findings. With this evidence in mind, draw some conclusions as to how you think your proposed study (from Paper 1) would have turned out.

• Use standard academic formatting (a reminder!). Papers are to be typed, double-spaced, and composed in 11- or 12-point Times New Roman font, with left alignment for ease of reading. Please leave 1-inch margins on all sides and place your name on a cover page, along with a title, the name of the class, the assignment and the date it was completed. YOU WILL LOSE POINTS FOR NOT FOLLOWING THE PRESCRIBED FORMAT!

Narrative and Flow

• Keep your main research question in mind. One function of the lit review is to tell a story??"that is, a story about what is known about your chosen topic. You, then, are essentially constructing a narrative: not simply listing studies but giving your reader evidence and implications as to why your topic is important. So summarize the articles you have read in a logical order, and pay particular attention to structure, transition, and clarity throughout this section. By the end of the lit review I should have a pretty good idea why measuring that topic (i.e., with your proposed study) is justified.

• Keep it active. A strong paper will avoid using the passive voice whenever possible. That is, try to say, “Sternberg (1988) proposed the triarchic theory of love” rather than “the triarchic theory of love was proposed by Sternberg (1988).” Put another way, phrases like “A study was conducted…” should never, ever be used.

• Avoid sweeping statements. In a psychology paper, never say things like, “This proves that the bystander effect was a factor….” Instead, use phrases like “the research indicates” or “the results strongly suggest…” (we’ve mentioned this in class). It sounds wishy-washy, I know, but science is rarely so definitive as to preclude ALL doubt.

Research Sources and References

• Make friends with online databases. For Paper 2, you should be using scientific databases that are specific to psychology. The Woodbury library has online access to PsycNet, which offers access to over three million peer-reviewed journal articles, edited book chapters, and other scientific essays. Once in the database, use combinations of keywords relevant to your topic (e.g., “motivation”; “gender differences”; “parenting styles”) in order to find a handful of research articles to read that best pertain to your original question. These sources will provide crucial, independently-confirmed information about your topic that will add considerable weight and authority to your discussion of the concept. Aspiring social scientists will want to refer to www.apa.org or the APA’s Publication Manual and Style Guide for specifics on APA style.

• Corollary: Wikis are not acceptable. Don’t rely on Google or website-based articles in your research, please. Non-psychology-specific databases/search engines like ProQuest and GoogleScholar frequently include popular (i.e., nonscientific) sources in their searches. You wouldn’t base a paper just on amateur opinion, or on your family’s dusty old Encyclopædia Brittanica??"so make sure to rely on those peer-reviewed scientific sources from PsycNet, not “educational” web pages or Wikipedia or unsubstantiated blogs. In fact, if I were you, I would never use Wikipedia at all for a school paper. It’s just not a good idea.

• Cite your sources. Any strong declarative statements that could conceivably be argued the other way (e.g., “Schizophrenia is most common among low socioeconomic classes”) need to be backed up with evidence??"i.e., citing a relevant study. Don’t make absolute claims if you can’t demonstrate whether they’re true. (Common knowledge is an exception??"you don’t need to cite support for a statement like “Adolescence is the developmental period between the approximate ages of twelve and eighteen.” So what exactly constitutes common knowledge? No one can say for certain??"so be judicious!) If you don’t know whether or not to cite in a certain place, always cite. In the body of the paper, it should be author(s) and date only (with no title), as in the following example: “Multiple intelligences are a hotly contested topic (Slife, 2006)….” If you are using a brief direct quote rather than paraphrasing, include the page number in the in-body citation, as well: (Slife, 2006, p. XXX). At the end, on a separate References page, citations should include the full reference, with source, volume and page numbers where appropriate. The first fictitious example here is a book; the second is a periodical (i.e., a journal):

Jones, B. (1999). How to get results without doing any work. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Jones, B., & Smith, D. (2001). Falsifying data: A lazy student’s guide to publication. Journal of College Fraud, 26, 47-65.

Hint: copy the style used in your textbook if you don’t know how to cite something. Make sure everything you have cited in-text is listed in the references page and that everything listed on the references page is mentioned in the text.

Psychologists use the notation “n.d.” (for “no date”) when the publication year for a reference cannot be established. However, this is a very rare occurrence. If you can’t find a publication date, that’s a good sign that perhaps you should using a better source.

• Seriously??"cite your sources. Look, I know I just said this, but I cannot stress it enough: You need to cite ALL sources (i.e., ANY thought that is not originally yours), both in the text and at the end of the paper. If you don’t do so, it’s bad news: most instructors now have excellent plagiarism detection software??"see below??"and I am no exception. If you engage even mildly in cut-and-paste copying of someone else’s writing, or even “crib” parts of that material without acknowledging it, I will almost certainly find out and you will fail the course. No exceptions. Don’t do it.

Some students think that citing sources weakens a paper because it makes them sound insufficiently original. However, when sources are properly used and cited, a paper is actually considerably strengthened because it becomes more authoritative??"by citing, you are supporting the impact of your own arguments with those of numerous others!

Using Turnitin.com

• Create an account. Once your paper is finished, I will check it to make sure it is “on the up-and-up,” as it were. In addition to the hard copy you turn in to me, you will need to upload an electronic copy of your paper to the Turnitin.com website. (Some of you may already have accounts there from other classes; Moodle actually provides a direct link to the site if you need or want to learn more.) The information you will need for this class is as follows: Class ID #: 4704073; Password: IntroSpr12.

• Submit your paper. Follow the instructions to submit an electronic copy of your completed paper to the Turnitin website. You do not have to submit any documentation of this to me; I will be able to see the list of who has/has not submitted. However, I will NOT grade any papers that have not been checked through Turnitin!

• Plagiarists beware... I am allowing you to see the “Originality Report” that your paper has generated on Turnitin.com. This is a numerical rating that cross-references your paper with those of millions of other students and professionals to estimate how much of your writing is your own and how much is someone else’s. As you might expect, a very high “similarity rating” is generally bad because it can indicate that you are committing plagiarism by passing off someone else’s words as your own. However, even if you have responsibly cited the original author(s), a high similarity rating can also signify several other things common to bad papers, such as excessive block-quoting and/or reporting research findings verbatim without understanding what they mean. In these cases, you may have cited your sources but you’re still not personally demonstrating a working knowledge of the topic, which is what I’m looking for in the long run, and your grade will likely suffer for it.

• … But don’t just make stuff up. On the other hand, a “similarity rating” at or near 0% isn’t good either! That could mean you haven’t cited any authoritative research at all, and your entire paper is just you waxing poetic on a subject without any theoretical or research justification at all! The more good sources you find and use, the more that similarity rating is going to creep up. Just don’t let it get too high!





Finally, if you have any doubts whatsoever as to your scientific writing ability (or just want to check something in the APA Style Guide), use the Whitten Writing Center, your peers, or other resources. Don’t be too proud to seek help.

GOOD LUCK!

There are faxes for this order.

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Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Works Cited (in order of citation):

1. Science Daily Staff. (2009). Music Education Can Help Children Improve Reading Skills. Science Daily. Retrieved from .

2. Piro, J.M. & Ortiz, C. (2009). The effect of piano lessons on the vocabulary and verbal sequencing skills of primary grade students. Journal Psychology of Music, 16th March 2009.

3. CPR Staff. (2012). 12 Benefits of Music Education. Cincinnati Public Radio 2012. Retrieved from .

4. Taylor, B. (2012). Can Music Education Improve Kids' Grades or Make Them Smarter? Education Guide. Retrieved from http://www.eduguide.org/library/viewarticle/1366.

5. Malburg, S. (2012). Arts Integration in Our Schools: Why is Music Ed Important? Bright Hub Education. Retrieved from http://www.brighthubeducation.com/teaching-elementary-school/11235-importance-of-music-education/.

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Title: Resources Research Ethics APA document Internet You Tube UOPX Library Law CFR Protection Of Human Subjects Week 3 Materials Belmont Report ohsr od nih gov guidelines belmont html Select experiment agreeable team

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 802
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Resources: Research Ethics APA document; Internet, You
Tube, UOPX Library.
Law: CFR Protection Of Human Subjects in Week 3
Materials; Belmont Report:
ohsr.od.nih.gov/guidelines/belmont.html
Select an experiment that is agreeable with the team. While
this is individual effort, there may be collaboration with team
members.
Experiments
? Little Albert ? classic conditioning (fear is learned)
? Milgram ? obedience (WW2 Nazi camps)
? Stanford Prison ? human behavior (today?s standards)
? Tuskegee syphilis ? human rights
? Hawthorne Effect ? worker productivity (HRM)
? The Bystander Effect ? the more people the less help
? Asch Conformity ? conforming to society (peer pressure)
Use Research Ethics APA Word document to address:
? What unethical research behavior was involved (or could
have been) per Protection Of Human Subjects (2005)?
? Who were (could have been) the injured parties?
? What lesson could apply to your organization or
community per Protection Of Human Subjects (2005)?
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Submit to Assignments.

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Excerpt From Essay:
Works Cited:

References

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2005). Protection of human subjects [Issues in Ethics]. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.asha.org/policy/ET2005-00176/

Cherry, K. (2010).The Little Albert Experiment. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://psychology.about.com/od/classicpsychologystudies/a/little-albert-experiment.htm

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Title: ONE 1 PAGE Part 1 Fast Food Franchise 1 Choose fast food franchisesd MCdonald Burger KIng examine facility layouts Compare contrast food franchises discuss differences layouts 2 Evaluate layouts enhance hinder productivity customer experience

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1549
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: ONE (1) PAGE Part 1
"Fast Food Franchise"
1)Choose two fast food franchisesd, such as MCdonald and Burger KIng and examine their facility layouts. Compare and contrast both food franchises, and discuss the differences in their layouts.
2) Evaluate how each of the layouts enhance or hinder productivity and the customer experience. Support yuor answer.

One (1) PAGE Part 2
"Evaluating Supply Chain Performance"
1) From the e-activity choose a company that sells a service or a product. Evaluate its supply chain performance effectiveness in terms of responsiveness, technology, and customer-related measures.
2) Determine at least three areas of effectiveness and three areas of dificiencies that can impact the competitive position of the company you choose in Part 1. Suggest ways the deficiencies can be improved. Provide at least two examples to support your answer.

ONE (1) PAGE Part 3
"David Christopher and Orthopedic Surgeon"
1) From the first case study, evaluate the medical practice and suggest at least two otions (not discussed in the case) to maximize patient throughput and revenues wihtout compromising the quality of medical care. Support your suggestion.
2) Speculate how you would apply the theory of constraints to this medical practice. Explain your position and support your answer.

ONE (1) PAGE Part 4
"BankUSA"
1) Determine the challenges faced by the Help Desk at BankUSA and suggest startegies to mitigate them.
2) Using the data on call volume , select a forecasting model to forecast the short term demand. Justify why this model was selected over other forecasting models. Support your position.

ONE (1) PAGE Part 5
" Powet of Observation"
1) Select one (1) of the following concepts to examine: in-group/out-group, bystander effect, conformity, noncomformity, foot-in-the-door strategy, or door in the face strategy. Next describe one (1) situation in which you observed the concept chose. (could be anyhing from a grocery store, interacting with children or colleagues. Then identify the concept you observed and discuss how it relates to the situation.



"

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Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

References

C&K. (2003). Manufacturing capacity. The Manage Mentor. Retrieved November 7, 2014 from http://www.themanagementor.com/enlightenmentorareas/sm/ms/mfgcapacity.htm

Ellinor, R. (2013). Apple named world's best supply chain. Supply Management. Retrieved November 7, 2014 from http://www.supplymanagement.com/news/2013/apple-named-worlds-best-supply-chain

Mind Tools (2014). The Theory of Constraints. MindTools.com. Retrieved November 7, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/toc.htm

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